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論文

Impact of the Ce$$4f$$ states in the electronic structure of the intermediate-valence superconductor CeIr$$_3$$

藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 雀部 矩正*; 佐藤 芳樹*; 清水 悠晴*; 仲村 愛*; Maruya, A.*; 本間 佳哉*; et al.

Electronic Structure (Internet), 5(4), p.045009_1 - 045009_7, 2023/11

The electronic structure of the $$f$$-based superconductor $$mathrm{CeIr_3}$$ was studied by photoelectron spectroscopy. The energy distribution of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state was revealed by the $$mathrm{Ce}~3d-4f$$ resonant photoelectron spectroscopy. The $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state was mostly distributed in the vicinity of the Fermi energy, suggesting the itinerant character of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state. The contribution of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state to the density of states (DOS) at the Fermi energy was estimated to be nearly half of that of the$$mathrm{Ir}~5d$$ states, implying that the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state has aconsiderable contribution to the DOS at the Fermi energy. The $$mathrm{Ce}~3d$$ core-level and $$mathrm{Ce}~3d$$ X-ray absorption spectra were analyzed based on a single-impurity Anderson model. The number of the $$mathrm{Ce}~4f$$ state in the ground state was estimated to be 0.8-0.9, which is much larger than the values obtained in the previous studies (i.e., 0-0.4).

論文

Magnetic and fermi surface properties of semimetals EuAs$$_3$$ and Eu(As$$_{1-x}$$P$$_x$$)$$_3$$

大貫 惇睦*; 軽部 皓介*; 青木 大*; 仲村 愛*; 本間 佳哉*; 松田 達磨*; 芳賀 芳範; 竹内 徹也*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(11), p.114703_1 - 114703_12, 2023/11

Single crystal samples of a series of semimetallic magnet Eu(As$$_{1-x}$$P$$_x$$)$$_3$$ have successfully grown. By measuring magnetization, Hall resistivity and de Haas-van Alphen oscillations, large anomalous Hall resistivity arising from peculiar magnetic phase diagram was identified.

論文

Superconducting spin reorientation in spin-triplet multiple superconducting phases of UTe$$_2$$

金城 克樹*; 藤林 裕己*; 松村 拓輝*; 堀 文哉*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 9(30), p.2736_1 - 2736_6, 2023/07

Superconducting (SC) state has spin and orbital degrees of freedom, and spin-triplet superconductivity shows multiple SC phases because of the presence of these degrees of freedom. However, the observation of spin-direction rotation occurring inside the SC state (SC spin rotation) has hardly been reported. Uranium ditelluride, a recently found topological superconductor, exhibits various SC phases under pressure: SC state at ambient pressure (SC1), high-temperature SC state above 0.5 gigapascal (SC2), and low-temperature SC state above 0.5 gigapascal (SC3). We performed nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and ac susceptibility measurements on a single-crystal uranium ditelluride. The b axis spin susceptibility remains unchanged in SC2, unlike in SC1, and decreases below the SC2-SC3 transition with spin modulation. These unique properties in SC3 arise from the coexistence of two SC order parameters. Our NMR results confirm spin-triplet superconductivity with SC spin parallel to b axis in SC2 and unveil the remaining of spin degrees of freedom in SC uranium ditelluride.

論文

Low-temperature magnetic fluctuations investigated by $$^{125}$$Te-NMR on the uranium-based superconductor UTe$$_2$$

藤林 裕己*; 金城 克樹*; 仲嶺 元輝*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(5), p.053702_1 - 053702_5, 2023/05

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

To investigate the static and dynamic magnetic properties on the uranium-based superconductor UTe$$_2$$, we measured the NMR Knight shift $$K$$ and the nuclear spin lattice relaxation rate 1/$$T_1$$ in $$H//a$$ by $$^{125}$$Te-NMR on a $$^{125}$$Te-enriched single-crystal sample. 1/$$T_1$$$$T$$ in $$H//a$$ is much smaller than 1/$$T_1$$$$T$$ in $$H //b$$ and c, and magnetic fluctuations along each axis are derived from the 1/$$T_1$$$$T$$ measured in $$H$$ parallel to all three crystalline axes. The magnetic fluctuations are almost identical at two Te sites and isotropic at high temperatures, but become anisotropic below 40 K, where heavy-fermion state is formed.

