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Journal Articles

Development of a reference database for beta-delayed neutron emission

Dimitriou, P.*; Dillmann, I.*; Singh, B.*; Piksaikin, V.*; Rykaczewski, K. P.*; Tain, J. L.*; Algora, A.*; Banerjee. K.*; Borzov, I. N.*; Cano-Ott, D.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 173, p.144 - 238, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.03(Physics, Nuclear)

$$beta$$-delayed neutron emission has been of interest since the discovery of nuclear fission. In nuclear power reactors, delayed-neutron data play a crucial role in reactor kinetics calculations and safe operation. $$beta$$-delayed neutron data also have a significant impact in the field of nuclear structure and astrophysics especially as nuclei farther away from stability are explored at the new generation of radioactive beam facilities. Several compilations of $$beta$$-decay half-lives and delayed-neutron emission probabilities are available, however, complete documentation of measurements and evaluation procedures is often missing for these properties. Efforts to address this gap in nuclear data and create an updated compilation and evaluation of $$beta$$-delayed neutron properties were undertaken under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) which formed a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on "Development of a Reference Database of Beta-delayed Neutron Emission Data". In this paper we summarize the work that was performed and present the results of the CRP.

Journal Articles

Discovery of a new low energy neutron resonance of $$^{89}$$Y

Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Toh, Yosuke; Mizumoto, Motoharu*; Saito, Tatsuhiro*; Terada, Kazushi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Huang, M.*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; Igashira, Masayuki*

European Physical Journal A, 57(1), p.4_1 - 4_4, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Formation of $$alpha$$ clusters in dilute neutron-rich matter

Tanaka, Junki*; Yang, Z.*; Typel, S.*; Adachi, Satoshi*; Bai, S.*; Van Beek, P.*; Beaumel, D.*; Fujikawa, Yuki*; Han, J.*; Heil, S.*; et al.

Science, 371(6526), p.260 - 264, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:99.26(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

By employing quasi-free $$alpha$$-cluster-knockout reactions, we obtained direct experimental evidence for the formation of $$alpha$$ clusters at the surface of neutron-rich tin isotopes. The observed monotonous decrease of the reaction cross sections with increasing mass number, in excellent agreement with the theoretical prediction, implies a tight interplay between $$alpha$$-cluster formation and the neutron skin.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of fatigue resistance by overload-induced deformation twinning in a CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy

Lam, T.-N.*; Lee, S. Y.*; Tsou, N.-T.*; Chou, H.-S.*; Lai, B.-H.*; Chang, Y.-J.*; Feng, R.*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.; Liaw, P. K.*; et al.

Acta Materialia, 201, p.412 - 424, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:92.23(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

International network of nuclear structure and decay data evaluators

Dimitriou, P.*; Basunia, S*; Bernstein, L.*; Chen, J.*; Elekes, Z.*; Huang, X.*; Hurst, A.*; Iimura, Hideki; Jain, A. K.*; Kelley, J.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.15004_1 - 15004_4, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.19

The Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File (ENSDF) includes the most extensive and comprehensive set of nuclear structure and decay data evaluations performed by the international network of Nuclear Structure and Decay Data evaluators (NSDD) under the auspices of the IAEA. In this report we describe some of the recent NSDD activities and provide future perspectives.

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of a (3$$times$$3)-ordered silicon layer on Al(111)

Sato, Yusuke*; Fukaya, Yuki; Cameau, M.*; Kundu, A. K.*; Shiga, Daisuke*; Yukawa, Ryu*; Horiba, Koji*; Chen, C.-H.*; Huang, A.*; Jeng, H.-T.*; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 4(6), p.064005_1 - 064005_6, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:51.8(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{223}$$U

Sun, M. D.*; Liu, Z.*; Huang, T. H.*; Zhang, W. Q.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ding, B.*; Wang, J. G.*; Liu, X. Y.*; Lu, H. Y.*; Hou, D. S.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135096_1 - 135096_5, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:89.19(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Super-absorbent polymer valves and colorimetric chemistries for time-sequenced discrete sampling and chloride analysis of sweat via skin-mounted soft microfluidics

Kim, S. B.*; Zhang, Y.*; Won, S. M.*; Bandodkar, A. J.*; Sekine, Yurina; Xue, Y.*; Koo, J.*; Harshman, S. W.*; Martin, J. A.*; Park, J. M.*; et al.

