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Journal Articles

$$^{rm 206,207,208,nat}$$Pb(p,x)$$^{194}$$Hg and $$^{209}$$Bi(p,x)$$^{194}$$Hg excitation functions in the energy range 0.04 - 2.6 GeV

Titarenko, Yu. E.*; Batyaev, V. F.*; Pavlov, K. V.*; Titarenko, A. Yu.*; Malinovskiy, S. V.*; Rogov, V. I.*; Zhivun, V. M.*; Kulevoy, T. V.*; Chauzova, M. V.*; Khalikov, R. S.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1026, p.166151_1 - 166151_9, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The paper presents the $$^{194}$$Hg production cross-sections measured by the direct gamma-spectrometry technique in the samples of lead enriched with isotopes 206, 207 and 208, as well as in the samples of natural lead and bismuth, irradiated by protons of 11 energies in the range from 0.04 to 2.6 GeV. The obtained experimental results are compared with the previous measurements, with the TENDL-2019 data-library evaluations and the simulated data by means of the high-energy transport codes MCNP6.1 (CEM03.03), PHITS (INCL4.6/GEM), Geant4 (INCL++/ABLA) and the nuclear reaction code TALYS.

Journal Articles

$$^{rm 208,207,206,nat}$$Pb(p,x)$$^{207}$$Bi and $$^{209}$$Bi(p,x)$$^{207}$$Bi excitation functions in the energy range of 0.04 - 2.6 GeV

Titarenko, Yu. E.*; Batyaev, V. F.*; Pavlov, K. V.*; Titarenko, A. Yu.*; Malinovskiy, S. V.*; Rogov, V. I.*; Zhivun, V. M.*; Kulevoy, T. V.*; Chauzova, M. V.*; Lushin, S. V.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 984, p.164635_1 - 164635_8, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:37.81(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The paper presents the $$^{207}$$Bi production cross-sections measured by the direct gamma-spectrometry technique in the samples of lead enriched with isotopes 208, 207 and 206, as well as in the samples of natural lead and bismuth, irradiated by protons of 11 energies in the range from 0.04 to 2.6 GeV. The obtained experimental results are compared with the previous measurements, with the TENDL-2019 data-library evaluations and the simulated data by means of the high-energy transport codes MCNP6.1 (CEM03.03), PHITS (INCL4.6/GEM), and Geant4 (INCL++/ABLA). The observed discrepancies between model predictions and experimental data are discussed.

Journal Articles

CIELO collaboration summary results; International evaluations of neutron reactions on uranium, plutonium, iron, oxygen and hydrogen

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Talou, P.*; Plompen, A. J.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 148, p.189 - 213, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:61 Percentile:98.19(Physics, Nuclear)

The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides that significantly impact criticality in nuclear facilities - $$^{235}$$U, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{16}$$O and $$^{1}$$H - with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality. This report summarizes our results and outlines plans for the next phase of this collaboration.

Journal Articles

Improving nuclear data accuracy of $$^{241}$$ Am and $$^{237}$$ Np capture cross sections

$v{Z}$erovnik, G.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; Cano-Ott, D.*; Jandel, M.*; Hori, Junichi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Rossbach, M.*; Letourneau, A.*; Noguere, G.*; Leconte, P.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.11035_1 - 11035_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:86.71

Journal Articles

The CIELO collaboration; Progress in international evaluations of neutron reactions on Oxygen, Iron, Uranium and Plutonium

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Pigni, M.*; Dunn, M.*; Leal, L.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.02001_1 - 02001_9, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:95.42

The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides ($$^{16}$$O, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{235,238}$$U and $$^{239}$$Pu) that significantly impact criticality in nuclear technologies with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality.

Journal Articles

The CIELO Collaboration; Neutron reactions on $$^1$$H, $$^{16}$$O, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{235,238}$$U, and $$^{239}$$Pu

Chadwick, M. B.*; Dupont, E.*; Bauge, E.*; Blokhin, A.*; Bouland, O.*; Brown, D. A.*; Capote, R.*; Carlson, A. D.*; Danon, Y.*; De Saint Jean, C.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.1 - 25, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:105 Percentile:98.52(Physics, Nuclear)

CIELO (Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organization) provides a new working paradigm to facilitate evaluated nuclear reaction data advances. It brings together experts from across the international nuclear reaction data community to identify and document discrepancies among existing evaluated data libraries, measured data, and model calculation interpretations, and aims to make progress in reconciling these discrepancies to create more accurate ENDF-formatted files. The focus will initially be on a small number of the highest-priority isotopes, namely $$^{1}$$H, $$^{16}$$O, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{235,238}$$U, and $$^{239}$$Pu. This paper identifies discrepancies between various evaluations of the highest priority isotopes. The evaluated data for these materials in the existing nuclear data libraries are reviewed, and some integral properties are given. The paper summarizes a program of nuclear science and computational work needed to create the new CIELO nuclear data evaluations.

