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JAEA Reports

Activity median aerodynamic diameter relating to contamination at Plutonium Fuel Research Facility in Oarai Research and Development Center; Particle size analysis for plutonium particles using imaging plate

Takasaki, Koji; Yasumune, Takashi; Hashimoto, Makoto; Maeda, Koji; Kato, Masato; Yoshizawa, Michio; Momose, Takumaro

JAEA-Review 2019-003, 48 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Review-2019-003.pdf:3.81MB

June 6, 2017, at Plutonium Fuel Research Facility in Oarai Research and Development Center of JAEA, when five workers were inspecting storage containers containing plutonium and uranium, resin bags in a storage container ruptured, and radioactive dust spread. Though they were wearing a half face mask respirator, they inhaled radioactive materials. In the evaluation of the internal exposure dose, the aerodynamic radioactive median diameter (AMAD) is an important parameter. We measured 14 smear samples and a dust filter paper with imaging plates, and estimated the AMAD by image analysis. As a result of estimating the AMAD, from the 14 smear samples, the AMADs are 4.3 to 11 $$mu$$m or more in the case of nitrate plutonium, and the AMADs are 5.6 to 14 $$mu$$m or more in the case of the oxidized plutonium. Also, from the dust filter paper, the AMAD is 3.0 $$mu$$m or more in the case of nitrate plutonium, and the AMAD is 3.9 $$mu$$m or more in the case of the oxidized plutonium.

Journal Articles

Development of program for improving generativity of staffs in nuclear power plant

Zhao, Q.*; Taruta, Yasuyoshi; Kobayashi, Shigeto*; Hashimoto, Takashi*

Chishiki Kyoso (Internet), 8, p.V13_1 - V13_2, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New measurement of the $$^{8}$$Li($$alpha$$,n)$$^{11}$$B reaction in a lower-energy region below the Coulomb barrier

Das, S. K.*; Fukuda, Tomokazu*; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Jeong, S. C.*; Ikezoe, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Makoto; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(5), p.055805_1 - 055805_4, 2017/05

 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Estimation of force constants of Al from diffuse neutron scattering measurement

Makhsun*; Hashimoto, Takuya*; Sakuma, Takashi*; Takahashi, Haruyuki*; Kamishima, Osamu*; Igawa, Naoki; Danilkin, S. A.*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(7), p.074602_1 - 074602_4, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:83.29(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The correlations of atomic thermal displacements in Al were obtained from the analysis of diffuse neutron scattering intensity. The interatomic force constants were determined from the correlation effects using a newly introduced equation. The derived force constants and the crystal structure of Al were used to estimate the phonon dispersion relations, phonon density of states, and specific heat by computer simulation. The calculated phonon dispersion relations and specific heat of Al are similar to those obtained from inelastic neutron scattering and specific heat measurements, respectively.

Journal Articles

Development of ITER CODAC compatible gyrotron local control system and its operation

Oda, Yasuhisa; Oshima, Katsumi; Nakamoto, Takashi*; Hashimoto, Yasunori*; Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Hayashi, Kazuo*; Ikeda, Yukiharu; Ikeda, Ryosuke; Kajiwara, Ken; Takahashi, Koji; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 90(7), p.365 - 373, 2014/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Generation of radioisotopes with accelerator neutrons by deuterons

Nagai, Yasuki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Saeki, Hideya; Motoishi, Shoji; Sonoda, Nozomi; Kawabata, Masako; Harada, Hideo; Kin, Tadahiro*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(6), p.064201_1 - 064201_7, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:16.27(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Neutron resonance imaging of a Au-In-Cd alloy for the JSNS

Oi, Motoki; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Maekawa, Fujio; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Hashimoto, Eiko*; Segawa, Mariko; Kureta, Masatoshi; Tremsin, A.*; et al.

Physics Procedia, 43, p.337 - 342, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:12.82

The Japan Spallation Neutron Source (JSNS) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) had been developed as a 1-MW spallation neutron source. A Au-In-Cd alloy has been proposed as a new decoupler material. Recently, we successfully produced the ternary Au-In-Cd alloy. The alloy composition is 74.9 at% Au, 0.5 at% In, and 24.6 at% Cd. We used the pulsed neutron imaging techniques to measure the elements in the Au-In-Cd alloy. Both a time gated camera system and a multi-channel plate (MCP) detector were used as detectors. Measurement was performed at BL10 in the JSNS. A Au-In-Cd specimen, In foil and two Au foils are used as a sample. As a results, we could obtain distribution of Au, In and Cd in the Au-In-Cd specimens distinctly.

