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Journal Articles

The Japan Health Physics Society Guideline on Dose Monitoring for the Lens of the Eye

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Tsujimura, Norio; Hashimoto, Makoto; Yoshitomi, Hiroshi; Kato, Masahiro*; Kurosawa, Tadahiro*; Tatsuzaki, Hideo*; Sekiguchi, Hiroshi*; Koguchi, Yasuhiro*; Ono, Koji*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 47(1), p.1 - 7, 2022/03

Background: In Japan, new regulations that revise the dose limit for the lens of the eye (the lens), operational quantities, and measurement positions for the lens dose were enforced in April 2021. Based on the international safety standards, national guidelines, the results of the Radiation Safety Research Promotion Fund of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority, and other studies, the Working Group of Radiation Protection Standardization Committee, the Japan Health Physics Society (JHPS) developed a guideline for radiation dose monitoring for the lens. Materials and Methods: The Working Group of the JHPS discussed the criteria of non-uniform exposure and the management criteria set to not exceed the dose limit for the lens. Results and Discussion: In July 2020, the JHPS guideline was published. The guideline consists of three parts: main text, explanations, and 26 questions. In the questions, the corresponding answers were prepared, and specific examples were provided to enable similar cases to be addressed. Conclusion: With the development of guideline on radiation dose monitoring of the lens, radiation managers and workers will be able to smoothly comply with revised regulations and optimise radiation protection.

Journal Articles

Development of guidelines on radiation protection for the lens of the eye in Japan

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Iwai, Satoshi*; Tsujimura, Norio; Hashimoto, Makoto; Yoshitomi, Hiroshi; Kato, Masahiro*; Kurosawa, Tadahiro*; Tatsuzaki, Hideo*; Sekiguchi, Hiroshi*; Koguchi, Yasuhiro*; et al.

Proceedings of 15th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA-15) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2022/00

JAEA Reports

Examination of exposure management method for the eye lens at Oarai Research and Development Institute

Matsuoka, Amane; Yasumune, Takashi; Kojima, Nobuhiro; Miyauchi, Hideaki; Takasaki, Koji; Hashimoto, Makoto

JAEA-Review 2021-055, 11 Pages, 2021/12

JAEA-Review-2021-055.pdf:1.12MB

The dose limit for the eye lens was lowered on April 1 2021, and a 3 mm dose equivalent was added to the calculation. The guidelines require that lens dosimeters be worn and managed when there is a risk of exceeding control standards. In this report, in order to examine future management methods, we investigated whether work that might exceed the equivalent dose limit was performed in the past. As a result of the investigation, the exposure dose for all works after fiscal year 2008 was sufficiently low compared to the equivalent dose limit. For this reason, it is considered that there is no need for additional management of wearing a personal dosimeter near the eyes for the work that is normally performed. In the future, as in the past, the basic management method will be to wear a dosimeter only on the basic part of the trunk under uniform exposure conditions, and to wear a dosimeter on the basic part of the trunk and the maximum dose part under nonuniform exposure conditions. When performing work with a high exposure dose to the eye lens, a dosimeter should be worn near the eye to measure the 3 mm dose equivalent.

JAEA Reports

Investigation and consideration on evaluation of radiation doses to residents in the case of a nuclear emergency

Hashimoto, Makoto; Kinase, Sakae; Munakata, Masahiro; Murayama, Takashi; Takahashi, Masa; Takada, Chie; Okamoto, Akiko; Hayakawa, Tsuyoshi; Sukegawa, Masato; Kume, Nobuhide*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2020-071, 53 Pages, 2021/03

JAEA-Review-2020-071.pdf:2.72MB

In the case of a nuclear accident or a radiological emergency, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), as a designated public corporation assigned in the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act and the Armed Attack Situation Response Law, undertakes technical supports to the national government and local governments. The JAEA is requested to support to evaluate radiation doses to residents in a nuclear emergency, which is specified in the Basic Disaster Management Plan and the Nuclear Emergency Response Manual. For the dose evaluation, however, its strategy, target, method, structure and so on have not been determined either specifically or in detail. This report describes the results of investigation and consideration discussed in the "Working Group for Radiation Dose Evaluation at a Nuclear Emergency" established within the Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center to discuss technical supports for radiation dose evaluation to residents in the case of a nuclear emergency, and aims at contributing to specific and detailed discussion and activities in the future for the national government and local governments, also within the JAEA.

