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論文

Nature of structural instabilities in superconducting Sr$$_3$$Ir$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$

金子 耕士; Cheung, Y. W.*; Hu, Y.*; 今井 正樹*; 谷奥 泰明*; 金川 響*; 村川 譲一*; 森山 広大*; Zhang, W.*; Lai, K. T.*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011032_1 - 011032_6, 2020/03

A quantum critical point appears as a second-order phase transition which takes place at zero temperature. In contrast to heavy-fermion systems in which magnetism often plays a vital role, recent studies revealed that structural instabilities can drive a system to a quantum critical point as well. In quasi-skutterudite (Ca,Sr)$$_3T_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ ($$T$$=Rh, Ir), Sr$$_3$$Ir$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ exhibits superconductivity around $$T_{rm sc}$$$${sim}$$5 K and a structural transition at $$T^*{simeq}$$147 K. Applying physical or chemical pressure on Sr$$_3$$Ir$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ suppresses $$T^*$$ rapidly, and a quasi-linear $$T$$ dependence of electrical resistivity, signature of non-Fermi liquid behavior, was observed where $$T^*$$ extrapolates to 0 K. The isomorphs (Ca$$_x$$Sr$$_{1-x}$$)$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ exhibits similar behavior, where the criticality can be reached by $$x{sim}$$0.9 without external pressure. Neutron scattering experiments in Sr$$_3$$Ir$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ evidences the second order nature of the structural transition at $$T^*$$ by the observation of a continuous evolution of superlattice peak below $$T^*$$ and a gradual increase of critical scattering upon approaching to $$T^*$$ by cooling. Increase of $$x$$ in (Ca$$_x$$Sr$$_{1-x}$$)$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ toward the quantum critical point leads to the systematic variation of the critical exponents of the order parameter. In addition, this substitution induces the phonon softening around the M point towards zero energy revealed by inelastic X-ray scattering experiment. We will present systematic variations in both elastic and inelastic channels upon approaching to the quantum critical point.

論文

Study of $$B to p {bar p} pi pi$$

Chu, K.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他176名*

Physical Review D, 101(5), p.052012_1 - 052012_8, 2020/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Using a data sample of $$772 times 10^6$$ BB pairs collected on the $${Upsilon}(4S)$$ resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $$e^+e^-$$ collider, we report the observations of $$B^0to p{bar p}pi^+pi^-$$ and $$B^+ to p{bar p}pi^+pi^0$$. We measure a decay branching fraction of $$(0.83 pm 0.17 pm 0.17) times 10^-6$$ in $$B^0to p{bar{p}}pi^+pi^-$$ for $$M_{pi^+pi^-} < 1.22 GeV/c^2$$ with a significance of 5.5 standard deviations. The contribution from $$B0 to p{bar p}K^0$$ is excluded. We measure a decay branching fraction of $$(4.58 pm 1.17 pm 0.67) times 10^-6$$ for $$B^+ to p{bar p}pi^+pi^0$$ with $$M_{pi^+pi^0} < 1.3 GeV/c^2$$ with a significance of 5.4 standard deviations. We study the difference of the $$M_{p{bar p}}$$ distributions in $$B^0to p{bar p}pi^+pi^-$$ and $$B^+ to p{bar p}pi^+pi^0$$.

論文

$$alpha$$-decay properties of $$^{200,202}$$Fr

Ghys, L.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Capponi, L.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Cubiss, J.*; Derkx, X.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 100(5), p.054310_1 - 054310_13, 2019/11

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:22.15(Physics, Nuclear)

The aim of this work was to investigate the $$alpha$$-decay properties of $$^{200,202}$$Fr and daughter products. Neutron-deficient francium nuclei are produced at ISOLDE-CERN bombarding a UCx target with 1.4 GeV protons. Due to the very high statistics and the high beam purity, improved decay data for $$^{202}$$Fr and its daughters were obtained. The observation of crossover transitions positioned the isomeric high-spin level of $$^{198}$$At at an excitation energy of 265(3) keV. Half-life values of 4.47(5) s and 1.28(10) s were extracted for the ground state and isomeric state of $$^{198}$$At and 52(3) ms for the ground-state decay of $$^{200}$$Fr.

