Mamiya, Hiroaki*; Oba, Yojiro; Hiroi, Kosuke; Miyatake, Takayuki*; Gautam, R.*; Sepehri-Amin, H.*; Okubo, Tadakatsu*
IEEE Magnetics Letters, 14, p.7100105_1 - 7100105_5, 2023/02
Miura, Daisuke*; Sekine, Yurina; Nankawa, Takuya; Sugita, Tsuyoshi; Oba, Yojiro; Hiroi, Kosuke; Ozawa, Tatsuhiko
Carbohydrate Polymer Technologies and Applications (Internet), 4, p.100251_1 - 100251_9, 2022/12
The reaction mechanism of carboxymethyl cellulose nanofiber (CMCF) hydrogel formed by freeze-crosslinking was investigated. We succeeded in observing the hierarchical structural changes during the freeze-crosslinking reaction. Freeze-crosslinked CMCF hydrogels exhibited a characteristic hierarchical alignment structure from the angstrom to micrometer scale that differed from normal cross-linked CMCF hydrogels produced by a conventional method without freezing. It was shown that the characteristic hierarchical structure contributes the excellent mechanical properties of freeze-crosslinked CMCF hydrogels.
Okudaira, Takuya; Ueda, Yuki; Hiroi, Kosuke; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takata, Shinichi; Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi*; Takahashi, Shingo*; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.548 - 556, 2021/04
Neutron polarization analysis (NPA) for small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments using a pulsed neutron source was successfully achieved by applying a He spin filter as a spin analyzer for the scattered neutrons. The He spin filter covers a sufficient solid angle for performing SANS experiments, and the relaxation time of the He polarization is sufficient for continuous use over a few days, thus reaching the typical duration required for a complete set of SANS experiments. Although accurate evaluation of the incoherent neutron scattering, which is predominantly attributable to hydrogen atoms in samples, is practically difficult using calculations based on the sample elemental composition, the developed NPA approach with consideration of the influence of multiple neutron scattering enabled reliable decomposition of the SANS intensity distribution into the coherent and incoherent scattering components. To date, NPA has not been well established as a standard technique for SANS experiments at pulsed neutron sources. This work is anticipated to greatly contribute to the accurate determination of the coherent neutron scattering component for scatterers in various types of organic sample systems in SANS experiments at J-PARC.
Miura, Daisuke*; Kumada, Takayuki; Sekine, Yurina; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Oba, Yojiro; Ohara, Takashi; Takata, Shinichi; Hiroi, Kosuke; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.454 - 460, 2021/04
We developed a spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry technique that extracts the structure factor of hydrogen atoms, namely, the contribution of hydrogen atoms to a crystal structure factor. Crystals of L-glutamic acid were dispersed in a dpolystyrene matrix containing 4-methacryloyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO methacrylate) to polarize their proton spins dynamically. The intensities of the diffraction peaks of the sample changed according to the proton polarization, and the structure factor of the hydrogen atoms was extracted from the proton-polarization dependent intensities. This technique is expected to enable analyses of the structures of hydrogen-containing materials that are difficult to determine with conventional powder diffractometry.
Sakai, Kenji; Oku, Takayuki; Okudaira, Takuya; Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Hiroi, Kosuke; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa*; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; Hirota, Katsuya*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011116_1 - 011116_6, 2021/03
In neutron fundamental physics, study of correlation term of a neutron spin and a target nuclear spin is important because term interferes to parity non-conserving (PNC) and time reversal non-conserving terms. For this study, a xenon (Xe) is an interesting nucleus because it has been observed an enhancement of PNC effect around neutron resonance peaks, and polarizes up to by using a spin exchange optical pumping (SEOP) method. We would plan to develop a polarized Xe gas target with a compact in-situ SEOP system, and to study term by utilizing epithermal neutron beams supplied from a high intense pulsed spallation neutron source. As the first step, we attempted to measure neutron polarizing ability caused by term at a 9.6 eV s-wave resonance peak of Xe at BL10 in MLF, by detecting change of ratio between neutron transmissions with the polarized and unpolarized Xe target. After demonstrating that our apparatus could detect small change () of neutron transmissions caused by Doppler broadening effect, a signified value of has been obtained as preliminary results. For analyzing the obtained in detail, we are improving our nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic resonance systems for evaluating Xe polarization independently of neutron beams.
