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Journal Articles

Non-aqueous selective synthesis of orthosilicic acid and its oligomers

Igarashi, Masayasu*; Matsumoto, Tomohiro*; Yagihashi, Fujio*; Yamashita, Hiroshi*; Ohara, Takashi; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Nakao, Akiko*; Moyoshi, Taketo*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Shimada, Shigeru*

Nature Communications (Internet), 8, p.140_1 - 140_8, 2017/07

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:57.69(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

On-site background measurements for the J-PARC E56 experiment; A Search for the sterile neutrino at J-PARC MLF

Ajimura, Shuhei*; Bezerra, T. J. C.*; Chauveau, E.*; Enomoto, T.*; Furuta, Hisataka*; Harada, Masahide; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hiraiwa, T.*; Igarashi, Yoichi*; Iwai, Eito*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2015(6), p.063C01_1 - 063C01_19, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:38.04(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The J-PARC E56 experiment aims to search for sterile neutrinos at the J-PARC Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF). In order to examine the feasibility of the experiment, we measured the background rates of different detector candidate sites, which are located at the third floor of the MLF, using a detector consisting of plastic scintillators with a fiducial mass of 500 kg. The gammas and neutrons induced by the beam as well as the backgrounds from the cosmic rays were measured, and the results are described in this article.

Journal Articles

NHEJ repair rather than HR repair is the primary function to target to enhance radiosensitization at high LET values

Takahashi, Akihisa*; Kubo, Makoto*; Igarashi, Chie*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Funayama, Tomoo; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Nakano, Takashi*

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 82, 2015/03

DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) induced by ionizing radiation pose a major threat to cell survival. The cell can respond to the presence of DSBs, through two major repair pathways: Homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ). Higher levels of cell death are induced by high-LET radiation when compared to low-LET radiation, even at the same doses because of less effective or more inefficient DNA repair. In this study, we examine the effects of radiation with different LET values on DNA DSB repair and radiosensitivity. Wild-type cells and HR deficient (but NHEJ proficient) cells exhibited the high RBE values at LET values of 108 keV/$$mu$$ m. The RBE value for each cell type decreased with increasing LET values over 200 keV/$$mu$$m. Although NHEJ proficient cells had an almost constant SER value, NHEJ deficient cells showed a high SER value when compared to NHEJ proficient cells, even with increasing LET values.

Journal Articles

Generation of radioisotopes with accelerator neutrons by deuterons

Nagai, Yasuki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Saeki, Hideya; Motoishi, Shoji; Sonoda, Nozomi; Kawabata, Masako; Harada, Hideo; Kin, Tadahiro*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(6), p.064201_1 - 064201_7, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:39 Percentile:85.74(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Successful labeling of $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc-MDP using $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc separated from $$^{99}$$Mo produced by $$^{100}$$Mo($textit{n}$,2$textit{n}$)$$^{99}$$Mo

Nagai, Yasuki; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Kin, Tadahiro; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Motoishi, Shoji; Konno, Chikara; Ochiai, Kentaro; Takakura, Kosuke; Sato, Yuichi*; Kawauchi, Yukimasa*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(8), p.083201_1 - 083201_4, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:63.88(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have for the first time succeeded to separate $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc from a Mo oxide sample irradiated by accelerator neutrons, and to formulate $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc-methylene diphosphonate ($$^{rm 99m}$$Tc-MDP). $$^{99}$$Mo, the mother nuclide of $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc, was produced by the $$^{100}$$Mo($textit{n}$,2$textit{n}$)$$^{99}$$Mo reaction using about 14 MeV neutrons provided at the Fusion Neutronics Source of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc was separated from $$^{99}$$Mo by the sublimation method, and its radionuclide purity was confirmed to be higher than 99.99%. The labeling efficiency of $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc-MDP was shown to be higher than 99%. These values exceed the United States Pharmacopeia requirements for a fission product, $$^{99}$$Mo. Consequently, a $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc radiopharmaceutical preparation formed by using the mentioned $$^{99}$$Mo can be a promising substitute for the fission product $$^{99}$$Mo. A longstanding problem to ensure a reliable and constant supply of $$^{99}$$Mo in Japan can be partially mitigated.

Journal Articles

Developments of high power gyrotron and power modulation technique using the JT-60U ECRF system

Kobayashi, Takayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Sato, Fumiaki; Yokokura, Kenji; Shimono, Mitsugu; Hasegawa, Koichi; Sawahata, Masayuki; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Igarashi, Koichi; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 4, p.037_1 - 037_10, 2009/08

Electron cyclotron (EC) heating and current drive (CD) are key tools to control fusion plasma especially for effective electron heating and for suppression of neoclassical tearing mode (NTM). Recently, developments of a high power gyrotron and a power modulation technique have been successfully achieved on JT-60U ECRF system in order to enhance the system performance. Stable gyrotron oscillation with oscillation power of 1.5 MW for 1 s was demonstrated in 2007, for the first time. Then temperature rise of cavity and collector has been investigated. It has been shown that the longer pulse operation with 1.5 MW by an improved 110 GHz gyrotron is possible. In addition, modulated ECCD in synchronized with NTM rotation has been performed with the oscillation power of 0.8 MW and the frequency around 5 kHz. The synchronizing system has worked very well and it has played an essential role in NTM suppression experiments on JT-60U.

