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JAEA Reports

Evaluation of tensile and creep properties on 9Cr-ODS steel claddings

Yano, Yasuhide; Hashidate, Ryuta; Tanno, Takashi; Imagawa, Yuya; Kato, Shoichi; Onizawa, Takashi; Ito, Chikara; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Otsuka, Satoshi; Kaito, Takeji

JAEA-Data/Code 2021-015, 64 Pages, 2022/01

JAEA-Data-Code-2021-015.pdf:2.6MB

From a view point of practical application of fast breeder reactor cycles, which takes advantage of safety and economic efficiency and makes a contribution of volume reduction and mitigation of degree of harmfulness of high-level radioactive waste, it is necessary to develop fuel cladding materials for fast reactors (FRs) in order to achieve high-burnup. Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel have been studied for use as potential fuel cladding materials in FRs owing to their excellent resistance to swelling and their high-temperature strength in Japan Atomic Energy Agency. It is very important to establish the materials strength standard in order to apply ODS steels as a fuel cladding. Therefore, it is necessary to acquire the mechanical properties such as tensile, creep rupture strength tests and so on. In this study, tensile and creep rupture strengths of 9Cr-ODS steel claddings were evaluated using by acquired these data. Because of the phase transformation temperature of 9Cr-ODS steel, temperature range for the evaluation was divided into two ones at AC1 transformation temperature of 850$$^{circ}$$C.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of multiaxial low cycle creep-fatigue life for Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel under non-proportional loading

Nakayama, Yuta*; Ogawa, Fumio*; Hiyoshi, Noritake*; Hashidate, Ryuta; Wakai, Takashi; Ito, Takamoto*

ISIJ International, 61(8), p.2299 - 2304, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

This study discusses the creep-fatigue strength for Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel at a high temperature under multiaxial loading. A low-cycle fatigue tests in various strain waveforms were performed with a hollow cylindrical specimen. The low cycle fatigue test was conducted under a proportional loading with a fixed axial strain and a non-proportional loading with a 90-degree phase difference between axial and shear strains. The low cycle fatigue tests at different strain rates and the creep-fatigue tests at different holding times were also conducted to discuss the effects of stress relaxation and strain holding on the failure life. In this study, two types of multiaxial creep-fatigue life evaluation methods were proposed: the first method is to calculate the strain range using Manson's universal slope method with considering a non-proportional loading factor and creep damage; the second method is to calculate the fatigue damage by considering the non-proportional loading factor using the linear damage law and to calculate the creep damage from the improved ductility exhaustion law. The accuracy of the evaluation methods is much better than that of the methods used in the evaluation of actual machines such as time fraction rule.

Journal Articles

Fundamental study on scheduling of inspection process for fast reactor plants

Suzuki, Masaaki*; Ito, Mari*; Hashidate, Ryuta; Takahashi, Keita; Yada, Hiroki; Takaya, Shigeru

2020 9th International Congress on Advanced Applied Informatics (IIAI-AAI 2020), p.797 - 801, 2021/07

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the Japanese fatigue test data in Gr.91 for elevated temperature design

Ando, Masanori; Toyota, Kodai; Hashidate, Ryuta; Onizawa, Takashi

Proceedings of ASME 2021 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2021) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2021/07

The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (ASME BPVC) Section III, Division 5 had provided only one design fatigue curve for Grade 91 steel (Gr.91) at 540 $$^{circ}$$C until 2019 version. To overcome this disadvantage, The ASME Section III Working Group had taken an action to incorporate the temperature-dependent design fatigue curves for Gr. 91 developed by Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers into ASME BPVC Section III Division 5. As the results, the temperature dependent design fatigue curves are provided in the 2021 edition of the ASME BPVC. To clear the features of the best fit fatigue curve equation, 305 data stored in the database were analyzed and the statistic values and the values of 95% and 99% lower confidence bound calculated by failure probability assessment were clarified. Moreover, some additional available data of fatigue and creep-fatigue test obtained in Japan are also indicated for considering the creep-fatigue damage evaluation under elevated temperature condition.

