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Journal Articles

PANDORA Project for the study of photonuclear reactions below $$A=60$$

Tamii, Atsushi*; Pellegri, L.*; S$"o$derstr$"o$m, P.-A.*; Allard, D.*; Goriely, S.*; Inakura, Tsunenori*; Khan, E.*; Kido, Eiji*; Kimura, Masaaki*; Litvinova, E.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 59(9), p.208_1 - 208_21, 2023/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Phoswich alpha/beta detector for monitoring in the site of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Morishita, Yuki; Takasaki, Koji; Kitayama, Yoshiharu; Tagawa, Akihiro; Shibata, Takuya; Hoshi, Katsuya; Kaneko, Junichi*; Higuchi, Mikio*; Oura, Masatoshi*

Radiation Measurements, 160, p.106896_1 - 106896_10, 2023/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This study proposes a newly developed phoswich alpha/beta detector that can discriminate alpha and beta particles emitted from the alpha and beta contaminations in the FDNPS site. The phoswich alpha/beta detector is made up of two layers of scintillators that detect alpha and beta particles. The pulse shape discrimination (PSD) method was used to detect alpha particles in high beta particle and high gamma-ray (comparable to gamma-ray dose rate near the FDNPS reactor building) environments. Due to a 23.3% full width at half maximum (FWHM) energy resolution for alpha particles, the detector can be used to distinguish between nuclear fuel materials such as plutonium and its radon progeny (Po-214). Moreover, the detector could distinguish alpha particles from $$^{137}$$Cs gamma rays with a dose rate background up to 9.0 mSv/h. It is the first to demonstrate that the developed phoswich detector can be used to discriminate and measure alpha and beta particles of the actual contaminated FDNPS samples.

Journal Articles

The Japan Health Physics Society Guideline on Dose Monitoring for the Lens of the Eye

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Tsujimura, Norio; Hashimoto, Makoto; Yoshitomi, Hiroshi; Kato, Masahiro*; Kurosawa, Tadahiro*; Tatsuzaki, Hideo*; Sekiguchi, Hiroshi*; Koguchi, Yasuhiro*; Ono, Koji*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 47(1), p.1 - 7, 2022/03

Background: In Japan, new regulations that revise the dose limit for the lens of the eye (the lens), operational quantities, and measurement positions for the lens dose were enforced in April 2021. Based on the international safety standards, national guidelines, the results of the Radiation Safety Research Promotion Fund of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority, and other studies, the Working Group of Radiation Protection Standardization Committee, the Japan Health Physics Society (JHPS) developed a guideline for radiation dose monitoring for the lens. Materials and Methods: The Working Group of the JHPS discussed the criteria of non-uniform exposure and the management criteria set to not exceed the dose limit for the lens. Results and Discussion: In July 2020, the JHPS guideline was published. The guideline consists of three parts: main text, explanations, and 26 questions. In the questions, the corresponding answers were prepared, and specific examples were provided to enable similar cases to be addressed. Conclusion: With the development of guideline on radiation dose monitoring of the lens, radiation managers and workers will be able to smoothly comply with revised regulations and optimise radiation protection.

Journal Articles

Development of guidelines on radiation protection for the lens of the eye in Japan

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Iwai, Satoshi*; Tsujimura, Norio; Hashimoto, Makoto; Yoshitomi, Hiroshi; Kato, Masahiro*; Kurosawa, Tadahiro*; Tatsuzaki, Hideo*; Sekiguchi, Hiroshi*; Koguchi, Yasuhiro*; et al.

Proceedings of 15th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA-15) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2022/00

Journal Articles

Thermally altered subsurface material of asteroid (162173) Ryugu

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Takagi, Yasuhiko*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Hiroi, Takahiro*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Nature Astronomy (Internet), 5(3), p.246 - 250, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:96.13(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Here we report observations of Ryugu's subsurface material by the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. Reflectance spectra of excavated material exhibit a hydroxyl (OH) absorption feature that is slightly stronger and peak-shifted compared with that observed for the surface, indicating that space weathering and/or radiative heating have caused subtle spectral changes in the uppermost surface. However, the strength and shape of the OH feature still suggests that the subsurface material experienced heating above 300 $$^{circ}$$C, similar to the surface. In contrast, thermophysical modeling indicates that radiative heating does not increase the temperature above 200 $$^{circ}$$C at the estimated excavation depth of 1 m, even if the semimajor axis is reduced to 0.344 au. This supports the hypothesis that primary thermal alteration occurred due to radiogenic and/or impact heating on Ryugu's parent body.

