Takasaki, Koji; Yasumune, Takashi; Hashimoto, Makoto; Maeda, Koji; Kato, Masato; Yoshizawa, Michio; Momose, Takumaro
JAEA-Review 2019-003, 48 Pages, 2019/03
June 6, 2017, at Plutonium Fuel Research Facility in Oarai Research and Development Center of JAEA, when five workers were inspecting storage containers containing plutonium and uranium, resin bags in a storage container ruptured, and radioactive dust spread. Though they were wearing a half face mask respirator, they inhaled radioactive materials. In the evaluation of the internal exposure dose, the aerodynamic radioactive median diameter (AMAD) is an important parameter. We measured 14 smear samples and a dust filter paper with imaging plates, and estimated the AMAD by image analysis. As a result of estimating the AMAD, from the 14 smear samples, the AMADs are 4.3 to 11 m or more in the case of nitrate plutonium, and the AMADs are 5.6 to 14 m or more in the case of the oxidized plutonium. Also, from the dust filter paper, the AMAD is 3.0 m or more in the case of nitrate plutonium, and the AMAD is 3.9 m or more in the case of the oxidized plutonium.
Zhao, Q.*; Taruta, Yasuyoshi; Kobayashi, Shigeto*; Hashimoto, Takashi*
Chishiki Kyoso (Internet), 8, p.V13_1 - V13_2, 2018/08
no abstracts in English
Das, S. K.*; Fukuda, Tomokazu*; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Jeong, S. C.*; Ikezoe, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Makoto; et al.
Physical Review C, 95(5), p.055805_1 - 055805_4, 2017/05
Makhsun*; Hashimoto, Takuya*; Sakuma, Takashi*; Takahashi, Haruyuki*; Kamishima, Osamu*; Igawa, Naoki; Danilkin, S. A.*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(7), p.074602_1 - 074602_4, 2014/07
The correlations of atomic thermal displacements in Al were obtained from the analysis of diffuse neutron scattering intensity. The interatomic force constants were determined from the correlation effects using a newly introduced equation. The derived force constants and the crystal structure of Al were used to estimate the phonon dispersion relations, phonon density of states, and specific heat by computer simulation. The calculated phonon dispersion relations and specific heat of Al are similar to those obtained from inelastic neutron scattering and specific heat measurements, respectively.
Oda, Yasuhisa; Oshima, Katsumi; Nakamoto, Takashi*; Hashimoto, Yasunori*; Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Hayashi, Kazuo*; Ikeda, Yukiharu; Ikeda, Ryosuke; Kajiwara, Ken; Takahashi, Koji; et al.
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 90(7), p.365 - 373, 2014/07
no abstracts in English
Nagai, Yasuki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Saeki, Hideya; Motoishi, Shoji; Sonoda, Nozomi; Kawabata, Masako; Harada, Hideo; Kin, Tadahiro*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(6), p.064201_1 - 064201_7, 2013/06
Oi, Motoki; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Maekawa, Fujio; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Hashimoto, Eiko*; Segawa, Mariko; Kureta, Masatoshi; Tremsin, A.*; et al.
Physics Procedia, 43, p.337 - 342, 2013/04
The Japan Spallation Neutron Source (JSNS) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) had been developed as a 1-MW spallation neutron source. A Au-In-Cd alloy has been proposed as a new decoupler material. Recently, we successfully produced the ternary Au-In-Cd alloy. The alloy composition is 74.9 at% Au, 0.5 at% In, and 24.6 at% Cd. We used the pulsed neutron imaging techniques to measure the elements in the Au-In-Cd alloy. Both a time gated camera system and a multi-channel plate (MCP) detector were used as detectors. Measurement was performed at BL10 in the JSNS. A Au-In-Cd specimen, In foil and two Au foils are used as a sample. As a results, we could obtain distribution of Au, In and Cd in the Au-In-Cd specimens distinctly.
Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Mihara, Mototsugu*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Jeong, S. C.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Momota, Sadao*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Matsuta, Kensaku*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.54_1 - 54_10, 2012/05
Horikawa, Daiki*; Yamaguchi, Ayami*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Tanaka, Daisuke*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Yukuhiro, Fumiko*; Kuwahara, Hirokazu*; Kunieda, Takekazu*; Watanabe, Masahiko*; Nakahara, Yuichi*; et al.