論文

Large reduction in the $$a$$-axis knight shift on UTe$$_2$$ with $$T_c$$ = 2.1 K

松村 拓輝*; 藤林 裕己*; 金城 克樹*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(6), p.063701_1 - 063701_5, 2023/05

Spin susceptibility in the superconducting (SC) state was measured in the higher-quality sample of uranium-based superconductor UTe$$_2$$ by using Knight-shift measurements for a magnetic field $$H$$ along all three crystalline axes. In the higher-quality sample, the SC transition temperature $$T_c$$ is about 2.1 K, and the residual electronic term in the specific heat is almost zero. The NMR linewidth becomes narrower and is almost half of that in the previous sample with $$T_csim$$1.6 K when $$H//a$$ and $$c$$. Although the Knight-shift behavior was not so different from the previous results for $$H//b$$, and $$c$$, a large reduction in Knight shift along the $$a$$ axis was observed, in contrast with the previous $$a$$-axis Knight shift result. We discuss the origin of the difference between the previous and present results, and the possible SC state derived from the present results.

論文

Change of superconducting character in UTe$$_{2}$$ induced by magnetic field

金城 克樹*; 藤林 裕己*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; 本間 佳哉*; et al.

Physical Review B, 107(6), p.L060502_1 - L060502_5, 2023/02

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:94.06(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

UTe$$_2$$ is a recently discovered spin-triplet superconductor. One of the characteristic features of UTe$$_2$$ is a magnetic field ($$H$$)-boosted superconductivity above 16 T when H is applied exactly parallel to the $$b$$ axis. To date, this superconducting (SC) state has not been thoroughly investigated, and the SC properties as well as the spin state of this high-$$H$$ SC (HHSC) phase are not well understood. In this letter, we performed AC magnetic susceptibility and nuclear magnetic resonance measurements and found that, up to 24.8 T, the HHSC state has bulk nature and is quite sensitive to the $$H$$ angle and that its SC character is different from that in the low-$$H$$ SC (LHSC) state. The dominant spin component of the spin-triplet pair is along the $$a$$ axis in the LHSC state but is changed in the HHSC state along the $$b$$ axis. Our results indicate that $$H$$-induced multiple SC states originate from the remaining spin degrees of freedom.

論文

First observation of the de Haas-van Alphen effect and Fermi surfaces in the unconventional superconductor UTe$$_2$$

青木 大*; 酒井 宏典; Opletal, P.; 常盤 欣文; 石塚 淳*; 柳瀬 陽一*; 播磨 尚朝*; 仲村 愛*; Li, D.*; 本間 佳哉*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(8), p.083704_1 - 083704_5, 2022/08

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:96.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

de Haas-van Alphen oscillation was successfully observed in an unconventional superconductor UTe$$_2$$ using high-quality single crystals. From this observation, Fermi surfaces of this compound were determined to be cylinders elongated along the c-direction, in consistent with theoretical expectation. However, the extremely large cyclotron effective masses ranging 32 to 57 m$$_0$$, in consistent with the electronic specific heat, far exceed calculated values.

論文

Drastic change in magnetic anisotropy of UTe$$_2$$ under pressure revealed by $$^{125}$$Te-NMR

金城 克樹*; 藤林 裕己*; 仲嶺 元輝*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; et al.

Physical Review B, 105(14), p.L140502_1 - L140502_5, 2022/04

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:72.4(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To investigate the normal-state magnetic properties of UTe$$_2$$ under pressure, we perform $$^{125}$$Te nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements up to 2 GPa. Below 1.2 GPa, the b-axis NMR Knight shift shows a broad maximum at the so-called $$T_{chi, max}$$ on cooling, which is consistent with the magnetization measurement under pressure. $$T_{chi, max}$$ decreases with increasing pressure and disappears at the critical pressure $$P_c$$= 1.7 GPa, above which superconductivity is destroyed.

