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Journal Articles

Graphene growth and carbon diffusion process during vacuum heating on Cu(111)/Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ substrates

Ogawa, Shuichi*; Yamada, Takatoshi*; Ishizuka, Shinji*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hasegawa, Masataka*; Teraoka, Yuden; Takakuwa, Yuji*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 52(11), p.110122_1 - 110122_8, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:63.5(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Vacuum annealing formation of graphene on diamond C(111) surfaces studied by real-time photoelectron spectroscopy

Ogawa, Shuichi*; Yamada, Takatoshi*; Ishizuka, Shinji*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hasegawa, Masataka*; Teraoka, Yuden; Takakuwa, Yuji*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 51(11), p.11PF02_1 - 11PF02_7, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:70.04(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Observation of graphene-on-diamond formation studied by real-time photoelectron spectroscopy

Ogawa, Shuichi*; Yamada, Takatoshi*; Ishizuka, Shinji*; Watanabe, Daiki*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hasegawa, Masataka*; Teraoka, Yuden; Takakuwa, Yuji*

Hyomen Kagaku, 33(8), p.449 - 454, 2012/08

Graphene-on-insulator structures are required for fabrication of the graphene transistor. Diamond has been attracted as the substrate for graphene growth because it has a larger band gap and break down voltage compared with SiC. The detail of graphitization on a diamond surface has not been clarified yet because the nondestructive evaluation for graphene-on-diamond (GOD) structure was hard. In this study, we have developed an evaluation method of GOD based on the photoemission spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation focusing the shift of photoelectron spectra due to band bending. We can clearly determine the graphitization temperature on the diamond C(111) surface as approximately 1120 K, which is lower than that on an SiC substrate. It is also confirmed from C 1s photoelectron spectra, there is the buffer layer at the interface between the grapheme layer and the diamond substrate.

Journal Articles

Source development and novel applications of laser-driven plasma X-ray lasers in JAEA

Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Oba, Toshiyuki; Kaihori, Takeshi; Kishimoto, Maki; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Momoko; et al.

X-Ray Lasers 2010; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.136, p.15 - 24, 2011/12

This paper reviews recent improvement in the source development of laser-driven X-ray lasers and the applications in the research fields of material science, laser processing, X-ray imaging, and radiation damage in biological cells. In the application for material science, we have firstly observed temporal correlation between the domain structures of ferro-electric substance under the Curie temperature. In the laser processing, new X-ray laser interferometer reveals us the nano-scale surface distortion of substance pumped by a femto-second optical pulse. In the X-ray diffraction image, we have taken several static images of micro-structure of samples: now we are trying to extend the objective to nano-scale dynamics using pump and probe method. In the radiation damage of biological cells, we observed double strand break in DNA using X-ray laser exposure; this results are compared with the case using incoherent several KeV X-ray exposure.

Journal Articles

Development of the X-ray interferometer and the method of spatial and temporal synchronization of XRL and optical pulse

Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Terakawa, Kota*; Tomita, Takuro*; Yamamoto, Minoru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Oba, Toshiyuki; Kaihori, Takeshi; Imazono, Takashi; et al.

X-Ray Lasers 2010; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.136, p.353 - 358, 2011/12

The understanding of the dynamics of the initial process is important for the micro processing and welding by the ultra-short laser pulse. The X-ray laser is suitable for probing this initial process because it has short wavelength (Ni-like Ag, 13.9 nm) and short duration (7 ps). For this investigation, the origin of time of the pumping pulse is quite important. In this study, we used the scintillation plate and the plasma gate technique to realize the spatial and temporal synchronization of the pump and probe pulses. For the spatial alignment, a CsI scintillation plate that was set at the sample position was illuminated by both the X-ray laser pulse, and the fluorescence light were detected by the CCD camera. For the temporal synchronization, we set a thin foil at the sample position. We measured the transmission of the X-ray laser while changing a temporal delay of the pumping laser with respect to the time of X-ray laser pulse to obtain the origin of the irradiation time.