Journal Articles

Proposal of simulation material test technique for clarifying the structure failure mechanisms under excessive seismic loads

Hashidate, Ryuta; Kato, Shoichi; Onizawa, Takashi; Wakai, Takashi; Kasahara, Naoto*

Proceedings of ASME 2021 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2021) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2021/07

It is very essential to clarify the structure failure mechanisms under excessive seismic loads. However, structural tests using actual structural materials are very difficult and expensive. Therefore, we have proposed the structure test approach using lead alloys in order to simulate the structure failure mechanisms under the excessive seismic loads. In this study, we conducted material tests using lead alloy and verified the effectiveness of the simulated material tests. Moreover, we formulated inelastic constitutive equations (best fit fatigue curve equation and cyclic stress range - strain range relationship equation) of lead alloy based on the results of a series of material tests. Nonlinear numerical analyses, e.g. finite element analyses, can be performed using the proposed equations. A series of simulation material test technique enables structural tests and analyses using lead alloy to simulate the structure failure phenomena under excessive seismic loads.

Journal Articles

Proposal of maintenance rationalization for next-generation fast reactors based on the analysis of the prolonged maintenance of the prototype fast-breeder reactor in Japan, "Monju", 1; Analysis of plant schedule of "Monju" in cold shutdown

Hashidate, Ryuta; Toyota, Kodai; Takahashi, Keita; Yada, Hiroki; Takaya, Shigeru

Hozengaku, 19(4), p.115 - 122, 2021/01

In order to improve both safety and economic efficiency of a nuclear power plant, it is necessary to realize rational maintenance based on characteristics of the plant. The prototype fast-breeder reactor in Japan, Monju, spent most of the year for the maintenance. Thus, it is important to identify causes of the prolonged maintenance of Monju and to investigate countermeasures for implementation of rational maintenance of next-generation fast reactors. In this study, the authors investigated the causes of the prolonged maintenance of Monju during reactor cold shutdown based on the plant schedule of Monju. In addition, we proposed the maintenance optimization idea for next-generation fast reactors to solve the revealed issues.

Journal Articles

Proposal of simulation materials test technique and their constitutive equations for structural tests and analyses simulating severe accident conditions

Hashidate, Ryuta; Kato, Shoichi; Onizawa, Takashi; Wakai, Takashi; Kasahara, Naoto*

Proceedings of ASME 2020 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2020) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2020/08

Although it is very essential to clarify how the structure collapses under the severe accident conditions, the failure mechanisms in excessive high temperatures are not clarified. However, it is very difficult and expensive to perform structural tests using actual structural materials. Therefore, we propose to use lead alloys instead of actual structural materials. For demonstration of analogy between the failure mechanisms of lead alloys structure at low temperature and those of the actual structures at high temperature, numerical analyses are required. Although the authors proposed inelastic constitutive equations for numerical analyses in 2019, the equations could not successfully express because of large variations observed in the material tests of the lead alloy. In this study, we propose the improved inelastic constitutive equations of the lead alloy on the basis of the material test results used by aged alloy which can stabilized the material characteristic.

Journal Articles

Development of ODS tempered martensitic steel for high burn up fuel cladding tube of SFR

Otsuka, Satoshi; Tanno, Takashi; Oka, Hiroshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Tachi, Yoshiaki; Kaito, Takeji; Hashidate, Ryuta; Kato, Shoichi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Ito, Chikara; et al.

2018 GIF Symposium Proceedings (Internet), p.305 - 314, 2020/05

Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) steel has been developed worldwide as a high-strength and radiation-tolerant steel used for advanced nuclear system. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing ODS steel as the primary candidate material of Sodium cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) high burn-up fuel cladding tube. Application of high burn-up fuel to SFR core can contribute to improvement of economical performance of SFR in conjunction with volume and hazardousness reduction of radioactive waste. This paper described the current status and future prospects of ODS tempered martensitic steel development in JAEA for SFR fuel application.