論文

Slow electronic dynamics in the paramagnetic state of UTe$$_2$$

徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 芳賀 芳範; 常盤 欣文; Opletal, P.; 藤林 裕己*; 金城 克樹*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(2), p.023707_1 - 023707_5, 2022/02

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:93.25(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

ウラン系の強磁性超伝導体で議論されてきた、「強磁性ゆらぎによるスピン三重項超伝導対の形成」および「強磁性ゆらぎを介した磁場による対形成引力の制御」というコンセプトがUTe$$_2$$においても成り立つことを期待させる。しかしその一方、$$_2$$では静的な強磁性秩序は存在せず、低温の磁気状態がこれまでのウラン系強磁性超伝導体にどこまで近いのかという点については疑問を持たれていた。実際、最近の中性子散乱実験では、比較的高温側から反強磁性に近いq=0.57という波数を持った磁気ゆらぎの発達が示されている。本研究では$$^{125}$$Te-NMR実験により低温で非常に遅いゆっくりとした揺らぎが発達する様子を捉えることに成功した。このことはこの系の低温における強い相関の発達を示唆している。

論文

Observation of longitudinal magnetic fluctuations at a first-order ferromagnetic quantum phase transition in UGe$$_2$$

野間 雄一郎*; 小手川 恒*; 久保 徹郎*; 藤 秀樹*; 播磨 尚朝*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*; 伊藤 公平*; 仲村 愛*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(7), p.073707_1 - 073707_5, 2021/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Ferromagnetic fluctuation relevant to the pressure-induced superconductivity in UGe$$_2$$ is investigated by means of NMR spectroscopy. Longitudinal magnetic fluctuations were observed in the spin-echo decay rate near the ferromagnetic critical point where superconductivity takes place. This result strongly suggests that superconductivity in ferromagnets is universally mediated by anisotropic magnetic fluctuations.

論文

Critical slowing-down and field-dependent paramagnetic fluctuations in the skyrmion host EuPtSi; $$mu$$SR and NMR studies

比嘉 野乃花*; 伊藤 孝; 與儀 護*; 服部 泰佑; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; Guguchia, Z.*; 髭本 亘; 中島 美帆*; 本間 佳哉*; et al.

Physical Review B, 104(4), p.045145_1 - 045145_7, 2021/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report the results of $$mu$$SR and $$^{29}$$Si NMR measurements carried out on the cubic chiral magnet EuPtSi. Our zero-field $$mu$$SR experiments revealed the development of critical slowing down of Eu spin fluctuations over a relatively wide critical region above $$T_N$$. We also found from $$^{29}$$Si NMR that the spin fluctuations are strongly suppressed by magnetic field in the paramagnetic state above 20K. These characteristic spin dynamics observed over a wide region of temperature and magnetic field suggest the presence of magnetic frustration in the spin system. Such frustration would underlie the mechanism stabilizing the short-period skyrmion lattice observed in this compound.

論文

Inhomogeneous superconducting state probed by $$^{125}$$Te NMR on UTe$$_2$$

仲嶺 元輝*; 金城 克樹*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; 本間 佳哉*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(6), p.064709_1 - 064709_7, 2021/06

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:86.92(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

UTe$$_2$$ is a recently discovered promising candidate for a spin-triplet superconductor. In contrast to conventional spin-singlet superconductivity, spin-triplet superconductivity possesses spin and angular momentum degrees of freedom. We previously reported that the shoulder signal appears in NMR spectra below the superconducting (SC) transition temperature $$T_c$$ in $$H//b$$, and a slight decrease in the Knight shift along the $$b$$ and $$c$$ axes ($$K_{rm b}$$ and $$K_{rm c}$$, respectively) below $$T_c$$ at a low magnetic field $$H$$. Although the decrease in $$K_{rm c}$$ vanished above 5.5 T, the decrease in $$K_{rm b}$$ was independent of $$H$$ up to 6.5 T. To clarify the origin of the shoulder signal and the trace of the decrease in $$K_{rm b}$$, we compared the $$^{125}$$Te-NMR spectra obtained when $$H//b$$ and $$H//c$$ and measured the $$^{125}$$Te-NMR spectra for $$H//b$$ up to 14.5 T.

