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Journal Articles

Estimation of double-differential cross-sections of $$^9$$Be(p,xn) reaction for new nuclear data library JENDL-5

Kunieda, Satoshi; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Konno, Chikara; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Iwamoto, Osamu; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Ikeda, Yujiro*

Journal of Neutron Research, 24(3-4), p.329 - 335, 2023/01

We have evaluated double-differential cross-sections (DDX) of the $$^9$$Be(p,xn) reaction based on the function proposed by Wakabayashi et al. up to 12 MeV. Through compilation in the ENDF-6 format file, data processing, and neutronics analysis with MC simulation codes MCNP and PHITS to thick target yield (TTY) measurements, the function was re-confirmed to give more reasonable DDX data than those in our previous library JENDL-4.0/HE and ENDF/B-VIII.0. We finally decided to reduce the absolute cross-sections by 15% for our new nuclear data library JENDL-5 since the prediction ability of neutronics simulation was much better than that based on the original function. Through comprehensive comparisons of the simulation results on TTY at different proton energies and neutron emission angles, we conclude that JENDL-5 gives the best estimation in the world.

Journal Articles

New material exploration to enhance neutron intensity below cold neutrons; Nanosized graphene flower aggregation

Teshigawara, Makoto; Ikeda, Yujiro*; Yan, M.*; Muramatsu, Kazuo*; Sutani, Koichi*; Fukuzumi, Masafumi*; Noda, Yohei*; Koizumi, Satoshi*; Saruta, Koichi; Otake, Yoshie*

Nanomaterials (Internet), 13(1), p.76_1 - 76_9, 2023/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

To enhance neutron intensity below cold neutrons, it is proposed that nanosized graphene aggregation could facilitate neutron coherent scattering under particle size conditions similar to nanodiamond. It might also be possible to use it in high neutron radiation conditions due to graphene's strong sp2 bonds. Using the RIKEN accelerator-driven compact neutron source and iMATERIA at J-PARC, we performed neutron measurement experiments, total neutron cross-section, and small-angle neutron scattering on nanosized graphene aggregation. The measured data revealed, for the first time, that nanosized graphene aggregation increased the total cross-sections and small-angle scattering in the cold neutron energy region, most likely due to coherent scattering, resulting in higher neutron intensities, similar to nanodiamond.

Journal Articles

Experimental characterization of high-energy component in extracted pulsed neutrons at the J-PARC spallation neutron source

Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Oi, Motoki; Oikawa, Kenichi; Takada, Hiroshi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1000, p.165252_1 - 165252_8, 2021/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

This study explores high-energy neutron components of the extracted neutron beam at J-PARC pulsed neutron source using the foil activation method with threshold reactions. Foils of aluminum, gold, bismuth, niobium, and thulium were used to cover the neutron energy range from 0.3 MeV to 79.4 MeV. The experiment was performed using neutron beams of BL10 (NOBORU). The foils were irradiated by a neutron beam at 13.4 m from the moderator. To characterize high-energy neutron fields for irradiation applications, reaction rates in three different configurations with and without B$$_{4}$$C slit and Pb filter were examined. To compare the experiments with calculations given for the user, reaction rates for corresponding reactions were calculated by the PHITS code with the JENDL-3.2 and the JENDL dosimetry file. Although there was a systematic tendency in C/E (Calculation/Experiment) ratios for different threshold energies, which C/E ratio decreased as threshold energy increased up to 100 MeV, and all C/E ratios were in the range of 1.0$$pm$$0.2. This indicated that high-energy neutron calculations were adequate for the analysis of experimental data for NOBORU users.

Journal Articles

Optimization of a slab geometry type cold neutron moderator for RIKEN accelerator-driven compact neutron source

Ma, B.*; Teshigawara, Makoto; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Yan, M.*; Hashiguchi, Takao*; Yamagata, Yutaka*; Wang, S.*; Ikeda, Yujiro*; Otake, Yoshie*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 995, p.165079_1 - 165079_7, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:47.5(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have optimized a cold neutron moderator to be operated at the RIKEN accelerator-driven compact neutron source. We selected a safe and easy to manage material, mesitylene, as the RANS cold moderator. An efficient moderator system was designed by studying and optimizing a coupled cold neutron moderator of mesitylene at 20 K with a polyethylene (PE) pre-moderator at room temperature in the slab geometry with Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) simulations. The parameters of mesitylene and PE thickness, the reflector, and the shielding configuration were studied to increase cold neutron intensities. Consequently, an integrated cold neutron intensity of 1.15$$times$$10$$^{3}$$n/cm$$^{2}$$/$$mu$$A at 2 m from the neutron-producing target was finally achieved, which was 12 times higher than that of the current PE moderator. The results showed attractive application prospect of mesitylene as cold neutron moderator material.