Journal Articles

Consideration of relationship between decommissioning with digital-twin and knowledge management

Taruta, Yasuyoshi; Yanagihara, Satoshi*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Kobayashi, Shigeto*; Iguchi, Yukihiro; Kitamura, Koichi; Koda, Yuya; Tomoda, Koichi

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2020/08

Decommissioning is a long-term project during which generations are expected to change. Therefore, it is necessary to appropriately transfer knowledge and technology to the next generation. In recent years, in the world of decommissioning, attempts have been made to apply advanced technologies such as utilization of knowledge management and virtual reality. This study describes adaptation in decommissioning from the viewpoint of utilizing IT technology called digital twin from the viewpoint of knowledge management.

Journal Articles

Repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater using different pre-concentration methods

Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Aono, Tatsuo*; Ashikawa, Nobuo*; Ebina, Hiroyuki*; Iijima, Takeshi*; Ishimaru, Kei*; Kanai, Ramon*; Karube, Jinichi*; Konnai, Yae*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 322(2), p.477 - 485, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:23.46(Chemistry, Analytical)

We assessed the repeatability and reproducibility of methods for determining low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater in Fukushima. Twenty-one laboratories pre-concentrated three of 10 L samples by five different pre-concentration methods (prussian-blue-impregnated filter cartridges, coprecipitation with ammonium phosphomolybdate, evaporation, solid-phase extraction disks, and ion-exchange resin columns), and activity of radiocesium was measured. The z-scores for all of the $$^{137}$$Cs results were within $$pm$$2, indicating that the methods were accurate. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) indicating the variability in the results from different laboratories were larger than the RSDs indicating the variability in the results from each separate laboratory.

Journal Articles

Adaptation for knowledge management to nuclear research fields

Taruta, Yasuyoshi; Yanagihara, Satoshi*; Iguchi, Yukihiro; Kitamura, Koichi; Tezuka, Masashi; Koda, Yuya

Chishiki Kyoso (Internet), 8, p.IV 2_1 - IV 2_12, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Research concept of decommissioning knowledge management for the Fugen NPP

Taruta, Yasuyoshi; Yanagihara, Satoshi*; Iguchi, Yukihiro; Kitamura, Koichi; Tezuka, Masashi; Koda, Yuya

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/07

The IAEA are developed the discussion for those situations and pointed out the importance of nuclear knowledge management. The nuclear knowledge management is developing a database as nuclear knowledge management. In recent years, the IAEA has also advanced knowledge taxonomies on nuclear accidents. These studies are attempts to appropriately arrange and utilize huge amounts of information. Even in nuclear facilities in Japan, it is pointed out that veteran staff aging and loss of knowledge and skill caused by retirement. Therefore, we created a prototype database system to utilize past knowledge and information for ATR Fugen. Now, there are few cases of past decommissioning that can be utilized. This study of pilot model concept revealed that it is not sufficient to just prepare a past data and information. This is what information other than the construction report requires the decommissioning and what kind of information should be gathered.

Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

Journal Articles

Silicon avalanche photodiode linear-array detector with multichannel scaling system for pulsed synchrotron X-ray experiments

Kishimoto, Shunji*; Mitsui, Takaya; Haruki, Rie*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Taniguchi, Takashi*; Shimazaki, Shoichi*; Ikeno, Masahiro*; Saito, Masatoshi*; Tanaka, Manobu*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 10(5), p.C05030_1 - C05030_6, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:29.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Nuclear resonant scattering measurements on $$^{57}$$Fe by multichannel scaling with a 64 pixel silicon avalanche photodiode linear-array detector

Kishimoto, Shunji*; Mitsui, Takaya; Haruki, Rie*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Taniguchi, Takashi*; Shimazaki, Shoichi*; Ikeno, Masahiro*; Saito, Masatoshi*; Tanaka, Manobu*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(11), p.113102_1 - 113102_5, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:37.51(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Dynamics of low-energy electrons in liquid water with consideration of Coulomb interaction with positively charged water molecules induced by electron collision

Kai, Takeshi; Yokoya, Akinari; Ukai, Masatoshi*; Fujii, Kentaro; Higuchi, Mariko; Watanabe, Ritsuko

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 102, p.16 - 22, 2014/09

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:85.09(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Interface-dependent magnetotransport properties for thin Pt films on ferrimagnetic Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$

Shiomi, Yuki*; Otani, Takashi*; Iguchi, Satoshi*; Sasaki, Takahiko*; Qiu, Z.*; Nakayama, Hiroyasu*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Saito, Eiji

Applied Physics Letters, 104(24), p.242406_1 - 242406_5, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:73.52(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Organic solvent-free water-developable sugar resist material derived from biomass in green lithography

Takei, Satoshi*; Oshima, Akihiro*; Ichikawa, Takumi*; Sekiguchi, Atsushi*; Kashiwakura, Miki*; Kozawa, Takahiro*; Tagawa, Seiichi*; Oyama, Tomoko; Ito, Shoji*; Miyasaka, Hiroshi*

Microelectronic Engineering, 122, p.70 - 76, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:76.32(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Biomass-derived branched sugar resist material was developed for environmentally-friendly electron beam lithography (EBL). The developed resist enables organic solvent-free water-developable process. The resist performance was evaluated using 75 keV EBL system. Lines of 50-200 nm were fabricated with high sensitivity of 7 $$mu$$C/cm$$^{2}$$. The resist is developable in pure water at 23 $$^{circ}$$C for 60 s, and it has acceptable CF$$_{4}$$ etch selectivity.

