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Journal Articles

Development of novel alumina adsorbent applying mesoporous process

Fukumitsu, Nobuyoshi*; Yamauchi, Yusuke*; Saptiama, I.*; Ariga, Katsuhiko*; Hatano, Kentaro*; Kumada, Hiroaki*; Fujita, Yoshitaka; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Isotope News, (760), p.15 - 18, 2018/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of neutron energy and fluence on deuterium retention behaviour in neutron irradiated tungsten

Fujita, Hiroe*; Yuyama, Kenta*; Li, X.*; Hatano, Yuji*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Ota, Masayuki; Ochiai, Kentaro; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Chikada, Takumi*; Oya, Yasuhisa*

Physica Scripta, 2016(T167), p.014068_1 - 014068_5, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:14.76(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The irradiation defects were introduced by Fe$$^{2+}$$ irradiation, fission neutron irradiation and D-T neutron irradiation. After the irradiation, the deuterium ions (D$$_{2}^{+}$$) implantation was performed and the D retention behavior was evaluated by thermal desorption spectroscopy. The experimental results indicated that dense vacancies and voids within the shallow region near the surface were introduced by Fe$$^{2+}$$ irradiation. The trapping state of D by vacancies and void were clearly controlled by the damage concentration and the voids would become the most stable D trapping site. For fission neutron irradiated W, most of the D was adsorbed on the surface and/or trapped by dislocation loops and no vacancies and voids for D trapping due to its lower damage concentration. D trapping by vacancies were found in the bulk of D-T neutron irradiated W, indicating that the neutron energy distribution could make a large impact on irradiation defect formation and the D retention behavior.

Journal Articles

Free radical scavenging and radioprotective effects of carnosine and anserine

Fu, H.*; Katsumura, Yosuke; Lin, M.; Muroya, Yusa*; Hata, Kuniki; Fujii, Kentaro; Yokoya, Akinari; Hatano, Yoshihiko

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 78(12), p.1192 - 1197, 2009/12

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:13.38(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Key achievements in elementary R&D on water-cooled solid breeder blanket for ITER test blanket module in JAERI

Suzuki, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Hatano, Toshihisa; Hirose, Takanori; Hayashi, Kimio; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Nishitani, Takeo; Tobita, Kenji; Akiba, Masato

Nuclear Fusion, 46(2), p.285 - 290, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:95.68(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This paper presents significant progress in R&D of key technologies on the water-cooled solid breeder blanket for the ITER-TBM in JAERI. By the improvement of heat treatment process for blanket module fabrication, a fine-grained microstructure of F82H, can be obtained by homogenizing it at 1150 $$^{circ}$$C followed by normalizing at 930 $$^{circ}$$C after the HIP process. Moreover, a promising bonding process for a tungsten armor and an F82H structural material was developed by using a uniaxial hot compression without any artificial compliant layer. Also, it has been confirmed that a fatigue lifetime correlation, which was developed for ITER divertor, can be applicable for F82H first wall mock-up. As for R&D on a breeder material, Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$, the effect of compression loads on thermal conductivity of pebble beds has been clarified. JAERI have extensively developed key technologies for ITER-TBM, and now steps up into an engineering R&D stage, where integrated performance of TBM structures will be demonstrated by scalable mock-ups.

Journal Articles

Development of solid breeder blanket at JAERI

Enoeda, Mikio; Hatano, Toshihisa; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Ochiai, Kentaro; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Hayashi, Kimio; Nishitani, Takeo; Nishi, Masataka; Akiba, Masato

Fusion Science and Technology, 47(4), p.1060 - 1067, 2005/05

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:59.21(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has been assigned as a leading institute for developing the solid breeder blanket in the long-term research program of fusion blankets in Japan, which was approved by the Fusion Council of Japan in 1999. In accordance with the long term research program, element technology development of solid blanket has been performed at JAERI and showed significant progress. Based on the achievement of the element technology development, the development phase is now stepping further to the engineering development phase. This paper presents the major achievements of the element technology development of solid breeder blanket in JAERI.

Oral presentation

"${it In vitro}$" DNA protective properties of Silybin and analogues against X-ray radiation

Fu, H.*; Lin, M.; Hata, Kuniki; Muroya, Yusa*; Fujii, Kentaro; Katsumura, Yosuke; Yokoya, Akinari; Shikazono, Naoya; Hatano, Yoshihiko

no journal, , 

Natural flavonoids such as silybin (SLB) are believed to be active constituents of plants accounting for the reported chemoprevention of certain cancers. However, molecular mechanisms by which the low-concentration SLB and analogues in human can reduce the incidence are not clear. Using an ${it in vitro}$ plasmid DNA system with radiolytically generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) under constant scavenging conditions, it was shown that the tested flavonoids can ameliorate free radical damage sustained by DNA. The dose modifying factor for 0.1 mM SLB for 50% protection of plasmid DNA was found to be 8.9. SLB was the most active among the tested flavonoids, with effects seen at $$mu$$M. Combined fast-reaction chemistry studies support a mechanism of electron transfer (or H-atom transfer) from SLB to ROS-induced radical sites on DNA. These results support an antioxidant role for SLB and analogues in the direct interaction with DNA radicals.

Oral presentation

Development of high performance Mo adsorbents

Fukumitsu, Nobuyoshi*; Yamauchi, Yusuke*; Saptiama, I.*; Ariga, Katsuhiko*; Hatano, Kentaro*; Kumada, Hiroaki*; Fujita, Yoshitaka; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of effective adsorbent for Molybdenum

Fukumitsu, Nobuyoshi*; Yamauchi, Yusuke*; Saptiama, I.*; Ariga, Katsuhiko*; Hatano, Kentaro*; Kumada, Hiroaki*; Fujita, Yoshitaka; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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