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Journal Articles

Removal of metal oxide layers as a dry decontamination technique utilizing bead reaction and thermal quenching by dry ice blasting

Kameo, Yutaka; Nakashima, Mikio; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 43(7), p.798 - 805, 2006/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:25.12(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New laser decontamination technique for radioactively contaminated metal surfaces using acid-bearing sodium silicate gel

Kameo, Yutaka; Nakashima, Mikio; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(9), p.919 - 924, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:57.38(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new laser decontamination method utilizing a gel made from a sodium silicate solution and an acid was developed for removing radioactive nuclide incorporated into a surface oxide layer on metal waste. Decontamination tests were carried out using both simulated contaminated samples and pipe specimens cut from the primary coolant system of the Japan Power Demonstration Reactor. In the case of surface oxide layer consisting mainly of iron oxide, more than 99% of surface radioactivities were removed after two to three decontamination runs. In order to ascertain the role of laser irradiation on chemical reactions, chemical states of O and Fe in the oxide layer before and after decontamination were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was found that the oxide layer was dissolved into the acid-containing gel, and the reaction was extensively promoted by the laser irradiation.

Journal Articles

Characterization of 50L-scale solidified products yielded by melting treatment of miscellaneous solid wastes and evaluation of radioisotope tracer distribution

Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Nakashima, Mikio; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 3(3), p.279 - 287, 2004/09

Large-scale melting tests of simulated miscellaneous solid wastes were conducted to characterize solidified products (50L-drum size). Two heating modes were adopted in the tests: hybrid heating and induction heating modes. In the former, wastes were heated with both an induction furnace and a plasma torch, and in the latter, an electrically-conductive crucible was used with the induction furnace. Visual observation, chemical analysis and radioactivity measurements were conducted to the solidified products. It was found that the radioisotope distribution of solidified products was almost homogeneous. There was no remarkable deterioration in the solidified products subsequent to the leaching test.

Journal Articles

Dry flowing abrasive decontamination technique for pipe systems with swirling air flow

Kameo, Yutaka; Nakashima, Mikio; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

Nuclear Technology, 144(1), p.76 - 82, 2003/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:11.22(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Erosion behavior of stainless and carbon steel pipes by a swirling air flow containing alumina or cast-iron grit abrasive was investigated. Effects of operating conditions such as an abrasive concentration and a flow rate of air-stream on erosion ability was examined. Erosion depths of the test pipes were approximately proportional to the concentration of abrasives and exponent of flow rate of air-stream. The experimental results indicated that the present method could keep satisfactory erosion ability of abrasives even for a large size pipe. The present method was successfully applied to $$^{60}$$Co-contaminated specimens sampled from a pipe of the water clean-up system of the Japan Power Demonstration Reactor.

Journal Articles

Effects of basicity and FeO concentration on the retention of $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{60}$$Co in slag made from non-metallic radioactive wastes

Nakashima, Mikio; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Kameo, Yutaka; Fukui, Toshiki*; Isobe, Motoyasu*; Otake, Atsushi*; Wakui, Takuji*; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

Radiochimica Acta, 91(1), p.45 - 51, 2003/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:19.53(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization of solidified products yielded by plasma melting treatment of simulated non-metallic radioactive wastes

Nakashima, Mikio; Fukui, Toshiki*; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Isobe, Motoyasu*; Otake, Atsushi*; Wakui, Takuji*; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(6), p.687 - 694, 2002/06

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:69.1(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Removal of metal-oxide layers formed on stainless and carbon steel surfaces by excimer laser irradiation in various atmospheres

Kameo, Yutaka; Nakashima, Mikio; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

Nuclear Technology, 137(2), p.139 - 146, 2002/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:40.65(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to apply laser ablation technique for decontamination of metal wastes contaminated with radioactive nuclides, the effect of irradiation atmospheres on removal of oxide layers on steel surfaces by laser ablation was studied. Based on the assumption that the absorption of laser light follows the Lambert-Beer law, ablation parameters, such as absorption length and threshold fluence for ablation, of sintered Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ and stainless and carbon steels were measured in He, O$$_{2}$$, Kr or SF$$_{6}$$ atmosphere. The results indicated that SF$$_{6}$$ was the most effective gas of all irradiation atmospheres studied for the exclusive removal of oxide layers formed on stainless and carbon steel samples in high temperature pressurized water. Secondary ion mass spectroscopic measurement and scanning electron microscopic observation confirmed that no oxide layer existed on the steel samples after the exclusive removal with laser irradiation.