Journal Articles

A Knowledge-sharing activity on the environmental radiation monitoring results affected by the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident at Tokai-Oarai area in Ibaraki Prefecture

Nakano, Masanao; Hosomi, Kenji; Nishimura, Shusaku; Matsubara, Natsumi; Okura, Takehisa; Kuramochi, Akihiko; Kawasaki, Masatsugu; Takeuchi, Erina; Fujii, Yutaka*; Jinno, Tsukasa*; et al.

Hoken Butsuri (Internet), 55(2), p.102 - 109, 2020/06

After the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F) Accident in March 2011, the increase was significantly observed in a part of the result of the environmental radiation monitoring in Ibaraki prefecture. "The review meeting of the environmental effect from 1F accident" was established to discuss technically the fluctuation of monitoring data. The review meeting collected the monitoring data from the four nuclear operators, and discussed a fluctuating trend, $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs activity ratio, and so on. In this report, the results of the dose rate and $$^{137}$$Cs in fallout, surface soil, flatfish and seabed sediment are introduced. Also the problem solving in the review meeting is introduced.

Journal Articles

JAEA Reports

Activity median aerodynamic diameter relating to contamination at Plutonium Fuel Research Facility in Oarai Research and Development Center; Particle size analysis for plutonium particles using imaging plate

Takasaki, Koji; Yasumune, Takashi; Hashimoto, Makoto; Maeda, Koji; Kato, Masato; Yoshizawa, Michio; Momose, Takumaro

JAEA-Review 2019-003, 48 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Review-2019-003.pdf:3.81MB

June 6, 2017, at Plutonium Fuel Research Facility in Oarai Research and Development Center of JAEA, when five workers were inspecting storage containers containing plutonium and uranium, resin bags in a storage container ruptured, and radioactive dust spread. Though they were wearing a half face mask respirator, they inhaled radioactive materials. In the evaluation of the internal exposure dose, the aerodynamic radioactive median diameter (AMAD) is an important parameter. We measured 14 smear samples and a dust filter paper with imaging plates, and estimated the AMAD by image analysis. As a result of estimating the AMAD, from the 14 smear samples, the AMADs are 4.3 to 11 $$mu$$m or more in the case of nitrate plutonium, and the AMADs are 5.6 to 14 $$mu$$m or more in the case of the oxidized plutonium. Also, from the dust filter paper, the AMAD is 3.0 $$mu$$m or more in the case of nitrate plutonium, and the AMAD is 3.9 $$mu$$m or more in the case of the oxidized plutonium.

Journal Articles

New measurement of the $$^{8}$$Li($$alpha$$,n)$$^{11}$$B reaction in a lower-energy region below the Coulomb barrier

Das, S. K.*; Fukuda, Tomokazu*; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Jeong, S. C.*; Ikezoe, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Makoto; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(5), p.055805_1 - 055805_4, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.2(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Improvement of estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air using data measured by monitoring posts applied by determination of passing-through time of plume using noble gas counts

Yamada, Junya; Hashimoto, Makoto; Seya, Natsumi; Haba, Risa; Muto, Yasunobu; Shimizu, Takehiko; Takasaki, Koji; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Shimo, Michikuni*

Hoken Butsuri, 52(1), p.5 - 12, 2017/03

The purpose of this study is to improve a quick method for estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air using data measured by monitoring posts in case that a nuclear disaster occurs. In this method, $$^{131}$$I concentrations were estimated by multiplying $$^{131}$$I count rates of cloud-shine measured with NaI (Tl) detector by concentration conversion factor. A previous study suggested that it was difficult to determine passing-through time of plume from temporal change of $$^{131}$$I count rates or dose rate. Our study applies the method for estimating passing-through time of plume from temporal change of noble gas counts. The $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air at Oarai center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency resulting from the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant were estimated by proposal technique. The result of comparison of this method with sampling method for $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air were within factor 3.