Small, 14(12), p.1703334_1 - 1703334_11, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:47 Percentile:94.29(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Determination of fusion barrier distributions from quasielastic scattering cross sections towards superheavy nuclei synthesis

Tanaka, Taiki*; Narikiyo, Yoshihiro*; Morita, Kosuke*; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_9, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:72.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Excitation functions of quasielastic scattering cross sections for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb, $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb, and $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm reactions were successfully measured by using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS. Fusion barrier distributions were extracted from these data, and compared with the coupled-channels calculations. It was found that the peak energies of the barrier distributions for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb and $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb systems coincide with those of the 2n evaporation channel cross sections for the systems, while that of the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm is located slightly below the 4n evaporation ones. This results provide us helpful information to predict the optimum beam energy to synthesize superheavy nuclei.

Journal Articles

$$beta$$-delayed fission of $$^{230}$$Am

Wilson, G. L.*; Takeyama, Mirei*; Andreyev, A.; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Catford, W. N.*; Ghys, L.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Huang, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 96(4), p.044315_1 - 044315_7, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:51.78(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Development of a correction method for the time-of-flight prompt $$gamma$$-ray analysis

Huang, M.; Toh, Yosuke; Ebihara, Mitsuru*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji

Journal of Applied Physics, 121(10), p.104901_1 - 104901_7, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:14.14(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Study of the reaction $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm $$rightarrow$$ $$^{296}$$Lv$$^{ast}$$ at RIKEN-GARIS

Kaji, Daiya*; Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Gan, Z.*; Geissel, H.*; Hasebe, Hiroo*; Hofmann, S.*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(3), p.034201_1 - 034201_7, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:79.57(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The fusion reaction of $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm $$rightarrow$$ $$^{296}$$Lv$$^{ast}$$ was studied using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS at RIKEN. A total of seven $$alpha$$ and spontaneous-fission decay chains were observed, which would originate from the reaction products of the element 116, $$^{292}$$Lv and $$^{293}$$Lv. Decay properties observed in the chains are in good agreement with the previously published ones. However, one of the chains showed a discrepancy, indicating the new spontaneous-fission branch in $$^{285}$$Cn or the production of the new isotope $$^{294}$$Lv.

Journal Articles

Measurement of the isomer production ratio for the $$^{112}$$Cd($$n,gamma$$)$$^{113}$$Cd reaction using neutron beams at J-PARC

Hayakawa, Takehito*; Toh, Yosuke; Huang, M.; Shizuma, Toshiyuki*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Chiba, Satoshi*; Kajino, Toshitaka*

Physical Review C, 94(5), p.055803_1 - 055803_6, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:32.77(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Development of Prompt Gamma-ray Analysis at J-PARC/ANNRI

Toh, Yosuke; Ebihara, Mitsuru*; Huang, M.; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Harada, Hideo

Hosha Kagaku, (33), p.1 - 9, 2016/03

Prompt Gamma-ray Analysis (PGA) uses capture $$gamma$$ rays, which are characteristic of each particular nucleus emitted from a sample while it is being irradiated with neutrons. It has been used as a rapid, nondestructive method for performing both qualitative and quantitative multielemental analysis. Therefore, cosmochemical, environmental, archeological samples and samples from materials science and engineering are analyzed. Although, researchers have endeavored to improve the accuracy and the detection sensitivity in PGA with the coincidence and anti-coincidence methods, further improvements are possible. We developed a new analytical technique (TOF-PGA) that combines Prompt Gamma-ray Analysis (PGA) and time-of-flight elemental analysis (TOF) by using an intense pulsed neutron beam at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). It allows us to obtain the results from both methods at the same time. Moreover, it can be used to quantify elemental concentrations in the sample, to which neither of these methods can be applied independently, if TOF-PGA is used. TOF-PGA showed high merits, although the capability may differ in terms of the target element and coexisting elements.