Journal Articles

Verification of high-energy transport codes on the basis of activation data

Titarenko, Yu. E.*; Batyaev, V. F.*; Butko, M. A.*; Dikarev, D. V.*; Florya, S. N.*; Pavlov, K. V.*; Titarenko, A. Yu.*; Tikhonov, R. S.*; Zhivun, V. M.*; Ignatyuk, A. V.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 84(6), p.064612_1 - 064612_19, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:75.78(Physics, Nuclear)

Nuclide production cross sections measured at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) for the targets of $$^{rm nat}$$Cr, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{rm nat}$$Ni, $$^{93}$$Nb, $$^{181}$$Ta, $$^{rm nat}$$W, $$^{rm nat}$$Pb, and $$^{209}$$Bi irradiated by protons with energies from 40 to 2600 MeV were used to estimate the predictive accuracy of several popular high-energy transport codes. A general agreement of the ITEP data with the data obtained by other groups, including the numerous GSI data measured by the inverse kinematics method was found. Simulations of the measured data were performed with a number of codes. Deviation factors between the calculated and experimental cross sections have been estimated for each target and for the whole energy range covered by our measurements. Further improvements of all tested here codes are recommended. In addition, new measurements at ITEP of nuclide yields from the $$^{208}$$Pb target irradiated by 500-MeV protons are presented.

Journal Articles

Verification of high-energy transport codes on the basis of activation data

Titarenko, Yu. E.*; Batyaev, V. F.*; Butko, M. A.*; Dikarev, D. V.*; Florya, S. N.*; Pavlov, K. V.*; Titarenko, A. Yu.*; Tikhonov, R. S.*; Zhivun, V. M.*; Ignatyuk, A. V.*; et al.

LA-UR-11-02704, 31 Pages, 2011/06

Nuclide production cross sections measured at ITEP for the targets of $$^{nat}$$Cr, $$^{56}$$Fe,$$^{nat}$$Ni, $$^{93}$$Nb, $$^{181}$$Ta, $$^{nat}$$W, $$^{nat}$$Pb, $$^{209}$$Bi irradiated by protons with energies from 40 to 2600 MeV were used to estimate the predictive accuracy of several popular high-energy transport codes. A general agreement of the ITEP data with the data obtained by other groups, including the numerous GSI data measured by the inverse kinematics method was found. Simulations of the measured data were performed with the MCNPX (Bertini and ISABEL options), CEM03.02, INCL4.2+ABLA, INCL4.5+ABLA07, PHITS, and CASCADE.07 codes. Deviation factors between the calculated and experimental cross sections have been estimated for each target and for the whole energy range covered by our measurements. Further improvements of all tested here codes are recommended.

Journal Articles

Measurement and simulation of the cross sections for nuclide production in $$^{56}$$Fe and $$^{rm nat}$$Cr targets irradiated with 0.04- to 2.6-GeV protons

Titarenko, Yu. E.*; Batyaev, V. F.*; Titarenko, A. Yu.*; Butko, M. A.*; Pavlov, K. V.*; Florya, S. N.*; Tikhonov, R. S.*; Zhivun, V. M.*; Ignatyuk, A. V.*; Mashnik, S. G.*; et al.

Physics of Atomic Nuclei, 74(4), p.523 - 536, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:65.51(Physics, Nuclear)

The cross sections for nuclide production in thin $$^{56}$$Fe and $$^{rm nat}$$Cr targets irradiated by 0.04 to 2.6 GeV protons are measured by direct $$gamma$$ spectrometry using two $$gamma$$ spectrometers with the resolutions of 1.8 and 1.7 keV for the $$^{60}$$Co 1332 keV $$gamma$$ line. As a result, 649 yields of radioactive residual product nuclei have been obtained. The $$^{27}$$Al($$p$$, $$x$$)$$^{22}$$Na reaction has been used as a monitor reaction. The experimental data are compared with the MCNPX (BERTINI, ISABEL), CEM03.02, INCL4.2, INCL4.5, PHITS, and CASCADE07 calculations.