JAEA Reports

Material test data of SUS316 and SUS321, 1

Hashidate, Ryuta; Kato, Shoichi; Kurihara, Akikazu

JAEA-Data/Code 2019-005, 117 Pages, 2019/07

JAEA-Data-Code-2019-005.pdf:2.54MB

SUS316 and SUS321 are used for structural materials of the Fast Breeder Reactors (FBRs), because of excellent high creep strength. This report summarized the mechanical properties data on SUS316 and SUS321 obtained in various tests including the long-term material tests and the material tests in sodium.

Journal Articles

A Proposal of inelastic constitutive equations of lead alloys used for structural tests simulating severe accident conditions

Hashidate, Ryuta; Onizawa, Takashi; Wakai, Takashi; Kasahara, Naoto*

Proceedings of 2019 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2019) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2019/07

Under the severe accident conditions, structural materials of nuclear power plants are subjected to excessive high temperature. Although it is very essential to clarify how the structure collapses under the severe accident conditions, the failure mechanisms in such high temperatures are not clarified. However, it is very difficult and expensive to perform structural tests using actual structural materials. Therefore, we propose to use lead alloys instead of actual structural materials. Because the strength of lead alloys is much poorer than that of the actual structural materials, failure can be observed at low temperature and by small load. For demonstration of analogy between the failure mechanisms of lead alloys structure at low temperature and those of the actual structures at high temperature, numerical analyses are required. So, we confirm the material characteristics of lead alloys and develop inelastic constitutive equations of lead alloy required for finite element analyses.

Journal Articles

Development of creep property equations of 316FR stainless steel and Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel for sodium-cooled fast reactor to achieve 60-year design life

Onizawa, Takashi; Hashidate, Ryuta

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 6(1), p.18-00477_1 - 18-00477_15, 2019/02

Aiming at enhancing its economic competitiveness and reducing radioactive waste, JAEA has proposed an attractive plant concept and made great efforts to demonstrate the applicability of some innovative technologies to the plant. One of the most practical means is to extend the design life to 60 years. Accordingly, the material strength standards set by JSME have to be extended from 300,000 to 500,000 hours but this extension requires more precise estimation of creep rupture strength and creep strain of the materials in the long term. This paper describes the development of creep property equations of 316FR stainless steel and Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel considering changes in creep mechanisms at high temperatures in the long term based on evaluations of long-term creep properties of the materials. The creep property equations developed in this study will provide more precise estimation of the creep properties in the long term than the present creep property equations of JSME.

Oral presentation

The Results obtained from the 20 years of "Monju" plant data, 10-2; Effect of natural convection prevention plate in primary sodium pump

Morioka, Tatsuya; Hashidate, Ryuta; Sawazaki, Hiromasa; Kunogi, Kosuke

no journal, , 

Thermal natural convection occurred in Ar gas region between the inner and outer casing of the sodium pump in the past, which induces asymmetric circumferential temperature distribution on the casings. This thermal effect causes the contact of the pump shaft with the lower hydrostatic bearing, which places the bearing at risk for damage. To prevent this risk for Monju primary sodium pump, convection prevention plates are installed between the inner and outer casing of the pump. The soundness which in 2017 spring meeting, Monju plant data indicates the plates decrease the circumferential temperature difference, and then no contact arose between the pump shaft and the bearing. The circumferential temperature difference of the layer lower part is big compared with the layer upper part and the central part. We confirmed that difference in temperature among the measurement points of the lower gas layer was affected by the sodium vortex prevention plates.

Oral presentation

The Results obtained from the 20 years of "Monju" plant data, 11; The Shaft sealing mechanism of primary sodium pump

Hashidate, Ryuta; Morioka, Tatsuya; Sawazaki, Hiromasa; Shiotani, Hiroki; Obata, Ikuhito; Uekura, Ryoichi

no journal, , 

We have been evaluating mainly the data acquired by the central computer so far, but we focused on evaluation using preservation data from this time. In this report, we report on the results of examination of the shaft sealing mechanism which constitutes the boundary of the cover gas including sodium vapor from the viewpoint of seal gas effect considered in the design stage for sodium vapor and sealability of the cover gas boundary by using the Monju plant data and conservation data for 20 years.

