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Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross-sections of copper and iron for proton with kinetic energies in the range 0.4 - 3 GeV

Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(10), p.1141 - 1151, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:21.8(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To estimate the structural damages of materials in accelerator facilities, displacement per atom (dpa) is widely employed as a damage index, calculated based on the displacement cross-section obtained using a calculation model. Although dpa is applied as standard, the experimental data of the displacement cross-section for a proton in the energy region above 20 MeV are scarce. Among the calculation models, difference of about factor 8 exist, so that the experimental data of the cross-section are crucial to validate the model. To obtain the displacement cross-section, we conducted experiments at J-PARC. The displacement cross-section of copper and iron was successfully obtained for a proton projectile with the kinetic energies, 0.4 - 3 GeV. The results were compared with those obtained using the widely utilized Norgertt-Robinson-Torrens (NRT) model and the athermal-recombination-corrected (arc) model based on molecular dynamics. It was found that the NRT model overestimates the present displacement cross-section by 3.5 times. The calculation results obtained using with the arc model based on the Nordlund parameter show remarkable agreement with the experimental data. It can be concluded that the arc model must be employed for the dpa calculation for the damage estimation of copper and iron.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross section of structural materials utilized in the proton accelerator facilities with the kinematic energy above 400 MeV

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.06006_1 - 06006_4, 2020/09

R&D of the beam window is crucial in the ADS, which serves as a partition between the accelerator and the target region. Although the displacement per atom (DPA) is used to evaluate the damage on the window, experimental data on the displacement cross section is scarce in the energy region above 20 MeV. We started to measure the displacement cross section for the protons in the energy region between 0.4 to 3 GeV. The displacement cross section can be derived by resistivity change divided by the proton flux and the resistivity change per Frankel pair on cryo-cooled sample to maintain damage. Experiments were conducted at the 3 GeV proton synchrotron at the J-PARC Center, and copper was used as samples. As a result of comparison between the present experiment and the calculation of the NRT model, which is widely used for calculation of the displacement cross section, it was found that the calculation of the NRT model overestimated the experiment by about 3 times.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross section of structural materials utilized in the proton accelerator facilities with the kinematic energy above 400 MeV

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.061004_1 - 061004_6, 2020/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recovery of helium refrigerator performance for cryogenic hydrogen system at J-PARC MLF

Aso, Tomokazu; Teshigawara, Makoto; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Muto, Hideki; Aoyagi, Katsuhiro; Nomura, Kazutaka; Takada, Hiroshi

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1021(1), p.012085_1 - 012085_4, 2018/06

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross-section for structural materials in High-Power Proton Accelerator Facility

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Yoshida, Makoto*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*

Proceedings of 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '18) (Internet), p.499 - 501, 2018/06

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Investigation and measures of abnormal events of helium refrigerator for cryogenic hydrogen system at J-PARC

Aso, Tomokazu; Teshigawara, Makoto; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Aoyagi, Katsuhiro*; Muto, Hideki*; Nomura, Kazutaka*; Takada, Hiroshi; Ikeda, Yujiro

JAEA-Technology 2017-021, 75 Pages, 2017/08

JAEA-Technology-2017-021.pdf:33.03MB

Liquid hydrogen is employed as a cold neutron moderator material at the spallation neutron source of Materials and Life science experimental Facility of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). From January 2015, it became observable that the differential pressure between heat exchangers and an 80 K adsorber (ADS) in a helium refrigerator system increased with operating time. In November 2015, the differential pressure rise became more significant, leading to degrade the refrigerating performance in cooling liquid hydrogen. In order to investigate the cause of the abnormal differential pressure rise between the heat exchangers and the ADS, we carried out visual inspection inside the heat exchangers and analyzed the impurities contained in the helium gas. Unfortunately, we could not identify the impurities causing the performance degradation, but observed a trace of oil in the inlet piping of the heat exchanger. Based on investigations of the abnormal events occurred in the refrigerators with similar refrigerating capacity at other facilities, we took measures that cleaning the heat exchangers with Freon and replacing the ADS with new one. As a result, the differential pressure rise phenomenon was removed to recover the performance. We have detected oil from the Freon used for cleaning the heat exchangers and at a felt supporting charcoal packed in the ADS. In particular, oil was accumulated in membranous form onto the felt at the entrance side in the ADS. The amount of oil contained in the helium gas was about 10 ppb or so, less than the design value, in the helium refrigerator. However, the oil accumulated onto the felt in the ADS through long operating period may cause abnormal differential pressure rise, leading to the performance degradation of the helium refrigerator. Further study is needed to specify the cause more clearly.

