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Journal Articles

Integral experiments of technetium-99 using fast-neutron source reactor "YAYOI"

Nakamura, Shoji; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Toh, Yosuke; Harada, Hideo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(12), p.1318 - 1329, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The present study performed fast-neutron capture cross-section measurement of $$^{99}$$Tc by an activation method using a fast-neutron source reactor "YAYOI" of the University of Tokyo. Technetium-99 samples were irradiated with reactor neutrons using a pneumatic system. Reaction rates of $$^{99}$$Tc were obtained by measuring decay gamma rays emitted from $$^{100}$$Tc. The neutron flux at an irradiation position was monitored with gold foils. The fast-neutron capture cross section of $$^{99}$$Tc at neutron energy of 85 keV was derived as 0.432$$pm$$0.023 barn by using the reaction rates of $$^{99}$$Tc, evaluated cross-section data and the fast-neutron flux spectrum of the YAYOI reactor. The present study agreed with the evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-4.0.

Journal Articles

High-spin states in $$^{35}$$S

Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Aoi, Nori*; Azaiez, F.*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Kimura, Atsushi; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; et al.

Physical Review C, 103(3), p.034327_1 - 034327_8, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Measurement of double-differential thick-target neutron yields of the C($$d,n$$) reaction at 12, 20, and 30 MeV

Patwary, M. K. A*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Aoki, Katsumi*; Yoshinami, Kosuke*; Yamaguchi, Masaya*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Nozomi*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(2), p.252 - 258, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

While designing deuteron accelerator neutron sources for radioisotopes production, nuclear data for light elements such as Li, Be, and C have been systematically measured in the deuteron energy range from a few MeV to around 50 MeV. Currently, the experimental data available on double-differential thick-target neutron yields (DDTTNYs) is insufficient, especially for deuteron energies between 18 and 33 MeV. In this study, we measured the DDTTNYs of ($$d,n$$) reactions on $$^{rm nat}$$C target for incident deuteron energies of 12, 20, and 30 MeV using the multiple-foils activation method to improve nuclear data insufficiency. We applied the GRAVEL code for the unfolding process to derive the DDTTNYs. The results were compared with the calculation by DEURACS. The present data were also used to confirm the systematics of the differential neutron yields at 0$$^{circ}$$ and total neutron yield per incident deuteron in the wide range of deuteron energy.

Journal Articles

Enrichment of chalcophile elements in seawater accompanying the end-Cretaceous impact event

Maruoka, Teruyuki*; Nishio, Yoshiro*; Kogiso, Tetsu*; Suzuki, Katsuhiko*; Osawa, Takahito; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Terada, Yasuko*

GSA Bulletin, 132(9-10), p.2055 - 2066, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:27.28(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Anomalous radioisotope production for $$^{68}$$ZnO using polyethylene by accelerator neutrons

Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagai, Yasuki*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Minato, Futoshi; Kawabata, Masako*; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Watanabe, Satoshi*; Saeki, Hideya*; Motoishi, Shoji*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(3), p.034201_1 - 034201_7, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:51.78(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We found anomalously large yields of $$^{67}$$Ga, $$^{66}$$Ga, $$^{rm 69m}$$Zn and $$^{64}$$Cu by neutron irradiation on a $$^{68}$$ZnO sample in a polyethylene shield. Neutron beams are generated from the $$^{9}$$Be($$d,n$$) reaction for 50 MeV deuterons. The yields obtained were more than 20 times larger than those in the unshielded sample. On the other hand, the yields of $$^{67}$$Ga, $$^{66}$$Ga, $$^{rm 69m}$$Zn and $$^{64}$$Cu from a metallic $$^{68}$$Zn sample and the yields of $$^{67}$$Cu, $$^{65}$$Ni and $$^{65}$$Zn from the $$^{68}$$ZnO and $$^{68}$$Zn samples were almost insensitive to the shield conditions. This finding would provide us a unique capability of accelerator neutrons to simultaneously produce a large amount of several radioisotopes, including proton induced reaction products, by using a single sample. The experimental data were compared with the yields estimated by using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System and the result was discussed.

Journal Articles

Electron-tracking Compton camera imaging of technetium-95m

Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Hayakawa, Takehito*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tanimori, Toru*; Sonoda, Shinya*; Kabuki, Shigeto*; et al.

PLOS ONE (Internet), 13(12), p.e0208909_1 - e0208909_12, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Imaging of $$^{95m}$$Tc radioisotope was conducted using an electron tracking-Compton camera (ETCC). $$^{95m}$$Tc emits 204, 582, and 835 keV $$gamma$$ rays, and was produced in the $$^{95}$$Mo(p,n)$$^{95m}$$Tc reaction with a $$^{95}$$Mo-enriched target. The recycling of the $$^{95}$$Mo-enriched molybdenum trioxide was investigated, and the recycled yield of $$^{95}$$Mo was achieved to be 70% - 90%. The images were obtained with each of the three $$gamma$$ rays. Results showed that the spatial resolution increases with increasing $$gamma$$-ray energy, and suggested that the ETCC with high-energy $$gamma$$-ray emitters such as $$^{95m}$$Tc is useful for the medical imaging of deep tissue and organs in the human body.

