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Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

Journal Articles

Novel thienyl-dibenzothiophene oligomers end-capped by hexylphenyl groups as potential organic semiconductor materials

Duan, Z.*; Yang, Z.*; Hoshino, Daiki*; Hirao, Toshio; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Ouchi, Hirokuni*; Yanagi, Yuichiro*; Nishioka, Yasushiro*

Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, 567(1), p.28 - 33, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:35.19(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

$$pi$$-Conjugated polymers and oligomers are of interest for applications to organic light emitting diodes, solar cells, and organic field effect transistors because of their unique photo-electronic properties. Thienyl-dibenzothiophene oligomers end-capped by hexylphenyl groups, 2,8-bis[5-(4-n-hexylphenyl)-2-thienyl]dibenzothiophene and 3,7-bis[5-(4-nhexylphenyl)-2-thienyl]dibenzothiophene, were synthesized by Stille cross-coupling reactions. The photo-physical and electrochemical properties of the synthesized oligomers were investigated by Ultraviolet-visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy, cyclic voltammogram, and thermal analyses, and showed appropriate energy band gaps and low HOMO energy levels. The synthesized oligomers are promising candidate materials for durable organic electronic devices.

JAEA Reports

Investigation of small scale sphere-pac fuel fabrication plant with external gelation process

Maekawa, Kazuhiko*; Yoshimura, Tadahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Hoshino, Yasushi*; Munekata, Hideki*; Shimizu, Makoto*

JNC TJ9420 2005-004, 284 Pages, 2005/02

JNC-TJ9420-2005-004.pdf:11.56MB

In feasibility studies on commercialized FBR cycle system, comprehensive system investigation and properties evaluation for candidate FBR cycle systems have been implemented through view point of safety, economics, environmental burden reduction, non-proliferation resistivity, etc. As part of these studies, an investigation of small scale sphere-pac fuel fabrication plant with external gelation process was conducted. Until last fiscal year, equipment layout in cells and overall layout design of the 200t-HM/y scale fuel fabrication plant were conducted as well as schematical design studies on main equipments in gelation and reagent recovery processes of the plant. System property data concerning economics and environmental burden reduction of fuel fabrication plant was also acquired. In this fiscal year, the processes from vibropacking to fuel assemblies storage were added to the investigation range, and a conceptual design of whole fuel fabrication plant was studied as well as deepening the design study on main equipments. The conceptual design study was mainly conducted for small 50t-HM/y scale plant and a revising investigation was done for 200t-HM/y scale Plant. Taking the planed comparative evaluation with pellet fuel fabrication system into account, design of equipments which should be equivalent with pellet system, especially in post-vibropacking processes, were standardized in each system. Based on these design studies, system properties data concerning economics and environmental burden reduction of the plant was also acquired. In comparison with existing design, the cell height was lowered on condition that plug type pneumatic system was adopted and fuel fabrication building was downsized by applying rationalized layout design of pellet system to post-vibropacking processes. Reduction of reagent usage at gelation process and rationalization of sintering and O/M controlling processes etc., are foremost tasks.

JAEA Reports

Investigation into rationalization of low DF pellet fuel fabrication plant configuration Additional Vol. - Study on characteristics evaluation of low DF fuel fabrication systems -

Maekawa, Kazuhiko*; Yoshimura, Tadahiro*; Hoshino, Yasushi*; Munekata, Hideki*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*

JNC TJ9420 2005-003, 280 Pages, 2005/02

JNC-TJ9420-2005-003.pdf:4.73MB

In feasibility studies on commercialized FBR cycle system, a comprehensive system investigation and properties evaluation for candidate FBR cycle systems has been implemented through view point of safety, economics, environmental burden reduction, non-proliferation resistively, etc. As part of these studies, an investigation into rationalization of low decontamination pellet fuel fabrication plant configuration, and a study on characteristics evaluation techniques which focused on plant operating rate and waste generation was conducted. Until last fiscal year, a characteristics evaluation simulator which calculates plant operating rate and waste generation by input failure frequency data and periodic replacement data of every equipment or component was developed, and characteristics comparison between multiple fuel fabrication systems was done by applying it. Character of each fuel fabrication system, concerning system stability represented by waste generation, was shown and challenges in characteristics evaluation were made clear. In this fiscal year, programs of the simulator were modified to reflect plant designs correctly by describing campaign operation and batch treatment in the plant in order to make more quantitative calculation possible. On the other hand, in response to the challenges in the characteristics evaluation of last fiscal year, the system properties data based on a certain standard were acquired in conceptual design study and database were created with view of inter-system comparison. As the results of comparison between pellet system and sphere-pac system using simulator, it was suggested that system stability of pellet system is higher than sphere-pac system, and pellet system is also better in environmental burden reduction, because waste generation of sphere-pac system is apparently larger than pellet system.

