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Journal Articles

Dependence of charge-exchange efficiency on cooling water temperature of a beam transport line

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Saha, P. K.; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Okabe, Kota; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Fujirai, Kosuke; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Suganuma, Kazuaki

EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation (Internet), 8(1), p.9_1 - 9_9, 2021/07

The 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex supplies a high-intensity proton beam for neutron experiments. Various parameters are monitored to achieve a stable operation, and it was found that the oscillations of the charge-exchange efficiency and cooling water temperature were synchronized. We evaluated the orbit fluctuations at the injection point using a beam current of the injection dump, which is proportional to the number of particles that miss the foil and fail in the charge exchange, and profile of the injection beam. The total width of the fluctuations was approximately 0.072 mm. This value is negligible from the user operation viewpoint as our existing beam position monitors cannot detect such a small signal deviation. This displacement corresponds to a 1.63$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ variation in the dipole magnetic field. Conversely, the magnetic field variation in the L3BT dipole magnet, which was estimated by the temperature change directly, is 4.08$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$. This result suggested that the change in the cooling water temperature is one of the major causes of the efficiency fluctuation.

Journal Articles

High intensity measurement issues at the J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011017_1 - 011017_6, 2021/03

The J-PARC Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is designed as an 1-MW high intensity proton accelerator. Beam intensity diagnostics is an important device to prove the accelerator performance. The RCS has two instruments based on different principles, namely Direct-current Current Transformer (DCCT) and Slow-CT (SCT). It was realized that SCT showed strange behavior when continuous 1-MW demonstration had been performed, although there were no problem under 1-MW equivalent operation with single shot. The origin of the problem seems to be limited band width at higher frequency and asymmetric circulating beam current pattern. On the other hand, DCCT also showed output signal saturation with 1.2-MW equivalent single shot. But, SCT worked properly with this conditions. These problems have to be solved for future continuous 1-MW and higher intensity operation. On this presentation, we will show beam and test pulse data and discuss about how to measure these problems.

Journal Articles

High voltage dependence measurement of beam loss monitor in J-PARC RCS

Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Kazami

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.475 - 477, 2020/09

J-PARC accelerators consist of linear accelerator (LINAC), 3GeV synchrotron (RCS) and main ring synchrotron (MR). RCS is an important facility delivering the beam to Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) and MR. In RCS 87 proportional counter type beam loss monitors (PBLM) are installed and it is protecting the equipments on the beam line from the radioactivation by alerting the machine protection system (MPS) when the integrated value of the beam loss in an accelerating cycle gets over the limit. In this presentation, -1000V to -2000V high voltage are adapted to PBLMs and output was measured. In result, some PBLMs where the beam loss is large enough, there are saturations around -1400V to -2000V about the peak value of beam loss but no saturation about integral value of beam loss. Also it is considered the new HV system which solves some issues of the on-going HV system.

Journal Articles

Results of 1-MW operation in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Nomura, Masahiro; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Fujirai, Kosuke; Kamiya, Junichiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; et al.

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.209 - 213, 2020/09

The J-PARC 3GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is aiming to provide the proton beam of very high power for neutron experiments and the main ring synchrotron. We have continued the beam commissioning and the output power from RCS have been increasing. In recent years, just before the summer shutdown period, we have been trying continuous supply of 1-MW high-intensity beam, which is the design value, to a neutron target. First trial was 1-hour continuous operation in July 2018, and second trial was 10-hours continuous in July 2019. In both cases, we achieved almost stable operation. Furthermore, in June 2020, we tried to operate continuously for over 40 hours. But in this case, some trouble occurred and the operation was frequently suspended. Through these continuous operation trials, we have identified issues for stable operation of 1 MW. In this presentation, we will report the results of 1-MW continuous operation and issues obtained from these results.

