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Journal Articles

Fe, Mn and $$^{238}$$U accumulations in ${it Phragmites australis}$ naturally growing at the mill tailings pond; Iron plaque formation possibly related to root-endophytic bacteria producing siderophores

Nakamoto, Yukihiro*; Doyama, Kohei*; Haruma, Toshikatsu*; Lu, X.*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Fukuyama, Kenjin; Fukushima, Shigeru; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Yamaji, Keiko*

Minerals (Internet), 11(12), p.1337_1 - 1337_17, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Mine drainage is a vital water problem in the mining industry worldwide because of the heavy metal elements and low pH. Rhizofiltration using wetland plants is an appropriate method to remove heavy metals from the water via accumulation in the rhizosphere. ${it Phragmites australis}$ is one of the candidate plants for this method because of metal accumulation, forming iron plaque around the roots. At the study site, which was the mill tailings pond in the Ningyo-toge uranium mine, ${it P. australis}$ has been naturally growing since 1998. The results showed that ${it P. australis}$ accumulated Fe, Mn, and $$^{238}$$U in the nodal roots without/with iron plaque compared with other plant tissues. Among the 837 bacterial colonies isolated from nodal roots, 88.6% showed siderophore production activities. Considering iron plaque formation around ${it P. australis}$ roots, we hypothesized that microbial siderophores might influence iron plaque formation because bacterial siderophores have catechol-like functional groups. The complex of catechol or other phenolics with Fe was precipitated due to the networks between Fe and phenolic derivatives. The experiment using bacterial products of root endophytes, such as ${it Pseudomonas}$ spp. and ${it Rhizobium}$ spp., showed precipitation with Fe ions, and we confirmed that several ${it Ps.}$ spp. and ${it R.}$ spp. produced unidentified phenolic compounds. In conclusion, root-endophytic bacteria such as ${it Pseudomonas}$ spp. and ${it R.}$ spp., isolated from metal-accumulating roots of ${it P. australis}$, might influence iron plaque formation as the metal accumulation site. Iron plaque formation is related to tolerance in ${it P. australis}$, and ${it Ps.}$ spp. and ${it R.}$ spp. might indirectly contribute to tolerance.

Journal Articles

Root-endophytic Chaetomium cupreum chemically enhances aluminium tolerance in $$Miscanthus sinensis$$ via increasing the aluminium detoxicants, chlorogenic acid and oosporein

Haruma, Toshikatsu*; Yamaji, Keiko*; Ogawa, kazuyoshi*; Masuya, Hayato*; Sekine, Yurina; Kozai, Naofumi

PLOS ONE (Internet), 14(2), p.e0212644_1 - e0212644_16, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:83.4(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Miscanthus sinensis Andersson is a pioneer plant species that grows naturally at mining sites. $$Miscanthus sinensis$$ can detoxify aluminium (Al) by producing phytosiderophores. Root-endophytic Chaetomium cupreum, which produces microbial siderophores, enhances Al tolerance in M. sinensis. We identified the siderophore produced by C. cupreum as oosporein. It was revealed that oosporein could detoxify Al. Inoculation test of C. cupreum onto M. sinensis in acidic mine soil showed that C. cupreum promoted seedling growth, and enhanced Al tolerance.

Journal Articles

Root endophytic bacteria of a $$^{137}$$Cs and Mn accumulator plant, ${{it Eleutherococcus sciadophylloides}}$, increase $$^{137}$$Cs and Mn desorption in the soil

Yamaji, Keiko*; Nagata, Satoshi*; Haruma, Toshikatsu*; Onuki, Toshihiko; Kozaki, Tamotsu*; Watanabe, Naoko*; Namba, Kenji*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 153, p.112 - 119, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:59.85(Environmental Sciences)

Of the 463 strains that we isolated, 107 (23.1%) produced the siderophores. We found $$^{137}$$Cs and Mn desorption concomitant with Al and Fe desorption. These results suggest that root endophytes of $$^{137}$$Cs accumulator plant produce siderophores, resulting in the desorption of $$^{137}$$Cs from the contaminated soil collected at Fukushima, Japan.

