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論文

Maximizing $$T_c$$ by tuning nematicity and magnetism in FeSe$$_{1-x}$$S$$_x$$ superconductors

松浦 康平*; 水上 雄太*; 新井 佑基*; 杉村 優一*; 前島 尚行*; 町田 晃彦*; 綿貫 徹*; 福田 竜生; 矢島 健*; 広井 善二*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 8, p.1143_1 - 1143_6, 2017/10

 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:13.58(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

A fundamental issue concerning iron-based superconductivity is the roles of electronic nematicity and magnetism in realising high transition temperature ($$T_c$$). To address this issue, FeSe is a key material, as it exhibits a unique pressure phase diagram involving nonmagnetic nematic and pressure-induced antiferromagnetic ordered phases. However, as these two phases in FeSe have considerable overlap, how each order affects superconductivity remains perplexing. Here we construct the three-dimensional electronic phase diagram, temperature ($$T$$) against pressure ($$P$$) and iso-valent S-substitution ($$x$$), for FeSe$$_{1-x}$$S$$_x$$. By simultaneously tuning chemical and physical pressures, against which the chalcogen height shows a contrasting variation, we achieve a complete separation of nematic and antiferromagnetic phases. In between, an extended nonmagnetic tetragonal phase emerges, where $$T_c$$ shows a striking enhancement. The completed phase diagram uncovers that high-$$T_c$$ superconductivity lies near both ends of the dome-shaped antiferromagnetic phase, whereas $$T_c$$ remainslow near the nematic critical point.

論文

Progress of divertor simulation research toward the realization of detached plasma using a large tandem mirror device

中嶋 洋輔*; 武田 寿人*; 市村 和也*; 細井 克洋*; 大木 健輔*; 坂本 瑞樹*; 平田 真史*; 市村 真*; 池添 竜也*; 今井 剛*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 463, p.537 - 540, 2015/08

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:5.53(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A divertor simulation experimental module (D-module) with a V-shaped divertor target is installed in the west end-sell in GAMMA 10 large tandem mirror device, and a hydrogen plasma irradiation experiment to the target have been started to investigate radiation cooling mechanism on the target. A gas injection system is installed in the D-module and Langmuir probe and calorie meter array are mounted on the target plate. During the plasma irradiation, the highest electron density of 2.4 $$times$$ 10$$^{18}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ and a significant reduction of the electron temperature from a few tens of eV to 2 eV are achieved on the target plate by hydrogen and noble gas injection into the D-module.

論文

Development of divertor simulation research in the GAMMA 10/PDX tandem mirror

中嶋 洋輔*; 坂本 瑞樹*; 吉川 正志*; 大木 健輔*; 武田 寿人*; 市村 和也*; 細井 克洋*; 平田 真史*; 市村 真*; 池添 竜也*; et al.

Proceedings of 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2014) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/10

In the large tandem mirror device GAMMA 10/PDX, a divertor simulation experimental module (D-module) with a V-shaped divertor target have been installed in the end-mirror. A massive gas injection of hydrogen and noble gases (argon and xenon) into the D-module during hydrogen plasma irradiation onto the target was performed, and plasma detachment from the target was investigated. Electron temperature measured by Langmuir probe array on the target was significantly reduced from a few tens of eV to $$<$$ 3 eV, and particle flux was also reduced. A bright H$$alpha$$ emission in the upstream region of the D-module and strong reduction near the target were observed by a two-dimensional image of H$$alpha$$ emission in the target observed with a high-speed camera. Molecular activated recombination (MAR) process is expected to contribute to the reduction of the electron temperature and the particle flux.

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