Journal Articles

First measurement and online monitoring of the stripper foil thinning and pinhole formation to achieve a longer foil lifetime in high-intensity accelerators

Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Kinsho, Michikazu; Irie, Yoshiro*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 23(8), p.082801_1 - 082801_13, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:35.83(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Development of a beam window protection system for the J-PARC Linac

Takahashi, Hiroki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Sawabe, Yuki; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Suzuki, Takahiro*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012142_1 - 012142_5, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

At the J-PARC Linac, beam conditioning and study are performed using beam dumps (BDs). To be a partition with the high vacuum section, a beam window (material Ni, 0.38 mm thick, mirror-shape) is installed upstream of the BD along the beam line. Beams that can be accepted by the beam window are about 1/50 or less of rated beam according to thermal evaluation and experience. Therefore, when using a beam dump, it is necessary not to exceed this tolerance. In a 2018 beam study, the beam e that exceeded tolerance was incident on the 0-degree dump due to human error, and the beam window was cracked. Then, this has revealed the need for protection of the beam window by hardware. Therefore, based on the existing system for monitoring the per-hour beam amount, we began to develop a system to monitor one shot beam and one second beam amount. And, we succeeded in implementing a system that protects the beam window by monitoring the beam in a short time (one shot, and for one second). In addition, the performance tests using actual beams were performed, and it was confirmed that the developed system had sufficient performance requirements to protect the beam window.

Journal Articles

Beam monitor data analysis of interlocked events at J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro*

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1096 - 1100, 2019/07

It is necessary to understand the reason why the accelerator has been interrupted due to beam loss or other machine mal function in order to keep high availability in long term period. At J-PARC RCS, 25 Hz rapid-cycling synchrotron, there is a system to record beam intensity and beam loss monitor signal for all pulses with 10 ms period. At this time, in addition, new system to archive data with better time resolution if interlocked events occurred has been introduced. Using these archived data, the events only RCS BLM gives MPS have been analyzed and it turns out that these events are related to the ion source discharge which makes very low intensity within less than a second. In this paper other typical events are presented and discuss how to improve the accelerator performance in future.

Journal Articles

The Fast measurement of the monitors data with the beam synchronized tag in J-PARC

Hatakeyama, Shuichiro*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.789 - 793, 2019/07

The J-PARC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) accelerates 400 MeV LINAC beams up to 3 GeV, and distributes them to the Materials Life Science Experiment Facility (MLF) and the Main Ring Synchrotron (MR) in 25 Hz cycle. To prevent radiation damages from the beam loss and also to detect failures of machines an interlock mechanism called the Machine Protection System (MPS) is introduced. If the beam is stopped by the MPS we should recover it quickly for the users of experiment facilities. The MPS related to the beam dynamics is usually diagnosed by beam loss monitors (BLM), beam position monitors (BPM) and current transformers (CT). Data of these monitors should be distinguished MLF or MR since the parameters for the magnet and the RF systems are different between MLF and MR. We confirmed validity of the method to distinguish the beam destination by using the information of the beam synchronized tag from the reflective memory (RFM) when taking the monitor data in 25 Hz.

Journal Articles

Development of a beam window protection system for the J-PARC Linac

Takahashi, Hiroki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Sawabe, Yuki; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Suzuki, Takahiro*

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.3886 - 3889, 2019/06

At the J-PARC Linac, beam conditioning and study are performed using beam dumps (BDs). To be a partition with the high vacuum section, a beam window (material Ni, 0.38 mm thick, mirror-shape) is installed upstream of the BD along the beam line. Beams that can be accepted by the beam window are about 1/50 or less of rated beam according to thermal evaluation and experience. Therefore, when using a beam dump, it is necessary not to exceed this tolerance. In a 2018 beam study, the beam e that exceeded tolerance was incident on the 0-degree dump due to human error, and the beam window was cracked. Then, this has revealed the need for protection of the beam window by hardware. Therefore, based on the existing system for monitoring the per-hour beam amount, we began to develop a system to monitor one shot beam and one second beam amount. And, we succeeded in implementing a system that protects the beam window by monitoring the beam in a short time (one shot, and for one second). In addition, the performance tests using actual beams were performed, and it was confirmed that the developed system had sufficient performance requirements to protect the beam window.

