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Journal Articles

Long beam pulse extraction by the laser charge exchange method using the 3-MeV linac in J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Hirano, Koichiro; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi*

Proceedings of 8th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2019) (Internet), p.595 - 599, 2020/06

Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P), in which a 400-MeV proton beam will be delivered from negative hydrogen (H$$^{-}$$) accelerated by the linac. Since the TEF-P requires a stable proton beam with a power of less than 10 W, a steady and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract a small amount of the proton beam from the high power beam using 250 kW. To fulfill this requirement, we have developed beam extraction based on the Laser Charge Exchange (LCE) method. For the demonstration present beam extraction technique, an experiment was conducted using H$$^{-}$$ beam accelerated by the 3-MeV linac at RFQ test-stand in J-PARC. As a result of the experiment with continuous wave (CW) of the Laser, a charge-exchanged long-pulsed H$$^{+}$$ beam with a power of about 0.70 W equivalent was successfully obtained under the TEF-P beam condition.

Journal Articles

Upgrade of the 3-MeV linac for testing of accelerator components at J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hirano, Koichiro; Ito, Takashi; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Kitamura, Ryo; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012077_1 - 012077_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

We have upgraded a 3-MeV linac at J-PARC. The ion source is same as the J-PARC linac's, and the old 30-mA RFQ is replaced by a spare 50-mA RFQ, therefore, the beam energy is 3 MeV and the nominal beam current is 50 mA. The main purpose of this system is to test the spare RFQ, but also used for testing of various components required in order to keep the stable operation of the J-PARC accelerator. The accelerator has been already commissioned, and measurement programs have been started. In this paper, present status of this 3-MeV linac is presented.

Journal Articles

Longitudinal measurements and beam tuning in the J-PARC linac MEBT1

Otani, Masashi*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Liu, Y.*; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Miura, Akihiko; Oguri, Hidetomo

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012078_1 - 012078_5, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac is operated with design peak current of 50 mA from 2018. For operation with such a high beam current, itis important to understand transverse and longitudinal beam properties especially in low-velocity region. A medium energy beam transport (MEBT1) line between the 3-MeV radio-frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ) and the 50-MeV drift-tube linac (DTL) is a 3-m-long transport line to match the beam to the DTL and produce a macro pulse configuration for a 3-GeV rapid-cycling synchrotron (RCS). In this paper, recent measurements and beam tuning results in MEBT1 will be presented.

Journal Articles

Bunch shape monitor for the high-intensity H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV using the carbon material

Kitamura, Ryo; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hayashi, Naoki; Hirano, Koichiro; Kosaka, Satoshi*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Nemoto, Yasuo*; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.51 - 54, 2019/07

The longitudinal measurement and tuning at the beam transport after the RFQ are important to reduce the beam loss and the emittance growth in the J-PARC linac, when the high-intensity H$$^{-}$$ beam of more than 60 mA is supplied. The new bunch shape monitor (BSM) using the carbon-nanotube (CNT) wire is necessary to measure the bunch shape of the high-intensity H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV, because the CNT wire has a high-temperature tolerance and a small energy deposit. However, when the high voltage was applied to the CNT wire to extract the secondary electron derived, the discharge prevents the power supply from applying the voltage. Therefore, the discharge should be suppressed to measure the bunch shape with stability. Considering the characteristics of the CNT as the emitter, when the length of the CNT wire was short, the high voltage of -10 kV was applied to the CNT wire. The current status and future prospects of the BSM using the CNT wire are reported in this presentation.

Journal Articles

Development of the bunch shape monitor using the carbon-nano tube wire

Kitamura, Ryo; Hayashi, Naoki; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Oguri, Hidetomo; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Otani, Masashi*; Kosaka, Satoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.2543 - 2546, 2019/06

A bunch shape monitor (BSM) is one of the important instruments to measure the longitudinal phase space distribution. For example in the J-PARC linac, three BSMs using the tungsten wire are installed at the ACS section to measure the bunch shapes between the accelerating cavities. However, this conventional BSM is hard to measure the bunch shape of H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV at the beam transport between the RFQ and DTL sections, because the wire is broken around the center region of the beam. The new BSM using the carbon-nano-tube (CNT) wire is being developed to be able to measure the bunch shape of the H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV. The careful attention should be paid to apply the high voltage of $$-$$10 kV to the CNT wire. The several measures are taken to suppress the discharge from the wire and operate the CNT-BSM. This presentation reports the current status of the development and future prospective for the CNT-BSM.