Journal Articles

Tilted-foil technique for producing a spin-polarized radioactive isotope beam

Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Mihara, Mototsugu*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Jeong, S. C.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Momota, Sadao*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Matsuta, Kensaku*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.54_1 - 54_10, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.83(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Tolerance of anhydrobiotic eggs of the tardigrade ${it Ramazzottius varieornatus}$ to extreme environments

Horikawa, Daiki*; Yamaguchi, Ayami*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Tanaka, Daisuke*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Yukuhiro, Fumiko*; Kuwahara, Hirokazu*; Kunieda, Takekazu*; Watanabe, Masahiko*; Nakahara, Yuichi*; et al.

Astrobiology, 12(4), p.283 - 289, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:29.48(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We examined the hatchability of hydrated and anhydrobiotic eggs of the tardigrade ${it Ramazzottius varieornatus}$ to hatch after ionizing irradiation (helium ions), extremely low and high temperatures, and high vacuum. Anhydrobiotic eggs (50% lethal dose; 1690 Gy) were substantially more radioresistant than hydrated ones (50% lethal dose; 509 Gy). Anhydrobiotic eggs also have a broader temperature resistance compared with hydrated ones. Over 70% of the anhydrobiotic eggs treated at high and low temperatures, but all of the hydrated eggs failed to hatch. After exposure to high vacuum conditions, the hatchability of the anhydrobiotic eggs was comparable to that of untreated control eggs.

Journal Articles

GEM-MSTPC; An Active-target type detector in low-pressure He/CO$$_{2}$$ mixed gas

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Yamaguchi, Kanako*; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Das, S. K.*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 7(3), p.C03036_1 - C03036_14, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:57.36(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We developed an active-target type gas counter operating with low He/CO$$_{2}$$ (10%) detector gas for application in studying low-energy nuclear reactions using radioactive beams. A 400-$$mu$$m-thick gas electron multiplier (THGEM) was used as the proportional counter for high injection rate capability. We examined the gas gain stability and the influence of ion feedback on particle tracks at high beam injection rates of up to 10$$^{5}$$ particles per second (pps) using a low-energy $$^{12}$$C beam. From the result of this examination, we found that the THGEM was found to be applicable for our active target at high injection rates of up to 10$$^{5}$$ pps.

Journal Articles

Successful labeling of $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc-MDP using $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc separated from $$^{99}$$Mo produced by $$^{100}$$Mo($textit{n}$,2$textit{n}$)$$^{99}$$Mo

Nagai, Yasuki; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Kin, Tadahiro; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Motoishi, Shoji; Konno, Chikara; Ochiai, Kentaro; Takakura, Kosuke; Sato, Yuichi*; Kawauchi, Yukimasa*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(8), p.083201_1 - 083201_4, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:36.94(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have for the first time succeeded to separate $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc from a Mo oxide sample irradiated by accelerator neutrons, and to formulate $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc-methylene diphosphonate ($$^{rm 99m}$$Tc-MDP). $$^{99}$$Mo, the mother nuclide of $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc, was produced by the $$^{100}$$Mo($textit{n}$,2$textit{n}$)$$^{99}$$Mo reaction using about 14 MeV neutrons provided at the Fusion Neutronics Source of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc was separated from $$^{99}$$Mo by the sublimation method, and its radionuclide purity was confirmed to be higher than 99.99%. The labeling efficiency of $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc-MDP was shown to be higher than 99%. These values exceed the United States Pharmacopeia requirements for a fission product, $$^{99}$$Mo. Consequently, a $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc radiopharmaceutical preparation formed by using the mentioned $$^{99}$$Mo can be a promising substitute for the fission product $$^{99}$$Mo. A longstanding problem to ensure a reliable and constant supply of $$^{99}$$Mo in Japan can be partially mitigated.

