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Journal Articles

Efficient hydrogen isotope separation by tunneling effect using graphene-based heterogeneous electrocatalysts in electrochemical hydrogen isotope pumping

Yasuda, Satoshi; Matsushima, Hisayoshi*; Harada, Kenji*; Tanii, Risako*; Terasawa, Tomoo; Yano, Masahiro; Asaoka, Hidehito; Gueriba, J. S.*; Di$~n$o, W. A.*; Fukutani, Katsuyuki

ACS Nano, 16(9), p.14362 - 14369, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:77.11(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

The fabrication of hydrogen isotope enrichment system is essential for the development of industrial, medical, life science, and nuclear fusion fields, therefore alternative enrichment techniques with high separation factor and economic feasibility have been still explored. Herein, we report the fabrication of heterogeneous electrode with layered structures consisting of palladium and graphene layers for polymer electrolyte membrane electrochemical hydrogen pumping for the hydrogen isotope enrichment. We demonstrated significant bias voltage dependence of hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) separation ability and its high H/D at lower bias voltage. Theoretical analysis also demonstrated that the observed high H/D at low bias voltage stems from hydrogen isotopes tunneling through atomically-thick graphene during the electrochemical reaction, and the bias dependent H/D results in a transition from the quantum tunneling regime to classical over- barrier regime for hydrogen isotopes transfer via the graphene. These findings provide new insight for a novel economical methodology of efficient hydrogen isotope enrichment.

Journal Articles

Simple orchestration application framework to control "Burning Plasma Integrated Code"

Tatekawa, Takayuki; Nakajima, Kohei*; Teshima, Naoya; Kim, G.; Suzuki, Yoshio; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Iba, Katsuyuki*

Proceedings of 3rd International Joint Conference on Computational Sciences and Optimization (CSO 2010), p.322 - 326, 2010/05

Journal Articles

Web-based Java application to advanced JT-60 Man-Machine interfacing system for remote experiments

Totsuka, Toshiyuki; Suzuki, Yoshio; Sakata, Shinya; Oshima, Takayuki; Iba, Katsuyuki*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(2-3), p.287 - 290, 2008/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.15(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Research and development of fusion grid infrastructure based on Atomic Energy Grid InfraStructure (AEGIS)

Suzuki, Yoshio; Nakajima, Kohei; Kushida, Noriyuki; Kino, Chiaki; Aoyagi, Tetsuo; Nakajima, Norihiro; Iba, Katsuyuki*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Ozeki, Takahisa; Totsuka, Toshiyuki; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(2-3), p.511 - 515, 2008/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:23.67(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In collaboration with the Naka Fusion Institute of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (NFI/JAEA) and the National Institute for Fusion Science of National Institute of Natural Science (NIFS/NINS), Center for Computational Science and E-systems of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (CCSE/JAEA) aims at establishing an integrated framework for experiments and analyses in nuclear fusion research based on the Atomic Energy Grid InfraStructure (AEGIS). AEGIS has been being developed by CCSE/JAEA aiming at providing the infrastructure that enables atomic energy researchers in remote locations to carry out R&D efficiently and collaboratively through the Internet. Toward establishing the integrated framework, we have been applying AEGIS to pre-existing three systems.

Journal Articles

Development and verification of remote research environment based on "Fusion research grid"

Iba, Katsuyuki*; Ozeki, Takahisa; Totsuka, Toshiyuki; Suzuki, Yoshio; Oshima, Takayuki; Sakata, Shinya; Sato, Minoru; Suzuki, Mitsuhiro; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Kiyono, Kimihiro

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(2-3), p.495 - 497, 2008/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:29.61(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Fusion research grid is an environment of collaborative researches using a network that connects scientists far apart and let them collaborate effectively over the difference in time and distance in a nuclear fusion research. Fundamental technology of Fusion research grid has been developed at JAEA in the VizGrid project under the e-Japan project at Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Remote research environments of experiments, diagnostics, analyses and communications were developed on Fusion research grid. We have developed prototype systems that include a remote experiment system, a remote diagnostics system, and a remote analysis system. All users can access these systems from anywhere because Fusion research grid does not required closed network like Super SINet to maintain security. The prototype systems were verified in experiments at JT-60U and their availability was confirmed.

Journal Articles

Improvement of data processing system for advanced diagnostics in JT-60U

Oshima, Takayuki; Kiyono, Kimihiro; Sakata, Shinya; Sato, Minoru; Totsuka, Toshiyuki; Iba, Katsuyuki*; Ozeki, Takahisa; Hirayama, Toshio

Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(5-14), p.1210 - 1215, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:18.82(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In JT-60U the data processing system, providing the data acquisition, producing the diagnostic data base, and communicating with the JT-60U control system. The MSP-ISP was replaced by a new Inter-Shot Processor based on the UNIX-OS of a workstation (UNIX-ISP) in 2005. The performance of UNIX-ISP is 2 times as high as that of the MSP-ISP in a stand-alone test using the data conversion program of the CXRS data. Thus we can expect the reduction of the processing time by the optimization of the total sequence. For the remote experiment, we have developed a system called RMSVR with which we can set discharge parameters from the remote site, and thereby the consistency of input parameters is checked. The high security of the remote experiment system is established by the certification and the encrypted communication based on ITBL. A verification test between a university and JAEA Naka indicates that the system using the HTTPS protocol is suitable for the remote experiment.

