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Journal Articles

Evaluation of multiaxial low cycle creep-fatigue life for Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel under non-proportional loading

Nakayama, Yuta*; Ogawa, Fumio*; Hiyoshi, Noritake*; Hashidate, Ryuta; Wakai, Takashi; Ito, Takamoto*

ISIJ International, 61(8), p.2299 - 2304, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

This study discusses the creep-fatigue strength for Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel at a high temperature under multiaxial loading. A low-cycle fatigue tests in various strain waveforms were performed with a hollow cylindrical specimen. The low cycle fatigue test was conducted under a proportional loading with a fixed axial strain and a non-proportional loading with a 90-degree phase difference between axial and shear strains. The low cycle fatigue tests at different strain rates and the creep-fatigue tests at different holding times were also conducted to discuss the effects of stress relaxation and strain holding on the failure life. In this study, two types of multiaxial creep-fatigue life evaluation methods were proposed: the first method is to calculate the strain range using Manson's universal slope method with considering a non-proportional loading factor and creep damage; the second method is to calculate the fatigue damage by considering the non-proportional loading factor using the linear damage law and to calculate the creep damage from the improved ductility exhaustion law. The accuracy of the evaluation methods is much better than that of the methods used in the evaluation of actual machines such as time fraction rule.

Journal Articles

Study on creep damage assessment method for Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel by sampling creep testing with thin plate specimen

Kanayama, Hideyuki*; Hiyoshi, Noritake*; Ogawa, Fumio*; Kawabata, Mie*; Ito, Takamoto*; Wakai, Takashi

Zairyo, 68(5), p.421 - 428, 2019/05

This study presents creep damage assessment method for Mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel by sampling creep testing with thin plate specimen. Tensile creep rupture tests were performed using three different sizes of specimen under two different test environments to verify the creep testing with the thin plate specimen. Time to rupture of Mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel using three different sizes were almost same. In addition, there was no effect of environment on time to rupture. Pre-damaged thin plate specimens were machined from a bulk specimen's gage section that pre-damage test was performed with. Pre-damage based on life fraction rule were 8%, 16% and 25%. No effect of the process of machining pre-damaged specimen on time to rupture was confirmed by verification tests in same test condition as pre-damage test. Stress acceleration creep rupture tests were performed to estimate creep damage assessment. Creep damage assessment by stress acceleration creep rupture tests was sufficiently accurate estimate. Creep damage assessments by Vickers hardness and lath width were compared with the assessment by stress acceleration creep rupture tests to study applicability of these methods.

Journal Articles

Effect of specimen size and oxygen partial pressure on creep characteristics for mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel

Kanayama, Hideyuki; Hiyoshi, Noritake*; Ito, Takamoto*; Ogawa, Fumio*; Wakai, Takashi

Zairyo, 66(2), p.86 - 92, 2017/02

This study presents creep characteristics of Mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel with various sized specimens and environment. Creep tests were performed using three different sizes of specimen and three different type of testing environment. Specimens are a bulk specimen which has 6mm diameter and 30mm gage length, a miniature specimen which has 2mm diameter and 10mm gage length and a thin plate specimen which has 0.76mm thickness, 1.5mm width and 7.62mm gage length. Three different type of testing environment are air, 99.99% Ar gas and vacuum. In the same environmental condition, there was no effect of specimen size on time to rupture. Time to rupture of Mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel in Ar gas was shorter than that in air and vacuum. Oxide thickness is not dominant factor in time to rupture. Fracture mode at specimen surface in Ar gas might be dominant factor in shorter time to rupture. Effect of specimen size and environment on creep strength of Mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel was evaluated on the basis of thinning.

Oral presentation

Development in remaining of creep life assessment method for Mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel using thin plate specimen

Kanayama, Hideyuki; Hiyoshi, Noritake*; Ogawa, Fumio*; Ito, Takamoto*; Wakai, Takashi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Multiaxial creep-fatigue property of Mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel and life evaluation

Okamoto, Masayuki*; Nakayama, Yuta*; Ogawa, Fumio*; Hashidate, Ryuta; Hiyoshi, Noritake*; Wakai, Takashi; Ito, Takamoto*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Multiaxial creep-fatigue failure mechanism of Mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel under non-proportional loading; Effect of strain energy on failure lives

Ogawa, Fumio*; Nakayama, Yuta*; Hiyoshi, Noritake*; Hashidate, Ryuta; Wakai, Takashi; Ito, Takamoto*

no journal, , 

The strain energy-based life evaluation method of Mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel under nonproportional multiaxial creep-fatigue loading is proposed. Inelastic strain energy densities were calculated as the areas inside the hysteresis loops. The effect of mean stress has been experimentally considered and the relationship between inelastic strain energy densities and creep-fatigue lives was investigated. It was found from the investigation of hysteresis loops, the decrease in maximum stress leads to prolonged failure life, while stress relaxation during strain holding causes strength reduction. The correction method of inelastic strain energy density was proposed considering the effect of maximum stress in hysteresis loop and minimum stress during strain holding. Furthermore, this result is investigated by overlooking hysteresis data and the mechanisms governing creep-fatigue lives under nonproportional multiaxial loading have been discussed.

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