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論文

Land use types control solid wash-off rate and entrainment coefficient of Fukushima-derived $$^{137}$$Cs, and their time dependence

脇山 義史*; 恩田 裕一*; 吉村 和也; 五十嵐 康記*; 加藤 弘亮*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105990_1 - 105990_12, 2019/12

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:44.92(Environmental Sciences)

This study provides the results of observations of plot-scale $$^{137}$$Cs wash-off from various land uses (two uncultivated farmlands, two cultivated farmlands, three grasslands and one forest) from 2011 to 2014. Annual $$^{137}$$Cs wash-off rate ranged from 0.0026 to 7.5% per year, and more vegetation cover resulted in lower sediment discharge. $$^{137}$$Cs concentration observed in uncultivated farmland plot decreased with time and the rate was lower than those of riverine, suggesting that contributions of $$^{137}$$Cs from the upslope area may be insignificant to that in riverine. A negative relationship between $$^{137}$$Cs concentration normalized by initial deposition amount and sediment concentration in runoff water was found. Cultivation appeared to cause enhanced soil erosion and resulted in constant relatively low $$^{137}$$Cs concentration. A contribution of coarse organic matter to $$^{137}$$Cs wash-off was suggested in the forest, which had relatively high $$^{137}$$Cs concentration and low sediment discharge.

口頭

Distributed modeling of radionuclide washing out from the watersheds in solute and with suspended sediments; Case studies Abukuma River, Fukushima Prefecture and Pripyat-Dnieper river system, Ukraine

Zheleznyak, M.*; Pylypenko, O.*; Kivva, S.*; 佐久間 一幸; 五十嵐 康記*; 脇山 義史*; Konoplev, A.*; 難波 謙二*

no journal, , 

物理モデルベースの水、土砂輸送を考慮した流域モデルを開発し、福島県内の試験プロットで懸濁態$$^{137}$$Cs流出について試計算を実施した。また、GISベースで経験的な流出率を用いる流域モデルを開発した。開発したモデルを用いて福島県阿武隈川で$$^{137}$$Csについて試計算を実施し、ウクライナのPripyat川とDnieper川を対象に、放射性核種輸送について妥当性を検証した。

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