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論文

Phase transition and domain formation in ferroaxial crystals

林田 健志*; 上村 洋平*; 木村 健太*; 松岡 悟志*; 萩原 雅人; 廣瀬 左京*; 盛岡 仁*; 長谷川 達夫*; 木村 剛*

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 5(12), p.124409_1 - 124409_10, 2021/12

The ferroaxial order, which is characterized by a rotational structural distortion in a crystal, has been recently proposed as one of ferroic orders. Though the domain formation is a characteristic feature in ferroic materials, there has been little study done concerning that for the ferroaxial order. Here, we investigate ferroaxial domains that are formed through a ferroaxial transition in two representative ferroaxial materials, NiTiO$$_{3}$$ and RbFe(MoO$$_{4}$$)$$_{2}$$. We spatially resolve their domain structures using an optical method based on electric-field- induced optical rotation, that is, electrogyration (EG). In NiTiO$$_{3}$$, multi-domains are constructed when crystals undergo a ferroaxial transition and the domain size depends on the cooling rate around the transition temperature. Furthermore, the ferroaxial domain structure obtained by the EG measurement is well matched with that by scanning X-ray diffraction (XRD). RbFe(MoO$$_{4}$$)$$_{2}$$ also exhibits multi-domain states in which domain patterns are different each time a crystal undergoes a ferroaxial transition. In addition, the temperature dependence of the EG signal well obeys that of the order parameter of a first-order phase transition. These results ensure the effectiveness of the EG effect to elucidate the nature of ferroaxial order.

論文

Gamma-ray spectroscopy of single $$Lambda$$-hypernuclei at J-PARC; Results and perspective

小池 武志*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平*; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 田村 裕和; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 2130, p.020011_1 - 020011_9, 2019/07

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:65.18

Experimental results from the J-PARC E13 experiments are summarized. A new experimental set up of E13 has established a platform for the future $$gamma$$-ray hypernuclear spectroscopy at J-PARC using kaon beams. New $$gamma$$ rays are identified in $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F. The energy of 1.406 MeV for the $$^4_{Lambda}$$He$$(1^+ to 0^+)$$ transition confirmed a sizable effect of Charge Symmetry Breaking (CSB) in $$Lambda N$$ interaction in the $$A=4$$ hypernuclear system. The identification of four $$gamma$$ rays in $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F is made for the first time in $$sd$$ shell hypernuclei. Especially, energy spacing of the ground state doublet is found to be 315.5 keV. A good agreement with two theoretical calculations suggests that the theoretical formalism used in $$p$$ shell hypernuclei is also applicable to heavier hypernuclei. Lastly, an overview of the future J-PARC E63 experiment is given.

論文

Retreat from stress; Rattling in a planar coordination

末國 晃一郎*; Lee, C. H.*; 田中 博己*; 西堀 英治*; 中村 篤*; 笠井 秀隆*; 森 仁志*; 臼井 秀知*; 越智 正之*; 長谷川 巧*; et al.

Advanced Materials, 30(13), p.1706230_1 - 1706230_6, 2018/03

 被引用回数:35 パーセンタイル:90.91(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

高性能デバイスとしての熱電材料には、高い電気伝導度と低い熱伝導度という相反する要求を同時に満たす必要がある。本研究では、テトラへドライト(Cu,Zn)$$_{12}$$(Sb,As)$$_{4}$$S$$_{13}$$の結晶構造とフォノンダイナミクスを調べ、平面内に配位している銅原子のラットリング運動がフォノンを効率良く散乱することを見出した。これらの知見は、平面配位構造を有する高性能熱電材料の新たな開発指針を与えるものである。

論文

First determination of the level structure of an $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F

Yang, S. B.*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 120(13), p.132505_1 - 132505_5, 2018/03

AA2018-0124.pdf:0.62MB

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:54.08(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report on the first observation of $$gamma$$ rays emitted from an $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F. The energy spacing between the ground state doublet, $$1/2^+$$ and $$3/2^+$$ states, of $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F is determined to be $$315.5pm0.4({rm stat.})^{+0.6}_{-0.5}({rm syst.})$$ keV by measuring the $$gamma$$-ray energy of the $$M1(3/2^+ to 1/2^+)$$ transition. In addition, three $$gamma$$-ray peaks are observed and assigned as $$E2(5/2^+ to 1/2^+)$$, $$E1(1/2^- to 1/2^+)$$, and $$E1(1/2^- to 3/2^+)$$ transitions. The excitation energies of the $$5/2^+$$ and $$1/2^-$$ states are determined to be $$895.2pm0.3({rm stat.})pm0.5({rm syst.})$$ keV and $$1265.6pm1.2({rm stat.})^{+0.5}_{-0.7}({rm syst.})$$ keV, respectively. It is found that the ground state doublet spacing is well described by theoretical models based on existing $$s$$- and $$p$$-shell hypernuclear data.

