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Journal Articles

Development of next-generation timing system for the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Tamura, Fumihiko; Takahashi, Hiroki; Kamikubota, Norihiko*; Ito, Yuichi*; Hayashi, Naoki

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 68(8), p.2043 - 2050, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

A precise and stable timing system is necessary for high intensity proton accelerators such as the J-PARC. The existing timing system, which was developed during the construction period of the-PARC, has been working without major issues since 2006. After a decade of operation, the optical modules, which are key components for signal transfer, were discontinued already. Thus, the next-generation timing system for the J-PARC is under development. The new system is designed to be compatible with the existing system in terms of the operating principle. The new system utilizes modern high speed signal communication for the transfer of the clock, trigger, and type code. We present the system configuration of the next-generation timing system and current status.

Journal Articles

Reliability of J-PARC accelerator system over the past decade

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kinsho, Michikazu; Oguri, Hidetomo; Hayashi, Naoki; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Toyama, Takeshi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011016_1 - 011016_7, 2021/03

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is a multipurpose facility for scientific experiments. The accelerator complex consists of a 400-MeV Linac, a 3-GeV Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) and a 30-GeV Main Ring synchrotron (MR). The RCS delivers a proton beam to the neutron target and MR, and the MR delivers the beams to the neutrino target and the Hadron Experimental Facility. The first operation of the neutron experiments began in December 2008. Following this, the user operation has been continued with some accidental suspensions. These suspensions include the recovery work due to the Great East Japan Earthquake in March 2011 and the radiation leak incident at the Hadron Experimental Facility. In this report, we summarize the major causes of suspension, and the statistics of the reliability of J-PARC accelerator system is analyzed. Owing to our efforts to achieve higher reliability, the Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) has been improved.

Journal Articles

New method for high resolution analysis of betatron tune in a rapid cycling synchrotron or a booster ring

Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011027_1 - 011027_6, 2021/03

The transverse betatron tune is one of the most important key parameters in a ring accelerator because emittance growth and beam loss occur directly in case of crossing a betatron resonance. Especially, the tune must be required a controll with high accuracy in high intensity proton accelerator from the view point of space charge force and the beam instability. In general measurement method, the betatron tune is measured by analyzing the detected beam oscillation on Fourier transform. However, the beam is quickly accelerated and the revolution frequency of the beam changes quickly in a rapid cycling synchrotron. So, the tune accuracy is not improved. A new method was developed for high resolution analysis of the tune and was evaluated in J-PARC accelerator. Tune accuracy was successfully improved from 0.013 to less than 0.001. Tune controll with high accuracy is base for high-intensity beam. In this paper, the new method is introduced and the measured result in J-PARC is report.

Journal Articles

1.2-MW-equivalent high-intensity beam tests in J-PARC RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011018_1 - 011018_6, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High intensity measurement issues at the J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011017_1 - 011017_6, 2021/03

The J-PARC Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is designed as an 1-MW high intensity proton accelerator. Beam intensity diagnostics is an important device to prove the accelerator performance. The RCS has two instruments based on different principles, namely Direct-current Current Transformer (DCCT) and Slow-CT (SCT). It was realized that SCT showed strange behavior when continuous 1-MW demonstration had been performed, although there were no problem under 1-MW equivalent operation with single shot. The origin of the problem seems to be limited band width at higher frequency and asymmetric circulating beam current pattern. On the other hand, DCCT also showed output signal saturation with 1.2-MW equivalent single shot. But, SCT worked properly with this conditions. These problems have to be solved for future continuous 1-MW and higher intensity operation. On this presentation, we will show beam and test pulse data and discuss about how to measure these problems.

Journal Articles

Optimized TES microcalorimeters with 14 eV energy resolution at 30 keV for $$gamma$$-ray measurements of the $$^{229}$$Th isomer

Muramatsu, Haruka*; Hayashi, Tasuku*; Yuasa, Naoki*; Konno, Ryohei*; Yamaguchi, Atsushi*; Mitsuda, Kazuhisa*; Yamasaki, Noriko*; Maehata, Keisuke*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Takimoto, Misaki; et al.

Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 200(5-6), p.452 - 460, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Intensity dependence of the beam current monitors at J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.478 - 481, 2020/09

Measurement of beam intensity or beam current is the one of the most important beam diagnostic in an accelerator. At J-PARC Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS), there are two kinds of beam intensity monitors and multiple Current Transformers (CT) with various bandwidth. The RCS is a high intensity proton accelerator and its designed beam power of 1 MW. The beam power delivered to users gradually increases in the recent year. Single pulse or short term with designed beam power has been also demonstrated. In addition, beyond 1-MW equivalent intensity has been attempted. Through the experience with achievement of the design goal and the operation beyond it, intensity dependence of beam current measurement has been summarized.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the bunch-shape monitor for the high-intensity proton beam

Kitamura, Ryo; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hayashi, Naoki; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kosaka, Satoshi*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Nemoto, Yasuo*; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.251 - 253, 2020/09

A bunch-shape monitor (BSM) in the low-energy region is being developed in the J-PARC linac to accelerate the high-intensity proton beam with the low emittance. A highly-oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) was introduced as the target of the BSM to mitigate the thermal loading. The stable measurement of the BSM was realized thanks to the HOPG target, while the tungsten target was broken by the thermal loading from the high-intensity beam. However, since the longitudinal distribution measured with the BSM using the HOPG target was wider than the expected one, the improvement of tuning parameters is necessary for the BSM. The BSM consists of an electron multiplier, a bending magnet, and a radio-frequency deflector, which should be tuned appropriately. Behavior of these components were investigated and tuned. The longitudinal distribution measured with the BSM after the tuning was consistent with the expected one.

Journal Articles

J-PARC 3-GeV RCS; 1-MW beam operation and beyond

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 15(7), p.P07022_1 - P07022_16, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:27.17(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Energy of the $$^{229}$$Th nuclear clock isomer determined by absolute $$gamma$$-ray energy difference

Yamaguchi, Atsushi*; Muramatsu, Haruka*; Hayashi, Tasuku*; Yuasa, Naoki*; Nakamura, Keisuke; Takimoto, Misaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Konashi, Kenji*; Watanabe, Makoto*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 123(22), p.222501_1 - 222501_6, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:86.53(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Next generation timing system for J-PARC

Tamura, Fumihiko; Takahashi, Hiroki; Kamikubota, Norihiko*; Ito, Yuichi; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.149 - 152, 2019/07

Precise timing pulses from the timing system are necessary for acceleration of high intensity proton beams in the J-PARC accelerators. The existing timing system was developed during the construction period of the J-PARC. The system has been working well for more than ten years, however, the optical modules for the signal transfer from the central control building to the accelerators are discontinued already. Although we have spares of the optical devices, maintenance of the system will be difficult. Therefore, we are developing the next generation timing system for the J-PARC. We present the design of the system, preliminary test results, and future plans.

Journal Articles

Recent progress of the J-PARC RCS beam commissioning and operation; Efforts to realize a higher beam power beyond 1 MW

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.574 - 578, 2019/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Present status of personnel protection system at J-PARC

Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Niki, Kazuaki*; Yamamoto, Noboru*; Hayashi, Naoki; Adachi, Masatoshi*; Watanabe, Kazuhiko*

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.877 - 880, 2019/07

Interlock system of J-PARC is classified into a personnel protection system (PPS) for human safety and a machine protection system (MPS) for protecting equipment. The PPS of the J-PARC accelerator started from the operation at Linac in 2006 and was completed by the MR operation in 2008. In the next 10 years, some improvements have been made, such as updating video monitoring systems and establishing new interlocks. In addition to describing recent operations including these updatings, this paper reports the current status of inspections and maintenance conducted to maintain and improve reliability.

Journal Articles

Beam monitor data analysis of interlocked events at J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro*

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1096 - 1100, 2019/07

It is necessary to understand the reason why the accelerator has been interrupted due to beam loss or other machine mal function in order to keep high availability in long term period. At J-PARC RCS, 25 Hz rapid-cycling synchrotron, there is a system to record beam intensity and beam loss monitor signal for all pulses with 10 ms period. At this time, in addition, new system to archive data with better time resolution if interlocked events occurred has been introduced. Using these archived data, the events only RCS BLM gives MPS have been analyzed and it turns out that these events are related to the ion source discharge which makes very low intensity within less than a second. In this paper other typical events are presented and discuss how to improve the accelerator performance in future.

Journal Articles

Bunch shape monitor for the high-intensity H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV using the carbon material

Kitamura, Ryo; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hayashi, Naoki; Hirano, Koichiro; Kosaka, Satoshi*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Nemoto, Yasuo*; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.51 - 54, 2019/07

The longitudinal measurement and tuning at the beam transport after the RFQ are important to reduce the beam loss and the emittance growth in the J-PARC linac, when the high-intensity H$$^{-}$$ beam of more than 60 mA is supplied. The new bunch shape monitor (BSM) using the carbon-nanotube (CNT) wire is necessary to measure the bunch shape of the high-intensity H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV, because the CNT wire has a high-temperature tolerance and a small energy deposit. However, when the high voltage was applied to the CNT wire to extract the secondary electron derived, the discharge prevents the power supply from applying the voltage. Therefore, the discharge should be suppressed to measure the bunch shape with stability. Considering the characteristics of the CNT as the emitter, when the length of the CNT wire was short, the high voltage of -10 kV was applied to the CNT wire. The current status and future prospects of the BSM using the CNT wire are reported in this presentation.