JAEA Reports

Study on melting coditions of radioactive miscellaneous solid waste (Contract research)

Fukui, Toshiki; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Isobe, Motoyasu; Otake, Atsushi*; Wakui, Takuji*; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*; Nakashima, Mikio

JAERI-Review 2000-033, 82 Pages, 2001/02

JAERI-Review-2000-033.pdf:2.61MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Melting behavior of low-level radioactive miscellaneous solid waste and characteristics of solidified products (Contract research)

Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Isobe, Motoyasu; Wakui, Takuji*; Iwata, Keiji*; Kibayashi, Tatsuyuki*; Kanazawa, Katsuo; Fukui, Toshiki; Otake, Atsushi*; Nakashima, Mikio; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

JAERI-Research 2001-001, 19 Pages, 2001/02

JAERI-Research-2001-001.pdf:1.29MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Performance tests of a melting system for miscellaneous solid wastes and corrosion tests of a long-life refractory material (Contract research)

Isobe, Motoyasu; Kameo, Yutaka; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Wakui, Takuji*; Iwata, Keiji*; Kibayashi, Tatsuyuki*; Kanazawa, Katsuo; Nakashima, Mikio; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

JAERI-Tech 2000-049, 29 Pages, 2000/09

JAERI-Tech-2000-049.pdf:2.87MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Review of treatment technology of tritium-contaminated waste

Hirabayashi, Takakuni

Radioisotopes, 49(4), p.57 - 58, 2000/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on treatment of miscellaneous solid waste by plasmas melting; Melting characteristics of plasma heating method

Fukui, Toshiki; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Isobe, Motoyasu; Otake, Atsushi*; Wakui, Takuji*; Nakashima, Mikio; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

Dai-7-Kai Doryoku Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (00-11), p.356 - 359, 2000/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An Investigation of steel plate-cast iron hybrid casting process for recycling of low level radioactive metal waste

Nakamura, Hisashi; Hirabayashi, Takakuni; Akimoto, Jun*; Takahashi, Kenji*; Shindo, Hideaki; Sakurai, Daihachiro*; Almansour, A.*; Okane, Toshimitsu*; Umeda, Takateru*

Materials Science Forum, 329-330, p.441 - 448, 2000/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Advanced volume reduction program for LLW at JAERI

Higuchi, Hidekazu; Sato, Motoaki; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*; Tanaka, Mitsugu

Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Safewaste 2000, Vol.1, p.314 - 322, 2000/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Steel plate-cast iron hybrid casting with steel shot mold

Nakamura, Hisashi; Hirabayashi, Takakuni; Akimoto, Jun*; Takahashi, Kenji*; Shindo, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Daihachiro*; Almansour, A.*; Okane, Toshimitsu*; Umeda, Takateru*

Proceedings Modeling of Casting & Solidification Processes 4, 1999, p.437 - 445, 1999/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Application of laser to decontamination and decommissioning of nuclear facilities at JAERI

Hirabayashi, Takakuni; Kameo, Yutaka; Myodo, Masato

High-power Lasers in Civil Engineering and Architecture (Proceedings of SPIE Vol.3887), p.94 - 103, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An Investigation of steel plate-cast iron hybrid casting process for recycling of low level radioactive metal waste

Nakamura, Hisashi; Hirabayashi, Takakuni; Akimoto, Jun*; Takahashi, Kenji*; Shindo, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Daihachiro*; Almansour, A.*; Okane, Toshimitsu*; Umeda, Takateru*

Int. J.Cast Metals Res., 11(5), p.339 - 343, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Research and development of treatment techniques for LLW from decommissioning; Decontamination and volume reduction techniques

Hirabayashi, Takakuni; Kameo, Yutaka; Nakashio, Nobuyuki

Proceedings of International Symposium on Technologies for the Management of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Power Plants and Back End Nuclear Fuel Cycle Activities (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Advanced volume reduction of low level radioactive solid waste

Hirabayashi, Takakuni

Energy Hum., 45, p.14 - 18, 1998/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Restricted recycling technology development for radioactive metallic waste; Waste container fablication tests

Nakamura, Hisashi; Hirabayashi, Takakuni

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Dai-6-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu '98 Koen Rombunshu, p.371 - 376, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

52 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)