Journal Articles

Calculation of conversion factor for estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air from pulse-height distribution observed by NaI(Tl) detector in monitoring posts

Yamada, Junya; Hashimoto, Makoto; Seya, Natsumi; Haba, Risa; Muto, Yasunobu; Shimizu, Takehiko; Takasaki, Koji; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Shimo, Michikuni*

Radioisotopes, 65(10), p.403 - 408, 2016/10

The purpose of this study is to develop a quick method for estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air using data measured by monitoring posts. In this method, $$^{131}$$I concentrations were estimated by multiplying $$^{131}$$I count rates at the full-energy peak measured with a NaI(Tl) detector by a concentration conversion factor. The concentration conversion factor for monitoring posts in JAEA Oarai Center was calculated with an EGS5 Monte Carlo code. As a result, the concentration conversion factor for an infinite-air-source was 25.7 Bq/m$$^{3}$$/cps.

Journal Articles

Applicability of meteorological statistics over a 5-year period to evaluation of annual average of radionuclide concentration in surface air; Based on meteorological statistics for 20 years at Oarai Research and Development Center, JAEA

Seya, Natsumi; Hashimoto, Makoto; Nemoto, Koji*; Shimizu, Takehiko; Takasaki, Koji

Hoken Butsuri, 49(1), p.29 - 38, 2014/03

Evaluation of annual average of radionuclide concentration in surface air obtained from atmospheric dispersion factor is intended to determine a public dose as a primary source for the safety analysis of nuclear facilities in normal operation. Oarai Research and Development Center (ORDC) of the JAEA have used fixed 5-year meteorological statistics for derivation of atmospheric dispersion factors as average conditions. To show that the meteorological statistics for any 5-year period could be used as representative data for evaluation of average conditions, annual average (1-year average) and 5-year average of evaluated radionuclide concentrations derived from the meteorological data observed from 1991 to 2010 at ORDC were analyzed. The fluctuations of evaluated radionuclide concentrations of any 5-year averages were smaller than those of 1-year averages during 20 years, and any 5-year averages contained no rejections by the F-test (5% significance level). It means that any 5-year averages of radionuclide concentration evaluations are well representative for the safety analysis under normal condition in ORDC.

Journal Articles

Neutron resonance imaging of a Au-In-Cd alloy for the JSNS

Oi, Motoki; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Maekawa, Fujio; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Hashimoto, Eiko*; Segawa, Mariko; Kureta, Masatoshi; Tremsin, A.*; et al.

Physics Procedia, 43, p.337 - 342, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:91.93

The Japan Spallation Neutron Source (JSNS) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) had been developed as a 1-MW spallation neutron source. A Au-In-Cd alloy has been proposed as a new decoupler material. Recently, we successfully produced the ternary Au-In-Cd alloy. The alloy composition is 74.9 at% Au, 0.5 at% In, and 24.6 at% Cd. We used the pulsed neutron imaging techniques to measure the elements in the Au-In-Cd alloy. Both a time gated camera system and a multi-channel plate (MCP) detector were used as detectors. Measurement was performed at BL10 in the JSNS. A Au-In-Cd specimen, In foil and two Au foils are used as a sample. As a results, we could obtain distribution of Au, In and Cd in the Au-In-Cd specimens distinctly.

Journal Articles

Accelerator neutron dosimetry using composite-gas-filled proportional counting tube

Usui, Toshihide; Mikami, Satoshi; Hashimoto, Makoto; Nakayama, Naoto; Suzuki, Chihiro*; Tani, Kotaro*; Yamasaki, Keizo*; Misawa, Tsuyoshi*

KURRI Progress Report 2010, P. 209, 2011/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dose evaluation from multiple detector outputs using convex optimisation

Hashimoto, Makoto; Iimoto, Takeshi*; Kosako, Toshiso*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 146(1-3), p.65 - 68, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Environmental Sciences)

A dose evaluation using multiple radiation detector outputs can be improved by the convex optimisation. It enables flexible dose evaluation corresponding to the radiation field. The neutron ambient dose equivalent is evaluated using a mixed-gas proportional counter. The reliability of evaluated dose values are comparable with current dosimeter. An application to neutron individual dose equivalent measurement is also investigated. The combination of dosimeters with high orthogonality of response characteristics tends to show good suitability for dose evaluation.