Journal Articles

Development of a specimen holder combined with ultra thin film laser plasma X-ray source for compact contact-type soft X-ray microscope to observe hydrated living biologocal cells

Ishino, Masahiko; Kado, Masataka; Shinohara, Kunio*; Yamamoto, Yoshimasa*; Hirai, Itaru*; Kishimoto, Maki; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Tamotsu, Satoshi*; Yasuda, Keiko*; et al.

Proceedings of SPIE Europe Optics + Optoelectronics 2011, Vol.8139, p.81390R_1 - 81390R_8, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01

Ultra thin gold films are favorable laser plasma targets for a soft X-ray microscopy, because the thin films emit intense soft X-rays at the wavelength of water window region. Using rear side emissions, the distance between the X-ray source and the specimens can be reduced so that the X-ray flux on specimens increases. The microscope system can be designed to be compact when the specimen holder and X-ray source are combined in one piece. The biological specimen holder combined with an ultra thin film target has been developed. This X-ray microscope system needs not any X-ray optics which causes a decrease in X-ray photons for imaging. X-ray images of hydrated living cells have been obtained successfully by use of the newly developed specimen holder. Specimen holder combined with plasma X-ray source will be a key component of a compact soft X-ray microscope using in a laboratory.

JAEA Reports

Development of new molybdenum adsorbent

Kimura, Akihiro; Tanimoto, Masataka; Ishida, Takuya; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Hasegawa, Yoshio*; Hishinuma, Yukio*; Suzuki, Masashi*

JAEA-Technology 2011-012, 17 Pages, 2011/06

JAEA-Technology-2011-012.pdf:1.72MBJP, 2010-263801   Patent publication (In Japanese)

PZC (Poly-Zirconium Compound) was developed as adsorbent of molybdenum for $$^{99}$$Mo-$$^{rm 99m}$$Tc generator. However, PZC has some faults. So, new adsorbent based on titanium (PTC), was developed for getting rid of faults. This time, $$^{99}$$Mo adsorption and $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution tests with PZC and PTC were carried out. As a result, the $$^{99}$$Mo adsorption performance of the PTC was lower than PZC, on the other hand, $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution performance of the PTC was higher than PZC.

Journal Articles

Observations of the intense soft X-ray emissions from ultra thin Au films irradiated with high contrast laser pulses

Ishino, Masahiko; Kado, Masataka; Nishikino, Masaharu; Shinohara, Kunio*; Tamotsu, Satoshi*; Yasuda, Keiko*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kishimoto, Maki; Oba, Toshiyuki; Kawachi, Tetsuya

Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.7589, p.75891B_1 - 75891B_8, 2010/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:75.92

Soft X-ray microscopes operating in the water window are capable of imaging living hydrated biological specimens. Laser produced plasmas are attractive soft X-ray sources, because of their short duration time. Based on the minimum dose calculation, soft X-ray photons more than 10$$^{5}$$ photons/$$mu$$m$$^{2}$$ at the sample surface are needed to acquire an image of the biological specimens with spatial resolution up to 100 nm. The observations of soft X-ray emissions from laser produced plasmas using ultra thin film targets have been carried out. Au thin films were irradiated by a high contrast Nd:glass laser pulses. The spectral properties of emitted soft X-rays were monitored by an X-ray spectrograph from the rear side with respect to the surface of laser irradiation. The observed emission intensities had an obvious dependence on the film thickness, and the most intense emissions were obtained at the thickness of 28 nm. The experimental results have suggested that the most of the laser energy irradiated is absorbed by the film target, and it is resulted an efficient energy deposition from laser to X-rays.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of a fully spatial coherent X-ray laser at 13.9 nm

Nishikino, Masaharu; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kishimoto, Maki; Ishino, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kado, Masataka; Sukegawa, Kota*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nagashima, Keisuke

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 10(6), p.1382 - 1387, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:47(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a full spatial coherent X-ray laser at 13.9 nm and its applications

Nagashima, Keisuke; Tanaka, Momoko; Nishikino, Masaharu; Kishimoto, Maki; Kado, Masataka; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sukegawa, Kota*; Tai, R.; et al.