Journal Articles

Analysis of interlocked events based on beam instrumentation data at J-PARC Linac and RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Miura, Akihiko; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 7th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2018) (Internet), p.219 - 223, 2019/01

J-PARC is a multi-purpose facility. Accelerator stability is the one of important issues for users of this facility. To realize stable operation, we must collect data on interlocked events and analyze these data to determine the reasons for the occurrence of such events. In J-PARC Linac, data of interlocked events have been recorded using several some beam loss monitors and current monitors, and these data have been are analyzed and classified. In J-PARC RCS, new instrumentation is being introduced to obtain beam position. We discuss the present status and future plans related to this subject.

Journal Articles

Monitoring of the injected beam to the J-PARC RCS and BPM design for H0 dump line

Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1055 - 1059, 2018/08

The J-PARC Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is designed as an 1-MW high power accelerator. It has been operated since 2007, and its injection energy and beam current are upgraded in 2014. Its operation is very smooth and provides the high intensity beam to the Material and Life science experimental facility (MLF) and the Main Ring (MR). The beam is injected with multi-turn mode. It is possible because the negative hydrogen ion beam from the Linac, H$$^{-}$$, and the circulating proton beam H$$^{+}$$ are different state. The H$$^{-}$$ is converted to H$$^{+}$$ at the injection point, where a charge stripper foil is set. A small fraction of the injected beam, which is not fully stripped, are transferred to the injection beam dump through H0 dump line to prevent un-necessary activation. Since the limit of beam dump is only 4 kW, which is about 3% of designed injection beam power 133 kW, the beam has to be stopped immediately in case of stripper foil break up incident.

Journal Articles

Improvement of the IPM for the high-intensity beam profile measurement in the J-PARC RCS

Kato, Shinichi; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Kawase, Masato; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1089 - 1093, 2016/11

In the J-PARC RCS, the residual gas ionization profile monitor (IPM) is adopted for the nondestructive detection of the 1D transverse distribution of the circulating proton beam. The IPM mainly consists of the divided electrodes generating the external electric field and the detection unit. For the profile measurement, the residual gas ionized by the beam is transported to the detection unit by the external transverse electric field and amplified by the Multi-Channel Plate (MCP) as the electron. After that, these electrons are detected and the 1D distribution is reconstructed. To improve IPM performance, some updates have been performed continuously such as the optimization of the electric field potential and the introduction of the new MCP which has the gradual gain response to the applied voltage. As a result, the IPM shows intended performance in the beam commissioning with the low current condition. However, the distribution cannot be measured in the high current condition such as over 100 kW because the noise increases and hides the signal. To solve this problem, we investigated the source of this noise and examined measures. To compare the simulation and the noise measurement results, we identified the cause of the noise as the electric field from the beam. Therefore, we developed additional electrode component to shield that field based on the simulation result. This component will be installed in 2016 summer. It is expected that the noise is reduced to be 1/100 compared with present one by the new component and the distribution measurement can be performed in the high current condition.

Journal Articles

Beam instrumentation at the 1 MW Proton beam of J-PARC RCS

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hayashi, Naoki; Okabe, Kota; Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Hashimoto, Yoshinori*; Toyama, Takeshi*

Proceedings of 54th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity, High Brightness and High Power Hadron Beams (HB 2014) (Internet), p.278 - 282, 2015/03

Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC) is providing more than 300 kW of proton beam to Material and Life science Facility (MLF) and Main Ring (MR). Last summer shutdown, a new ion source was installed to increase output power to 1 MW. In order to achieve reliable operation of 1 MW, we need to reduce beam loss as well. Beam quality of such higher output power is also important for users. Therefore we developed new monitors that can measure the halo with higher accuracy. We present beam monitor systems for these purposes.

Journal Articles

MWPM DAQ System for J-PARC RCS

Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.703 - 705, 2014/10

The J-PARC LINAC introduced ACS (Annular-ring Coupled Structure) cavity and now available the 400 MeV beam extraction. As for the RCS (Rapid Cycling Synchrotron) the power supply of the injection magnets were replaced those can acceptable the 400 MeV beam injection. Because there occured many troubles of equipments in the early phase of the beam study, we desired to shorten the measurement time of the beam monitor to determine the parameters. In this report it is described the signal processing system of MWPM (Multi-wire profile monitor) which is used to measure the injection beam profile for better accuracy and shorter measurement time.