Journal Articles

Development and achievements on the high power ECRF system in JT-60U

Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Isayama, Akihiko; Terakado, Masayuki; Sawahata, Masayuki; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Yokokura, Kenji; Shimono, Mitsugu; Hasegawa, Koichi; Hiranai, Shinichi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(8), p.085001_1 - 085001_7, 2009/07

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:59.08(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

In the gyrotron development in JT-60U ECRF system, output power of 1.5 MW for 1 s has been achieved at 110 GHz. It is the world highest power oscillation $$>$$ 1 s. In addition to the carefully designed cavity and collector in view of thermal stress, an RF shield for the adjustment bellows, and a low-dielectric-loss DC break enabled this achievement. Power modulation technique by anode voltage control was improved to obtain high modulation frequency and 5 kHz has been achieved for NTM stabilizing experiments. Long pulse demonstration of 0.4 MW, 30 s injection to the plasma has been achieved with real time control of anode/cathode-heater. It has been confirmed that the temperature of cooled components were saturated and no evidence of damage were found. An innovative antenna having wide range of beam steering capability with linearly-moving-mirror concept has been designed for long pulse. Beam profile and mechanical strength analyses shows the feasibility of the antenna.

JAEA Reports

Study on disassembly work of the radio frequency heating system in the amplifier rooms and heating power supply building

Yokokura, Kenji; Shimono, Mitsugu; Hasegawa, Koichi; Sawahata, Masayuki; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Igarashi, Koichi; Sato, Fumiaki; Wada, Kenji; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2008-065, 98 Pages, 2008/10

JAEA-Technology-2008-065.pdf:38.83MB

Construction of the JT-60SA (super advanced) is planned as an upgrade of JT-60U as the satellite tokamak in ITER broader approach and as the national centralized tokamak facility program in Japan. The present JT-60U will be disassembled and the JT-60SA will be constructed at the same location in the JT-60 tours hall. The disassembly work will be planned in the period from 2009 to 2011. In this report, disassembly of the radio frequency heating system of JT-60U in the amplifier rooms and heating power supply building is studied on (1) object for disassembly, (2) work plan, (3) estimation of materials amount, (4) procedure.

Journal Articles

Long pulse/high power ECRF system development in JT-60U

Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Isayama, Akihiko; Terakado, Masayuki; Sawahata, Masayuki; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Yokokura, Kenji; Shimono, Mitsugu; Hasegawa, Koichi; Hiranai, Shinichi; et al.

Proceedings of 22nd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2008) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2008/10

In the gyrotron development in JT-60U ECRF system, output power of 1.5 MW for 1 s has been achieved at 110 GHz. It is the world highest power oscillation $$>$$ 1 s. In addition to the carefully designed cavity and collector in view of thermal stress, an RF shield for the adjustment bellows, and a low-dielectric-loss DC break enabled this achievement. Power modulation technique by anode voltage control was improved to obtain high modulation frequency and 5 kHz has been achieved for NTM stabilizing experiments. Long pulse demonstration of 0.4 MW, 30 s injection to the plasma has been achieved with real time control of anode/cathode-heater. It has been confirmed that the temperature of cooled components were saturated and no evidence of damage were found. An innovative antenna having wide range of beam steering capability with linearly-moving-mirror concept has been designed for long pulse. Beam profile and mechanical strength analyses shows the feasibility of the antenna.

Journal Articles

Two-dimensional stress corrosion cracking model for reactor structural materials

Igarashi, Takahiro; Miwa, Yukio; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Tsukada, Takashi

Journal of Power and Energy Systems (Internet), 2(4), p.1188 - 1196, 2008/00

The two-dimensional intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) growth model has been developed to simulate branching cracks of IGSCC. In the model, the IGSCC is grown using the "grain-scaled" factors such as the length and strength of grain boundary and so on. Especially, the corrosion of grain boundary and the influence of shear stress acting on the grain boundary are introduced in the model. Using the model, computer simulation of crack growth was carried out under several load conditions with changing the ratio of axial to shear stress against the grain boundary. As a result of the simulations, we found out that the cause of crack branching was the influence of shear stress against the grain boundary, and that the synergistic effect of shear stress and corrosion of grain boundary leads to the oblique crack growth.