Oral presentation

Model calculation of Cr dissolution from steel surface exposed to high-temperature flowing sodium

Otsuka, Satoshi; Tanno, Takashi; Oka, Hiroshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Hashidate, Ryuta; Kato, Shoichi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Kaito, Takeji; Ito, Chikara

no journal, , 

JAEA has been developing ODS steels for the high burnup fuel cladding tubes of sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFR). Evaluation of sodium environmental effects is important since the outer surface of SFR fuel cladding tubes are exposed to high temperature flowing sodium and the tube wall is very thin. In this study, the numerical calculations were conducted based on thermodynamics and rate theory for understanding and predicting Cr dissolution behaviors of Fe-Cr steel in flowing sodium. The calculation results indicated that Cr concentration of steel surface gradually deceased with time, and approached to a unique value no matter what Cr concentration the steel contains in initial stage. Increasing flow velocity shortened the time for surface Cr concentration approaching the converged value. In the presentation, the calculated results will be compared to experimentally measured data, and discussions will be conducted to improve the Cr dissolution model constructed in this study.

Oral presentation

Development of inelastic constitutive equations of lead alloys used for structural tests simulating severe accident conditions

Hashidate, Ryuta; Kato, Shoichi; Onizawa, Takashi; Wakai, Takashi; Kasahara, Naoto*

no journal, , 

Under the severe accident conditions, structural materials of nuclear power plants are subjected to excessive high temperature. Although it is very essential to clarify how the structure collapses under the severe accident conditions, the failure mechanisms in such high temperatures are not clarified. However, it is very difficult and expensive to perform structural tests using actual structural materials. Therefore, we propose to use lead alloys instead of actual structural materials. Because the strength of lead alloys is much poorer than that of the actual structural materials, failure can be observed at low temperature and by small load. For demonstration of analogy between the failure mechanisms of lead alloys structure at low temperature and those of the actual structures at high temperature, numerical analyses are required. So, we confirm the material characteristics of lead alloys and develop inelastic constitutive equations of lead alloy required for finite element analyses.

Oral presentation

Analysis of issues related to maintenance period of the fast breeder prototype reactor Monju, 1; Analysis of plant operation for maintenance of cold shutdown Monju

Hashidate, Ryuta; Toyota, Kodai; Takahashi, Keita; Yada, Hiroki; Takaya, Shigeru

no journal, , 

In order to achieve both safety and economic efficiency of a nuclear power plant, it is necessary to realize rational maintenance based on characteristics of the plant. The fast breeder prototype reactor, Monju, spent most of the year for the maintenance. It is important to identify causes of the prolonged maintenance of Monju and to investigate countermeasures for implementation of rational maintenance of a next fast reactor. In this study, causes of the prolonged maintenance of Monju during reactor cold shutdown were investigated based on the plant operation of Monju. In addition, proposals for the maintenance optimization idea of a next generation fast reactor were presented to address the revealed issues.

Oral presentation

Analysis of issues related to maintenance period in the fast breeder prototype reactor Monju, 2; Analysis of plant maintenance plan

Toyota, Kodai; Hashidate, Ryuta; Takahashi, Keita; Yada, Hiroki; Takaya, Shigeru

no journal, , 

In order to achieve both safety and economic efficiency of a nuclear power plant, it is necessary to realize rational maintenance based on characteristics of the plant. The fast breeder prototype reactor, Monju, spent most of the year for the maintenance. It is important to identify causes of the prolonged maintenance of Monju and to investigate countermeasures for implementation of rational maintenance of a next fast reactor. In this study, causes of the prolonged maintenance of Monju during reactor cold shutdown were investigated based on the plant maintenance plan of Monju. In addition, proposals for the maintenance optimization idea of a next generation fast reactor were presented to address the revealed issues.

Oral presentation

Fundamental study on optimal scheduling of inspection process for fast reactor

Suzuki, Masaaki*; Ito, Mari*; Hashidate, Ryuta; Takahashi, Keita; Yada, Hiroki; Takaya, Shigeru

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Long-term maintenance scheduling for fast reactor plants

Ito, Mari*; Suzuki, Masaaki*; Hashidate, Ryuta; Takahashi, Keita; Yada, Hiroki; Takaya, Shigeru

no journal, , 

36 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)