論文

$$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of hypernuclei; Recent results and prospect at J-PARC

田村 裕和*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; Hwang, S.; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.011004_1 - 011004_11, 2017/07

The present status and future prospects of precision $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$Lambda$$ hypernuclei are described. A new experiment (J-PARC E13) has been performed at the J-PARC K1.8 line employing a newly-developed germanium (Ge) detector array, Hyperball-J, via the $$(K^-,pi^-)$$ reaction on $$^4$$He and $$^{19}$$F targets. This is the first study of $$s$$-shell and $$sd$$-shell $$Lambda$$ hypernuclei with Ge detectors. The $$^4$$He target spectrum exhibited a $$gamma$$-ray peak of $$^4_{Lambda}{rm He}(1^+to 0^+)$$ at $$1.406 pm 0.002 pm 0.002$$ MeV. Compared with the energy ($$1.09 pm 0.02$$ MeV) of the corresponding transition for the mirror hypernucleus, $$^4_{Lambda}{rm H}(1^+to 0^+)$$, the present result clearly indicates a large charge symmetry breaking (CSB) effect. This decisive data for CSB allows a stringent test of baryon-baryon interaction models. As for the $$^{19}$$F target run, a preliminary spectrum shows several $$gamma$$-ray peaks assigned to $$^{19}_{Lambda}{rm F}$$ transitions. Future plans of $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy are also discussed.

論文

Search for excited state of $$Sigma$$ hypernucleus in the J-PARC E13 experiment

中川 真菜美*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; Hwang, S.; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.012009_1 - 012009_4, 2017/07

One of the main items of the J-PARC E13 experiment is the search for excited states of the $$^4_{Sigma}$$He hypernucleus via the $$^4$$He$$(K^-,pi^-)$$ reaction at 1.5 GeV/c. The missing-mass spectrum of the $$^4$$He$$(K^-,pi^-)X$$ reaction was obtained in an angular range from 0 to 20 degrees. We show the count-base spectrum of the missing-mass in the angular range from 2 to 14 degrees. The ground state of $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^4_{Sigma}$$He were clearly observed in the missing-mass spectrum. We also show three missing-mass spectra divided by the reaction angle.

論文

High statistics $$Sigma p$$ scattering experiment using high intensity pion beams at J-PARC

三輪 浩司*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 近藤 恭弘; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.041002_1 - 041002_6, 2017/07

In order to test theoretical frameworks of the Baryon-Baryon ($$BB$$) interactions and to confirm the "Pauli effect between quarks" for the first time, we have proposed an experiment (J-PARC E40) to measure low-energy hyperon-proton scattering cross sections of the $$Sigma^+ p$$, $$Sigma^- p$$ elastic scatterings and the $$Sigma^- p to Lambda n$$ inelastic scattering in the momentum range of $$400 < p ; ({rm MeV}/c) < 700$$ in the laboratory system. Experimentally, we detect two successive reactions of the $$Sigma$$ production $$(pi^{pm}p to K^+Sigma^{pm})$$ and the $$Sigma p$$ scattering ($$Sigma p to Sigma p$$) in the same liquid hydrogen target. The former is measured with two magnetic spectrometers, and the latter with a scattered proton detector (CATCH). By using a high intensity $$pi$$ beam, we estimate that more than 10000 scattering events can be identified. In this experiment, we aim to provide good quality scattering data to test the theoretical models of the $$BB$$ interaction.

論文

The First gamma-ray spectroscopic study of $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F

Yang, S. B.*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; Hwang, S.; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.012004_1 - 012004_4, 2017/07

The first $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F, is performed in June, 2015 at the J-PARC K1.8 beam line (J-PARC E13). Precise energy levels of $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F can be revealed by measured $$gamma$$ rays in this experiment. Especially, the strength of $$Lambda N$$ spin-spin interaction in $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus is obtained through the energy spacing of the ground-state doublet of the hypernucleus. By comparing its strength between the $$s$$, $$p$$, and $$sd$$-shell hypernuclei, a radial dependence $$Lambda N$$ interaction is investigated. The hypernucleus is produced through the $$(K^-,pi^-)$$ reaction with the beam momentum of 1.8 GeV/c. In very preliminary results, we observed two $$gamma$$ rays, and their energies are $$315.8 pm 0.4$$ keV and $$ 895.3 pm 0.3$$ keV where the uncertainties are only statistical.

