Murase, Satoshi*; Yoshikawa, Yumi*; Fujiwara, Kosuke*; Fukada, Yukimasa*; Teranishi, Takashi*; Kano, Jun*; Fujii, Tatsuo*; Inada, Yasuhiro*; Katayama, Misaki*; Yoshii, Kenji; et al.
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 162, p.110468_1 - 110468_6, 2022/03
We report a trial of the valence control for mixed valence iron triangular oxide YbFeO in order to develop an effective technique to control the frustration of charges in strongly correlated electron systems. The electro-chemical doping of Li into YbFeO was examined on the cell type sample similar to the Li-ion secondary battery cell. Systematic change of the lattice constant, Fe-Fe and Fe-Yb distance were observed with Li doping. Maximum value of the doping was over 300 mAh/g. An EXAFS experiment indicated that Li positioned between Yb octahedron layer (U-layer) and Fe-bipyramidal layer (W-layer). However, detailed change of iron valence state of YbFeO was not clearly observed because of the superimpose of the signal from iron metal nano particles in XANES observation. The results indicate that the electrochemical method might be one of the potential technique to control the frustration of charges in YbFeO.
Fukada, Yukimasa*; Fukuyama, Ryota*; Fujiwara, Kosuke*; Yoshii, Kenji; Shigematsu, Kei*; Azuma, Masaki*; Ikeda, Naoshi*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(2), p.024710_1 - 024710_6, 2021/02
We report an analysis of the dielectric glasslike state of the spin- and charge-ordered system LuFeO, which has structural and physical properties analogous to those of the electronic ferroelectrics FeO (: rare earth). Aging and memory effects of resistivity were found in the electric impedance response. We performed a numerical analysis with equivalent electric circuits that have a logarithmic Gaussian distribution of resistance and capacitance. The distribution parameters well explained the glassy nature of the electric and dielectric properties between 100 and 200 K and the distribution variations of charge- and magnetic-ordered domains underlying the glass nature.
Horibe, Yoichi*; Mori, Shigeo*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Yoshii, Kenji; Maeno, Hiroshi*; Murakami, Yasukazu*
Ferroelectrics, 584(1), p.20 - 30, 2021/00
Temperature dependence of charge-ordered crystal structures and domain structures in RFeO (R: Y and Lu) was investigated by energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy, combined with conventional transmission electron microscopy. The presence of three-dimensional to two-dimensional charge ordering transition were observed in both RFeO on heating. Furthermore, real-space images obtained with the energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy revealed that YRFeO has less anisotropic nanometer-scale charge-ordered domains than LuRFeO. These findings in RFeO indicate the importance of the interchange interactions between Fe-O bilayers in addition to those within bilayers in the structural phase transitions associated with charge ordering in this system.
Yoshii, Kenji; Ikeda, Naoshi*
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 804, p.364 - 369, 2019/10
Dielectric and magnetocaloric measurements are carried out for the chromite TmCrO. This oxide was reported to be multiferroic below the Nel temperature () of 125 K, likely due to a structural transformation. The dielectric response shows large dielectric constants below 300 K. However, from the analyses of loss tangent, AC conductivity and dielectric modulus, this behavior is rooted in hopping of charge carriers rather than electric dipoles, as proposed for some other chromites. No dielectric anomaly is found at . The magnetocaloric effect shows that the magnetic transitions at as well as the spin reorientation temperature are of a second order. This result strongly suggests the absence of magnetostructural transition at in accord with no observation of ferroelectric transition at this temperature.
Yoshii, Kenji; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Shimojo, Yutaka; Ishii, Yoshinobu*
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 190, p.96 - 101, 2017/04
Magnetic and dielectric properties have been studied for LaCrO, PrCrO, and their solid solution LaPrCrO, belonging to a family of ferroelectricorthochromite series CrO (: rare earths). The magnetic measurements confirm that the material shows canted antiferromagnetic ordering at 240-288 K. Neutron diffraction patterns could be fitted with the centrosymmetric , which is different from the non-centrosymmetric structure proposed for the ferroelectric phase of NdCrO. The large dielectric constants are likely due to the hopping of charge carriers as proposed previously for other chromites.
Yoshida, Masahiro*; Ishii, Kenji; Naka, Makoto*; Ishihara, Sumio*; Jarrige, I.*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Kudo, Kazutaka*; Koike, Yoji*; Nagata, Tomoko*; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.23611_1 - 23611_8, 2016/03
Torigoe, Shuhei*; Ishimoto, Yutaro*; Aoishi, Yuhei*; Murakawa, Hiroshi*; Matsumura, Daiju; Yoshii, Kenji; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Nishihata, Yasuo; Kodama, Katsuaki; Tomiyasu, Keisuke*; et al.