論文

Inverse odd-even staggering in nuclear charge radii and possible octupole collectivity in $$^{217,218,219}$$At revealed by in-source laser spectroscopy

Barzakh, A. E.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Seliverstov, M. D.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Ascher, P.*; Atanasov, D.*; Beck, D.*; Biero$'n$, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054317_1 - 054317_9, 2019/05

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:22.15(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shifts for the 795-nm atomic transitions in $$^{217,218,219}$$At have been measured at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments, and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii, have been deduced. A large inverse odd-even staggering in radii, which may be associated with the presence of octupole collectivity, has been observed. Namely, the radius of the odd-odd isotope $$^{218}$$At has been found to be larger than the average.

論文

The Surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy

北里 宏平*; Milliken, R. E.*; 岩田 隆浩*; 安部 正真*; 大竹 真紀子*; 松浦 周二*; 荒井 武彦*; 仲内 悠祐*; 中村 智樹*; 松岡 萌*; et al.

Science, 364(6437), p.272 - 275, 2019/04

 被引用回数:83 パーセンタイル:0.07(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

小惑星探査機はやぶさ2のターゲット天体であるリュウグウは、始原的な炭素質物質で構成されていると考えられている。はやぶさ2に搭載された近赤外分光計(NIRS3)によって、天体の表面組成を得た。天体全体の観測で、弱く細い吸収が2.72ミクロンに確認され、OHを含む鉱物の存在を示している。弱いOH吸収と低いアルベドは熱やショックによって変質を受けた炭素質コンドライトに似ている。OHバンドの位置はほとんど一定であり、衝撃片の集合によって形成されたリュウグウは組成的に均質であることを示している。

論文

$$^{239}$$Pu nuclear magnetic resonance in the candidate topological insulator PuB$$_4$$

Dioguardi, A. P.*; 安岡 弘志*; Thomas, S. M.*; 酒井 宏典; Cary, S. K.*; Kozimor, S. A.*; Albrecht-Schmitt, T. E.*; Choi, H. C.*; Zhu, J.-X.*; Thompson, J. D.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035104_1 - 035104_6, 2019/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

正方晶プルトニウムボロン化合物PuB$$_{4}$$の単結晶、および粉末試料を用いて、$$^{239}$$Pu核核磁気共鳴(NMR)実験を行なった。この化合物は、最近になって強相関電子系のトポロジカル絶縁体候補物質と考えられている。$$^{239}$$Pu核NMRスペクトルは、結晶内Pu位置の局所対称性を反映したものとなっており、NMRシフトとNMR緩和率の温度依存性は、エネルギーギャップをもつ非磁性状態にあることが示唆された。これは、密度汎関数理論計算結果とも矛盾しない。実際に観測された巨視的なギャップ状態は、本化合物がトポロジカル絶縁体候補であることを支持している。

論文

Evidence of a structural quantum critical point in (Ca$$_x$$Sr$$_{1-x}$$)$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ from a lattice dynamics study

Cheung, Y. W.*; Hu, Y. J.*; 今井 正樹*; 谷奥 泰明*; 金川 響*; 村川 譲一*; 森山 広大*; Zhang, W.*; Lai, K. T.*; 吉村 一良*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(16), p.161103_1 - 161103_5, 2018/10

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:52.2(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Approaching a quantum critical point has been an effective route to stabilize superconductivity. While the role of magnetic QCPs has been extensively discussed, similar exploration of a structural QCP is scarce. Using inelastic X-ray scattering, we examine the phonon spectrum of the nonmagnetic quasi-skutterudite (Ca$$_x$$Sr$$_{1-x}$$)$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$, which represents a precious system to explore the interplay between structural instabilities and superconductivity by tuning the Ca concentration x. We unambiguously detect the softening of phonon modes around the M point on cooling towards the structural transition. Intriguingly, at x = 0:85, the soft mode energy squared at the M point extrapolates to zero at -5.7 K, providing the first compelling microscopic evidence of a structural QCP in (Ca$$_x$$Sr$$_{1-x}$$)$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$. The enhanced phonon density-of-states at low energy provides the essential ingredient for realizing strong-coupling superconductivity near the structural QCP.