論文

Missing-mass spectroscopy with the $$^6$$Li$$(pi^-,K^+)X$$ reaction to search for $$^6_Lambda$$H

本多 良太郎*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; et al.

Physical Review C, 96(1), p.014005_1 - 014005_23, 2017/07

AA2017-0465.pdf:1.08MB

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:76.57(Physics, Nuclear)

We searched for the bound state of the neutron-rich $$Lambda$$-hypernucleus $$^6_Lambda$$H, using the $$^6$$Li$$(pi^-,K^+)X$$ double charge-exchange reaction at a $$pi^-$$ beam momentum of 1.2 GeV/$$c$$ at J-PARC. A total of $$1.4 times 10^{12}$$ $$pi^-$$ was driven onto a $$^6$$Li target of 3.5 g/cm$$^2$$ thickness. No event was observed below the bound threshold, i.e., the mass of $$^4_Lambda$$H+$$2n$$, in the missing-mass spectrum of the $$^6$$Li$$(pi^-,K^+)X$$ reaction in the $$2^{circ} < theta_{pi K} <20^{circ}$$ angular range. Furthermore, no event was found up to 2.8 MeV/c$$^2$$ above the bound threshold.

論文

Observation of $$Xi$$ bound states in the $$^{12}$$C$$(K^-,K^+)X$$ reaction at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ in J-PARC

永江 知文*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 谷田 聖; et al.

Proceedings of Science (Internet), 7 Pages, 2017/05

We have carried out a pilot data taking of the J-PARC E05 experiment to search for the bound state peaks of $$^{12}_{Xi}$$Be in the $$^{12}$$C$$(K^-,K^+)X$$ reaction at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$. The measurement was performed at the K1.8 beam line of the J-PARC hadron experimental hall with a typical $$K^-$$ beam intensity of $$6 times 10^5$$ every six seconds. So far the best energy resolution of about 6 MeV FWHM was achieved with the existing SKS spectrometer. With a reasonable statistics, we have succeeded to observe peak structures in the bound region, which seems to suggest that the potential depth of $$Xi$$ would be deeper than 14 MeV estimated in the previous measurements.

論文

Study of the $$overline{K}$$-nucleus interaction by using the $$^{12}$$C(K$$^{-}$$, p) reaction at J-PARC

市川 裕大; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 金原 慎二; 中田 祥之; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 13, p.020007_1 - 020007_5, 2017/02

これまで反K中間子と原子核の間の相互作用はK中間子原子(K-中間子と原子核の電磁相互作用による束縛状態)のX線を用いて研究が行われてきた。しかし、このK中間子原子のX線測定では理論モデルの種類によって結果が大きく依存するという問題がため、X線測定だけでは相互作用を決定することが困難である。そこで、われわれは$$^{12}$$C(K$$^{-}$$, p)反応におけるエネルギースペクトルを測定し、理論計算と比較する手法を用いて反K中間子と原子核の間の相互作用を決定しようとしている。この手法は既にKEK E548実験で行われているが、実験セットアップ上の問題点が指摘されているため、過去の高エネルギー加速器研究機構での実験では不十分である。そこで、われわれはJ-PARCにおいて再実験を行い、正しく$$^{12}$$C(K$$^{-}$$, p)のスペクトルを取得することに成功した。

論文

Studies of high density baryon matter with high intensity heavy-ion beams at J-PARC

佐甲 博之; 原田 寛之; 坂口 貴男*; 中條 達也*; 江角 晋一*; 郡司 卓*; 長谷川 勝一; Hwang, S.; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 956, p.850 - 853, 2016/12

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:71(Physics, Nuclear)

We are designing a large acceptance heavy-ion spectrometer at J-PARC based on a Toroidal magnet to measure hadrons, lepton pairs, and event-by-event fluctuations. We are also designing a closed geometry spectrometer to measure hypernuclei to study weak decays and magnetic moments. In this presentation, the preliminary version of the designed acceleration scheme, as well as the spectrometers and their expected performance and physics results are presented.