Journal Articles

Intermediate-spin states of $$^{92}$$Zr and a large $$B(E2)$$ value between the $$10_1^+$$ and $$8_1^+$$ states

Sugawara, Masahiko*; Toh, Yosuke; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Oshima, Masumi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kin, Tadahiro*; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Kusakari, Hideshige*

Physical Review C, 96(2), p.024314_1 - 024314_7, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.2(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Superdeformation in $$^{35}$$S

Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Takaki, Motonobu*; Miya, Hiroyuki*; Ota, Shinsuke*; Michimasa, Shinichiro*; Shimoura, Susumu*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030005_1 - 030005_4, 2015/06

Journal Articles

SPECT imaging of mice with $$^{99m}$$Tc-radiopharmaceuticals obtained from $$^{99}$$Mo produced by $$^{100}$$Mo(n,2n)$$^{99}$$Mo and fission of $$^{235}$$U

Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Nagai, Yasuki; Kawabata, Masako; Sato, Nozomi*; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Saeki, Hideya; Motoishi, Shoji*; Ota, Masayuki; Konno, Chikara; Ochiai, Kentaro; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(4), p.043202_1 - 043202_4, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:50.68(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{rm 95m}$$Tc for Compton camera imaging

Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Nagai, Yasuki; Tanimori, Toru*; Sonoda, Shinya*; Kabuki, Shigeto*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1283 - 1285, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:22.25(Chemistry, Analytical)

Technetium-99m ($$^{rm 99m}$$Tc) is used in radioactive medical diagonostic tests, for example as a radioactive tracer that medical equipment can detect in the human body. It is well suited to the role because it emits readily detectable 141 keV $$gamma$$ rays, and its half-life is 6.01 hours (meaning that about 94% of it decays to technetium-99 in 24 hours). There are at least 31 commonly used radiopharmaceuticals based on technetium-99m for imaging and functional studies of the brain, myocardium, thyroid, lungs, liver, gallbladder, kidneys, skeleton, blood, and tumors. Recent years, with the develop-ment of the Compton camera which can realize high position resolution, technetium isotopes emitting high energy $$gamma$$-rays are required. In this study, technetium-95m which emits some $$gamma$$ rays around 800 keV was produced by the $$^{95}$$Mo(p,n)$$^{rm 95m}$$Tc reaction.

Journal Articles

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining in Myanmar; Preliminary research for environmental mercury contamination

Osawa, Takahito; Hatsukawa, Yuichi

Ningen Seikatsu Bunka Kenkyu (Internet), (25), p.221 - 230, 2015/00

Journal Articles

Measurements of neutron capture cross section for $$^{207,208}$$Pb

Segawa, Mariko; Toh, Yosuke; Harada, Hideo; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Fukahori, Tokio; Oshima, Masumi*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1594, p.339 - 344, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02

Journal Articles

In-beam $$gamma$$ spectroscopy of the even-even nucleus $$^{190}$$Pt

Li, G. S.*; Liu, M. L.*; Zhou, X. H.*; Zhang, Y. H.*; Liu, Y. X.*; Zhang, N. T.*; Hua, W.*; Zheng, Y. D.*; Fang, Y. D.*; Guo, S.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 89(5), p.054303_1 - 054303_9, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:42.25(Physics, Nuclear)

High-spin states of $$^{190}$$Pt have been reinvestigated using the $$^{176}$$Yb($$^{18}$$O, 4$$n$$) reaction at a beam energy of 88 MeV. The previously known positive parity band associated with the $$nu$$ $$i^{-2}_{13/2}$$ $$nu$$ $$h^{-1}_{9/2}$$ $$nu$$ $$j^{-1}$$ ($$nu j$$ being $$nu p_{3/2}$$ or $$nu f_{5/2}$$) configuration has been revised and extended significantly. A new negative parity band has been established and proposed to be based on the $$nu$$ $$i^{-3}_{13/2}$$ $$nu$$ $$j^{-1}$$ configuration. Possible structure evolution of the yrast line from predominantly vibrational to rotational with increasing spin is discussed with the help of E$$_gamma$$ over spin curves. Additionally, calculations of Total Routhian surfaces have been performed to investigate the band properties.

Journal Articles

Generation of radioisotopes with accelerator neutrons by deuterons

Nagai, Yasuki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Saeki, Hideya; Motoishi, Shoji; Sonoda, Nozomi; Kawabata, Masako; Harada, Hideo; Kin, Tadahiro*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(6), p.064201_1 - 064201_7, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:86.37(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

New production routes for medical isotopes $$^{64}$$Cu and $$^{67}$$Cu using accelerator neutrons