論文

Investigation of the electronic structure and lattice dynamics of the thermoelectric material Na-doped SnSe

Wu, P.*; Zhang, B.*; Peng, K. L.*; 萩原 雅之*; 石川 喜久*; 古府 麻衣子; Lee, S. H.*; 組頭 広志*; Hu, C. S.*; Qi, Z. M.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(9), p.094305_1 - 094305_7, 2018/09

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:61.62(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

熱電材料であるNaドープしたSnSeについて、ARPES, 中性子回折, 中性子非弾性散乱でその電子構造と格子ダイナミクスを測定した結果を報告する。

論文

Observation of magnetoelastic effects in a quasi-one-dimensional spiral magnet

Wang, C.*; Daiwei, Y.*; Liu, X.*; Chen, R.*; Du, X.*; Hu, B.*; Wang, L.*; 飯田 一樹*; 蒲沢 和也*; 脇本 秀一; et al.

Physical Review B, 96(8), p.085111_1 - 085111_5, 2017/08

AA2017-0274.pdf:1.02MB

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:69.64(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

This paper presents a systematic study of spin and lattice dynamics in the quasi-one-dimensional spiral magnet CuBr$$_2$$, using Raman scattering in conjunction with infrared and neutron spectroscopy. Along with the development of spin correlations upon cooling, we observe a rich set of broad Raman bands at energies that correspond to phonon-dispersion energies near the one-dimensional magnetic wave vector. The low-energy bands further exhibit a distinct intensity maximum at the spiral magnetic ordering temperature.

論文

NIRS3; The Near Infrared Spectrometer on Hayabusa2

岩田 隆浩*; 北里 宏平*; 安部 正真*; 大竹 真紀子*; 荒井 武彦*; 荒井 朋子*; 平田 成*; 廣井 孝弘*; 本田 親寿*; 今栄 直也*; et al.

Space Science Reviews, 208(1-4), p.317 - 337, 2017/07

 被引用回数:18 パーセンタイル:34.28(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

C型小惑星リュウグウを目指す小惑星探査機ハヤブサ2に搭載された近赤外分光計NIRS3は1.8から3.2ミクロンまでの感度を持つ。NIRS3は小惑星の反射スペクトルを計測することで、3ミクロンバンドに現れる水に起因する吸収を検出することを目的としている。InAsフォトダイオードリニアイメージセンサと188Kでの動作を可能とする受動冷却システムによって、本分光計は十分な感度とダークノイズを達成できる。NIRS3フライトモデルは打ち上げ前に地上で性能評価実験が行われ、小惑星表面の水質変成度を決定できるだけのSN比があることが確認された。小惑星表面の計測では、小惑星の熱変性度や、炭素質コンドライトとの対応関係を明らかにできるだろう。

論文

Local moments in the heterogeneous electronic state of Cd-substituted CeCoIn$$_5$$; NQR relaxation rates

酒井 宏典; Ronning, F.*; 服部 高典; 徳永 陽; 神戸 振作; Zhu, J.-X.*; Wakeham, N.*; 安岡 弘志; Bauer, E. D.*; Thompson, J. D.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 807(3), p.032001_1 - 032001_6, 2017/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100