論文

Observation of spin-dependent charge symmetry breaking in $$Lambda N$$ interaction; $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$^4_{Lambda}$$He

山本 剛史*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; Hwang, S.; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 金原 慎二; 中田 祥之; 佐甲 博之; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 115(22), p.222501_1 - 222501_5, 2015/11

AA2015-0707.pdf:0.5MB

 被引用回数:54 パーセンタイル:92.84(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The energy spacing between the spin-doublet bound state of $$^4_{Lambda}$$He$$(1^+,0^+)$$ was determined to be $$1406 pm 2 pm 2$$ keV, by measuring $$gamma$$ rays for the $$1^+ to 0^+$$ transition with a high efficiency germanium detector array in coincidence with the $$^4{rm He}(K^-,pi^-)^4_{Lambda}$$He reaction at J-PARC. In comparison to the corresponding energy spacing in the mirror hypernucleus $$^4_{Lambda}$$H, the present result clearly indicates the existence of charge symmetry breaking (CSB) in $$Lambda N$$ interaction. By combining the energy spacings with the known ground-state binding energies, it is also found that the CSB effect is large in the $$0^+$$ ground state but is vanishingly small in the $$1^+$$ excited state, demonstrating that the $$Lambda N$$ CSB interaction has spin dependence.

論文

J-PARC E27 experiment to search for a $$K^{-}pp$$ bound state

市川 裕大; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 谷田 聖; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.021020_1 - 021020_7, 2015/09

$$d(pi^{+},K^{+})$$反応を用いて最も単純なK中間子原子核$$K^{-}pp$$を探索する実験を行った。そして、世界で初めて本反応において$$Lambda$$粒子の生成領域から$$Lambda$$(1405)/$$Sigma$$(1385)粒子の生成領域までと広い質量領域での二重微分断面積を測定した。$$Lambda$$$$Sigma$$粒子の生成領域においては2.13GeV/$$c^{2}$$付近に観測した$$Sigma N$$カスプ起因のピーク以外おおむね準自由過程をもとにしたシミュレーションと実験結果が一致することを確認した。一方で、$$Y^{*}$$の生成領域ではシミュレーションと比べて実験データのピーク位置が-24MeV/$$c^{2}$$ずれていることを観測した。

論文

Study of $$Lambda N$$ interaction via the $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F (E13-1st)

山本 剛史*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.021017_1 - 021017_6, 2015/09

A $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy experiment via the $$(K^-, pi^-)$$ reaction (J-PARC E13-1st) will be performed at the J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility using a newly developed Ge detector array, Hyperball-J. Spin-dependent $$Lambda N$$ interactions will be studied through the precise measurement of the structure of hypernuclei, $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F. In May 2013, commissioning of whole detector system was carried out and calibration data were taken. In particular, production cross sections of $$Sigma^+$$ and $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C via the $$(K^-, pi^-)$$ reaction on the CH$$_2$$ target for $$p_K = 1.5$$ and 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ were obtained.

論文

Measurement of the $$Lambda$$ spin-flip $$B(M1)$$ value in hypernuclei

佐々木 侑輝*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.022013_1 - 022013_4, 2015/09

A hypernuclear $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy experiment (E13) will be performed using $$K^-$$ beam at the K1.8 beam line of the J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility in 2015. In this experiment, we will determine the $$B(M1)$$ value of the $$Lambda$$ spin-flip transition of the ground state doublet in $$^{19}_{Lambda}F$$ to investigate the magnetic moment of a $$Lambda$$ hyperon in nuclei. In order to check the performance of the whole spectrometer system of E13, a commissioning run was performed at the K1.8 beam line in 2013. We confirmed that the E13 setup is almost ready for the next beam time in 2015. In particular, new detectors for suppressing events from the two main $$K^-$$ decay modes in the on-line and off-line analyses are installed. As a result, the signal to noise ratio of $$gamma$$ spectra is drastically improved, and the sensitivity to the $$B(M1)$$ measurement is expected to increase.

論文

Searching for the H-Dibaryon in J-PARC with a large acceptance hyperon spectrometer

Han, Y.*; 長谷川 勝一; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 谷田 聖; J-PARC E42 Collaboration*; 他23名*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.021002_1 - 021002_5, 2015/09

The famed yet elusive H-dibaryon, an exotic quark state ($$uuddss$$), was predicted several decades ago and also supported by recent Lattice QCD calculations. The E42 experiment has been approved at J-PARC to search for the H-dibaryon with high statistics. A large acceptance hyperon spectrometer with a time projection chamber (TPC) will be used for searching the H-dibaryon from $$(K^-, K^+)$$ reaction off nuclei via its possible following decays such as $$lambdalambda$$. The E42 experiment has high sensitivity both above and below $$lambdalambda$$ threshold and will be the definitive experiment on the existence of the H-dibaryon, once and for all. Recent progress and achievements of the E42 collaboration will be presented, which include simulations on estimation of TPC performance in the electric field and the magnetic field, testing and optimization of a prototype TPC, and preparation of various detectors.

