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Journal Articles

Analysis of the high-dose-range radioresistance of prostate cancer cells, including cancer stem cells, based on a stochastic model

Saga, Ryo*; Matsuya, Yusuke; Takahashi, Rei*; Hasegawa, Kazuki*; Date, Hiroyuki*; Hosokawa, Yoichiro*

Journal of Radiation Research, 60(3), p.298 - 307, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:100(Biology)

In radiotherapy, it is recognized that cancer stem cells (CSCs) in tumor tissue shows radio-resistance. However, the relationship between content percentage of the CSCs and dose-response curve on cell survival remain unclear. In this study, we developed a stochastic model considering progeny cells and stem cells, and investigated the impact of stem cells on radio-sensitivity. From the flow-cytometric analysis (cell experiments), the content percentage of stem cells was 3.2% or less which agreed well with the model estimation from the cell survival curve. Based on the verification, it is suggested that cell survival in high-dose range is largely affected by the CSCs. In addition, regarding the sub-population of stem cells, the present model well reproduces the dose response on lethal lesions to DNA comparing with the conventional LQ model. This outcome indicates that the stem cells must be considered for describing the dose-response curve in wide dose range.

Journal Articles

Observation of a Be double-Lambda hypernucleus in the J-PARC E07 experiment

Ekawa, Hiroyuki; Ashikaga, Sakiko; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Hayakawa, Shuhei; Hosomi, Kenji; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi; Kinbara, Shinji*; Nanamura, Takuya; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(2), p.021D02_1 - 021D02_11, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Utilization of actinide as cell active materials; Effective utilization of uranium as battery active material, JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H10-034-2 (Contract research)

Yamana, Hajimu*; Moriyama, Hirotake*; Asano, Hideki*; Shiokawa, Yoshinobu*; Yamamura, Tomoo*; Hasegawa, Kazuki*; Kimura, Akihiro*; Umekita, Satoshi*

JAERI-Tech 2002-018, 33 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Tech-2002-018.pdf:1.95MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Development of gas-strip techniques of dissolved inorganic carbon for dating groundwater

Kato, Toshihiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Munemoto, Takashi; Kubota, Mitsuru; Hayashida, Kazuki; Nakata, Kotaro*; Hasegawa, Takuma*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Upgrading and achievements in the industrial analysis beamline BL05

Hasegawa, Takayuki*; Uemura, Masaharu*; Takueuchi, Kazuki*; Kodaka, Takuya*; Fukada, Noboru*; Umesaki, Norimasa*; Fukushima, Sei*; Teraoka, Yuden; Haruyama, Yuichi*; Niibe, Masahito*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Study of groundwater residence time in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Hasegawa, Takuma*; Nakata, Kotaro*; Tomioka, Yuichi*; Ota, Tomoko*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Kato, Toshihiro*; Hayashida, Kazuki

no journal, , 

Groundwater dating using $$^{14}$$C, $$^{4}$$He, noble gas method was conducted in Mizunami Underground Research laboratory. The availability of degassing method for $$^{14}$$, flux estimation method for He were examined. It was identified that the groundwater have been derived in glacial age. The integration of distinct dating method is available to estimate precise age of groundwater.

Oral presentation

CRIEPI-JAEA collaboration study on mass transport by groundwater in and around the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Hasegawa, Takuma*; Nakata, Kotaro*; Tomioka, Yuichi*; Ota, Tomoko*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Kato, Toshihiro*; Hayashida, Kazuki

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Groundwater dating conducted in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Hasegawa, Takuma*; Nakata, Kotaro*; Tomioka, Yuichi*; Ota, Tomoko*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Kato, Toshihiro*; Hayashida, Kazuki

no journal, , 

Groundwater dating was conducted to Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU). $$^{14}$$C age and $$^{4}$$He age were estimated about 20,000 years around MIU. The estimation of noble gas temperature is also conducted. The estimated recharge temperature is around 6$$^{circ}$$C. This temperature is about 9$$^{circ}$$C cooler than present annual average temperature, which agree with estimation of modern analog method conducted near MIU.

Oral presentation

Investigation of radiosensitivity enhanced by inflammatory responses after irradiation based on a cell-killing model considering non-targeted effects

Takahashi, Rei*; Saga, Ryo*; Matsuya, Yusuke; Hasegawa, Kazuki*; Hukui, Roman*; Hosokawa, Yoichiro*

no journal, , 

Inflammatory responses after irradiation induce antioxidant activity, leading to radioresistance in cancer cells. In our previous study, it was found that a hyaluronan synthesis inhibitor (4-MU) can suppress inflammatory responses, however the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. In this study, we aimed to clarify the radiosensitization mechanism induced by 4-MU in the application of cell-killing models. In terms of in vitro experiments, cultured human fibrosarcoma cells were exposed to X-rays in presence of 100 $$mu$$M 4-MU and scavenger of intercellular signalling (1% DMSO, 40 $$mu$$M c-PTIO), and we measured the relation between dose and cell viability by means of colony assay. The experimental results were also interpreted by using integrated cell-killing model which has been developed so as to consider non-targeted effects. From the experiments, it was found that a combination of 4-MU treatment and irradiation significantly reduced the cell survival. This reduced viability was suppressed in the presence of DMSO or c-TPIO. Meanwhile, the model analysis showed such an increase of cell-killing is predominantly attributed by non-targeted effects. These results suggest that the radiosensetization promoted by 4-MU treatment is predominantly attributed to the accumulation in non-targeted effects.

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