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Journal Articles

Charge radii in macroscopic-microscopic mass models

Iimura, Hideki; M$"o$ller, P.*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Sagawa, Hiroyuki*; Iwamoto, Akira*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030102_1 - 030102_4, 2015/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ground-state configuration of the $$N=157$$ nucleus $$^{259}$$No

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sakama, Minoru*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ishii, Yasuo; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

Physical Review C, 87(1), p.014332_1 - 014332_6, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:61.9(Physics, Nuclear)

The spin-parity and neutron configuration of the ground state of $$^{259}$$No have been identified through $$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy. The $$^{259}$$No is the nucleus with the largest neutron number whose spin-parities and single-particle configurations have ever been identified. The neutron 9/2$$^{+}$$[615] configuration was assigned to the ground state of $$^{259}$$No as well as to the 231.4 keV level in $$^{255}$$Fm. This allowed us to establish energy spacings and order of the neutron single-particle orbitals in such heaviest nuclear region. The appearance of the 9/2$$^{+}$$[615] ground state at $$N$$=157 implies that the order of the neutron orbitals between the $$N$$=152 and 162 deformed shell gaps should change considerably with increasing neutron number.

Journal Articles

Contrasting fission potential-energy structure of actinides and mercury isotopes

Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Iwamoto, Akira; M$"o$ller, P.*; Sierk, A. J.*

Physical Review C, 86(2), p.024610_1 - 024610_8, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:49 Percentile:6.9(Physics, Nuclear)

Fission-fragment mass distributions are asymmetric in fission of typical actinide nuclei for nucelon number $$A$$ in the range $$228 le A le 258$$ and proton number $$Z$$ in the range $$90 le 100$$. For somewhat lighter systems it has been observed that fission mass distributions are usually symmetric. However, a recent experiment showed that fission of $$^{198}$$Hg following electron capture on $$^{180}$$HI is asymmetric. An earlier experiment has shown fission of $$^{198}$$Hg and nearby nuclei is symmetric, but with hints of asymmetric yield distributions up to about 10 MeV above the saddle-point energy. We calculate potential-energy surfaces for a typical actinide nucleus and for 12 even isotopes in the range $$^{178}$$Hg-$$^{200}$$Hg, demonstrating the radical differences between actinide and mervury potential surfaces. We discuss these differences and how the changing potential-energy structure along the mercury isotope chain affects the observed (a)symmetry of the fission fragments. We show that the mechanism of asymmetric fission is very different in proton-rich mercury isotopes compared to the actinide region.

Journal Articles

Production and decay properties of $$^{264}$$Hs and $$^{265}$$Hs

Sato, Nozomi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(9), p.094201_1 - 094201_7, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:39.77(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Decay properties of $$^{264}$$Hs and $$^{265}$$Hs produced in the $$^{207,208}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe, $$xn$$) [$$x$$=1, 2] reactions were studied using a gas-filled recoil ion separator at the linear accelerator facility of RIKEN. A total of 6 decay chains were assigned to $$^{264}$$Hs. Cross sections for the $$^{264}$$Hs production in the $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,$$2n$$) and $$^{207}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,$$n$$) reactions were measured to be $$2.8^{+6.5}_{-2.3}$$pb and $$6.9^{+4.4}_{-3.1}$$pb, respectively. The isotope $$^{264}$$Hs decayed with a half-life of $$0.751^{+0.518}_{-0.218}$$ms by $$alpha$$-particle emission and spontaneous fission. The $$alpha$$-particle energy of $$^{264}$$Hs was observed at 10.61$$pm$$0.04 and 10.80$$pm$$0.08 MeV. The spontaneous fission branch of $$^{264}$$Hs was found to be $$17^{+38}_{-14}%$$.

Journal Articles

Neutron one-quasiparticle states in $$^{251}$$Fm$$_{151}$$ populated via the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{255}$$No

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ishii, Yasuo; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Kojima, Yasuaki*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(1), p.014315_1 - 014315_12, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:21.95(Physics, Nuclear)

Excited states in $$^{251}$$Fm populated via the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{255}$$No are studied in detail through $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ coincidence and $$alpha$$ fine structure measurements. Spin-parities and neutron configurations of the excited states in $$^{251}$$Fm as well as the ground state of $$^{255}$$No are definitely identified on the basis of deduced internal conversion coefficients, lifetimes of $$gamma$$ transitions, rotational-band energies built on one-quasiparticle states, and hindrance factors of $$alpha$$ transitions. It is found that the excitation energy of the 1/2$$^{+}$$[620] state in $$N$$=151 isotones increases with the atomic number, especially at $$Z$$$$ge$$100, while that of the 1/2$$^{+}$$[631] state decreases at $$Z$$=100. Energy systematics of the one-quasiparticle states in the $$N$$=151 isotones are discussed in terms of the evolution of nuclear deformation involving the hexadecapole and hexacontatetrapole deformations.