論文

Development of single-sided silicon detectors in the emulsion-hybrid system at J-PARC

Lee, J. Y.*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 谷田 聖; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.021008_1 - 021008_6, 2015/09

A new single-sided silicon micro-strip detector (SSD) is being developed at the J-PARC K1.8 beam line for an emulsion-counter hybrid experiment (J-PARC E07). The SSD will be mainly used for vertex measurements in emulsion plates. Two prototypes of SSD have been fabricated to check the performance of the circuit board and silicon sensors. The first prototype consists of only one layer of a silicon sensor whereas the second prototype consists of two layers of silicon sensors. The final product will be a stack of 4 layers of silicon sensors in the order of $$X$$-$$Y$$-$$X$$-$$Y$$. The first and second prototypes of SSD have been tested and the final product will be fabricated based on the test result.

論文

Observation of the "$$K^-pp$$"-like structure in the $$d(pi^+, K^+)$$ reaction at 1.69 GeV/$$c$$

市川 裕大; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 他37名*

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2015(2), p.021D01_1 - 021D01_8, 2015/02

 被引用回数:63 パーセンタイル:94.35(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

1.69GeV/$$c$$$$pi^+$$ビームによる$$d(pi^+, K^+)$$反応の測定から"$$K^-pp$$"-like structureを観測した。この反応では、$$Lambda^*prightarrow K^-pp$$のように$$Lambda$$(1405)を中間状態として$$K^-pp$$束縛状態が形成されると考えられる。しかしながら、大部分の$$Lambda(1405)$$は上記のような二次反応を行わず重水素外に放出されてしまう。そこで、250MeV/$$c$$以上の運動量で大角度($$39^circ<theta_{rm lab.}<122^circ$$)に放出される陽子を同時検出することで、シグナル-バックグラウンド比を向上させ、2.27GeV/$$c^2$$付近に幅の広い構造を観測した。この構造は$$K^-pp$$の束縛エネルギー・崩壊幅において、それぞれ95$$^{+18}_{-17}$$(stat.)$$^{+30}_{-21}$$(syst.)MeV、162$$^{+87}_{-45}$$(stat.)$$^{+66}_{-78}$$(syst.)MeVに相当する。

論文

Development of a prototype GEM TPC with a gating grid for an H-dibaryon search experiment at J-PARC

佐甲 博之; 杉村 仁志; Ahn, J. K.*; Han, Y.*; 長谷川 勝一; Hwang, S. H.*; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 木内 隆太*; 小沢 恭一郎; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 763, p.65 - 81, 2014/11

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:43.74(Instruments & Instrumentation)

J-PARCのHダイバリオン探索実験のためGEMとゲーティンググリッドを使用したTPC試験器を開発した。性能評価のため、実験室試験とビーム試験を、Ar-CH$$_{4}$$とAr-CF$$_{4}$$にて行った。検出効率は5$$times$$10$$^{5}$$ cps/cm$$^{2}$$までのビームレートにおいて98%、3$$times$$10$$^{6}$$ cps/cm$$^{2}$$のレートにおいて90%であった。ドリフト長5-20cmにおける水平位置分解能測定値0.19-0.49mmに基づき、本実験の磁場1Tにおける位置分解能は0.3mm以下と見積った。ゲインが1.6$$times$$10$$^{4}$$の時、イオンバックフローの割合は5%と測定され、さらにGEMの電圧調整により3%まで抑えられた。ビームレート5$$times$$10$$^{5}$$cps/cm$$^{2}$$においてゲート使用時のバックフロー2.7$$times$$10$$^{8}$$s$$^{-1}$$cm$$^{-1}$$による位置歪みは$$pm$$0.2mm以下になった。一方、ゲート開の場合のバックフロー1.3$$times$$10$$^{9}$$s$$^{-1}$$cm$$^{-1}$$に対応する位置歪みは$$pm$$2mmであった。本実験における位置歪みは要求値の$$pm$$1mmよりも小さい0.3$$pm$$0.2mmと評価された。本実験における荷電粒子のエネルギーロスより平均30倍高い環境下で本実験と同程度の期間、GEMを連続動作させることができた。

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