量子臨界金属CeCoIn$$_5$$のInを少量のCdで置換した時の電子状態を核四重極共鳴(NQR)を用いて調べた。およそ半分のCd置換子周りで局所的にCeの局在モーメントが発生することを、縦緩和率$$1/T_1$$のサイト依存性から明らかにした。横緩和率$$T_{rm 2G}$$の測定も行い、局在スピン周りでは、$$T_1T/T_{rm 2G}^2$$が温度$$T$$に比例し、一方、置換子から離れたところでは、$$T_1T/T_{rm 2G}^2propto T^{0.7}$$となっており、純CeCoIn$$_5$$$$T^{0.75}$$に近く、バルクの電子状態は量子臨界状態のままである。

論文

Second-order structural transition in (Ca$$_{0.5}$$Sr$$_{0.5}$$)$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$

Cheung, Y. W.*; Hu, Y. J.*; Goh, S. K.*; 金子 耕士; 筒井 智嗣; Logg, P. W.*; Grosche, F. M.*; 金川 響*; 谷奥 泰明*; 今井 正樹*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 807(3), p.032002_1 - 032002_4, 2017/04

BB2016-0329.pdf:0.86MB

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:13.48

(Ca$$_{0.5}$$Sr$$_{0.5}$$)$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ is a member of the substitution series (Ca$$_{x}$$Sr$$_{1-x}$$)$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ which has recently been argued to feature a structural quantum critical point at $$x_c$$ = 0.9. In the stoichiometric compound Sr$$_{3}$$Rh$$_{4}$$Sn$$_{13}$$, the structural transition at $$T^*$$ $$approx$$ 138 K has been shown to be a second-order phase transition. Moving towards xc, we examine the character of the structural transition in (Ca$$_{0.5}$$Sr$$_{0.5}$$)$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ (i.e. $$x$$ = 0.5, $$T^*$$ $$approx$$ 55 K) using electrical resistivity, heat capacity and X-ray scattering. The absence of the thermal hysteresis in specific heat around $$T^*$$, and the continuous evolution of the superlattice reflection detected by X-ray diffraction are consistent with the scenario that the structural transition associated with a modulation vector $$q$$ = (0.5, 0.5, 0) in (Ca$$_{0.5}$$Sr$$_{0.5}$$)$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ remains second-order on approaching the quantum critical point.

論文

Changes in mean-squared charge radii and magnetic moments of $$^{179-184}$$Tl measured by in-source laser spectroscopy

Barzakh, A.*; Andreyev, A.; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Fink, D. A.*; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(1), p.014324_1 - 014324_12, 2017/01

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:12.29(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine structure and isotope shifts have been measured for the ground and isomeric states in the neutron deficient isotopes $$^{179-184}$$Tl using the 276.9 nm transition. The experiment has been performed at the CERN Isotope Separator On-Line facility using the in-source resonance-ionization laser spectroscopy technique. Spins for the ground states in $$^{179,181,183}$$Tl have been determined as $$I$$ = 1/2. Magnetic moments and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii have been deduced. By applying the additivity relation for magnetic moments of the odd-odd Tl nuclei the leading configuration assignments were confirmed. A deviation of magnetic moments for isomeric states in $$^{182,184}$$Tl from the trend of the heavier Tl nuclei is observed. The charge radii of the ground states of the isotopes $$^{179-184}$$Tl follow the trend for isotonic (spherical) lead nuclei. The noticeable difference in charge radii for ground and isomeric states of $$^{183,184}$$Tl has been observed, suggesting a larger deformation for the intruder-based 9/2$$^{-}$$ and 10$$^{-}$$ states compared to the ground states. An unexpected growth of the isomer shift for $$^{183}$$Tl has been found.