Journal Articles

Development of environment for remote participation in fusion research on JT-60

Oshima, Takayuki; Naito, Osamu; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Iba, Katsuyuki; Sato, Minoru; Sakata, Shinya; Tsugita, Tomonori; Matsuda, Toshiaki; Iwasaki, Keita*; Karube, Yukihiro*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 71(1-4), p.239 - 244, 2004/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:35.41(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the JT-60 tokamak at JAERI, environment for remote participation is planned to be developed by concentrating experts of nuclear fusion research of another research organizations and universities distributed all over the country. We are constructing a hierarchical remote research system, which consists of remote experiment, remote analysis, and remote diagnostic. In a remote collaboration, it is important to maintain the security of the system, as well as to share the information, atmosphere and presence between the participants. For the latter purpose, we developed a video conferencing system, and a video streaming system that can deliver the images of the JT-60 control room. Furthermore, a development of the remote analysis system called "VizAnalysis" has been started. And to assist the remote analysis, we developed a web based software system called "VizSquare". In the JT-60 tokamak at JAERI, security and authentication methods on a computer network and a new communication tool are developed, and probably they will be applied to the remote participation of ITER.

Journal Articles

Development of workstation-based CAMAC data acquisition system for JT-60 data processing system

Sato, Minoru; Tsugita, Tomonori; Oshima, Takayuki; Sakata, Shinya; Iwasaki, Keita*; Matsuda, Toshiaki; Iba, Katsuyuki; Ozeki, Takahisa

Fusion Engineering and Design, 71(1-4), p.145 - 149, 2004/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:45.21(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Data processing system in JT-60 has been used CAMAC widely for control and data acquisition of plasma diagnostic. However, it has passed over fifteen years from the operation, and the problem is caused for maintenance and function enhancement by the deterioration. Then, Mini-computer and microcomputer ,which control the CAMAC system were replaced workstation based on UNIX-OS, and these system were remodeled by developing the application software for screen control by GUI and for constructing environment of remote diagnostic through the network. In addition, CAMAC device driver for Linux has been developed in for next CAMAC control system.

Journal Articles

The Method of building the LAN based TV conference system

Iba, Katsuyuki; Oshima, Takayuki; Iwasaki, Keita*

Heisei-14-Nendo Tokyo Daigaku Sogo Gijutsu Kenkyukai Gijutsu Hokokushu, 6 Pages, 2003/03

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development status of JT-60 remote experiment; Discharge parameters setting from remote-site

Totsuka, Toshiyuki; Sakata, Shinya; Iba, Katsuyuki*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Application of Atomic Energy Grid InfraStructure (AEGIS) to nuclear fusion research

Suzuki, Yoshio; Kushida, Noriyuki; Yamagishi, Nobuhiro; Nakajima, Kohei; Minami, Takahiro; Matsumoto, Nobuko; Aoyagi, Tetsuo; Nakajima, Norihiro; Iba, Katsuyuki*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development and implementation of remote experimental system in JT-60U

Ozeki, Takahisa; Suzuki, Yoshio; Totsuka, Toshiyuki; Iba, Katsuyuki*; Nakajima, Kohei; Sakata, Shinya; Isayama, Akihiko; Ide, Shunsuke; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Oshima, Takayuki; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development and demonstration of remote experiment system with high security in JT-60U

Ozeki, Takahisa; Suzuki, Yoshio; Totsuka, Toshiyuki; Iba, Katsuyuki*; Sakata, Shinya; Miyato, Naoaki; Isayama, Akihiko; Ide, Shunsuke; Urso, L.*; Behler, K.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Fission properties of $$^{258}$$Md produced in the $$^{4}$$He+$$^{254}$$Es reaction

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; Makii, Hiroyuki; Orlandi, R.; Kean, K. R.*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi*; Sato, Tetsuya; Ito, Yuta; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Hydrogen isotope separation by quantum tunneling effect of graphene-palladium electrode

Yasuda, Satoshi; Matsushima, Hisayoshi*; Asaoka, Hidehito; Gueriba, J. S.*; Di$~n$o, W. A.*; Fukutani, Katsuyuki*

no journal, , 

In this study, we fabricate heterogeneous electrocatalysts with layered structures consisting of the graphene and palladium layer of the polymer electrolyte membranes electrochemical hydrogen pumping (PEM-ECHP) for an efficient enrichment of hydrogen isotope gas. Mass spectroscopic analysis combined with PEM-ECHP system demonstrated that the PdGr layered electrocatalyst shows significant bias voltage dependence of the separation ability, and high H/D selective ability (H/D= $$sim$$ 25 with current density of 5 mA cm$$^{-2}$$ at room temperature) is achieved at low bias, which is the highest value for the conventional separation methods. Theoretical analysis also confirmed that potential induced quantum to classical transition for proton transfer via graphene plays key role in appearance of the observed trend with the high separation ability.

Oral presentation

Hydrogen isotope separation by tunneling effect used graphene-based heterogeneous electrocatalysts in electrochemical hydrogen pumping

Yasuda, Satoshi; Matsushima, Hisayoshi*; Terasawa, Tomoo; Yano, Masahiro; Asaoka, Hidehito; Gueriba, J.*; Di$~n$o, W.*; Fukutani, Katsuyuki

no journal, , 

We fabricated heterogeneous electrode with layered structures consisting of palladium and graphene layers and reported D2 enrichment from hydrogen and deuterium mixture gas using polymer electrolyte membrane electrochemical hydrogen pumping used the fabricated electrode. Mass spectroscopic analysis demonstrated significant bias voltage dependence of hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) separation ability and the H/D value decreases as the bias voltage increases. Theoretical analysis showed that the observed high H/D at low bias voltage stems from hydrogen isotopes tunneling through atomically-thick graphene during the electrochemical reaction, and the bias dependent H/D results in a transition from the quantum tunneling regime to classical over- barrier regime for hydrogen isotopes transfer via the graphene. These findings provide new insight for a novel economical methodology of efficient hydrogen isotope enrichment.

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