Kin, Tadahiro*; Nagai, Yasuki; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Segawa, Mariko; Harada, Hideo; Konno, Chikara; Ochiai, Kentaro; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(3), p.034201_1 - 034201_8, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:82.56(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have measured the activation cross sections producing $$^{64}$$Cu and $$^{67}$$Cu, promising medical radioisotopes for molecular imaging and radioimmunotherapy, by bombarding a natural zinc sample with 14 MeV neutrons. We estimated the production yields of $$^{64}$$Cu and $$^{67}$$Cu by fast neutrons from $$^{nat}$$C(d,n) with 40 MeV 5 mA deuterons. The calculated $$^{64}$$Cu yield is 1.8 TBq (175 g $$^{64}$$Zn) for 12 h of irradiation; the yields of $$^{67}$$Cu by $$^{67}$$Zn(n,p)$$^{67}$$Cu and $$^{68}$$Zn(n,x)$$^{67}$$Cu were 249 GBq (184 g $$^{67}$$Zn) and 287 GBq (186 g $$^{68}$$Zn) at the end of 2 days of irradiation, respectively. From the results, we proposed a new route to produce $$^{67}$$Cu with very little radionuclide impurity via the $$^{68}$$Zn(n,x)$$^{67}$$Cu reaction, and showed the $$^{64}$$Zn(n,p)$$^{64}$$Cu reaction to be a promising route to produce $$^{64}$$Cu.

Journal Articles

Signature splitting inversion and backbending in $$^{80}$$Rb

He, C.*; Shen, S.*; Wen, S.*; Zhu, L.*; Wu, X.*; Li, G.*; Zhao, Y.*; Yan, Y.*; Bai, Z.*; Wu, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 87(3), p.034320_1 - 034320_10, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:42.24(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Deep-sea record of impact apparently unrelated to mass extinction in the Late Triassic

Onoue, Tetsuji*; Sato, Honami*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Noguchi, Takaaki*; Hidaka, Yoshihiro*; Shirai, Naoki*; Ebihara, Mitsuru*; Osawa, Takahito; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Toh, Yosuke; et al.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(47), p.19134 - 19139, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:72.77(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The 34 million year (My) interval of the Late Triassic is marked by the formation of several large impact structures on Earth. As with the Chicxulub impact event at the Cretaceous/Paleogene boudary, the Late Triassic impact events have been considered a factor in biotic extinction events in the Late Triassic (e.g., the Triassic/Jurassic boundary). However, the causal link between these impact events and a mass extinction event in the Late Triassic remains controversial because of a lack of stratigraphic records of their ejecta deposits. Here we report evidence for an impact event (platinum group elements anomaly, nickel-rich magnetite and microspherules) deposited within a Paleo-Pacific basin in the middle Norian (Upper Triassic) deep-sea sediment in Japan. This includes anomalously high abundances of iridium, up to 41.5 parts per billion (ppb), in the ejecta deposit, which suggests that the iridium anomaly may be found on a global scale. The middle Norian age of the ejecta deposit suggests that the impact event that produced the 100-km-wide Manicouagan crater in Canada8 is most likely related to its deposition. Our analysis of siliceous microfossils shows no evidence of a mass extinction event across the impact event horizon, and no contemporaneous faunal turnover is seen in other marine fossils. However, such an event has been reported among terrestrial tetrapods and floras in North America. We therefore hypothesize that the Manicouagan impact caused the catastrophic collapse of terrestrial ecosystems near the impact site, but not within the marine realm.

Journal Articles

Rotational band properties of $$^{173}$$W

Wang, H. X.*; Zhang, Y. H.*; Zhou, X. H.*; Liu, M. L.*; Ding, B.*; Li, G. S.*; Hua, W.*; Zhou, H. B.*; Guo, S.*; Qiang, Y. H.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 86(4), p.044305_1 - 044305_11, 2012/10


 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:36.05(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Superdeformed band in asymmetric N $$>$$ Z nucleus, $$^{40}$$Ar and high-spin states in A = 30 $$sim$$ 40 nuclei

Ideguchi, Eiji*; Ota, Shinsuke*; Morikawa, Tsuneyasu*; Oshima, Masumi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Harada, Hideo; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Nakamura, Shoji; et al.

Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement, (196), p.427 - 432, 2012/10

Journal Articles

Possible antimagnetic rotation band and neutron alignment in $$^{101}$$Pd

Sugawara, Masahiko*; Hayakawa, Takehito; Oshima, Masumi*; Toh, Yosuke; Osa, Akihiko; Matsuda, Makoto; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Kusakari, Hideshige*; Morikawa, Tsuneyasu*; et al.

Physical Review C, 86(3), p.034326_1 - 034326_11, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:68.96(Physics, Nuclear)

High spin states of $$^{101}$$Pd have been studied through in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy by using the reaction $$^{68}$$Zn ($$^{37}$$Cl, 1$$p$$3$$n$$). The band based on the $$h$$$$_{11/2}$$ neutron orbital has been extended to higher-spin states, and the band based on the $$d$$$$_{5/2}$$ neutron orbital has been somewhat revised. Many transitions decaying to these bands have been observed and consequently, several side bands have been established. Electric dipole transitions from the $$h$$$$_{11/2}$$ band to the $$d$$$$_{5/2}$$ band have been also observed. The structure of the $$h$$$$_{11/2}$$ band was discussed from the viewpoint of "antimagnetic rotation" based on a semiclassical particle plus rotor model taking neutron alignments into account.

169 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)