Journal Articles

Spins and parities of astrophysically important $$^{30}$$S states from $$^{28}$$Si($$^{3}$$He, $$n$$$$gamma$$)$$^{30}$$S

Setoodehnia, K.*; Chen, A. A.*; Komatsubara, Tetsuro*; Kubono, Shigeru*; Binh, D. N.*; Carpino, J. F.*; Chen, J.*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Hayakawa, Takehito; Ishibashi, Yoko*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(1), p.018803_1 - 018803_4, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:30.61(Physics, Nuclear)

The structure of proton-unbound $$^{30}$$S states strongly determines the thermonuclear $$^{29}$$P($$p$$, $$gamma$$)$$^{30}$$S reaction rate at temperatures characteristic of explosive hydrogen burning in classical novae and type I X-ray bursts. Specifically, the rate had been previously predicted to be dominated by two low-lying, unobserved, levels in the $$E$$$$_{x}$$=4.7-4.8 MeV region, with spin and parity assignments of 3$$^{+}$$ and 2$$^{+}$$. In recent experimental work, two candidate levels were observed with energies of 4.699 MeV and 4.814 MeV, but no experimental information on their spins and parities was obtained. We have performed an in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy study of $$^{30}$$S with the $$^{28}$$Si($$^{3}$$He, $$n$$$$gamma$$)$$^{30}$$S reaction. The spin and parities were inferred from a comparison to the known decay schemes of the corresponding mirror states.

Journal Articles

A New measurement of the astrophysical $$^8$$Li(d,t)$$^7$$Li reaction

Hashimoto, Takashi; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Miyatake, Hiroari; Jeong, S.-C.*; Tanaka, Masahiko*; Yoshikawa, Nobuharu*; Nomura, Toru*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 674(4-5), p.276 - 280, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:56.05(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The excitation function of the $$^8$$Li(d,t)$$^7$$Li reaction was directly measured using $$^8$$Li beams at E$$_{mathrm{cm}}$$ = 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.7, 0.8, 1.0, 1.1, and 1.2 MeV with CD$$_2$$ targets. The beam energies covered the Gamow peaks for 1$$sim$$3$$times$$10$$^9$$ K. Large cross sections were observed at around E$$_{mathrm{cm}}$$ = 0.8 MeV, implying a resonance state located at 22.4 MeV in $$^{10}$$Be. The present astrophysical reaction rate is higher in one order magnitude than the presently adopted rate at around 1$$times$$10$$^9$$ K.

JAEA Reports

Fundamental study on cavitation erosion in liquid metal; Effect of liquid parameter on cavitation erosion in liquid metals (Joint research)

Hattori, Shuji*; Inoue, Fumitaka*; Kurachi, Hiroaki*; Watashi, Katsumi; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Hashimoto, Takashi; Yada, Hiroki

JAEA-Research 2008-080, 45 Pages, 2009/02

JAEA-Research-2008-080.pdf:2.86MB

Research on cavitation erosion in liquid metal is very important to confirm the safety of fast breeder reactor using sodium coolant. In this study, a cavitation erosion test apparatus was developed to carry out the erosion tests in low-temperature liquid metals. Cavitation erosion tests were carried out in liquid lead-bismuth alloy and in deionized water. We discuss the effect of liquid parameters and temperature effects on the erosion rate. We reach to the following conclusions. The erosion rate was evaluated in terms of a relative temperature which was defined as the percentage between freezing and boiling points. At 14 $$^{circ}$$C relative temperature, the erosion rate is 10 times in lead-bismuth alloy, and 2 to 5 times in sodium, compared with that in deionized water. The erosion rate can be evaluated as a function of material density and sound velocity. Finally, the temperature dependence was discussed in term of liquid vapor pressure.

Journal Articles

On-line diffusion tracing in Li ionic conductors by the short-lived radioactive beam of $$^{8}$$Li

Jeong, S.-C.*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Kawakami, Hirokane*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Miyatake, Hiroari; Sataka, Masao; Sugai, Hiroyuki; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 47(8), p.6413 - 6415, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:72.85(Physics, Applied)

A non-destructive and on-line diffusion tracing in Li ionic conductors has been demonstrated. As a tracer, pulsed beam of $$^{8}$$Li was implanted into LiGa. By analyzing the time dependent yield of the $$alpha$$-particles decaying from $$^{8}$$Li, diffusion coefficients were extracted with a high accuracy. The ordering of Li vacancies in the Li-deficient $$beta$$ phase of LiGa was observed for the first time in terms of the Li diffusion.