Journal Articles

Decomposition studies of group 6 hexacarbonyl complexes, 1; Production and decomposition of Mo(CO)$$_6$$ and W(CO)$$_6$$

Usoltsev, I.*; Eichler, R.*; Wang, Y.*; Even, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 104(3), p.141 - 151, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:95.76(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Conditions of the production and decomposition of hexacarbonyl complexes of short-lived Mo and W isotopes were investigated to study thermal stability of the heaviest group 6 hexacarbonyl complex Sg(CO)$$_6$$. A tubular flow reactor was tested to decompose the hexacarbonyl complexes and to extract the first bond dissociation energies. A silver was found to be the most appropriate reaction surface to study the decomposition of the group 6 hexacarbonyl. It was found that the surface temperature at which the decomposition occurred was correlated to the first bond dissociation energy of Mo(CO)$$_6$$ and W(CO)$$_6$$, indicating that the first bond dissociation energy of Sg(CO)$$_6$$ could be determined with this technique.

Journal Articles

Development of elemental analytical methods in BL04 ANNRI

Toh, Yosuke; Huang, M.; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Harada, Hideo; Ebihara, Mitsuru*

Shiki, 28, P. 4, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of new non-destructive analysis by using an intense pulsed neutron beam

Toh, Yosuke; Ebihara, Mitsuru*; Huang, M.; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Harada, Hideo

Isotope News, (736), p.22 - 26, 2015/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Performance of new gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS-II for asymmetric fusion reaction

Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Huang, M.*; Murakami, Masashi*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030107_1 - 030107_4, 2015/06

Performance of the new gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS-II was investigated using asymmetric $$^{22}$$Ne-induced fusion reactions. The use of He-H$$_{2}$$ mixture gas for the gas-filled magnet significantly reduced background scattered particles detected at the focal-plane Si detector, and increased a transmission of the asymmetric reaction products. A target-identification system was newly installed for efficient measurements of excitation functions without changing beam energy nor target.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta for chemical studies of element 105, Db, using the GARIS gas-jet system

Huang, M.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Murakami, Masashi*; Asai, Masato; Kaji, Daiya*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Kikutani, Yuki*; Komori, Yukiko*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 304(2), p.845 - 849, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:32.14(Chemistry, Analytical)

A technique to utilize radioisotopes of Nb and Ta was developed for chemical studies of element 105, Db, by coupling a gas-jet transport system to the RIKEN gas-filled recoil ion separator (GARIS). The short-lived $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta were produced with nuclear reactions using a $$^{19}$$F beam whose energy was the same as that to produce $$^{262}$$Db. Then, they were separated with GARIS and extracted to a chemistry laboratory with the gas-jet transport system. By changing only magnetic field of GARIS and inserting an energy degrader and a shutter for recoil ions, we could deliver the $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta to a chemistry device for $$^{262}$$Db without changing other experimental conditions.

Journal Articles

In situ synthesis of volatile carbonyl complexes with short-lived nuclides

Even, J.*; Ackermann, D.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(3), p.2457 - 2466, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:73.32(Chemistry, Analytical)

Rapid In situ synthesis of metal carbonyl complexes has been demonstrated using short-lived isotopes produced in nuclear fission and fusion reactions. The short-lived isotopes with high recoil energy directly react with carbon-monoxides and form carbonyl complexes. Only highly volatile complexes were fast transported in a gas stream to counting and chemistry devices. Short-lived Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, W, Re, Os, and Ir were found to form volatile carbonyl complexes, while no volataile complex of Hf and Ta were detected. This technique has been applied to a chemical investigation of the superheavy element Sg (atomic number 106), and will be applicable to various fields of nuclear science with short-lived transition metal isotopes.

58 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)