Applied Physics B, 78(7), p.927 - 932, 2004/05

We have succeeded in developing a laser-pumped X-ray laser with full spatial coherence at 13.9 nm. A highly directed X-ray laser beam with the divergence of 0.2 mrad was generated from the double target experiment, where a seeding light from the first laser medium was amplified in the second medium. The observed divergence is close to the diffraction limit value within a factor of two. The seeding light was amplified in the second medium without refraction influence and the gain coefficient was about 8 cm-1. From the measurement of visibility, it was found that the spatial coherent length is longer than the beam diameter. As an application of this coherent X-ray laser, we observed a surface microstructure of ferroelectric material, BaTiO$$_{3}$$ and clarified a change of the microstructure near the Curie temperature.

Journal Articles

High-precision measurement of the wavelength of a nickel-like silver X-ray laser

Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Utsumi, Takayuki*; Sasaki, Akira; Tanaka, Momoko; Kado, Masataka; Sukegawa, Kota*; Lu, P.; Kishimoto, Maki; Tai, R.; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 43(5A), p.2519 - 2522, 2004/05

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:46.47(Physics, Applied)

We conducted high-precision measurements of the wavelength of the nickel-like silver X-ray laser in order to compare it with a theoretical wavelength. The reasons for using this laser are as follows: First, this laser line is in the wavelength region of Mo/Si multi-layer mirrors; therefore, this laser line is important for applications. Second, the strongamplification of this laser line has been obtained in our previous work, and the higher order line in the spectra obtained by our spectrometer can be used. Third, since silver is arelatively low-z material (z = 47), this wavelength is a ideal benchmark of atomic structural codes such as the Multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock (MCDF) code. The wavelength of the nickel-like silver X-ray laser was determined to be 13.887 nm. The comparison with MCDF codes shows that the present experimental result can work as a good benchmark of the accuracy of the codes.

Journal Articles

Development of a laser-pumped X-ray laser with full spatial coherence

Nagashima, Keisuke; Tanaka, Momoko; Nishikino, Masaharu; Kishimoto, Maki; Kado, Masataka; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sukegawa, Kota*; Tai, R.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 80(3), p.236 - 240, 2004/03

A laser-pumped X-ray laser with full spatial coherence has been developed for the first time. This X-ray laser has the wavelength of 13.9 nm and the beam divergence of 0.2 mrad. In the experiment, a seeding light from the first laser medium was amplified in the second medium, which worked as an active spatial filter. The observed beam divergence was close to the diffraction limited value within a factor of two. The seeding light was amplified in the second medium without refraction influence. The gain region of the second medium was far away from the target surface compared with that of the first medium and located in the considerably low density region. From the measurement of visibility, it was found that the spatial coherent length is longer than the beam diameter. It means that this X-ray laser beam is full spatial coherent.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of a soft-X-ray laser at 13.9 nm with full spatial coherence

Nishikino, Masaharu; Tanaka, Momoko; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kishimoto, Maki; Kado, Masataka; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sukegawa, Kota*; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kato, Yoshiaki

Physical Review A, 68(6), p.061802_1 - 061802_4, 2003/12

 Times Cited Count:59 Percentile:89.92(Optics)

We demonstrate a generation of highly coherent X-ray laser at 13.9 nm by oscillator-amplifier configuration with two targets. In the oscillator-amplifier configuration, the seeding X-ray laser beam from the first target is injected into the plasma amplifier at the second target. When the X-ray laser beam is not affected by refraction during propagation in the amplifier, the X-ray laser beam with small divergence and high coherence is generated. The observed X-ray laser beam has 0.2 mrad of the diffraction limited divergence and the full spatial coherence.