Journal Articles

Diffusion of $$^{8}$$Li short-lived radiotracer in Li ionic conductors of NaTl-type intermetallic compounds

Sugai, Hiroyuki; Sataka, Masao; Okayasu, Satoru; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Mitsuoka, Shinichi; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Osa, Akihiko; Sato, Tetsuya; Hashimoto, Takashi; et al.

Defect and Diffusion Forum, 273-276, p.667 - 672, 2008/00

Journal Articles

A New measurement of the astrophysical $$^8$$Li($$alpha$$, n)$$^{11}$$B reaction

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Hashimoto, Takashi; Ishikawa, Tomoko*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Das, S. K.*; Miyatake, Hiroari; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Fukuda, Tomokazu*; Tanaka, Masahiko*; Fuchi, Yoshihide*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 640(3), p.82 - 85, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:13.18(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The excitation function of the $$^{8}$$Li($$alpha$$,n)$$^{11}$$B reaction was measured while identifying the final state event by event in the region of E$$_{rm{cm}}$$ = 0.7 - 2.6 MeV using a highly efficient detector system and a low-energy $$^8$$Li beam. The results are much improved both in statistics and precisions, and show smaller cross sections than those of previous measurements by a factor of more than 2 in the low-energy region of E$$_{rm{cm}}le$$ 1.5 MeV. A resonance-like structure is found at around E$$_{rm{cm}}$$ = 0.85 MeV.

Journal Articles

A New measurement of the $$^8$$Li($$alpha$$,n)$$^{11}$$B reaction for astrophysical interest

Das, S. K.*; Fukuda, Tomokazu*; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Tanaka, Masahiko*; Yoshikawa, Nobuharu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 847, p.374 - 376, 2006/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Production of a low-energy radioactive nuclear beam with high purity using JAERI-RMS

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Ishikawa, Tomoko*; Hashimoto, Takashi; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Miyatake, Hiroari; Tanaka, Masahiko*; Fuchi, Yoshihide*; Yoshikawa, Nobuharu*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 560(2), p.366 - 372, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:47.53(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Thanks to the nature of inverse transfer-reactions, low-energy radioactive nuclear beams in light neutron-rich region were produced. The mass-separation and velocity-separation of the JAERI recoil mass-separator help to form high purity beams. The beams of $$^8$$Li, $$^{12}$$B, and $$^{16}$$N-RNBs are utilized to the experiments, so far, with those beam intensities and purities of 1.4$$times$$10$$^4$$ pps and 99$$%$$, 7.8$$times$$10$$^3$$ pps and 98$$%$$, and 4.7$$times$$10$$^3$$ pps and 98.5$$%$$, respectively.

Journal Articles

$$^{195}$$Pt-NMR study on noncentrosymmetric heavy-fermion superconductor CePt$$_3$$Si

Yogi, Mamoru*; Kitaoka, Yoshio*; Hashimoto, Shin*; Yasuda, Takashi*; Settai, Rikio*; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Haga, Yoshinori; Onuki, Yoshichika; Rogl, P.*; Bauer, E.*

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 67(1-3), p.522 - 524, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:56.89(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We report on magnetic and novel superconducting properties in heavy-fermion (HF) noncentrosymmetric compound CePt$$_3$$Si via the measurement of $$^{195}$$Pt nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/$$T$$$$_1$$. This compound reveals the uniform coexistence of antiferromagnetism ($$T_{rm N}$$ =2.2 K) and superconductivity ($$T_{rm c}$$ =0.75 K). CePt$$_3$$Si is the first HF superconductor that reveals a peak in 1/$$T$$$$_1$$ just below $$T_{rm c}$$ and, additionally, does not follow the $$T^3$$ law that was observed for most unconventional HF superconductors. The novel relaxation behavior found below $$T_{rm c}$$ may be relevant with a possible novel SC state being realized in the noncentrosymmetric CePt$$_3$$Si.

61 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)