Journal Articles

Longitudinal bunch size measurement using an RF deflector

Otani, Masashi*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Miura, Akihiko; Oguri, Hidetomo; Liu, Y.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 908, p.313 - 317, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

It is extremely important to diagnose beams in accelerators to improve accelerator operation. In the low velocity section of a proton or heavy ion linac, the diagnostic method for longitudinal beam properties is less established compared to that for transverse properties. We have developed a new diagnostic method for the longitudinal bunch size by utilizing an RF deflector. We evaluated the uncertainty in bunch size measurement through simulation, and it was obtained as 0.5$$^{circ}$$. In addition, we measured longitudinal beam emittance through bunch size measurements at several RF amplitudes of an upstream buncher. The measured emittance was 0.13$$pm$$0.01$$pi$$ deg$$cdot$$MeV, which was consistent with the simulation result.

Journal Articles

Status of 3 MeV beam scrapers for the J-PARC LINAC

Hirano, Koichiro; Sugimura, Takashi*; Kurihara, Toshikazu*

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.324 - 328, 2018/08

We could use a 3 MeV beam scraper without a problem for five months when the scraper received to 1.3 times as high as a normal average beam current of the scraper in 1MW beam operation. The peak temperature on the scraper surface was 1800$$^{circ}$$C. Irradiation damage caused by the 3 MeV beam with particle number of 3E22 was 700 $$mu$$m depth. We study scraper materials which can withstand the current density higher than carbon composite used in the scraper because almost all beams can be irradiated to the scraper in 1 MW beam operation. Beam irradiation tests have been performed about graphene and tungsten as scraper materials with high heat conductivity. This paper describes beam irradiation test of the 3 MeV beam scraper and scraper materials.

Journal Articles

Beam extraction by the laser charge exchange method using the 3-MeV LINAC in J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Hirano, Koichiro; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi; Meigo, Shinichiro

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 13(Sp.1), p.2406012_1 - 2406012_6, 2018/03

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P), in which a 400-MeV negative proton (H$$^{-}$$) beam will be delivered from the J-PARC linac. Since the TEF-P requires a stable proton beam with a power of less than 10 W, a stable and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract a small amount of the proton beam from the high power beam using 250 kW. To fulfil this requirement, the Laser Charge Exchange (LCE) method has been developed. To demonstrate the charge exchange of the H$$^{-}$$, a preliminary LCE experiment was conducted using a linac with energy of 3 MeV in J-PARC. As a result of the experiment, a charge-exchanged H$$^{+}$$ beam with a power of about 8 W equivalent and an accuracy of about 2% was obtained under the J-PARC linac beam condition.

Journal Articles

Beam extraction by the laser charge exchange method using the 3-MeV linac in J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Hirano, Koichiro; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi*

Proceedings of 6th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2017) (Internet), p.435 - 439, 2018/03

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P), in which a 400-MeV negative proton (H$$^{-}$$) beam will be delivered from the J-PARC linac. Since the TEF-P requires a stable proton beam with a power of less than 10 W, a stable and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract a small amount of the proton beam from the high power beam using 250 kW. To fulfil this requirement, the Laser Charge Exchange (LCE) method has been developed. To demonstrate the charge exchange of the H$$^{-}$$, a preliminary LCE experiment was conducted using a linac with energy of 3 MeV in J-PARC. As a result of the experiment, a charge-exchanged H$$^{+}$$ beam with a power of about 8 W equivalent and an accuracy of about 2% was obtained under the J-PARC linac beam condition.

Journal Articles

Negative hydrogen ion beam irradiation experiments of beam scrapers using the J-PARC 3 MeV-Linac

Hirano, Koichiro; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Kurihara, Toshikazu*; Sugimura, Takashi*; Maruta, Tomofumi*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.847 - 852, 2017/12

Beam scrapers made of carbon composite have been used in the MEBT1 between a 324 MHz RFQ and a 50-MeV DTL of the J-PARC Linac. We have conducted the scraper irradiation test with the 3 MeV linac. The test piece of the scraper was irradiated by the H$$^{-}$$ beam up to particle number of 1.2E20. We measured the surface temperature of more than 3000$$^{circ}$$C using a high-speed radiation thermometer and observed the irradiation damage on the scraper by using the laser microscope. When the surface temperature exceeded 2900$$^{circ}$$C, the ionic current of carbon and the irradiation damage on the surface of the test piece rapidly increased. This paper describes beam irradiation test results of the scraper.