Journal Articles

Development of stress intensity factors for cracks with large aspect ratios in pipes and plates

Li, Y.; Hasegawa, Kunio*; Udagawa, Makoto

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 139(2), p.021202_1 - 021202_13, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:85.71(Engineering, Mechanical)

Journal Articles

Vacuum tube operation analysis under multi-harmonic driving and heavy beam loading effect in J-PARC RCS

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Toda, Makoto*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Schnase, A.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 835, p.119 - 135, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:56.53(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A magnetic alloy loaded cavity is used to generate multi-harmonic rf voltage in J-PARC RCS. However, a vacuum tube operation analysis under the multi-harmonic driving is very complicated because many variables should be solved with a self consistency. At the conventional operation analysis, a hand work by tracing the constant current curve of the tube was performed, or an appropriate single harmonic wave form was assumed. We have developed a numerical analysis code which calculates the vacuum tube operation automatically and it realizes the multi-harmonic vacuum tube operation analysis. The code is verified at the high power beam acceleration test and we confirm the calculation results are consistent with the measurement ones. We can calculate the vacuum tube operation precisely by using the code, and it will contribute to improving the quality of the beam in the high intensity proton synchrotron.

Journal Articles

Disposal project for LLW and VLLW generated from research facilities in Japan; A Feasibility study for the near surface disposal of VLLW that includes uranium

Sakai, Akihiro; Hasegawa, Makoto; Sakamoto, Yoshiaki; Nakatani, Takayoshi

Proceedings of International Conference on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (Internet), p.98_1 - 98_4, 2016/11

The radioactivity of uranium-bearing waste contaminated by refined uranium increases with the production of its progeny on a long-term timescale. Therefore, the long-term safety concept of the near surface disposal of uranium-bearing waste is very important. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) examines disposal safety by controlling the average uranium radioactivity concentration in each section of disposal facility and performing safety assessment for very conservative assumptions.

Journal Articles

Simulation of beam behavior caused by odd harmonics of beam loading in J-PARC RCS

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Toda, Makoto*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Proceedings of 7th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '16) (Internet), p.3443 - 3445, 2016/06

The J-PARC RCS accelerates 2 bunches at the harmonic number 2. The major Fourier component of the beam current is even harmonics. However, the odd harmonics grow under some conditions even though they are very small amplitude at the beginning. Particle tracking simulation suggests that the displacement and the deformation of the bunch are caused by the odd harmonics, it is synchronized with the potential distortion, and it results in the beam instability. We describe the particle tracking simulation results for the odd harmonic beam loading effect in the RCS.

Journal Articles

Mechanisms of increasing of the magnetic alloy core shunt impedance by applying a transverse magnetic field during annealing

Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Toda, Makoto*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 797, p.196 - 200, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In the J-PARC synchrotrons, Magnetic Alloy (MA) cores loaded RF cavities are employed to achieve a high field gradient. We are successful to increase the shunt impedance of the MA cores for the Main Ring synchrotron RF cavities by applying a transverse magnetic field during annealing. The shunt impedances of the cores with transverse field annealing are around 50% higher than the cores without one. By applying the transverse magnetic field during annealing, the magnetization processes occur by mainly magnetization rotations, and consequently the core loss is reduced and the relative complex permeability shows an excellent frequency behavior. The MA core shunt impedance is increased by those improvements of the magnetic properties.

Journal Articles

Summary of discussion on AESJ special committee; Study of ensuring safety for near-surface disposal of uranium-bearing waste

Iguchi, Tetsuo*; Hasegawa, Makoto; Takahashi, Kuniaki; Enokido, Yuji*

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (52), p.12 - 19, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High intensity single bunch operation with heavy periodic transient beam loading in wide band RF cavities

Tamura, Fumihiko; Hotchi, Hideaki; Schnase, A.*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Omori, Chihiro*; Nomura, Masahiro; Toda, Makoto*; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 18(9), p.091004_1 - 091004_8, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:67.68(Physics, Nuclear)

The RCS in the J-PARC was originally designed to accelerate two high intensity bunches, while some of neutron experiments in the MLF and a muon experiment using MR beams require a single bunch operation mode. The beam intensity in the single bunch operation has been limited by longitudinal beam losses due to the rf bucket distortions by the wake voltage of the odd harmonics in the wide band MA cavities. We installed an additional rf feedforward system to compensate the wake voltages of the odd harmonics (h=1,3,5). The longitudinal beam losses during the single bunch acceleration disappeared with feedforward for the odd harmonics. We also confirmed that the beam quality in the single bunch acceleration are similar to that of the normal operation with two bunches. Thus, high intensity single bunch acceleration at the intensity of 2.3$$times$$10$$^{13}$$ protons per bunch has been achieved in the J-PARC RCS.

Journal Articles

Development of high power baluns using MA cores, 2

Tamura, Fumihiko; Shimada, Taihei; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Toda, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.639 - 642, 2015/09

In the J-PARC RCS, magnetic alloy (MA) loaded rf cavities are employed to achieve a high accelerating voltage and to realize the dual harmonic operation, where a single cavity is driven by the fundamental accelerating rf and the second harmonic. The cavity is driven by a class-AB push-pull tetrode amplifier. R&D for a high power balun to mitigate the unbalanced output voltages of two tubes is undergoing. The balun is a rf transformer, which consists of a MA core and high voltage cables. In application to the RCS rf system, the maximum rf voltage is very high in the order of 15kV and suppression of corona dischages is a key. We presentthe techniques to suppress corona discharges. Also, the R&D status of cooling of the MA core and cables.