JAEA Reports

Investigation into rationalization of low decontamination pellet fuel fabrication planat configuration

Maekawa, Kazuhiko*; Yoshimura, Tadahiro*; Hoshino, Yasushi*; Munekata, Hideki*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*

JNC TJ9420 2005-002, 221 Pages, 2005/02

JNC-TJ9420-2005-002.pdf:7.16MB

In feasibility studies on commercialized FBR cyde system, a comprehensive system investigation and properties evaluation for candidate FBR cycle systems has been implemented through view point of safety, economics, environmental burden reduction, non-proliferation resistivity, etc. As part of these studies, an investigation into rationalization of low decontamination pellet fuel fabrication plant configuration was carried out Until last fiscal year, conceptual design studies of the fuel fabrication plant in 200t-HM/y scale were conducted, and system properties data concerning economics and environmental burden reduction of fuel fabrication plant was acquired. In addition to this, 50t-HM/y scale plant was also schematically studied. In this fiscal year, a rationalization study on conceptual design of 50t-HM/y scale plant was conducted with main aim of economic improvement, and the 200t-HM/y scale plant design was revised based on the recent R&D progress. The system properties data concerning economics and environmental burden reduction of fuel fabrication plant was also acquired. In both case of the 50t-HM/y and 200t-HM/y scale plant, it was suggested that the equipment costs were reduced in several percentages because of reduction of maintenance equipments and cut in line number at the pellet fabrication process although granulation process for denitration converted powder and O/M control process for pellets were added. System properties data for comparative evaluation of candidate fuel fabrication systems was also prepared.

JAEA Reports

Study on characteristics evaluation techniques of low DF fuel fabrication systems (3)

Tanimoto, Ryoji*; Yoshimura, Tadahiro*; Hoshino, Yasushi*; Munekata, Hideki*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*

JNC TJ9420 2004-003, 212 Pages, 2004/02

JNC-TJ9420-2004-003.pdf:117.29MB

Comparative evaluation of system characteristics such as system safety, economics, environmental burden reduction, etc. concerning candidate fuel fabrication systems are carrying out in the feasibility study on commercialized FBR cycle systems. In its phase II study, a study on characteristics evaluation techniques which focused attention on operating rate of the plant and waste generation started. In last fiscal year, the relationship between operating rate of the plant and waste generation amount was investigated in consideration of failure frequency and periodic replacement of equipments, and perspectives of characteristics comparison between multiple fuel fabrication systems were made clear. In this fiscal year, system characteristics evaluation of each low DF fuel fabrication system was conducted and characteristics comparison between those systems was carried out on the bases of perspectives which made clear last fiscal year. Plant design data obtained for each characteristics evaluation were linked to a database in order to make use of future system design investigation. In addition, system safety represented by operating rate and environmental burden reduction represented by waste generation were chosen as the intended characteristics in this study. In addition to this, programs of the characteristics evaluation simulator which designed until last fiscal year were modified in order to make more accurate calculation possible.

JAEA Reports

Investigation of low decontamination pellet fuel fabrication plant configuration

Tanimoto, Ryoji*; Yoshimura, Tadahiro*; Hoshino, Yasushi*; Munekata, Hideki*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*

JNC TJ9420 2004-002, 143 Pages, 2004/02

JNC-TJ9420-2004-002.pdf:72.69MB

In the third year of feasibility studies on commercialized FBR cycle system phase II, design consideration of fuel fabrication equipments at lower processes than the fuel element fabrication and line composition examination, regarding low decontamination pellet fuel fabrication facilities, were conducted. Incidental facilities such as flushing and decontamination facilities of solid waste were also studied. A concept of fuel fabrication plant in 200t-HM/y scale was shown as well as system properties data acquisition concerning economics and environmental burden reduction of fuel fabrication plant.

JAEA Reports

Feasibility investigation of a denitration/conversion equipment concept (2)

Tanimoto, Ryoji*; Yoshimura, Tadahiro*; Hoshino, Yasushi*; Munekata, Hideki*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*

JNC TJ9400 2004-002, 58 Pages, 2004/02

JNC-TJ9400-2004-002.pdf:1.39MB

In this investigation, ceramics denitration containers with ball valve units were manufactured and preliminary tests of microwave denitration, calcination and reduction were carried out in last fiscal year. In this fiscal year, a small scale denitration /conversion apparatus with turntable system was designed and manufactured, then a series of microwave denitration/conversion tests was conducted. Feasibility of the denitration/conversion apparatus with turntable system was evaluated by checking powder properties and soundness of apparatus through the series of tests. The summary of the results are as follows;(1).By the series of microwave denitration, calcination, and reduction tests using small scale denitration/conversion apparatus with turntable system manufactured, it is confirmed that there are no critical problem in the apparatus.(2).Checking the powder properties after grinding, it is confirmed that the powder is equivalent of one obtained by conventional microwave denitration /conversion facility.(3).Reduced powder was grinded and pressed to several pellets, then sintered. It was confirmed that high density pellet fuel can be obtained.(4).Studying the test results from the viewpoint of feasibility of denitration/conversion facility with turntable system, the R&D issues were made clear.

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