Journal Articles

Present status of the laser charge exchange test using the 3-MeV linac in J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Meigo, Shinichiro; Miura, Akihiko; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi

Proceedings of 5th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2016) (Internet), p.736 - 739, 2017/03

The Accelerator-driven System (ADS) is one of the candidates for transmuting long-lived nuclides, such as minor actinide (MA), produced by nuclear reactors. For efficient transmutation of the MA, a precise pre-diction of neutronics of ADS is required. In order to obtain the neutronics data for the ADS, the Japan Pro-ton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P), in which a 400-MeV negative proton (H$$^{-}$$) beam will be delivered from the J-PARC linac. Since the TEF-P requires a stable proton beam with a power of less than 10W, a stable and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract a small amount of the proton beam from the high power beam using 250kW. To fulfil this requirement, the Laser Charge Exchange (LCE) method has been developed. The LCE strips the electron of the H$$^{-}$$ beam and neutral protons will separate at the bending magnet in the proton beam transport. To demonstrate the charge exchange of the H$$^{-}$$, a preliminary LCE experiment was conducted using a linac with energy of 3MeV in J-PARC. As a result of the experiment, a charge-exchanged H$$^{+}$$ beam with a power of about 5W equivalent was obtained under the J-PARC linac beam condition, and this value almost satisfied the power requirement of the proton beam for the TEF-P.

Journal Articles

Development of a control system at a 3 MeV linac in J-PARC

Sawabe, Yuki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Takahashi, Daisuke; Kato, Yuko; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Hirano, Koichiro; Takei, Hayanori; Meigo, Shinichiro; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.647 - 651, 2016/11

In the J-PARC, a 3 MeV linac has been developed for the tests of beam scraper irradiation and charge exchange by high-power laser. To accomplish tests efficiently and safely, the control system for 3 MeV was designed and developed, and this system consists of four subsystems, personal protection system, machine protection system, timing system, and remote control system using the EPICS. In this paper, the details of control system for a 3 MeV linac are presented.

Journal Articles

Development of beam scrapers using a 3-Mev linac at J-PARC

Hirano, Koichiro; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Ito, Takashi; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Oguri, Hidetomo; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kawane, Yusuke; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Sato, Yoshikatsu; et al.

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.310 - 313, 2016/11

We have used a beam scraper with the incident angle of 65deg to reduce the beam power deposition density in the MEBT between a 324 MHz RFQ and a 50-MeV DTL of the J-PARC linac. The 65$$^{circ}$$ scraper was irradiated by the H$$^{-}$$ beam up to particle number of 1.47E22. We observed a lot of surface projections with several hundred micrometers high in the beam irradiation damage on the scraper by using the laser microscope. In order to study the limits of scrapers, we constructed a new 3 MeV linac at J-PARC. We will conduct the scraper irradiation test at the end of this year.

Journal Articles

Development of a vertical collimator at the mebt1 of J-PARC linac

Sugimura, Takashi*; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Hirano, Koichiro

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.307 - 309, 2016/11

There is an upgrade plan of J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex) Linac from currently operated beam parameters such as, beam current of 40 mA, beam pulse width of 0.5msec and repetition of 25 Hz, to 50 mA, 0.5msec and 50 Hz, respectively. To reduce beam loss during a beam acceleration is a must task to accelerate a high power beam. At J-PARC Linac, a beam from an ion source followed by RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) injected into a series of DTLs (Drift Tube Linac) through a MEBT1 (Medium Energy Beam Transport 1), where a beam matching and a beam pulse forming are carried out at the beam energy of 3 MeV. There are some locally activated spots in DTL area at the current beam power level so that some kind of mitigation measure is required. Beam simulation results show that the beam loss at the DTL area can be reduced if there is a pair of vertical beam collimators. This paper reports a design and fabrication status of new vertical collimators.