Astrobiology, 12(4), p.283 - 289, 2012/04
We examined the hatchability of hydrated and anhydrobiotic eggs of the tardigrade to hatch after ionizing irradiation (helium ions), extremely low and high temperatures, and high vacuum. Anhydrobiotic eggs (50% lethal dose; 1690 Gy) were substantially more radioresistant than hydrated ones (50% lethal dose; 509 Gy). Anhydrobiotic eggs also have a broader temperature resistance compared with hydrated ones. Over 70% of the anhydrobiotic eggs treated at high and low temperatures, but all of the hydrated eggs failed to hatch. After exposure to high vacuum conditions, the hatchability of the anhydrobiotic eggs was comparable to that of untreated control eggs.
Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Yamaguchi, Kanako*; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Das, S. K.*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; et al.
Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 7(3), p.C03036_1 - C03036_14, 2012/03
We developed an active-target type gas counter operating with low He/CO (10%) detector gas for application in studying low-energy nuclear reactions using radioactive beams. A 400-m-thick gas electron multiplier (THGEM) was used as the proportional counter for high injection rate capability. We examined the gas gain stability and the influence of ion feedback on particle tracks at high beam injection rates of up to 10 particles per second (pps) using a low-energy C beam. From the result of this examination, we found that the THGEM was found to be applicable for our active target at high injection rates of up to 10 pps.
Nagai, Yasuki; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Kin, Tadahiro; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Motoishi, Shoji; Konno, Chikara; Ochiai, Kentaro; Takakura, Kosuke; Sato, Yuichi*; Kawauchi, Yukimasa*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(8), p.083201_1 - 083201_4, 2011/08
We have for the first time succeeded to separate Tc from a Mo oxide sample irradiated by accelerator neutrons, and to formulate Tc-methylene diphosphonate (Tc-MDP). Mo, the mother nuclide of Tc, was produced by the Mo(,2)Mo reaction using about 14 MeV neutrons provided at the Fusion Neutronics Source of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The Tc was separated from Mo by the sublimation method, and its radionuclide purity was confirmed to be higher than 99.99%. The labeling efficiency of Tc-MDP was shown to be higher than 99%. These values exceed the United States Pharmacopeia requirements for a fission product, Mo. Consequently, a Tc radiopharmaceutical preparation formed by using the mentioned Mo can be a promising substitute for the fission product Mo. A longstanding problem to ensure a reliable and constant supply of Mo in Japan can be partially mitigated.
Setoodehnia, K.*; Chen, A. A.*; Komatsubara, Tetsuro*; Kubono, Shigeru*; Binh, D. N.*; Carpino, J. F.*; Chen, J.*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Hayakawa, Takehito; Ishibashi, Yoko*; et al.
Physical Review C, 83(1), p.018803_1 - 018803_4, 2011/01
The structure of proton-unbound S states strongly determines the thermonuclear P(, )S reaction rate at temperatures characteristic of explosive hydrogen burning in classical novae and type I X-ray bursts. Specifically, the rate had been previously predicted to be dominated by two low-lying, unobserved, levels in the =4.7-4.8 MeV region, with spin and parity assignments of 3 and 2. In recent experimental work, two candidate levels were observed with energies of 4.699 MeV and 4.814 MeV, but no experimental information on their spins and parities was obtained. We have performed an in-beam -ray spectroscopy study of S with the Si(He, )S reaction. The spin and parities were inferred from a comparison to the known decay schemes of the corresponding mirror states.
Hashimoto, Takashi; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Miyatake, Hiroari; Jeong, S.-C.*; Tanaka, Masahiko*; Yoshikawa, Nobuharu*; Nomura, Toru*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 674(4-5), p.276 - 280, 2009/04
The excitation function of the Li(d,t)Li reaction was directly measured using Li beams at E = 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.7, 0.8, 1.0, 1.1, and 1.2 MeV with CD targets. The beam energies covered the Gamow peaks for 1310 K. Large cross sections were observed at around E = 0.8 MeV, implying a resonance state located at 22.4 MeV in Be. The present astrophysical reaction rate is higher in one order magnitude than the presently adopted rate at around 110 K.