Okudaira, Takuya; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Kenji; Hiroi, Kosuke; Takahashi, Shingo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10
Parker, J. D.*; Harada, Masahide; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Kai, Tetsuya; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Nakatani, Takeshi; Oikawa, Kenichi; Segawa, Mariko; Shinohara, Takenao; et al.
Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.102 - 107, 2020/05
Shinohara, Takenao; Kai, Tetsuya; Oikawa, Kenichi; Nakatani, Takeshi; Segawa, Mariko; Hiroi, Kosuke; Su, Y. H.; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; Iikura, Hiroshi; et al.
Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(4), p.043302_1 - 043302_20, 2020/04
Sonnenschein, V.*; Tsuji, Yoshiyuki*; Kokuryu, Shoma*; Kubo, Wataru*; Suzuki, So*; Tomita, Hideki*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Iguchi, Tetsuo*; Matsushita, Taku*; Wada, Nobuo*; et al.
Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(3), p.033318_1 - 033318_12, 2020/03
Kai, Tetsuya; Hiroi, Kosuke; Su, Y. H.; Segawa, Mariko; Shinohara, Takenao; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Parker, J. D.*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Oikawa, Kenichi
Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.149 - 153, 2020/02
Okudaira, Takuya; Oku, Takayuki; Sakai, Kenji; Ino, Takashi*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Shinohara, Takenao; Kakurai, Kazuhisa*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; et al.
Proceedings of Science (Internet), 356, p.029_1 - 029_5, 2019/12
The technology development section carries out the development of the neutron polarization device: He Spin Filter. It is often used for the fundamental physics region. In order to explain the matter-dominated universe, a time reversal violation is necessary and searches for new physics are conducted in the world. The T-violation search using a polarized neutron beam is planned at J-PARC. A large He spin filter is needed to polarize high energy neutrons for the experiment and is developed in JAEA. Recently, we developed the accurate measurement system to evaluate the polarization of He and a vacuum system to make the He spin filter, and large He spin filters for epi-thermal neutron was made using the system. The current status of the development of the He spin filter will be talked.
Oikawa, Kenichi; Su, Y.; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Kawasaki, Takuro; Shinohara, Takenao; Kai, Tetsuya; Hiroi, Kosuke; Harjo, S.; Parker, J. D.*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.436 - 442, 2018/12
Hiroi, Kosuke; Shinohara, Takenao; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Parker, J. D.*; Su, Y.; Oikawa, Kenichi; Kai, Tetsuya; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.146 - 151, 2018/12
Kai, Tetsuya; Sato, Setsuo*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Su, Y.; Segawa, Mariko; Parker, J. D.*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Shinohara, Takenao; Oikawa, Kenichi; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.496 - 500, 2018/12
Segawa, Mariko; Oikawa, Kenichi; Kai, Tetsuya; Shinohara, Takenao; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Parker, J. D.*; Nakatani, Takeshi; Hiroi, Kosuke; Su, Y.; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 22, p.011028_1 - 011028_8, 2018/11
Hiroi, Kosuke; Shinohara, Takenao; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Parker, J. D.*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Su, Y.; Kai, Tetsuya; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 22, p.011030_1 - 011030_7, 2018/11
Oba, Yojiro; Shinohara, Takenao; Sato, Hirotaka*; Onodera, Yohei*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Su, Y.; Sugiyama, Masaaki*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(9), p.094004_1 - 094004_5, 2018/09
no abstracts in English
Kai, Tetsuya; Shinohara, Takenao; Hiroi, Kosuke; Su, Y.; Oikawa, Kenichi
Hihakai Kensa, 67(5), p.209 - 216, 2018/05
no abstracts in English
Mamiya, Hiroaki*; Oba, Yojiro; Terada, Noriki*; Watanabe, Norimichi*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Shinohara, Takenao; Oikawa, Kenichi
Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.15516_1 - 15516_8, 2017/11
no abstracts in English
Matsuura, Kohei*; Mizukami, Yuta*; Arai, Yuki*; Sugimura, Yuichi*; Maejima, Naoyuki*; Machida, Akihiko*; Watanuki, Tetsu*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Yajima, Takeshi*; Hiroi, Zenji*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 8, p.1143_1 - 1143_6, 2017/10