Journal Articles

Two-dimensional stress corrosion cracking model for reactor structural materials

Igarashi, Takahiro; Miwa, Yukio; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Tsukada, Takashi

Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-15) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/04

The two-dimensional intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) growth model has been developed to simulate branching cracks of IGSCC. In the model, the IGSCC is grown using the "grain-scaled" factors such as the length and strength of grain boundary and so on. Especially, the corrosion of grain boundary and the influence of shear stress acting on the grain boundary are introduced in the model. Using the model, computer simulation of crack growth was carried out under several load conditions with changing the ratio of axial to shear stress against the grain boundary. As a result of the simulations, we found out that the cause of crack branching was the influence of shear stress against the grain boundary, and that the synergistic effect of shear stress and corrosion of grain boundary leads to the oblique crack growth.

Journal Articles

Development and application of hybrid fast-coarse-grained-particle/molecular-dynamics simulation method

Igarashi, Takahiro; Ogata, Shuji*; Tsukada, Takashi

Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Multiscale Materials Modeling, p.179 - 182, 2006/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Beam commissioning of the J-PARC linac DTL1 at KEK

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Akikawa, Hisashi; Anami, Shozo*; Asano, Hiroyuki*; Fukui, Yuji*; Igarashi, Zenei*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Ikegami, Masanori*; Ito, Takashi; Kawamura, Masato*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 29th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.156 - 158, 2004/08

A commissioning of the J-PARC linac DTL1 is now under way at KEK. A 30mA H$$^{-}$$ beam was accelerated to 19.7-MeV, and 100% transmission was obtained with a 20-msec-pulse-width and 12.5-Hz-repetition beam. In this paper, present status of the DTL1 commissioning and preliminary results of the commissioning, such as emittance measurements, are presented.

Oral presentation

Development of power measurement for electron cyclotron heating system in JT-60U, 2

Moriyama, Shinichi; Yokokura, Kenji; Hasegawa, Koichi; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Ishii, Kazuhiro; Sato, Fumiaki; Tani, Takashi; Igarashi, Koichi; Shimono, Mitsugu; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Investigation of SCC growth behavior with branching for irradiated materials

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Igarashi, Takahiro; Miwa, Yukio; Taguchi, Taketoshi; Sozawa, Shizuo; Tsukada, Takashi; Hishida, Mamoru*; Takakura, Kenichi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Design and development for JT-60SA ECRF system

Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Yokokura, Kenji; Shimono, Mitsugu; Hasegawa, Koichi; Sawahata, Masayuki; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Igarashi, Koichi; et al.

no journal, , 

The electron cycrotron range of frequency (ECRF) system (3 MW$$ times$$ 5 s at 110 GHz with 4 gyrotrons) will be upgraded to the system having 9 gyrotrons (7 MW $$times$$ 100 s at 110 GHz and 140 GHz) for JT-60SA (super advanced). For the reference antenna design having rotary mirrors, an effective and reliable method of mirror cooling without water is under consideration. As an alternative antenna design, a new concept with a mirror driven in the linear motion which eliminates the flexible tube for coolant supply is under development. The design study featuring beam profile calculation showed feasibility of the antenna in the 0.48 m $$times$$ 0.48 m port. On the gyrotron development, 1.5 MW, 1s has been achieved using Si$$_{3}$$N$$_{4}$$ insulator instead of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$. Improvement of the mode converter is in progress and the test aiming at 1 MW, 100 s oscillation will be started in March.

Oral presentation

Design study and development of ECRF system for JT-60SA

Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Yokokura, Kenji; Shimono, Mitsugu; Hasegawa, Koichi; Sawahata, Masayuki; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Igarashi, Koichi; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Design study for JT-60SA ECRF system and the latest results of JT-60U ECRF system

Kobayashi, Takayuki; Moriyama, Shinichi; Yokokura, Kenji; Shimono, Mitsugu; Hasegawa, Koichi; Sawahata, Masayuki; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Igarashi, Koichi; et al.

no journal, , 

In JT-60SA, 7 MW of electron cyclotron heating and current drive will be performed with four units of 110 GHz and five units of 140 GHz electron cyclotron range of frequency (ECRF) systems. Transmission lines will be connected into four upper outer ports where quasi-optical antennas will be installed. Two types of antenna systems are being considered. One is a conventional type rotation antenna and the other is a new concept antenna which can control incident angle by a linearly driven mirror. Those antennas are now being evaluated from the view points of cooling structure, the range of incident angle and beam width. In addition, 1.5 MW for 1 s oscillation was carried out by one gyrotron of JT-60U ECRF system. Moreover, the present 110 GHz gyrotron will be improved which aims at the development of JT-60SA gyrotron. In this presentation, current status of design study for JT-60SA ECRF system and the latest results of the JT-60U ECRF system will be presented.

Oral presentation

Design and development status of ECH system for JT-60SA

Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Isayama, Akihiko; Yokokura, Kenji; Shimono, Mitsugu; Hasegawa, Koichi; Sawahata, Masayuki; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of power modulation technique with anode voltage control of gyrotron in JT-60U ECH system

Terakado, Masayuki; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Sato, Fumiaki; Sawahata, Masayuki; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Shimono, Mitsugu; Hiranai, Shinichi; Igarashi, Koichi; Suzuki, Takashi; Wada, Kenji; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

26 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)