Physical Review B, 93(8), p.085109_1 - 085109_5, 2016/02
Yoshii, Kenji; Funae, Takeshi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Ejiri, Hiroki*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Saito, Hiroyuki; Matsumura, Daiju
Physica Status Solidi (C), 12(6), p.841 - 844, 2015/06
We report the effects of elemental substitutions in multiferroic FeO (: Y, Ho-Lu, In). The substitution by nonmagnetic Ga at the Fe site, which has not been reported so far, shows a drastic decrease in the ferrimagnetic transition temperature (). This is plausibly owing to the suppression of magnetic interactions between Fe ions, based on our previous results of other substituted systems such as FeCoO. Dielectric constants near room temperature were comparable to those of FeO. The suppression of dielectric loss in this system is suitable to application. The -site substitution was also attempted by the large R ions such as Dy. The solubility limit was up to about 10% of ions, as confirmed by XRD and EXAFS measurements. was raised by 5-10 K for Dy substitution.
Agui, Akane; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Kuroda, Tomoko*; Kawai, Masahiro*; Nagata, Tomoko*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Uozumi, Takayuki*
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 197, p.13 - 16, 2014/12
In this paper, we report on the study of the temperature dependence of Fe L-edge X-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of LuFeO. In the charge ordered state the valence of Fe is in Fe and Fe. And the Fe L-edge XAS spectra have double peak structure which is attributed the Fe and Fe state. In high temperature, the double peak structure becomes indistinct because the thermal excited state overlaps while the Fe valence keeping the integer number.
Yoshii, Kenji; Matsumura, Daiju; Saito, Hiroyuki; Kambe, Takashi*; Fukunaga, Mamoru*; Muraoka, Yuji*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Mori, Shigeo*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(6), p.063708_1 - 063708_4, 2014/06
We report the change of magnetic properties of multiferroic YbFeO, caused by cooling in the presence of an electrical current. The magnetization measured after the cooling becomes smaller by about 10-20% than that after cooling without a current. The current also affects the magnetic anisotropy below about 100 K; the magnetic coercivity is increased by about 10-20%. These phenomena may arise from a coexistence of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic domains, or a disturbance in the formation of charge-ordered domains. From the applied viewpoint, the enhancement of anisotropy by an electrical current offers a method for stabilizing magnetization other than the well-known method, i.e., exchange bias.
Yoshii, Kenji; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Fukuyama, Ryota*; Nagata, Tomoko*; Kambe, Takashi*; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Mori, Shigeo*
Solid State Communications, 173, p.34 - 37, 2013/11
We have investigated the magnetic properties of RFeO (R=Yb and Lu), which belongs to the homologous family of electronic ferroelectric RFeO. Magnetization measurements show ferrimagnetic ordering at the Neel temperature (T) of about 270 K, which is slightly higher than that of RFeO (T about 230-250 K). Observation of spin glass and exchange bias shows a coexistence of ferromagnetic and antiferromagneticinteractions, similarly to RFeO. This situation gives rise to a complex magnetic change and a broad peak of magnetic entropy change. Some characteristics, such as refrigeration temperatures higher than in RFeO, seem to offer a possibility of this system to applications.
Yoshii, Kenji; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Matsumoto, Keisuke*; Mori, Shigeo*; Endo, Naruki; Saito, Hiroyuki; Matsumura, Daiju; Kambe, Takashi*; Ikeda, Naoshi*
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 428, p.012032_1 - 012032_5, 2013/04
We have investigated a single crystal of multiferroic YbFeO. Its magnetic transition temperature was 250 K. The magnetization along the c-axis was much larger than that within the ab plane, indicating the Ising character of this system. The field-cooled magnetization became negative below 10 K. This was explained in terms of an antiparallel coupling between Yb and Fe moments. Magnetocaloric effects were also observed. The change of entropy was found to show a broad peak with a width of 100 K, which is favorable to application.
Kambe, Takashi*; Fukada, Yukimasa*; Kano, Jun*; Nagata, Tomoko*; Okazaki, Hiroyuki*; Yokoya, Takayoshi*; Wakimoto, Shuichi; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Ikeda, Naoshi*
Physical Review Letters, 110(11), p.117602_1 - 117602_5, 2013/03
Yoshii, Kenji; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Nishihata, Yasuo; Maeda, Daisuke*; Fukuyama, Ryota*; Nagata, Tomoko*; Kano, Jun*; Kambe, Takashi*; Horibe, Yoichi*; Mori, Shigeo*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(3), p.033704_1 - 033704_4, 2012/03
Exchange bias (EB) behavior has been observed for multiferroic FeO (=Y, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu and In). The materials with the small ions (=Tm, Yb, Lu and In) exhibit large EB fields ( 1 kOe) below 100-150 K. This property is rooted in a magnetically glassy state, arising from the competition between ferro- and antiferromagnetic domain interactions. In addition, the exchange bias field tends to be more enhanced for smaller ions. Hence, the EB is controlled by the substitution at the -site in this series.
