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Journal Articles

Development of fission product chemistry database ECUME for the LWR severe accident

Miwa, Shuhei; Miyahara, Naoya; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Nishioka, Shunichiro; Suzuki, Eriko; Horiguchi, Naoki; Liu, J.; Miradji, F.; Imoto, Jumpei; Mohamad, B. A.; et al.

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05

We constructed the first version of fission product (FP) chemistry database named ECUME for LWR severe accident. The first version of ECUME is equipped with dataset of the chemical reactions and their kinetics constants for the reactions of cesium(Cs)-iodine(I)-boron(B)-molybdenum(Mo)-oxygen(O)-hydrogen(H) system in gas phase, the elemental model for the high temperature chemical reaction of Cs with stainless steel, and thermodynamic data for CsBO$$_{2}$$ vapor species and solids of Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$ and CsFeSiO$$_{4}$$. The ECUME will provide more accurate estimation of Cs distribution due to the evaluation of effects of interaction with BWR control material B and stainless steel on Cs behavior in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station.

Journal Articles

Development of evaluation method for aerosol particle deposition in a reactor building based on CFD

Horiguchi, Naoki; Miyahara, Naoya; Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Osaka, Masahiko

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05

For source term evaluation from reactor buildings (RBs) in LWR severe accidents, we have launched to develop an evaluation method of FP aerosol particle deposition onto surfaces of internal structures in an RB based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This paper describes development of a CFD simulation tool as the base part of the evaluation method. A preliminary simulation for a representative RB under a representative flow condition was conducted to confirm the tool performance by roughly grasping the deposition behaviors of FP aerosol particle and decontamination factor (DF) in the RB. Calculation results showed that most of aerosol particles were deposited along with gas flow formed by the internal structures in the RB, demonstrating the advantageous feature of the present CFD tool. The DFs from 4 to 14 were obtained with increase of the particle diameters from 0.1 to 10 $$mu$$m as expected in terms of the particle movement equation.

Journal Articles

Observation of aerosol particle behavior near gas-liquid interface

Uesawa, Shinichiro; Miyahara, Naoya; Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Osaka, Masahiko

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2019/05

Journal Articles

Visualized measurement of extremely high-speed droplets in Venturi scrubber

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Abe, Yutaka*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(3), p.278 - 290, 2019/03

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Venturi scrubber (VS) has been installed in NPPs as one of the components of filtered venting systems. It can eliminate fine aerosol particles including fission products from polluted gas. Under extremely high-velocity conditions during severe accident, the data related to the droplet in the VS, which affects decontamination performance, is insufficient. This objective is to obtain the diameter of the extremely high-speed droplets and clarify an applicability of the existing correlations for the diameter. To visualize the extremely high-velocity droplet, an optical system with high frame rate and high resolution was developed. Visualization experiment using the VS under air-water condition was conducted, and droplet diameter distributions and Sauter mean diameter (SMD) were obtained. By comparing experimental data with values evaluated by existing correlations, it was clarified that the Nukiyama-Tanasawa equation can evaluate the SMD with good accuracy in the gas velocity range 82-250 m/s.

Journal Articles

Chemical reaction kinetics dataset of Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H system for evaluation of fission product chemistry under LWR severe accident conditions

Miyahara, Naoya; Miwa, Shuhei; Horiguchi, Naoki; Sato, Isamu*; Osaka, Masahiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(2), p.228 - 240, 2019/02

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to improve LWR source term under severe accident conditions, the first version of a fission product (FP) chemistry database named "ECUME" was developed. The ECUME is intended to include major chemical reactions and their effective kinetic constants for representative SA sequences. It is expected that the ECUME can serve as a fundamental basis from which FP chemical models in the SA analysis codes can be elaborated. The implemented chemical reactions in the first version were those for representative gas species in Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H system. The chemical reaction kinetic constants were evaluated from either literature data or calculated values using ab-initio calculations. The sample chemical reaction calculation using the presently constructed dataset showed meaningful kinetics effects at 1000 K. Comparison of the chemical equilibrium compositions by using the dataset with those by chemical equilibrium calculations has shown rather good consistency for the representative Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H species. From these results, it was concluded that the present dataset should be useful to evaluate FP chemistry in Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H system under LWA SA conditions.