Oral presentation

Root endophytic Chaetomium cupreum enhanced tolerance of aluminum in Miscanthus sinensis and produced a siderophore

Haruma, Toshikatsu*; Yamaji, Keiko*; Masuya, Hayato*; Sekine, Yurina; Kozai, Naofumi

no journal, , 

Chaetomium cupreum was isolated from the root of Miscanthus sinensis. The siderophore was collected and purified, and the function of the siderophore was investigated. The siderophore was identified as oosporein. C. cupreum increased Al tolerance in M. sinensis via accumulating and detoxifying Al into their mycelia using oosporein, and via changing the Al localization pattern in the roots, which was more efficient to detoxify Al.

Oral presentation

Water purification influence of aquatic plants naturally growing in the slag accumulation site, Ningyo-toge mine

Yamaji, Keiko*; Nakamoto, Yukihiro*; Haruma, Toshikatsu*; Doyama, Kohei*; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Tanaka, Kazuya; Fukuyama, Kenjin; Fukushima, Shigeru

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Elucidation of radionuclide ($$^{238}$$U) and heavy metal (Fe, Mn) accumulation mechanism in phragmites australis influenced by root endophytic bacteria

Nakamoto, Yukihiro*; Yamaji, Keiko*; Haruma, Toshikatsu*; Doyama, Kohei*; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Tanaka, Kazuya; Fukuyama, Kenjin; Fukushima, Shigeru

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Isolation of Mn-oxidizing fungi from mine water at Ningyo-toge mine and the culture characteristics

Yamaji, Keiko*; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Fukuyama, Kenjin; Nagayasu, Takaaki; Haruma, Toshikatsu; Tanaka, Kazuya; Masuya, Hayato*; Habe, Hiroshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Accumulation of radiocesium by fungi; Implication for radiocesium circulation in forest

Guido-Garcia, F.; Kimura, Tatsuki*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; David, K.*; Grambow, B.*; Haruma, Toshikatsu; Yamaji, Keiko*

no journal, , 

Mushrooms (fungi) accumulate radiocesium from soil and believed to control Cs circulation in forest. To elucidate mechanism of fungi-involving radiocesium circulation in forest, we investigated dissolution of mineral by a fungus mycelia (Phlebiopsis gigantean) and local concentration ratios of cesium to potassium, Cs/K, in fruit body of Lentinula edodes (shiitake). The tested fungus has higher ability than a siderophore-producing bacterium to dissolve minerals. Most of the Fe dissolved from minerals were found to be not stable complexes with organic substances. Cs/K values were almost constant in same fruit body specimen of shiitake, revealing that cesium is stored in proportion to potassium at any locations of a shiitake fruit body and there is no specific binding site for cesium in shiitake.

Oral presentation

Relationship between vegetation and physical-chemical properties of surface horizon in Ningyo-toge mine

Jiang, X.*; Tamura, Kenji*; Asano, Maki*; Haruma, Toshikatsu; Takahashi, Junko*; Fukuyama, Kenjin; Yamaji, Keiko*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Elucidation of uranium and heavy metal (Fe, Mn) accumulation mechanism in ${it Phragmites australis}$ influenced by root endophytic bacteria

Nakamoto, Yukihiro*; Yamaji, Keiko*; Haruma, Toshikatsu; Doyama, Kohei*; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Fukuyama, Kenjin; Fukushima, Shigeru

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Uranium adsorption and iron plaque formation on roots of ${it Phragmites australis}$

Haruma, Toshikatsu*; Doyama, Kohei*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Takahashi, Yoshio*; Fukuyama, Kenjin; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Yamaji, Keiko*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Heavy metal accumulations in ${it Phragmites australis}$ growing at the ore-sedimentary site; Iron plaque formation possibly related to endophytic bacteria

Nakamoto, Yukihiro*; Doyama, Kohei*; Haruma, Toshikatsu*; Lu, X.*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Fukuyama, Kenjin; Fukushima, Shigeru; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Yamaji, Keiko*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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