Journal Articles

X-ray laser beam with diffraction-limited divergence generated with two gain media

Tanaka, Momoko; Nishikino, Masaharu; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kado, Masataka; Kishimoto, Maki; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kato, Yoshiaki

Optics Letters, 28(18), p.1680 - 1682, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:63 Percentile:90.83(Optics)

We have demonstrated an x-ray laser at a wavelength of 13.9 nm with a beam divergence of 0.2 mrad, which is 1.8 times the diffraction limit. The x-ray laser is generated using two gain media, where the seed x-ray pulse from the first medium is amplified in the second medium. The effect of refraction on x-ray propagation is reduced by spatially and temporally controlling the injection of the seed x-ray to the second medium.

Journal Articles

Development of a pumping laser system for X-ray laser research

Kawachi, Tetsuya; Kado, Masataka; Tanaka, Momoko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nagashima, Keisuke; Sukegawa, Kota*; Lu, P.; Takahashi, Kenjiro; Namba, Shinichi; Koike, Masato; et al.

Applied Optics, 42(12), p.2198 - 2205, 2003/04

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:73.65(Optics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO$$_{3}$$ by means of X-ray lasers

Tai, R.; Namikawa, Kazumichi*; Kishimoto, Maki; Tanaka, Momoko; Sukegawa, Kota*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Kado, Masataka; Lu, P.; Nagashima, Keisuke; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 89(25), p.257602_1 - 267602_4, 2002/12

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:81(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Demonstration of a transient-gain nickel-like xenon-ion X-ray laser

Lu, P.; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Kishimoto, Maki; Sukegawa, Kota*; Tanaka, Momoko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Suzuki, Masayuki; Tai, R.; Kado, Masataka; Nagashima, Keisuke; et al.

Optics Letters, 27(21), p.1911 - 1913, 2002/11

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:40.74(Optics)

We demonstrate a high gain nickel-like xenon ion x-ray laser using a gas puff target. The elongated x-ray laser plasma column was produced by irradiating the gas puff target with line-focused double picosecond laser pulses with a total energy of 18 J in a travelling-wave excitation scheme. Strong lasing at 9.98 nm was observed, and a high gain coefficient of 17.4 1/cm was measured on the transient collisionally excited 4d ミ 4p, J=0-1 transition for nickel-like xenon ion with target lengths up to 0.45 cm long. A weak nickel-like lasing line at a shorter wavelength of 9.64 nm was also observed with a gain coefficient of 5.9 1/cm.

Journal Articles

Gain saturation of nickel-like silver and tin X-ray lasers by use of a tabletop pumping laser system

Kawachi, Tetsuya; Kado, Masataka; Tanaka, Momoko; Sasaki, Akira; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kilpio, A.*; Namba, Shinichi; Nagashima, Keisuke; Lu, P.; Takahashi, Kenjiro; et al.

Physical Review A, 66(3), p.033815_1 - 033815_7, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:84 Percentile:93.54(Optics)

A silver and tin slab targets were irradiated by a line-focused CPA glass laser light. In this experiment, the laser pulses consisted of two pulses with 4 ps duration, separated by 1.2 ns. Strong amplification in the nickel-like silver and tin x-ray lasers at the wavelengths of 13.9nm and 12.0nm was demonstrated with a pumping energy of 12 J and 14 J, respectively, and gain-saturation behaviors could be seen. A hydro-dynamics simulation coupled with a collisional-radiative model was performed under the present experimental condition, and the calculated result was compared with the experimental results.

Journal Articles

Development of X-ray laser by transient collisional excitation

Nagashima, Keisuke; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Kado, Masataka; Tanaka, Momoko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Sukegawa, Kota*; Namba, Shinichi; Tang, H.; Daido, Hiroyuki; Kato, Yoshiaki

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 78(3), p.248 - 255, 2002/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Near field imaging of the transient collisional excitation Ni-like Ag X-ray laser

Tanaka, Momoko; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Kado, Masataka; Hasegawa, Noboru; Sukegawa, Kota*; Lu, P.; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kato, Yoshiaki; Takenaka, Hisataka*

Surface Review and Letters, 9(1), p.641 - 644, 2002/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:54.45(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

51 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)