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Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

Journal Articles

Observation of surface modification of multi-layered mirror induced by soft X-ray laser pulse

Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Ichimaru, Satoshi*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya

Reza Gakkai Dai-483-Kai Kenkyukai Hokoku; Tanhacho Ryoshi Bimu Hassei To Sono Oyo, p.25 - 28, 2015/12

X-ray ablation has been recently achieved using plasma soft X-ray lasers (SXRLs), laser plasma soft X-rays, and X-ray free electron lasers. In order to study the interactions between picosecond SXRL beams and material and multi-layered structure surfaces were irradiated with SXRL pulse. Following irradiation, the substrate surface was observed using a scanning electron microscope and an atomic force microscope. The surface modifications caused by the SXRL beam were clearly seen. The multi-layered mirror is the important component for the EUV lithography. Then, we have started the damage test of multi-layered structure, and the surface modifications caused by the SXRL pulse irradiations were confirmed.

Journal Articles

Development of soft X-ray multilayer laminar-type plane gratings and varied-line-spacing spherical grating for flat-field spectrograph in the 1-8 keV region

Koike, Masato; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Sano, Kazuo*; Sasai, Hiroyuki*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Takenaka, Hisataka*; Heimann, P. A.*; Gullikson, E. M.*

Spectrochimica Acta, Part B, 64(8), p.756 - 760, 2009/08

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:46.02(Spectroscopy)

W/C and Co/SiO$$_{2}$$ multilayer laminar-type holographic plane gratings (groove density 1/1200 lines /mm) in the 1-8 keV region are developed. For the Co/SiO$$_{2}$$ grating the diffraction efficiencies of 0.41 and 0.47 at 4 and 6 keV, respectively, and for the W/C grating 0.38 at 8 keV are observed. Taking advantage of the outstanding high diffraction efficiencies into practical soft X-ray spectrographs a Mo/SiO$$_{2}$$ multilayer varied-line-spacing (VLS) laminar-type spherical grating (1/2400 lines /mm) is also developed for use with a flat field spectrograph in the region of 1.7 keV. For the Mo/SiO$$_{2}$$ multilayer grating the diffraction efficiencies of 0.05-0.20 at 0.9-1.8 keV are observed. The FWHM's of the measured line profiles of Hf-M$$alpha$$$$_{1}$$ (1644.6 eV), Si-K$$alpha$$$$_{1}$$ (1740.0 eV),and W-M$$alpha$$$$_{1}$$ (1775.4 eV) are 13.7 eV, 8.0 eV, and 8.7 eV, respectively. It shows the validity of multilayer lamina-type gratings in the region.

Journal Articles

Fabrication and evaluation of a multilayer laminar-type holographic grating and its application to a high efficiency grazing incidence monochromator for the 1-8 keV region

Koike, Masato; Ishino, Masahiko; Heimann, P. A.*; Imazono, Takashi; Takenaka, Hisataka*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Sasai, Hiroyuki*; Gullikson, E. M.*; Sano, Kazuo*

AIP Conference Proceedings 879, p.647 - 650, 2007/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of multilayer laminar-type diffraction gratings to achieve high diffraction efficiencies in the 1-8 keV energy region

Ishino, Masahiko; Heimann, P. A.*; Sasai, Hiroyuki*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Takenaka, Hisataka*; Sano, Kazuo*; Gullikson, E. M.*; Koike, Masato

Applied Optics, 45(26), p.6741 - 6745, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:49.13(Optics)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Fabrication and evaluation of high efficiency W/C multilayered holographic grating

Koike, Masato; Ishino, Masahiko; Sano, Kazuo*; Takenaka, Hisataka*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Sasai, Hiroyuki*; Heimann, P. A.*; Gullikson, E. M.*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

W/C multilayered laminar-type holographic grating and its application to a high efficiency grazing incidence monochromator for the 1-8 keV region

Koike, Masato; Ishino, Masahiko; Sano, Kazuo*; Takenaka, Hisataka*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Heimann, P. A.*; Gullikson, E. M.*; Sasai, Hiroyuki*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Fabrication and evaluation of a high efficiency W/C multilayered laminar-type holographic grating

Koike, Masato; Ishino, Masahiko; Takenaka, Hisataka*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Sano, Kazuo*; Heimann, P. A.*; Gullikson, E. M.*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Multilayer laminar-type diffraction gratings achieving high diffraction efficiencies in the 1-8 keV energy region

Ishino, Masahiko; Koike, Masato; Heimann, P. A.*; Sasai, Hiroyuki*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Takenaka, Hisataka*; Sano, Kazuo*; Gullikson, E. M.*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

High efficiency multilayer laminar-type gratings and their application to a grazing incidence monochromator for the 1-8 keV region

Koike, Masato; Ishino, Masahiko; Heimann, P. A.*; Gullikson, E. M.*; Takenaka, Hisataka*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Sasai, Hiroyuki*; Sano, Kazuo*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Fabrication and evaluation of multilayer laminar-type gratings and their application to high resolution monochromators having variable included angles in keV region

Koike, Masato; Ishino, Masahiko; Sano, Kazuo*; Sasai, Hiroyuki*; Takenaka, Hisataka*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Heimann, P. A.*; Gullikson, E. M.*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of soft X-ray multilayer laminar-type plane gratings and VLS spherical grating for flat-field spectrograph in the 1-8 keV region

Koike, Masato; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Sano, Kazuo*; Sasai, Hiroyuki*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Takenaka, Hisataka*; Heimann, P. A.*; Gullikson, E. M.*

no journal, , 

A multilayer laminar-type holographic grating having an average groove density of 2400 lines/mm was designed and fabricated for use with a soft X-ray flat field spectrograph covering the 0.70-0.75 nm region. A varied-line-spacing grooves pattern is generated by the use of an aspheric wavefront recording system and laminar-type grooves are formed by a reactive ion-etching method. Mo/SiO$$_{2}$$ multilayers optimized for the emission bands of hafnium M, silicon K, and tungsten M are deposited on one of the three designated areas on the grating surface in tandem. The measured first-order diffraction efficiencies at the respective centers of the areas are 18-20 percent. A flat field spectrograph equipped with the grating indicates a spectral line width of 8-14 eV for the emission spectra generated from an electron-impact X-ray sources.

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