論文

Stability and synthesis of superheavy elements; Fighting the battle against fission - Example of $$^{254}$$No

Lopez-Martens, A.*; Henning, G.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; 浅井 雅人; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 131, p.03001_1 - 03001_6, 2016/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:47.11

原子番号が100を超える原子核の核分裂障壁の高さとその角運動量依存性を初めて測定した。核分裂による崩壊が優勢となり始める励起エネルギーを決定できる初期分布法という方法を$$^{254}$$Noの測定に適用した。$$^{254}$$Noの核分裂障壁はスピンゼロにおいて6.6MeVと決定された。このことは、$$^{254}$$Noが原子核の殻効果によって強く安定化されていることを示している。

論文

Spin excitations in optimally P-doped BaFe$$_2$$(As$$_{0.7}$$P$$_{0.3}$$)$$_2$$ superconductor

Hu, D.*; Yin, Z.*; Zhang, W.*; Ewings, R. A.*; 池内 和彦*; 中村 充孝; Roessli, B.*; Wei, Y.*; Zhao, L.*; Chen, G.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 94(9), p.094504_1 - 094504_7, 2016/09

AA2016-0252.pdf:2.18MB

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:46.15(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

最適Pドープされた超伝導体BaFe$$_2$$(As$$_{0.7}$$P$$_{0.3}$$)$$_2$$ (T$$_c$$=30K)におけるスピン励起の温度及びエネルギー依存性が非弾性中性子散乱実験を使って調べられた。我々の実験結果は密度汎関数理論や動的平均場理論で予想される計算結果と矛盾しておらず、BaFe$$_2$$(As$$_{0.7}$$P$$_{0.3}$$)$$_2$$における平均プニクトゲン高さの減少が、電子相関の強さを弱め、磁気励起の有効バンド幅の増加に寄与することを示唆している。

論文

$$beta$$-delayed fission and $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{196}$$At

Truesdale, V. L.*; Andreyev, A.; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Sels, S.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Capponi, L.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 94(3), p.034308_1 - 034308_11, 2016/09

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:36.29(Physics, Nuclear)

A nuclear-decay spectroscopy study of the neutron-deficient isotope $$^{196}$$At is reported where an isotopically pure beam was produced using the selective Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source and On-Line Isotope Mass Separator (CERN). The fine-structure $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{196}$$At allowed the low-energy excited states in the daughter nucleus $$^{192}$$Bi to be investigated. A $$beta$$-delayed fission study of $$^{196}$$At was also performed. A mixture of symmetric and asymmetric fission-fragment mass distributions of the daughter isotope $$^{196}$$Po (populated by $$beta$$ decay of $$^{196}$$At) was deduced based on the measured fission-fragment energies. A $$beta$$DF probability $$P_{rm beta DF}$$($$^{196}$$At) = 9(1)$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ was determined.

論文

Population and decay of a $$K^{pi}$$ = 8$$^{-}$$ two-quasineutron isomer in $$^{244}$$Pu

Hota, S.*; Tandel, S.*; Chowdhury, P.*; Ahmad, I.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Chiara, C. J.*; Greene, J. P.*; Hoffman, C. R.*; Jackson, E. G.*; Janssens, R. V. F.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 94(2), p.021303_1 - 021303_5, 2016/08

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:47.02(Physics, Nuclear)

$$^{244}$$Puにおける$$K^{pi}$$ = 8$$^{-}$$アイソマーからの崩壊と集団的バンド構造が$$^{47}$$Tiと$$^{208}$$Pbのビームによる深部非弾性散乱実験によって調べられた。バンド内の正確な$$M1/E2$$分岐比の測定によって、偶$$Z$$, $$N$$=150アイソトーンにおける$$K^{pi}$$ = 8$$^{-}$$二準中性子アイソマーが9/2$$^-$$[734]$$_{nu}$$$$otimes$$7/2$$^+$$[624]$$_{nu}$$の配位であることを確かめた。$$N$$=152における変形シェルギャップ近傍のこれらのアイソマーは、超重核の一粒子エネルギーの理論的な予言において重要なベンチマークとなる。

論文

Second-order structural transition in the superconductor La$$_3$$Co$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$

Cheung, Y. W.*; Zhang, J. Z.*; Zhu, J. Y.*; Yu, W. C.*; Hu, Y. J.*; Wang, D. G.*; 大友 優香*; 岩佐 和晃*; 金子 耕士; 今井 正樹*; et al.

