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Journal Articles

Factors controlling dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in east Japanese rivers

Tsuji, Hideki*; Ishii, Yumiko*; Shin, M.*; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Arai, Hirotsugu*; Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Kuramoto, Takayuki*; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Lee, S*; et al.

Science of the Total Environment, 697, p.134093_1 - 134093_11, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:63.95(Environmental Sciences)

To investigate the main factors that control the dissolved radiocesium concentration in river water in the area affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the correlations between the dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations at 66 sites normalized to the average $$^{137}$$Cs inventories for the watersheds with the land use, soil components, topography, and water quality factors were assessed. We found that the topographic wetness index is significantly and positively correlated with the normalized dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentration. Similar positive correlations have been found for European rivers because wetland areas with boggy organic soils that weakly retain $$^{137}$$Cs are mainly found on plains. However, for small Japanese river watersheds, the building area ratio in the watershed strongly affected the dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentration.

Journal Articles

Repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater using different pre-concentration methods

Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Aono, Tatsuo*; Ashikawa, Nobuo*; Ebina, Hiroyuki*; Iijima, Takeshi*; Ishimaru, Kei*; Kanai, Ramon*; Karube, Jinichi*; Konnai, Yae*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 322(2), p.477 - 485, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:32.52(Chemistry, Analytical)

We assessed the repeatability and reproducibility of methods for determining low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater in Fukushima. Twenty-one laboratories pre-concentrated three of 10 L samples by five different pre-concentration methods (prussian-blue-impregnated filter cartridges, coprecipitation with ammonium phosphomolybdate, evaporation, solid-phase extraction disks, and ion-exchange resin columns), and activity of radiocesium was measured. The z-scores for all of the $$^{137}$$Cs results were within $$pm$$2, indicating that the methods were accurate. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) indicating the variability in the results from different laboratories were larger than the RSDs indicating the variability in the results from each separate laboratory.

Oral presentation

IBARAKI materials design diffractometer; Versatile neutron diffractometer at J-PARC

Ishigaki, Toru; Hoshikawa, Akinori; Yonemura, Masao*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Sakuma, Takashi*; Tomota, Yo*; Morii, Yukio; Arai, Masatoshi; Hayashi, Makoto*; et al.

no journal, , 

Ibaraki prefecture, the local government of the area for J-PARC site, was decided to build a versatile neutron diffractometer (IBARAKI Materials Design Diffractometer) to promote an industrial application for neutron beam in J-PARC. This diffractometer is planned to be a high throughput diffractometer so that materials engineers and scientists can use it like the chemical analytical instruments in their materials development process. It covers in d range 0.18 $$<$$ d (${AA}$) $$<$$ 5 with $$Delta$$ d/d = 0.16 % at high resolution bank, and covers $$<$$ d (${AA}$) $$<$$ 800 with gradually changing resolution at three detector bank (90 degree, low angle and small angle). Typical measuring time to obtain a "Rietveld-quality" data is several minutes with the sample size of laboratory X-ray diffractometer. To promote industrial application, a utilization system for this diffractometer is required. We will establish a support system for both academic and industrial users who are willing to use neutron but have not been familiar with neutron diffraction. The construction of this instrument was already beginning and will be completed in the beginning of 2008, as one of day-one instruments for J-PARC. The current status for this instrument also will be reported.

Oral presentation

Crystallization of cytochrome b5 reductase aimed to neutron crystallography

Shoyama, Yoshinari; Tamada, Taro; Kuroki, Ryota; Kimura, Shigenobu*; Takeda, Kazuki*; Hayashi, Takuro*; Miki, Kunio*

no journal, , 

NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase (b5R) is a pyridine nucleotide-dependent flavin reductase which contains a FAD in a molecule. The b5R catalyzes the electron transfer from NADH to cytochrome b5. The b5R is related to fatty acid metabolism and reduction of cytochrome P450. In order to clarify detailed structure of b5R, we carried out purification of b5R from E coli cell according to the method previously reported. Since a large-size crystal is necessary for the neutron structure analysis, we addressed enlargement of crystal by macroseeding method and periodical addition of protein sample to the crystallization solution. We succeeded in a preparation of large-scale crystal with a size of 1.0$$times$$0.5$$times$$0.3 mm, which is suitable for preliminary neutron diffraction study.

Oral presentation

Crystallization of NADH-cytochrome ${it b}$$$_{5}$$ reductase aimed to neutron crystallography

Shoyama, Yoshinari; Tamada, Taro; Kuroki, Ryota; Kimura, Shigenobu*; Takeda, Kazuki*; Hayashi, Takuro*; Miki, Kunio*

no journal, , 

NADH-cytochrome ${it b}$ $$_{5}$$ reductase (b5R) is a pyridine nucleotide-dependent flavin reductase which contains a FAD in a molecule. The b5R catalyzes the electron transfer from NADH to cytochrome b5. The b5R is related to fatty acid metabolism and reduction of cytochrome P450. In order to clarify detailed structure of b5R, we carried out purification of b5R from E coli cell according to the method previously reported. Since a large-size crystal is necessary for the neutron structure analysis. We addressed enlargement of crystal by macroseeding method and periodical addition of protein sample to the crystallization solution. We succeeded in a preparation of large-scale crystal with volume of 4 mm$$^{3}$$, and we did preliminary neutron diffraction study using this crystal. Then we got 2${AA}$ resolution neutron diffraction data at BIX4.

Oral presentation

Investigation of factors controlling dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in Japanese rivers

Tsuji, Hideki*; Shin, M.*; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Arai, Hirotsugu*; Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Kuramoto, Takayuki*; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Lee, S*; Shinano, Takuro*; et al.

no journal, , 

To predict the behavior of particulate and dissolved radiocesium ($$^{137}$$Cs) in river water, some soil and land use categories in the watershed should be considered because these may affect the dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentration. In this study, to investigate the factors that affect dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in Japanese rivers, we measured dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in 67 rivers under baseflow conditions 13-280 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in August and September 2017.

Oral presentation

Factors controlling dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in east Japanese rivers

Tsuji, Hideki*; Ishii, Yumiko*; Hayashi, Seiji*; Shin, M.*; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Arai, Hirotsugu*; Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Kuramoto, Takayuki*; Nakanishi, Takahiro; et al.

no journal, , 

Controlling factor of dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in 66 in East Japan rivers was investigated. Dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations decreased by one order of magnitude between 2012 and 2017. Normalized dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations correlated well with building area ratios. Topographic wetness index generally predicted dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations. The high concentration of dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs in urban area cannot be explained by water quality condition.

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