Journal Articles

Update of MPS modules for J-PARC Linac and RCS

Takahashi, Hiroki; Hayashi, Naoki; Nishiyama, Koichi*; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.271 - 274, 2019/07

In the event of an abnormal situation, a machine protection system (MPS) that immediately inhibits the beam is indispensable to minimize the damage and the radioactivation by beam loss. The existing MPS was developed during the construction period of the J-PARC. Then, the system has been working stably for more than ten years. On the other hand, since there are many MPS modules that have been used from the beginning of J-PARC operation, it is important to systematically proceed with updating (replacement) of modules as a measure against aging of MPS. However, the main components of the existing MPS module have been discontinued. Therefore, it is indispensable to redesign the MPS modules in consideration of improvement such as the compatibility with existing modules and the miniaturization. In this paper, the development status of the new module and the update plan of MPS for Linac and RCS are detailed.

Journal Articles

The Fast measurement of the monitors data with the beam synchronized tag in J-PARC

Hatakeyama, Shuichiro*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.789 - 793, 2019/07

The J-PARC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) accelerates 400 MeV LINAC beams up to 3 GeV, and distributes them to the Materials Life Science Experiment Facility (MLF) and the Main Ring Synchrotron (MR) in 25 Hz cycle. To prevent radiation damages from the beam loss and also to detect failures of machines an interlock mechanism called the Machine Protection System (MPS) is introduced. If the beam is stopped by the MPS we should recover it quickly for the users of experiment facilities. The MPS related to the beam dynamics is usually diagnosed by beam loss monitors (BLM), beam position monitors (BPM) and current transformers (CT). Data of these monitors should be distinguished MLF or MR since the parameters for the magnet and the RF systems are different between MLF and MR. We confirmed validity of the method to distinguish the beam destination by using the information of the beam synchronized tag from the reflective memory (RFM) when taking the monitor data in 25 Hz.

Journal Articles

Status of J-PARC accelerators

Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kinsho, Michikazu; Oguri, Hidetomo; Yamamoto, Kazami; Hayashi, Naoki; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Yamamoto, Noboru*; et al.

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1235 - 1239, 2019/07

After the summer shutdown in 2018, the J-PARC restarted user operation in late October. While beam power to the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) was 500 kW as before the summer shutdown, linac beam current was increased from 40 to 50 mA. Operation of the Main Ring (MR) was suspended due to the modification and/or maintenance of the Superkamiokande (neutrino detector) and Hadron experimental facility. The user operation was resumed in the middle of February for the Hadron experimental facility at 51 kW. But on March 18, one of the bending magnets in the beam transport line to the MR had a failure. It was temporary recovered and restored beam operation on April 5, but the failure occurred again on April 24 and the beam operation of the MR was suspended. In the fiscal year of 2018, the availabilities for the MLF, neutrino and hadron facilities are 94%, 86%, and 74%, respectively.

Journal Articles

Development of the bunch shape monitor using the carbon-nano tube wire

Kitamura, Ryo; Hayashi, Naoki; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Oguri, Hidetomo; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Otani, Masashi*; Kosaka, Satoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.2543 - 2546, 2019/06

A bunch shape monitor (BSM) is one of the important instruments to measure the longitudinal phase space distribution. For example in the J-PARC linac, three BSMs using the tungsten wire are installed at the ACS section to measure the bunch shapes between the accelerating cavities. However, this conventional BSM is hard to measure the bunch shape of H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV at the beam transport between the RFQ and DTL sections, because the wire is broken around the center region of the beam. The new BSM using the carbon-nano-tube (CNT) wire is being developed to be able to measure the bunch shape of the H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV. The careful attention should be paid to apply the high voltage of $$-$$10 kV to the CNT wire. The several measures are taken to suppress the discharge from the wire and operate the CNT-BSM. This presentation reports the current status of the development and future prospective for the CNT-BSM.

Journal Articles

Analysis of interlocked events based on beam instrumentation data at J-PARC Linac and RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Miura, Akihiko; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 7th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2018) (Internet), p.219 - 223, 2019/01

J-PARC is a multi-purpose facility. Accelerator stability is the one of important issues for users of this facility. To realize stable operation, we must collect data on interlocked events and analyze these data to determine the reasons for the occurrence of such events. In J-PARC Linac, data of interlocked events have been recorded using several some beam loss monitors and current monitors, and these data have been are analyzed and classified. In J-PARC RCS, new instrumentation is being introduced to obtain beam position. We discuss the present status and future plans related to this subject.

164 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)