Physical Review B, 93(24), p.241112_1 - 241112_5, 2016/06

AA2016-0058.pdf:0.95MB

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:32.92(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The quasi-skutterudite superconductor La$$_3$$Co$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ undergoes a phase transition at $$T^{*}$$ = 152 K. By measuring the temperature dependence of heat capacity, electrical resistivity, and the superlattice reflection intensity using X-ray, we explore the character of the phase transition at $$T^{*}$$. Our lattice dynamic calculations found imaginary phonon frequencies around the $$M$$ point, when the high temperature structure is used in the calculations, indicating that the structure is unstable at the zero temperature limit. The combined experimental and computational results establish that $$T^{*}$$ is associated with a second-order structural transition with $$q$$ = (0.5, 0.5, 0) (or the $$M$$ point). Further electronic band structure calculations reveal Fermi surface sheets with low-curvature segments, which allow us to draw qualitative comparison with both Sr$$_3$$Ir$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ and Sr$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ in which similar physics has been discussed recently.

論文

Influence of pH, competing ions, and salinity on the sorption of strontium and cobalt onto biogenic hydroxyapatite

Handley-Sidhu, S.*; Mullan, T. K.*; Grail, Q.*; Albadarneh, M.*; 大貫 敏彦; Macaskie, L. E.*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.23361_1 - 23361_8, 2016/03

 被引用回数:29 パーセンタイル:12.31(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

微生物起源アパタイトは、Sr$$^{2+}$$およびCo$$^{2+}$$の吸着において、非生物的に合成したアパタイトよりも優れた性能を示した。微生物起源アパタイトの有する非晶質のCaリン酸塩の表面が、その原因である。したがって、生物起源アパタイトは、汚染地下水の浄化材料として優れている。

論文

$$alpha$$-decay study of $$^{182,184}$$Tl

Van Beveren, C.*; Andreyev, A.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Fedorov, D.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; et al.

Journal of Physics G; Nuclear and Particle Physics, 43(2), p.025102_1 - 025102_22, 2016/02

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:41.23(Physics, Nuclear)

$$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy of $$^{182,184}$$Tl has been performed at the CERN isotope separator on-line (ISOLDE) facility. New fine-structure $$alpha$$ decays have been observed for both isotopes. $$alpha$$-decay branching ratios of 0.089(19)$$%$$, 0.047(6)$$%$$ and 1.22(30)$$%$$ have been deduced for the (10$$^{-}$$), (7$$^{+}$$) and (2$$^{-}$$) states respectively in $$^{184}$$Tl and a lower limit of 0.49$$%$$ for the $$alpha$$-decay branching ratio of $$^{182}$$Tl. A new half-life of 9.5(2) s for the (2$$^{-}$$) state in $$^{184}$$Tl and 1.9(1) s for the low-spin state in $$^{182}$$Tl has been deduced. Using $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ coincidence analysis, multiple $$gamma$$ rays were observed de-exciting levels in $$^{178,180}$$Au fed by $$^{182,184}$$Tl $$alpha$$ decays. The $$gamma$$ transitions connecting these low-lying states in $$^{178,180}$$Au are essential to sort the data and possibly identify bands from inbeam studies in these isotopes. Owing to the complex fine-structure $$alpha$$ decays and limited knowledge about the structure of the daughter nuclei, only partial level schemes could be constructed for both gold isotopes in the present work. Reduced $$alpha$$-decay widths have been calculated and are compared with values obtained in neighboring odd-A and even-A thallium isotopes. Except for the allowed $$alpha$$ decay of the $$^{184}$$Tl (10$$^{-}$$) state, the other fine-structure $$alpha$$ decays observed in this study are hindered. This points to strong structural changes between parent thallium and daughter gold isotopes.

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