Journal Articles

Measurement and simulation of the cross sections for nuclide production in $$^{93}$$Nb and $$^{rm nat}$$Ni targets irradiated with 0.04- to 2.6-GeV protons

Titarenko, Yu. E.*; Batyaev, V. F.*; Titarenko, A. Yu.*; Butko, M. A.*; Pavlov, K. V.*; Florya, S. N.*; Tikhonov, R. S.*; Zhivun, V. M.*; Ignatyuk, A. V.*; Mashnik, S. G.*; et al.

Physics of Atomic Nuclei, 74(4), p.537 - 550, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:75.78(Physics, Nuclear)

The cross sections for nuclide production in thin $$^{93}$$Nb and $$^{rm nat}$$Ni targets irradiated by 0.04 to 2.6 GeV protons are measured by direct $$gamma$$ spectrometry using two $$gamma$$ spectrometers with the resolutions of 1.8 and 1.7 keV for the $$^{60}$$Co 1332-keV $$gamma$$ line. As a result, 1112 yields of radioactive residual product nuclei have been obtained. The $$^{27}$$Al($$p$$, $$x$$)$$^{22}$$Na reaction has been used as a monitor reaction. The experimental data are compared with the MCNPX (BERTINI, ISABEL), CEM03.02, INCL4.2, INCL4.5, PHITS, and CASCADE07 calculations.

Journal Articles

Measurement and simulation of the cross sections for nuclide production in $$^{rm nat}$$W and $$^{181}$$Ta targets irradiated with 0.04- to 2.6-GeV protons

Titarenko, Yu. E.*; Batyaev, V. F.*; Titarenko, A. Yu.*; Butko, M. A.*; Pavlov, K. V.*; Florya, S. N.*; Tikhonov, R. S.*; Zhivun, V. M.*; Ignatyuk, A. V.*; Mashnik, S. G.*; et al.

Physics of Atomic Nuclei, 74(4), p.551 - 572, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:84.97(Physics, Nuclear)

The cross sections for nuclide production in thin $$^{rm nat}$$W and $$^{181}$$Ta targets irradiated by 0.04 to 2.6GeV protons are measured by direct $$gamma$$ spectrometry using two $$gamma$$ spectrometers with the resolutions of 1.8 and 1.7 keV for the $$^{60}$$Co 1332-keV $$gamma$$ line. As a result, 1895 yields of radioactive residual product nuclei have been obtained. The $$^{27}$$Al($$p$$, $$x$$)$$^{22}$$Na reaction has been used as a monitor reaction. The experimental data are compared with the MCNPX (BERTINI, ISABEL), CEM03.02, INCL4.2, INCL4.5, PHITS, and CASCADE07 calculations.

Journal Articles

Measurement and simulation of the cross sections for the production of $$^{148}$$Gd in thin $$^{rm nat}$$W and $$^{181}$$Ta targets irradiated with 0.4- to 2.6-GeV protons

Titarenko, Yu. E.*; Batyaev, V. F.*; Titarenko, A. Yu.*; Butko, M. A.*; Pavlov, K. V.*; Florya, S. N.*; Tikhonov, R. S.*; Zhivun, V. M.*; Ignatyuk, A. V.*; Mashnik, S. G.*; et al.

Physics of Atomic Nuclei, 74(4), p.573 - 579, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:49.89(Physics, Nuclear)

The cross sections for the production of $$^{148}$$Gd in $$^{rm nat}$$W and $$^{181}$$Ta targets irradiated by 0.4-, 0.6-, 0.8-, 1.2-, 1.6-, and 2.6-GeV protons at the ITEP accelerator complex have been measured by direct $$alpha$$ spectrometry without chemical separation. The experimental data have been compared with the data obtained at other laboratories and with the theoretical simulations of the yields on the basis of the BERTINI, ISABEL, CEM03.02, INCL4.2, INCL4.5, CASCADE07, and PHITS codes.

Journal Articles

Review of neutron cross-section evaluations for fission products

Oblozinsk$'y$, P.*; Herman, M.*; Mughabghab, S. F.*; Sirakov, I.*; Chang, J.*; Nakagawa, Tsuneo; Shibata, Keiichi; Kawai, Masayoshi*; Ignatyuk, A. V.*; Pronyaev, V. G.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 769, p.438 - 441, 2005/05

Review of neutron cross-section evaluations for fission products included in 5 major evaluated nuclear-data libralies was performed. The aim of the project, conducted under the WPEC Subgroup 21 during 2001-2004, was to prepare recommendations for best evaluations of nuclei in the range Z=1-68. Altogether, existing evaluations for 211 materials were reviewd, 7 new materials were added, and recommendations were prepared for 218 materials.

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