Journal Articles

From a single-band metal to a high-temperature superconductor via two thermal phase transitions

He, R.-H.*; Hashimoto, Makoto*; Karapetyan, H.*; Koralek, J. D.*; Hinton, J. P.*; Testaud, J. P.*; Nathan, V.*; Yoshida, Yoshiyuki*; Yao, H.*; Tanaka, Kiyohisa*; et al.

Science, 331(6024), p.1579 - 1583, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:252 Percentile:98.82(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The nature of the pseudogap phase of cuprate high-temperature superconductors is a major unsolved problem in condensed matter physics. We studied the commencement of the pseudogap state at temperature $$T^*$$ using three different techniques (angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, polar Kerr effect, and time-resolved reflectivity) on the same optimally doped Bi2201 crystals. We observed the coincident, abrupt onset at $$T^*$$ of a particle-hole asymmetric antinodal gap in the electronic spectrum, a Kerr rotation in the reflected light polarization, and a change in the ultrafast relaxational dynamics, consistent with a phase transition. Upon further cooling, spectroscopic signatures of superconductivity begin to grow close to the superconducting transition temperature ($$T_c$$), entangled in an energy-momentum dependent manner with the preexisting pseudogap features, ushering in a ground state with coexisting orders.

Journal Articles

Structural evolution of (1-NpOH)$$_{n}$$ clusters studied by R2PI and IR Dip spectroscopies

Saeki, Morihisa; Ishiuchi, Shunichi*; Sakai, Makoto*; Hashimoto, Kenro*; Fujii, Masaaki*

Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 114(42), p.11210 - 11215, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:35.04(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

The Data acquisition system of beam position monitors in J-PARC main ring

Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hayashi, Naoki; Arakawa, Dai*; Hashimoto, Yoshinori*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Odagiri, Junichi*; Sato, Kenichiro*; Tejima, Masaki*; Tobiyama, Makoto*; Toyama, Takeshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2698 - 2700, 2010/05

The Data Acquisition System of Beam Position Monitors (BPMs) in J-PARC Main Ring are consist of 186 Linux-based Data Processing Circuits (BPMCs) and 12 EPICS IOCs. They are important tool to see the COD and turn-by-turn beam positions. This report describes the process of the data reconstruction which include how the various calibration constants are applied.

Journal Articles

Performance of the main ring BPM during the beam commissioning at J-PARC

Toyama, Takeshi*; Arakawa, Dai*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Igarashi, Susumu*; Lee, S.*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Odagiri, Junichi*; Tejima, Masaki*; Tobiyama, Makoto*; Hashimoto, Yoshinori*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.981 - 983, 2010/05

Experiences of operating BPM's during beam commissioning at the J-PARC MR are reported. The subjects are: (1) bug report, statistics and especially the effect of a beam duct step, (2) position resolution estimation ($$<$$30 micrometers with 1 sec averaging), (3) beam based alignment.

Journal Articles

Isoscalar giant resonances in the Sn nuclei and implications for the asymmetry term in the nuclear-matter incompressibility

Li, T.*; Garg, U.*; Liu, Y.*; Marks, R.*; Nayak, B. K.*; Madhusudhana Rao, P. V.*; Fujiwara, Mamoru*; Hashimoto, Hisanobu*; Nakanishi, Kosuke*; Okumura, Shun*; et al.

Physical Review C, 81(3), p.034309_1 - 034309_11, 2010/03

 Times Cited Count:92 Percentile:97.51(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Applicability of convex hull in multiple detector response space for neutron dose measurements

Hashimoto, Makoto; Iimoto, Takeshi*; Kosako, Toshiso*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 136(1), p.1 - 10, 2009/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.95(Environmental Sciences)

A novel neutron dose measurement method which flexibly responds to variations of neutron field is being developed in JAEA. This is an implementation of the multi-detector method (first introduced in early 1970s) for neutron dose evaluation using convex hull in the response space defined for multiple detectors. The convex hull provides range of possible neutron dose corresponding to the incident neutron spectrum. Feasibility of the method was studied using simulated response of mixed-gas proportional counter. Monochromatic neutrons are shown to be fundamentally suitable for mapping the convex hull. The convex hull can be further reduced taking into consideration ${it a priori}$ information about physically possible incident neutron spectra, for example, theoretically derived moderated neutron spectra originated from a fission neutron source.

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