Journal Articles

Corrosion modeling for carbon steel under oxygen depleted underground environment

Shibata, Toshio*; Watanabe, Masatoshi; Taniguchi, Naoki; Shimizu, Akihiko*

Zairyo To Kankyo, 62(2), p.70 - 77, 2013/02

In the oxygen depleted underground environment, carbon steel reacts with H$$_{2}$$O, producing H$$_{2}$$ gas and forming corrosion film on the steel surface. Corrosion rate is controlled by diffusion of reaction species through corrosion film. Diffusion constants of some species working in the corrosion process were obtained from literatures. However, no data were found on the diffusion constant of H$$_{2}$$O in iron oxides based on an appropriate assumption. Mass transfer model for the corrosion rate was used to simulate the corrosion rate of carbon steel. Liquid phase diffusion model of Fe$$^{2+}$$ or H$$_{2}$$O through pores in the corrosion film and solid phase diffusion model of H$$_{2}$$O through corrosion film itself were examined by Excel simulation. Change in corrosion current density and corrosion loss with time and pH and temperature dependence of corrosion current density were examined. By comparing the results, it is suggested that the solid phase diffusion of H$$_{2}$$O in the corrosion film controls the corrosion rate of carbon steel in oxygen depleted environment.

Journal Articles

Examination of Japanese mass-produced Nb$$_3$$Sn conductors for ITER toroidal field coils

Nabara, Yoshihiro; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Isono, Takaaki; Hamada, Kazuya; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Matsui, Kunihiro; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kawano, Katsumi; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Ebisawa, Noboru; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(3), p.4804804_1 - 4804804_4, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:64.42(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Analysis of bonding structure of ultrathin films of oligothiophene molecules grown on passivated silicon surfaces

Toyoshima, Hiroaki*; Hiraga, Kenta*; Ono, Shinya*; Tanaka, Masatoshi*; Ozawa, Kenichi*; Mase, Kazuhiko*; Hirao, Norie; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Baba, Yuji

Photon Factory Activity Report 2011, Part B, P. 102, 2012/00

The knowledge of the interaction between organic molecules and semiconductor surfaces plays an important role in adapting organic semiconductors into the semiconductor technology. In the present study, the process of $$alpha$$-sexithiophene ($$alpha$$-6T) thin layer formation on passivated silicon (Si) surfaces has been investigated in-situ by means of PES, angle-depended NEXAFS (near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure), SDRS, and RDS. For water-adsorbed Si(001), it was found that the majority of $$alpha$$-6T molecules are standing on the substrate. Above 3 nm, most of molecules are standing and constitute well ordered islands or films. For ethylene adsorbed Si(001) on the contrary, some of $$alpha$$-6T molecules are flat-lying, resulting in less prominent orientation. Thus, the orientation of molecules depends on the method of passivation, which opens the possibility of controlling the molecular orientation by the surface modification.

Journal Articles

A New method for isotope ratio measurement of uranium in trace amount by thermal ionization mass spectrometry; The Continuous heating method

Suzuki, Daisuke; Kokubu, Yoko; Sakurai, Satoshi; Lee, C. G.; Magara, Masaaki; Iguchi, Kazunari*; Kimura, Takaumi

International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 294(1), p.23 - 27, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:39 Percentile:87.01(Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical)

A new method for isotope ratio measurement with thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS), "continuous heating method", was developed in order to determine an accurate isotope ratio of uranium ranging from sub-picograms to several dozen picograms. In this method, signals were measured during evaporation of an entire sample; however, part of the higher detected signals was used for calculation of the isotope ratio. The continuous heating method can measure the ratios with high reproducibility regardless of the sample amount and the skill of operators because procedures of measurement and data calculation were standardized, enabling accurate correction of mass discrimination effect. When $$^{235}$$U/$$^{238}$$U ratios in isotopic reference materials measured by the continuous heating method were compared with those measured by the conventional method and the total evaporation method, there was no difference in the case of measurement of a larger amount of samples. However, the continuous heating method showed the most accurate result compared with those measured by the other methods for the measurement of the sample of sub-picograms.

Journal Articles

Production of radioisotopes for nuclear medicine using ion-beam technology and its utilization for both therapeutic and diagnostic application in cancer

Iida, Yasuhiko*; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Watanabe, Satoshi; Watanabe, Shigeki; Ishioka, Noriko; Yoshioka, Hiroki*; Yamamoto, Shinji*; Paudyal, P.*; Paudyal, B.*; Higuchi, Tetsuya*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2009-041, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2008, P. 108, 2009/12

149 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)