Journal Articles

Study of shunt impedance of the FT3L magnetic alloy core

Nomura, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Omori, Chihiro*; Toda, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1096 - 1110, 2015/09

We are successful in increasing the shunt impedance of the MA cores by applying a transverse magnetic field during annealing. In this paper, we discuss the effects of transverse field annealing on the MA core shunt impedance by comparing two kinds of MA cores, those are the FT3M core that is annealed without any magnetic fields and the FT3L core that is annealed with a transverse magnetic field. We also discuss the shunt impedance of the MA core when the magnetization processes are governed by ideal magnetization rotations. To understand the ribbon thickness and the permeability dependences of the shunt impedance intuitively, we represent the shunt impedance as the resistance of the closed rectangular loop through which the eddy current flows.

Journal Articles

Beam loss caused by odd harmonics of beam loading in J-PARC RCS

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Nomura, Masahiro; Omori, Chihiro*; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Toda, Makoto*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1008 - 1012, 2015/09

A harmonic number of J-PARC RCS is two, and when all RF buckets are filled with bunches, the major parts of the beam Fourier components are the even harmonics. However, the particle tracking simulation suggests that the odd harmonics promote asymmetry on each bunch shape and they rapidly increase under some conditions. When the asymmetry becomes larger and larger monotonously, it causes severe beam loss. Furthermore, although the odd harmonics remain small amplitude, an amplitude modulation of them makes a beam halo and causes small beam loss. We describe the particle tracking simulation results to investigate the odd harmonics.

Journal Articles

Development of high power baluns using MA cores

Tamura, Fumihiko; Shimada, Taihei; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Toda, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1122 - 1126, 2014/10

In the J-PARC RCS, magnetic alloy (MA) loaded rf cavities are employed to achieve a high accelerating voltage and to realize the dual harmonic operation, where a single cavity is driven by the fundamental accelerating rf and the second harmonic. The cavity is driven by a class-AB push-pull tetrode amplifier. In the dual harmonic operation, the output voltages of two tubes are unbalanced. By the unbalanced output voltage, we observe an increase of screen grid current of one of the tubes, and power consumption of the cavity tanks are also unbalanced. To balance the output voltage, high power baluns using MA cores are under development. We present the design of the baluns and test results using the RCS rf system.

Journal Articles

Study of magnetic alloy cut-core for J-PARC MR

Nomura, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Omori, Chihiro*; Toda, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1037 - 1041, 2014/10

J-PARC 3 GeV RCS and Main Ring (MR) employ RF cavities loaded with Magnetic Alloy (MA) cores. The RF cavities in RCS employ un-cut cores and the RF cavities in MR employ cut cores to increase the Q-value. In this paper, we discuss the magnetic characteristics of cut cores. At first, we show the fundamental magnetic characteristics of cut core and the influence of leakage magnetic field. Next, we discuss the relation between Rp of un-cut core and cut core. At last, we show what parameters are effective to increase the cut core Rp. Rp is a key parameter to achieve a high field gradient for increasing the beam power.

JAEA Reports

Survey on uranium bearing waste disposal facilities in foreign countries

Saito, Tatsuo; Sakai, Akihiro; Sato, Kazuhiko; Yagi, Naoto; Hata, Haruhi; Fumoto, Hiromichi*; Kawagoshi, Hiroshi; Hasegawa, Makoto

JAEA-Review 2014-021, 30 Pages, 2014/07

JAEA-Review-2014-021.pdf:4.51MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency surveyed the reference cases for the disposal of uranium bearing waste in low activity concentration as the contents of their own category 2 waste disposal facility for the Research and Development Activities. We reviewed the concepts mentioned in IAEA and ICRP documents, reference cases of uranium bearing waste disposal in selected countries (USA, Canada, UK, France and Sweden), and the disposal styles of long-lived radioactive waste were summarized, and the action items for application to the disposal system of our country was arranged. The disposal facilities in selected countries can be classified into 2 types with the length of performance assessment period for intruder scenario. They are long term assessment type and short term assessment type. It seems that the disposal system construction in category 2 waste disposal is the most realistic since there are many precedence examples of each country. Correspondence of 2 types of these disposal facilities is useful as a reference case.

Journal Articles

Ribbon thickness dependence of the magnetic alloy core characteristics in the accelerating frequency region of the J-PARC synchrotrons

Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Takata, Koji*; Toda, Makoto*; Yoshii, Masahito*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 749, p.84 - 89, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:87.21(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have been developing high shunt impedance Magnetic Alloy (MA) cores. The MA core shunt impedance is a key parameter to achieve a higher field gradient for increasing a beam power. We increase the MA core shunt impedance by two different ways. One way is applying an external magnetic field during annealing to increase the MA core magnetic properties. The other way is using thinner ribbons to reduce the eddy current. In this paper, we discuss the latter way.

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