Journal Articles

Development of numerical simulation method for small particles behavior in two-phase flow by combining interface and Lagrangian particle tracking methods

Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Uesawa, Shinichiro; Horiguchi, Naoki; Miyahara, Naoya; Ose, Yasuo*

Proceedings of 11th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-11) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Development of numerical simulation method for capturing behavior of aerosol particles on gas-liquid interface based on interface tracking method

Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Uesawa, Shinichiro; Horiguchi, Naoki; Miyahara, Naoya; Ose, Yasuo*

Dai-23-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 5 Pages, 2018/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Observation of capturing behavior of aerosol particles on gas-liquid interface

Uesawa, Shinichiro; Horiguchi, Naoki; Miyahara, Naoya; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Dai-23-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 5 Pages, 2018/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on water-vapor two-phase flow behavior in venturi tube

Uesawa, Shinichiro; Horiguchi, Naoki; Shibata, Mitsuhiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 84(859), p.17-00392_1 - 17-00392_10, 2018/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on water-vapor two-phase flow behavior in venturi tube

Uesawa, Shinichiro; Horiguchi, Naoki; Shibata, Mitsuhiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Dai-22-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2017/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Prediction and evaluation of decontamination performance of venturi scrubber in actual environments

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Uesawa, Shinichiro; Abe, Yutaka*

Dai-22-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 4 Pages, 2017/06

Venturi scrubber is installed in nuclear power plant as a component of filtered venting system and used to remove small aerosols with fission products. There is, however, no method to estimate its decontamination performance in the assumed operating pressure range. In this study, we establish a method to estimate the decontamination performance based on mechanistic thermal hydrodynamic simulation code and report simulated results of the thermal hydrodynamics and decontamination performance in the pressure range in the pressure range in actual environments. With decrease in inlet pressure of the Venturi scrubber, gas flow velocity at the throat of it is suppressed, liquid flow velocity in a hole of it by self-priming changes and the decontamination factor changes were obtained. Also, with larger the aerosol diameter, the decontamination factor become larger was obtained.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of two-phase flow behavior in Venturi scrubber by interface tracking method

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Abe, Yutaka*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 310, p.580 - 586, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:42.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Development of evaluation method for hydraulic behavior in venturi scrubber for filtered venting

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Nakao, Yasuhiro*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Abe, Yutaka*

Proceedings of 10th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 7 Pages, 2016/11

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of self-priming phenomena in venturi scrubber by two-phase flow simulation code TPFIT

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kanagawa, Tetsuya*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Abe, Yutaka*

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2015/05

From the viewpoint of protecting containment and suppressing diffusion of the radioactive materials at severe accidents of nuclear power plant, it is important to install filtered venting devices to permit release of high pressure pollutant gas to the atmosphere by eliminating radioactive materials in the gas. A Multi Venturi Scrubber System (MVSS) is one of the devices for the filtered venting, and is used to realize filtered venting without any power supply. The MVSS is composed of a "Venturi Scrubbers" part and a "bubble column" part. In the Venturi Scrubbers part of the MVSS, there are hundreds of the Venturi scrubbers (VS). In an operation mode of the MVSS, the radioactive materials are eliminated through the gas-liquid interface from the pollutant gas to the liquid phase of a dispersed flow in the VS and a bubbly flow in the bubble column part. In the VS, the dispersed flow is formed from the liquid, which is suctioned through the hole for suction (called self-priming). In previous studies, an evaluation method to evaluate the liquid flow rate by the self-priming was developed. However, to develop evaluation methods of performance of the VSs, the two-phase flow behavior must be investigated, including droplet size and velocity difference of liquid and gas phases. Two-phase flow behavior in the VS is complicated, and it is difficult to estimate two-phase flow behavior of the VS by only experimental procedures. In this study, to investigate the hydraulic behavior of the VS, we tried to apply a detailed numerical simulation method of two-phase flow to the numerical simulation of the VS. In the simulation, TPFIT developed in JAEA was used as the detailed numerical simulation method. In this paper, we performed the numerical simulation air-water two-phase flow in the of the lab scale VS by the TPFIT, and numerical results were compared with experimental results.

Journal Articles

Development of evaluation method of liquid flow rate by self-priming phenomena in venturi scrubber

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kanagawa, Tetsuya*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Abe, Yutaka*

Proceedings of 9th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-9) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2014/11

Journal Articles

Relationship between self-priming and hydraulic behavior in venturi scrubber

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kaneko, Akiko*; Abe, Yutaka*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 1(4), p.TEP0026_1 - TEP0026_11, 2014/08

Journal Articles

Relationship between flow pattern and pressure distribution in venturi scrubber

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kaneko, Akiko*; Abe, Yutaka*

Proceedings of 22nd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-22) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2014/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Influence of gas-liquid flow rate on flow structure in a venturi scrubber

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Uesawa, Shinichiro*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Abe, Yutaka*

Nippon Kikai Gakkai 2013-Nendo Nenji Taikai Koen Rombunshu (DVD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2013/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Research and development of self-priming venturi scrubber for filter venting; Preliminary analysis and observation of hydraulic behavior in venturi scrubber

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Uesawa, Shinichiro*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Abe, Yutaka*

Proceedings of 21st International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-21) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2013/07

Oral presentation

Numerical analysis of hydraulic behavior in venturi scrubber by TPFIT

Horiguchi, Naoki*; Abe, Yutaka*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kaneko, Akiko*; Uesawa, Shinichiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

47 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)