Journal Articles

New type of asymmetric fission in proton-rich nuclei

Andreyev, A. N.*; Elseviers, J.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Comas, V. F.*; Diriken, J.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 105(25), p.252502_1 - 252502_5, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:141 Percentile:3.14(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Decay properties of $$^{266}$$Bh and $$^{262}$$Db produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm + $$^{23}$$Na reaction

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sato, Nozomi*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(6), p.064201_1 - 064201_6, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:20.59(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Decay properties of an isotope $$^{266}$$Bh and its daughter nucleus $$^{262}$$Db produced by the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{23}$$Na,5$$n$$) reaction were studied by using a gas-filled recoil separator coupled with a position-sensitive semiconductor detector. $$^{266}$$Bh was clearly identified from the correlation of the known nuclide, $$^{262}$$Db. The obtained decay properties of $$^{266}$$Bh and $$^{262}$$Db are consistent with those observed in the $$^{278}$$113 chain, which provided further confirmation of the discovery of $$^{278}$$113.

Journal Articles

Production of a new hassium isotope $$^{263}$$Hs

Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Sato, Nozomi*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Kudo, Yuki*; Ozawa, Akira*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(3), p.035003_1 - 035003_2, 2009/03

A new hassium isotopes $$^{263}$$Hs is directly produced for the first time. The experiment was performed at the linear accelerator (RILAC) facility in RIKEN (the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) from Jun. 19 to 25. In the 25-h irradiation of $$^{58}$$Fe on $$^{206}$$Pb and 46-h irradiation of $$^{56}$$Fe on $$^{208}$$Pb, 8 decay chains and 1 decay chain, respectively, were observed. All decay chains were assigned to subsequent decays from $$^{263}$$Hs. The half-life of $$^{263}$$Hs is 0.60$$^{+0.30}_{-0.15}$$ ms. In this experiment, the total beam dose was $$4.1times10^{17}$$ ions for $$^{58}$$Fe and $$6.2times10^{17}$$ ions for $$^{56}$$Fe. The production cross section corresponding to 8 decay events and 1 decay chain was deduced to be 21$$^{+10}_{-8}$$ pb and 1.6$$^{+3.7}_{-1.3}$$ pb by assuming that the transmission of the system is 80%.

Journal Articles

Production and decay properties of $$^{263}$$Hs

Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Sato, Nozomi*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Kudo, Yuki*; Ozawa, Akira*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(3), p.035003_1 - 035003_2, 2009/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:71.4(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A new neutron deficient hassium ($$Z$$=108) isotope of $$^{263}$$Hs was identified via two different reactions of $$^{206}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,n) and $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{56}$$Fe,n) by using a gas-filled recoil separator GARIS at June 2008. During the 25-h irradiation of $$^{206}$$Pb with the $$^{58}$$Fe beam and 46-h irradiation of $$^{208}$$Pb with the $$^{56}$$Fe beam, 8 decay chains and 1 decay chain, respectively, have been observed. The half-life of $$^{263}$$Hs is 0.60$$^{+0.30}_{0.15}$$ ms. In this experiment, the total beam doses of the Fe and $$^{56}$$Fe was 4.1$$times$$10$$^{17}$$ ions and 6.2$$times$$10$$^{17}$$ ions, respectively. The production cross sections corresponding to the 8 decay chains and 1 decay chain have been deduced to be 21$$^{+10}_{-8}$$ pb and 1.6$$^{+3.7}_{-1.3}$$ pb by assuming the transmission of the system to be 80%.

Journal Articles

New decay properties of $$^{264}$$Hs, $$^{260}$$Sg, and $$^{256}$$Rf

Sato, Nozomi*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Ozawa, Akira*; et al.

RIKEN Accelerator Progress Report, Vol.42, P. 16, 2009/00

New Decay Properties of $$^{264}$$Hs and its $$alpha$$-decay daughter nuclei were studied by using reactions of $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,2n) and $$^{207}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,n) by using a gas-filled recoil ion separator, GARIS at RIKEN. We observed three correlated events in irradiation of $$^{58}$$Fe on $$^{208}$$Pb, and eight events in irradiation of $$^{58}$$Fe on $$^{207}$$Pb. A half-life was deduced to be 0.90$$^{+0.40}_{-0.20}$$. We assigned these eleven events to be the decays of $$^{264}$$Hs. We found different decay-chain events of $$^{264}$$Hs from a previous report. One is a long-lived $$alpha$$-decay of $$^{260}$$Sg with 180$$^{150}_{-60}$$ms of half-life. Another is a long-lived $$alpha$$-decay of $$^{256}$$Rf with 10.4$$^{8.4}_{-3.2}$$s of half-life. For $$^{260}$$Sg and $$^{256}$$Rf, the decay of such a long-lived state have not been reported. These are the first observations of isomerism in $$^{260}$$Sg and $$^{256}$$Rf.