論文

Anisotropic response of spin susceptibility in the superconducting state of UTe$$_2$$ probed with $$^{125}$$Te-NMR measurement

仲嶺 元輝*; 金城 克樹*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; 本間 佳哉*; et al.

Physical Review B, 103(10), p.L100503_1 - L100503_5, 2021/03

 被引用回数:27 パーセンタイル:93.57(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To investigate spin susceptibility in a superconducting (SC) state, we measured the $$^{125}$$Te-NMR Knight shifts at magnetic fields ($$H$$) up to 6.5 T along the $$b$$ and $$c$$ axes of single-crystal UTe$$_2$$, a promising candidate for a spin-triplet superconductor. In the SC state, the Knight shifts along the $$b$$ and $$c$$ axes ($$K_{rm b}$$ and $$K_{rm c}$$, respectively) decreased slightly, and the decrease in $$K_{rm b}$$ was almost constant up to 6.5 T. The reduction in $$K_{rm c}$$ decreased with increasing $$H$$, and $$K_{rm c}$$ was unchanged through the SC transition temperature at 5.5 T, excluding the possibility of spin-singlet pairing. Our results indicate that spin susceptibilities along the $$b$$ and $$c$$ axes slightly decrease in the SC state in low $$H$$, and the $$H$$ response of SC spin susceptibility is anisotropic on the $$bc$$ plane.

論文

Single-crystal growth and magnetic phase diagram of the enantiopure crystal of NdPt$$_2$$B

佐藤 芳樹*; 本多 史憲*; Maurya, A.*; 清水 悠晴*; 仲村 愛*; 本間 佳哉*; Li, D.*; 芳賀 芳範; 青木 大*

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 5(3), p.034411_1 - 034411_9, 2021/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:7.09(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Single-crystal growth and magnetic properties of NdPt$$_2$$B are reported on a enantiopure crystal. We observed multiple phase transitions at 9.5 and 11 K under zero magnetic field. Nontrivial magnetic phase diagram demonstrates the competitive interactions in this system.

論文

Core-level photoelectron spectroscopy study of UTe$$_{2}$$

藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 本間 佳哉*; 青木 大*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(1), p.015002_1 - 015002_2, 2021/01

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:81.27(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The valence state of $$mathrm{UTe}_2$$ was studied by core-level photoelectron spectroscopy. The main peak position of the $$mathrm{U}~4f$$ core-level spectrum of $$mathrm{UTe}_2$$ coincides with that of $$mathrm{UB}_2$$, which is anitinerant compound with a nearly $$5f^3$$ configuration. However, the main peak of $$mathrm{UTe}_2$$ is broader than that of$$mathrm{UB}_2$$, and satellite structures are observed in the higher binding energy side of the main peak, which are characteristics of mixed-valence uranium compounds. These results suggest that the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ state in $$mathrm{UTe}_2$$ isin a mixed valence state with a dominant contribution from the itinerant$$5f^3$$ configuration.

論文

Strong magnetic anisotropy and unusual magnetic field reinforced phase in URhSn with a quasi-kagome structure

清水 悠晴*; 三宅 厚志*; Maurya, A.*; 本多 史憲*; 仲村 愛*; 佐藤 芳樹*; Li, D.*; 本間 佳哉*; 横山 淳*; 徳永 陽; et al.

Physical Review B, 102(13), p.134411_1 - 134411_11, 2020/10

The physical properties of URhSn with quasi-kagome structure are studied using single-crystalline samples via electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, thermal expansion, and high-field magnetization measurements. We found remarkable magnetic anisotropy in the ferromagnetic state below 16 K as well as in the ordered state between 16 K and 54 K.