Journal Articles

Pulse based data archive system and analysis for current and beam loss monitors in the J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Yamamoto, Kazami

Proceedings of 5th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '14) (Internet), p.3800 - 3802, 2014/07

The data archive system in the J-PARC 25-Hz Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) records the beam intensity and the beam loss monitor (BLM) pattern for all pulses. The system is based on the common memory and utilizes the timing system of the J-PARC. Although its time resolution is limited, it is useful to detect rare events or phenomena appearing with only higher accelerator repetition. Using these data, the stability of the beam intensity, particularly ion source or the relation between BLM patterns and its causes can be studied pulse-by-pulse basis and it would make use of future improvements.

Journal Articles

Development of data aqcuisition system of J-PARC RCS multi-wire profile monitor using multi-channel digitizer

Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1082 - 1084, 2014/06

In J-PARC RCS (Rapid Cycling Synchrotron), in order to perform transverse orbit matching of the injection beam, it is used a total of 7 sets of multi-wire profile monitors (MWPMs). It is considered that beam loss around the equipments of injection beam line will be increased significantly because it is planed the beam power from the LINAC will be enforced in this fiscal year. So we will install a new MWPM on the H0 dump line to measure the injection orbit more precicely. In this time, we have developed a new data acquisition system using multi-channel digitizer. As the feature, it is improved the S/N ratio as compared with the present system using a multiplexer. Also the cost of the new system is estimated to be lower than the present system. In this report it is described the performance of the new DAQ system by using real beam with the existing MWPM2.

Journal Articles

Beam loss monitor system of the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hayashi, Naoki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Saeki, Riuji; Iwama, Yuhei

Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1060 - 1064, 2014/06

The 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton AcceleratoR Complex (J-PARC) provides more than 300 kW beam to the Material and Life Science Facility (MLF) and the Main Ring (MR). In such high intensity hadron accelerator, the lost protons that are a fraction of the beam less than 0.1% cause many problems. Those particles bring about a serious radioactivation and a malfunction of the accelerator components. Therefore, the beam loss monitor (BLM) is one of the most important equipment to observe the state of the beam during operation, and to keep a steady operation. Moreover, if we set operation parameters of BLM adequately, it can detect the beam loss that is 10$$^{-6}$$ fraction of the beam. Thus it enables fine-tuning of the accelerator. In the J-PARC RCS, a proportional counter and a plastic scintillation counter are used for the beam commission and the stable operation as BLM. We report present status of the BLM system in J-PARC RCS.

Journal Articles

Advanced uses of a current transformer and a mult-wire profile monitor for online monitoring of the stripper foil degradation in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hayashi, Naoki; Hotchi, Hideaki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saeki, Riuji; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamazaki, Yoshio; et al.

Proceedings of 2nd International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2013) (Internet), p.239 - 242, 2013/12

Journal Articles

Online monitoring system for the waste beam in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Kazami; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 52nd ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams (HB 2012) (Internet), p.297 - 301, 2012/09

Journal Articles

Beam position monitor system of J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Kawase, Masato; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hiroki, Seiji; Saeki, Riuji; Takahashi, Hiroki; Teruyama, Yuzo*; Toyokawa, Ryoji*; Arakawa, Dai*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 677, p.94 - 106, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:62.49(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A beam position monitor (BPM) system at J-PARC RCS is described. The J-PARC RCS is a rapid-cycling proton synchrotron and its designed beam power is 1 MW. A diameter of the BPM detector is larger than 250 mm, however the system has to measure the beam position very accurately. The system should work not only for the high intensity but also for lower intensity. There are 54 BPM around the ring and most of them are placed inside steering magnets because of quite limited space. The BPM detector is an electro static type and it has four electrodes, and a pair of electrode gives a good linear response with diagonal cut shape to detect the charge center precisely. The signal processing unit, which is equipped with 14-bit 40 MSPS ADC and 600 MHz DSP, has been developed. They are controlled via shared memory space and EPICS. It is capable to record full 25 Hz pulse data for averaged mode and it could also store whole waveform data for further analysis, like turn-by-turn position calculation.

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