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Journal Articles

Visualizing cation vacancies in Ce:Gd$$_{3}$$Al$$_{2}$$Ga$$_{3}$$O$$_{12}$$ scintillators by gamma-ray-induced positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy

Fujimori, Kosuke*; Kitaura, Mamoru*; Taira, Yoshitaka*; Fujimoto, Masaki*; Zen, H.*; Watanabe, Shinta*; Kamada, Kei*; Okano, Yasuaki*; Kato, Masahiro*; Hosaka, Masahito*; et al.

Applied Physics Express, 13(8), p.085505_1 - 085505_4, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Applied)

To clarify the existence of cation vacancies in Ce-doped Gd$$_{3}$$Al$$_{2}$$Ga$$_{3}$$O$$_{12}$$ (Ce:GAGG) scintillators, we performed gamma-ray-induced positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (GiPALS). GiPAL spectra of GAGG and Ce:GAGG comprised two exponential decay components, which were assigned to positron annihilation at bulk and defect states. By an analogy with Ce:Y$$_{3}$$Al$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$, the defect-related component was attributed to Al/Ga-O divacancy complexes. This component was weaker for Ce, Mg:GAGG, which correlated with the suppression of shallow electron traps responsible for phosphorescence. Oxygen vacancies were charge compensators for Al/Ga vacancies. The lifetime of the defect-related component was significantly changed by Mg co-doping. This was understood by considering aggregates of Mg$$^{2+}$$ ions at Al/Ga sites with oxygen vacancies, which resulted in the formation of vacancy clusters.

Oral presentation

Experimental evidences of light's orbital angular momentum carried by helical undulator harmonics

Sasaki, Shigemi*; Miyamoto, Atsushi*; Hosaka, Masahito*; Yamamoto, Naoto*; Kyo, Ayataro*; Kato, Masahiro*; Imazono, Takashi; Koike, Masato

no journal, , 

The phenomenon of higher harmonic radiation from a helical undulator carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) attracts a great deal of attention because this novel property may be used as a new probe for synchrotron radiation science that would be performed in diffraction limited light source facilities. Although a diffraction limited VUV and X-ray sources do not yet exist, the 750 MeV UVSOR-III is already a diffraction limited light source in the UV region. In this ring, a tandem-aligned double-APPLE undulator system is installed. Using this set-up, we observed spiral interference patterns between two different harmonic radiations with a scanning fiber multi-channel spectrometer and a CCD camera placed at the end of BL1U beamline. By these measurements, various interference patterns such as single, double, and triple spirals were observed which concur with the theoretical prediction for every mode in the right or left circular polarization.

Oral presentation

Development of gamma-ray induced positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy

Taira, Yoshitaka*; Fujimoto, Masaki*; Fujimori, Kosuke*; Kitaura, Mamoru*; Zen, H.*; Okano, Yasuaki*; Hosaka, Masahito*; Yamazaki, Junichiro*; Kato, Masahiro*; Hirade, Tetsuya; et al.

no journal, , 

For general positron sources, radioisotopes such as $$^{22}$$Na are often used. However, there is a problem that positrons cannot probe the deep region of metal materials with a thickness of 1 mm or more. Gamma-ray induced positron annihilation lifetime measurement (GiPALS) is a method for generating positrons in bulk samples with a thickness of several centimeters and samples placed in vessels such as high temperature and/or pressure furnaces. The annihilation lifetime of positrons is about 200 ps for metal materials, so it is important to use gamma rays with a shorter pulse width for GiPALS in order to accurately measure the positron lifetime. We have succeeded in the proof-of-principle experiment for GiPALS of ultra-short pulse gamma rays with a pulse width of 2 ps, which was originally developed using 90$$^{circ}$$ collision laser Compton scattering at UVSOR.

Oral presentation

Development of gamma-ray induced positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy at UVSOR

Taira, Yoshitaka*; Fujimoto, Masaki*; Fujimori, Kosuke*; Kitaura, Mamoru*; Zen, H.*; Okano, Yasuaki*; Hosaka, Masahito*; Yamazaki, Junichiro*; Kato, Masahiro*; Hirade, Tetsuya; et al.

no journal, , 

For general positron sources, radioisotopes such as $$^{22}$$Na are often used. However, there is a problem that positrons cannot probe the deep region of metal materials with a thickness of 1 mm or more. Gamma-ray induced positron annihilation lifetime measurement (GiPALS) is a method for generating positrons in bulk samples with a thickness of several centimeters and samples placed in vessels such as high temperature and/or pressure furnaces. The annihilation lifetime of positrons is about 200 ps for metal materials, so it is important to use gamma rays with a shorter pulse width for GiPALS in order to accurately measure the positron lifetime. We have succeeded in the proof-of-principle experiment for GiPALS of ultra-short pulse gamma rays with a pulse width of 2 ps, which was originally developed using 90$$^{circ}$$ collision laser Compton scattering at UVSOR.

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