Yoshii, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Akahama, Hiroshi*; Kano, Jun*; Kambe, Takashi*; Ikeda, Naoshi*
Physica C, 471(21-22), p.766 - 769, 2011/11
We have investigated the magnetic and dielectric properties of BiCuO, which has the same chemical formula as that of the parent materials of high-Tc superconductors, RCuO (R: rare earths). Magnetic measurements showed that this oxide exhibits an antiferromagnetic transition at around 40 K, owing to the localized Cu spins. Dielectric constants were found to be about 100 at room temperature, which are smaller than those of RCuO (about 10000 at room temperature). The imaginary part of dielectric response showed the activation energy of about 0.1 eV, suggesting that the dielectric response is brought about by a transfer of Cu-3d electrons.
Oishi, Daisuke*; Hayakawa, Hironori*; Akahama, Hiroshi*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Kambe, Takashi*; Matsuo, Yoji*; Kimizuka, Noboru*; Kano, Jun*; Yoshii, Kenji
Ferroelectrics, 415(1), p.51 - 56, 2011/10
The variation of AC dielectric constant in the function of the DC magnetic fields was found in low oxygen vacant LuFeO single crystal in which the electric polarization arise from the polar charge ordering. These magneto-electric coupling should be explained by a novel mechanism where the boundary motion of the polar charge ordered domain is affected by the magnetic (spin) domain boundary motion.
Matsumoto, Keisuke*; Koyama, Tsukasa*; Mori, Shigeo*; Yoshii, Kenji; Kambe, Takashi*; Ikeda, Naoshi*
IOP Conference Series; Materials Science and Engineering, 18(9), p.092047_1 - 092047_4, 2011/09
Changes of charge ordered (CO) structure by partial substitution of Mn for Fe in YbFeO were investigated by a transmission electron microscope (TEM), incombination with conventional dielectric measurement. It is revealed that partial substitution of Mn for Fe in YbFeO destroyed drastically the CO structure with the wave vector of q=1/3 1/3 1/2. Consequently polar clustering structure giving rise to honeycomb-shaped diffuse streaks was found in YbFeMnO. The random distribution of polar clustering structure gives rise to characteristic broad dielectric dispersion.
Matsumoto, Keisuke*; Koyama, Tsukasa*; Mori, Shigeo*; Yoshii, Kenji; Ikeda, Naoshi*
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 320, p.012085_1 - 012085_5, 2011/09
In order to clarify the stability of charge ordered structure (CO) in charge- and spinfrustrated ferrite YbFeO, we have investigated changes of the CO structure by partial substitution of Mn for Fe in YbFeO by a transmission electron microscope (TEM), incombination with conventional dielectric measurement. It is revealed that subtle substitution of Mn for Fe in YbFeO destroyed drastically the CO structure with the wave vector of q=1/3 1/3 1/2 and, instead, induced polar clustering structure characterized by honeycomb shaped diffuse scatterings in the reciprocal space. The formation of polar clustering structure should be responsible for the characteristic dielectric dispersion.
Horibe, Yoichi*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Yoshii, Kenji; Mori, Shigeo*
Physical Review B, 82(18), p.184119_1 - 184119_5, 2010/11
The low-temperature superstructure of YFeO was carefully investigated by transmission electron microscopy. We found that the unique superstructure at about 100 K is characterized by /14 2/7 1/14-type superlattice reflection spots, suggesting the presence of charge reordering process. The low-temperature high-resolution images clearly show superlattice modulations in Y-O layers as well as Fe-O layers. The modification of intra-bilayer charge interactions due to lattice distortions in Y-O layers is discussed to play a crucial role in the stabilization of long-periodic superstructures at low temperatures.
Yoshii, Kenji; Hiramitsu, Yusuke*; Okajima, Yuka*; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Nishihata, Yasuo; Mizuki, Junichiro; Nakamura, Akio; Shimojo, Yutaka; Ishii, Yoshinobu*; Morii, Yukio; et al.
Materials Research Bulletin, 45(11), p.1574 - 1580, 2010/10
Magnetic and dielectric properties of perovskite manganites RSrMnO (R = Gd, Tb and Dy) have been investigated. DC and AC magnetic measurements showed short-range glassy magnetic ordering at Tg about 40 K. Such ordering was observed by neutron diffraction and is ascribable to the size mismatch of R and Sr settled randomly at the same crystallographic site. Dielectric constants for each material were about 1000-10000 between about 50 K and 300 K and showed broad maximums above Tg. Dielectric dispersion showed poor coherency of the motion of polar regions, plausibly because of the size-mismatch effect; both the magnetic and dielectric properties of this system are governed by the randomness at the R/Sr site. The tan and EXAFS data suggest that the dielectric response is rooted in a transfer of the Mn-3d electrons.