論文

Multi-step magnetic transitions in EuNiIn$$_4$$

池田 修悟*; 金子 耕士; 田中 佑季*; 川崎 卓郎; 花島 隆泰*; 宗像 孝司*; 中尾 朗子*; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 大原 高志; 望月 健生*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(1), p.014707_1 - 014707_7, 2020/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Magnetism in EuNiIn$$_4$$ has been studied by specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, $$^{151}$$Eu M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy, and neutron diffraction experiments. The specific heat shows two magnetic transitions at $$T_{rm N1}$$ and $$T_{rm N2}$$ at zero magnetic field. An antiferromagnetic ground state of EuNiIn$$_4$$ has a uniaxial magnetic anisotropy along the b-axis, revealed by the magnetic susceptibility and the M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy. Single crystal neutron diffraction experiments clarify that this antiferromagnetic structure in the ground state is characterized by the commensurate propagation vector $$q$$ = (1/2, 1/2, 1/2) which reveals no distinct anomaly at $$T_{rm N2}$$. The magnetization curve along the b-axis at 2 K shows four successive magnetic field-induced transitions up to 50 kOe and, reaches 7 $${mu}_{rm B}$$/f.u. above 190 kOe, The magnetic phase diagram in EuNiIn$$_4$$ has unique characteristics with five magnetic states in low magnetic field.

論文

Superconducting properties of heavy fermion UTe$$_2$$ revealed by $$^{125}$$Te-nuclear magnetic resonance

仲嶺 元輝*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; 徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; 本間 佳哉*; Li, D.*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(11), p.113703_1 - 113703_4, 2019/11

 被引用回数:57 パーセンタイル:95.27(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have performed the $$^{125}$$Te-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurement in the field along the $$b$$ axis on the newly discovered superconductor UTe$$_2$$, which is a candidate of a spin-triplet superconductor. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate divided by temperature 1/$$T_{1}T$$ abruptly decreases below a superconducting (SC) transition temperature $$T_{rm c}$$ without showing a coherence peak, indicative of UTe$$_2$$ being an unconventional superconductor. It was found that the temperature dependence of 1/$$T_{1}T$$ in the SC state cannot be understood by a single SC gap behavior but can be explained by a two SC gap model. The Knight shift, proportional to the spin susceptibility, decreases below $$T_{rm c}$$, but the magnitude of the decrease is much smaller than the decrease expected in the spin-singlet pairing. Rather, the small Knight-shift decrease as well as the absence of the Pauli-depairing effect can be interpreted by the spin triplet scenario.

論文

Electronic structure of UTe$$_2$$ studied by photoelectron spectroscopy

藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 本間 佳哉*; 青木 大*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(10), p.103701_1 - 103701_5, 2019/10

 被引用回数:24 パーセンタイル:84.54(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structure of the unconventional superconductor $$mathrm{UTe_2}$$ was studied by resonant photoelectron spectroscopy (RPES) and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) with soft X-ray synchrotron radiation. The partial $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ density of states of $$mathrm{UTe_2}$$ were imaged by the $$mathrm{U}~4d$$ - $$5f$$ RPES and it was found that the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ state has an itinerant character, but there exists an incoherent peak due to the strong electron correlation effects. Furthermore, an anomalous admixture of the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ states into the $$mathrm{Te}~5p$$ bands was observed at a higher binding energy, which cannot be explained by band structure calculations. On the other hand, the band structure of $$mathrm{UTe_2}$$ was obtained by ARPES and its overall band structure were mostly explained by band structure calculations. These results suggest that the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ states of $$mathrm{UTe_2}$$ have itinerant but strongly-correlated nature with enhanced hybridization with the $$mathrm{Te}~5p$$ states.

論文

Magnetic fluctuation and first-order transition in trillium lattice of EuPtSi observed by $$^{151}$$Eu M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy

本間 佳哉*; 垣花 将司*; 徳永 陽; 與儀 護*; 中島 美帆*; 仲村 愛*; 清水 悠晴*; Li, D.*; Maurya, A.*; 佐藤 芳樹*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(9), p.094702_1 - 094702_8, 2019/08

We report the results of $$^{151}$$Eu M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy on EuPtSi with a chiral structure belonging to the P2$$_{1}$$3 space group at zero magnetic field. The paramagnetic single absorption forms a magnetic splitting profile directly below 4.0 K and the spectrum at 3.9 K consists of the sum of the paramagnetic single absorption and the magnetic splitting absorption, which indicates a first-order transition at 4.0 K. The temperature dependence of the effective hyperfine fields at the Eu nucleus follows a power law indicates a full moment of Eu$$^{2+}$$ ions.

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