Journal Articles

Long distant microscope observation of radiation damage (blistering); Laser reflection microscope

Kurihara, Toshikazu*; Kobayashi, Hitoshi*; Sugimura, Takashi*; Hirano, Koichiro

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.814 - 816, 2016/11

A problem of irradiation damage is the one observed in each part of a component of particle accelerators; accelerating tubs, scrapers, monitors and neutron targets. In-situ observation by an actual proton accelerator is made our last target. We observed the radiation damage of the various materials used by particle accelerators. From the distant place the target which is in the high radiation area, we propose the method to get information from the catoptric light from the target using a laser as a light source. A principle of this observation method as well as generating process of blisterings and limitation of this method will be reported.

Journal Articles

Preliminary results of the laser charge exchange test using the 3-MeV linac in J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Hirano, Koichiro; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Miura, Akihiko; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Meigo, Shinichiro

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.987 - 991, 2016/11

Accelerator-driven system (ADS) is one of candidates to transmute long-lived nuclides such as minor actinide (MA) produced at nuclear reactor. For efficient transmutation of the MA, precise prediction of neutronics of ADS is indispensable. In order to obtain the neutronics data for the ADS, J-PARC has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P). Since the TEF-P requires stable power of the beam and will operate with thermal power less than 500 W and the proton beam power of 10 W so that a stable and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract small amount of the beam from the high power LINAC beam with 250 kW. To fulfill requirement, Laser charge exchange method (LCE) has been developed for delivery of 400-MeV proton beam with 25Hz to the TEF-P. The LCE strips the electron of H$$^{-}$$ beam and H$$^{0}$$ will separate at the bending magnet at the proton beam transport. The LCE device consists of YAG-laser with high power as 1.6 J/shot and 25 Hz and transport control system with high accuracy of the beam position. For the demonstration of the charge exchange of the H$$^{-}$$, the further LCE tests is conducted using H$$^{-}$$ beam with energy of 3-MeV at RFQ test stand in J-PARC. In this paper, present status of LCE tests is presented.

Journal Articles

Development of RF chopper system at J-PARC Linac, 2

Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kawane, Yusuke; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Miura, Akihiko; Morishita, Takatoshi; Sawabe, Yuki; Sugimura, Takashi*; Naito, Fujio*; Fang, Z.*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.944 - 947, 2015/09

Two RF-deflecting cavities as a chopper and a beam scraper have been used in the MEBT1 between a 324 MHz RFQ and a 50-MeV DTL of the J-PARC Linac. We replaced with a newly fabricated RF chopper to decrease beam loss for the operation with 50 mA. We installed two new scrapers to absorb the higher power of the deflected beam by the RF chopper. This paper describes the RF chopper system and beam irradiation test results of the scraper.

Journal Articles

The Heat transfer analysis for a new large entry angled scraper for J-PARC Linac

Sugimura, Takashi*; Hirano, Koichiro

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.954 - 957, 2015/09

The beam power of 1MW is a design specification of J-PARC. Therefore the beam current upgrade to 50 mA in the injector linac is indispensable. The scrapers installed in the linac have been took waste beam out of RFQ since last summer. They consist of Carbon composite surface plates and Copper block with cooling-water channel. The deterioration of thermal conducting has been observed during daily operation. Thus, a newly designed scraper with a large entry angle of 67 $$^{circ}$$ is introduced as countermeasures. This paper reports the results of numeric simulations of the new scrapers and their installation schedule.

Journal Articles

Beam test of a new radio frequency quadrupole linac for the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Yamazaki, Saishun; Hori, Toshihiko; Sawabe, Yuki; Chishiro, Etsuji; Fukuda, Shimpei; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Hirano, Koichiro; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 17(12), p.120101_1 - 120101_8, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:54.9(Physics, Nuclear)

We performed a beam test of a new radio frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ III) for the beam current upgrade of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. First, the conditioning of RFQ III was conducted, and after 20 h of conditioning, RFQ III became very stable with a nominal peak power and duty factor of 400 kW and 1.5%, respectively. An off-line beam test was subsequently conducted before installation in the accelerator tunnel. The transmission, transverse emittance, and energy spread of the 50-mA negative hydrogen beam from RFQ III were measured and compared with simulation results. The experiment and simulation results showed good agreement; therefore, we conclude that the performance of RFQ III conforms to its design.

Journal Articles

Present status of J-PARC linac

Oguri, Hidetomo; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ito, Takashi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Ao, Hiroyuki; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Kondo, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.389 - 393, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

51 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)