Journal Articles

Extraction behavior of rutherfordium into tributylphosphate from hydrochloric acid

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Yasuo; Tome, Hayato; Sato, Tetsuya; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Ichikawa, Takatoshi; Ichikawa, Shinichi; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 95(1), p.1 - 6, 2007/01

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:25.74(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of charge polarization on the coulomb barrier for cold-fusion reactions

Ichikawa, Takatoshi; Iwamoto, Akira

Physical Review C, 71(6), p.067601_1 - 067601_4, 2005/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

We estimate the decrease of the Coulomb-barrier height between colliding parters due to charge polarizations in the entrance channel for cold-fusion reactions. Since the Coulomb-repulsion force increases with increasing the proton numbers of the target and projectile such as cold-fusion reactions, it is expected that the charge distribution of the colliding nuclei is changed to some extent. The resulting charge distribution induced by this polarization decreases the interacting Coulomb energy between the colliding partners, whereas their own self energies increase due to the increase of the symmetry energy. We assume that the resulting charge displacements between protons and neutrons are the sum of the surface- and volume-charge components and estimate the extent of the charge polarization with the self energy on the basis of the droplet model. We show the difference between the charge polarization of light and heavy nuclei and the decrease of the Coulomb barrier height for synthesizing superheavy elements.

Journal Articles

Barrier for cold-fusion production of superheavy elements

Ichikawa, Takatoshi; Iwamoto, Akira; M$"o$ller, P.*; Sierk, A. J.*

Physical Review C, 71(4), p.044608_1 - 044608_11, 2005/04

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:9.05(Physics, Nuclear)

We estimate the effective fusion barrier in the entrance channel in cold-fusion reactions in a model where the projectile deformation and quadrupole zero-point vibrational energy are taken into account. The effective fusion-barrier height is defined as the barrier energy at the target and projectile separation distance where the system becomes unstable with respect to projectile deformation. We also calculate five-dimensional potential-energy surfaces for the single compound system. For heavy systems the fusion barrier at touching becomes lower than the fission barrier just beyond the ground state of the compound system. Except for reactions in which the projectile is doubly magic or near doubly magic, the calculated quantities are consistent with the observed optimal energies for evaporation-residue formation.

Journal Articles

Cluster expression in fission and fusion in high-dimensional macroscopic-microscopic calculations

Iwamoto, Akira; Ichikawa, Takatoshi; M$"o$ller, P.*; Sierk, A. J.*

Nuclear Physics A, 738, p.499 - 502, 2004/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:67.36(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Formation of anionic chloride complex of Rutherfordium (Rf)

Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Akiyama, Kazuhiko*; Ishii, Yasuo; Tome, Hayato*; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Sato, Tetsuya; Ichikawa, Takatoshi; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

TBP reversed-phase extraction chromatography of Rutherfordium in the HCl solution

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Akiyama, Kazuhiko*; Ishii, Yasuo; Tome, Hayato*; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Sato, Tetsuya; Ichikawa, Takatoshi; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

$$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ spectroscopy of $$^{255}$$No

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Kojima, Yasuaki*; Sueki, Keisuke*

no journal, , 

$$gamma$$ rays following the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{255}$$No have been measured by means of $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ coincidence spectroscopy to establish neutron single-particle states in odd-mass superheavy nuclei. Seven $$gamma$$ transitions were observed, and excitation energies of the daughter nucleus $$^{251}$$Fm were determined. Spin-parities and neutron single-particle configurations of the excited states in $$^{251}$$Fm as well as the ground state of $$^{255}$$No were identified, and energy spacings and order of neutron single-particle states in N=151 isotones were established. It was found that the N=152 deformed neutron shell gap is larger in Fm and No nuclei than in lighter nuclei of Cf, Cm and Pu, which provides important information to clarify the shell structure of superheavy nuclei.

Oral presentation

Correlation between fission fragments and $$alpha$$-particles in the $$^{18}$$O + $$^{244}$$Pu reaction

Nishinaka, Ichiro; Tanikawa, Masashi*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Correlation between fission and $$alpha$$-particle emission in the $$^{18}$$O + $$^{244}$$Pu reaction

Nishinaka, Ichiro; Tanikawa, Masashi*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Productions and decay properties of $$^{264,265}$$Hs

Sato, Nozomi; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Kudo, Yuki*; Ozawa, Akira*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; et al.

no journal, , 

In this work, the production and decay properties of $$^{264,265}$$Hs produced in the $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe, $$xn$$) [$$x = 1,2$$] and $$^{207}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe, $$n$$) reactions were investigated. The experiment was performed at the RILAC facility in RIKEN. The evaporation residues (ERs) were separated from the primary beam with the gas-filled recoil ion separator, GARIS. In the focal plane of GARIS the products were implanted into a position-sensitive Si detector for measuring the arrival of ERs and subsequent $$alpha$$-decays or spontaneous fission from ERs. We have measured production cross-sections of $$^{264,265}$$Hs in the $$^{58}$$Fe + $$^{208}$$Pb reaction at several bombarding energies. For the $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe, $$n$$)$$^{265}$$Hs reaction, the cross-section maximum of ($$51^{+46}_{-29}$$) pb was obtained at the bombarding energy of 220.5 MeV at the middle of the target. For even-even nucleus $$^{264}$$Hs, we have also observed accurate decay data with good statistics.

31 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)