Hattori, Shuji*; Inoue, Fumitaka*; Kurachi, Hiroaki*; Watashi, Katsumi; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Hashimoto, Takashi; Yada, Hiroki
JAEA-Research 2008-080, 45 Pages, 2009/02
Research on cavitation erosion in liquid metal is very important to confirm the safety of fast breeder reactor using sodium coolant. In this study, a cavitation erosion test apparatus was developed to carry out the erosion tests in low-temperature liquid metals. Cavitation erosion tests were carried out in liquid lead-bismuth alloy and in deionized water. We discuss the effect of liquid parameters and temperature effects on the erosion rate. We reach to the following conclusions. The erosion rate was evaluated in terms of a relative temperature which was defined as the percentage between freezing and boiling points. At 14 C relative temperature, the erosion rate is 10 times in lead-bismuth alloy, and 2 to 5 times in sodium, compared with that in deionized water. The erosion rate can be evaluated as a function of material density and sound velocity. Finally, the temperature dependence was discussed in term of liquid vapor pressure.
Jeong, S.-C.*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Kawakami, Hirokane*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Miyatake, Hiroari; Sataka, Masao; Sugai, Hiroyuki; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 47(8), p.6413 - 6415, 2008/08
A non-destructive and on-line diffusion tracing in Li ionic conductors has been demonstrated. As a tracer, pulsed beam of Li was implanted into LiGa. By analyzing the time dependent yield of the -particles decaying from Li, diffusion coefficients were extracted with a high accuracy. The ordering of Li vacancies in the Li-deficient phase of LiGa was observed for the first time in terms of the Li diffusion.
Sugai, Hiroyuki; Sataka, Masao; Okayasu, Satoru; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Mitsuoka, Shinichi; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Osa, Akihiko; Sato, Tetsuya; Hashimoto, Takashi; et al.
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 273-276, p.667 - 672, 2008/00
Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Hashimoto, Takashi; Ishikawa, Tomoko*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Das, S. K.*; Miyatake, Hiroari; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Fukuda, Tomokazu*; Tanaka, Masahiko*; Fuchi, Yoshihide*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 640(3), p.82 - 85, 2006/09
The excitation function of the Li(,n)B reaction was measured while identifying the final state event by event in the region of E = 0.7 - 2.6 MeV using a highly efficient detector system and a low-energy Li beam. The results are much improved both in statistics and precisions, and show smaller cross sections than those of previous measurements by a factor of more than 2 in the low-energy region of E 1.5 MeV. A resonance-like structure is found at around E = 0.85 MeV.
Das, S. K.*; Fukuda, Tomokazu*; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Tanaka, Masahiko*; Yoshikawa, Nobuharu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; et al.
AIP Conference Proceedings 847, p.374 - 376, 2006/07
no abstracts in English
Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Ishikawa, Tomoko*; Hashimoto, Takashi; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Miyatake, Hiroari; Tanaka, Masahiko*; Fuchi, Yoshihide*; Yoshikawa, Nobuharu*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 560(2), p.366 - 372, 2006/05
Thanks to the nature of inverse transfer-reactions, low-energy radioactive nuclear beams in light neutron-rich region were produced. The mass-separation and velocity-separation of the JAERI recoil mass-separator help to form high purity beams. The beams of Li, B, and N-RNBs are utilized to the experiments, so far, with those beam intensities and purities of 1.410 pps and 99, 7.810 pps and 98, and 4.710 pps and 98.5, respectively.
Yogi, Mamoru*; Kitaoka, Yoshio*; Hashimoto, Shin*; Yasuda, Takashi*; Settai, Rikio*; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Haga, Yoshinori; Onuki, Yoshichika; Rogl, P.*; Bauer, E.*
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 67(1-3), p.522 - 524, 2006/01
We report on magnetic and novel superconducting properties in heavy-fermion (HF) noncentrosymmetric compound CePtSi via the measurement of Pt nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/. This compound reveals the uniform coexistence of antiferromagnetism ( =2.2 K) and superconductivity ( =0.75 K). CePtSi is the first HF superconductor that reveals a peak in 1/ just below and, additionally, does not follow the law that was observed for most unconventional HF superconductors. The novel relaxation behavior found below may be relevant with a possible novel SC state being realized in the noncentrosymmetric CePtSi.