Journal Articles

Study on B$$_{4}$$C decoupler with burn-up reduction aiming at 1-MW pulsed neutron source

Oi, Motoki; Teshigawara, Makoto; Harada, Masahide; Ikeda, Yujiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(7), p.573 - 579, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In pulsed neutron sources, a neutron absorber called decoupler is attached to the moderator to sharpen the neutron pulses for achieving good neutron energy resolutions. Cadmium and boron carbide (B$$_{4}$$C) are widely used as the decoupler materials. However, it is difficult to use B$$_{4}$$C in MW-class spallation neutron sources owing to high burn-up, which decreases cut-off energy and increase of helium gas swelling. To solve these issues, we introduce the concept of pre-decoupler to reduce neutron absorption in the B$$_{4}$$C decoupler, which is sandwiched by appropriate neutron absorption materials. Then, we study impacts of the pre-decouplers on B$$_{4}$$C decoupler in terms of burn-up by performing simplified model calculations. It is shown that neutron absorption in B$$_{4}$$C is reduced by 60% by using a Cd pre-decoupler without neutron intensity penalty. Moreover, helium gas swelling in B$$_{4}$$C is restrained to be one-third of the value when not using the pre-decoupler.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron scattering cross section of nano-diamond with particle diameter of approximately 5 nm in energy range of 0.2 meV to 100 meV

Teshigawara, Makoto; Tsuchikawa, Yusuke*; Ichikawa, Go*; Takata, Shinichi; Mishima, Kenji*; Harada, Masahide; Oi, Motoki; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Kai, Tetsuya; Kawamura, Seiko; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 929, p.113 - 120, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:88.82(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A nano-diamond is an attractive neutron reflection material below cold neutron energy. The total neutron cross section of a nano-diamond was derived from a neutron transmission measurement over the neutron energy range of 0.2 meV to 100 meV because total neutron cross section data were not available. The total cross section of a nano-diamond with particle size of approximately 5 nm increased with a decrease in neutron energy to 0.2 meV. It was approximately two orders of magnitude larger than that of graphite at 0.2 meV. The contribution of inelastic scattering to the total cross section was to be shown negligible small at neutron energies of 1.2, 1.5, 1.9, 2.6, and 5.9 meV in the inelastic neutron scattering measurement. Moreover, small-angle neutron scattering measurements of the nano-diamond showed a large scattering cross section in the forward direction for low neutron energies.

Journal Articles

Fundamental aspects of neutron moderators and neutron beam optics for designing high intensity laser-driven neutron source

Ikeda, Yujiro; Shimizu, Hirohiko*

Reza Kenkyu, 46(11), p.641 - 646, 2018/11

In viewing significant progresses in technical achievement toward a high-intensity neutron source driven by a high-power laser came up with the high power laser development, we have reviewed the currently most advanced moderator system and neutron optics, which are the key elements for the neutron beam applications. Regarding the moderators, concepts adopted in J-PARC pulsed neutron source, which is one of most advanced system, were described to give a baseline design. Also a new direction of moderator concept is shown, which could be a high brightness candidate for the high-intensity laser driven system. On the neutron optics, the most fundamental consideration is primarily reviewed along with recent progress in new devises for enrichment of neutron-beam characteristics.

Journal Articles

Recent development of neutron detectors for pulsed compact neutron sources

Arikawa, Yasunobu*; Ikeda, Yujiro; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; Hanayama, Ryohei*; Kondo, Yasuharu*; Kurosawa, Shunsuke*

Reza Kenkyu, 46(11), p.634 - 640, 2018/11

Compact neutron sources have been used as various diagnostics such as a neutron diffraction, neutron resonant analysis, and neutron radiography. The developments of the neutron detectors are essential for all of these applications, while the techniques are strongly dependent on the neutron energy and the aim of the measurement. This paper reviews neutron detection techniques pertinent to promote compact neutron source uses. Along with general neutron detection systems with conventional counters for slow neutrons, we have highlighted detectors for high energy neutrons with high time resolution and high sensitivity which could be applied in a laser-driven compact neutron source.

Journal Articles

Experimental validation of the brightness distribution on the surfaces of coupled and decoupled moderators composed of 99.8% parahydrogen at the J-PARC pulsed spallation neutron source

Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Oi, Motoki; Klinkby, E.*; Zanini, L.*; Batkov, K.*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 903, p.38 - 45, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:68.49(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Implementation of a low-activation Au-In-Cd decoupler into the J-PARC 1 MW short pulsed spallation neutron source

Teshigawara, Makoto; Ikeda, Yujiro; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; Takada, Hiroshi; Kakishiro, Masanori*; Noguchi, Gaku*; Shimada, Tsubasa*; Seita, Kyoichi*; Murashima, Daisuke*; et al.

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 14, p.14 - 21, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We developed an Au-In-Cd (AuIC) decoupler material to reduce induced radioactivity instead of Ag-In-Cd one, which has a cut off energy of 1eV. In order to implement it into an actual moderator-reflector assembly, a number of critical engineering issues need to be resolved with regard to large-sized bonding between AuIC and A5083 alloys by the hot isostatic pressing process. We investigated this process in terms of the surface conditions, sizes, and heat capacities of large AuIC alloys. We also show a successful implementation of an AuIC decoupler into a reflector assembly, resulting in a remarkable reduction of radioactivity by AuIC compared to AIC without sacrificing neutronic performance.

JAEA Reports

Investigation and measures of abnormal events of helium refrigerator for cryogenic hydrogen system at J-PARC

Aso, Tomokazu; Teshigawara, Makoto; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Aoyagi, Katsuhiro*; Muto, Hideki*; Nomura, Kazutaka*; Takada, Hiroshi; Ikeda, Yujiro

JAEA-Technology 2017-021, 75 Pages, 2017/08


Liquid hydrogen is employed as a cold neutron moderator material at the spallation neutron source of Materials and Life science experimental Facility of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). From January 2015, it became observable that the differential pressure between heat exchangers and an 80 K adsorber (ADS) in a helium refrigerator system increased with operating time. In November 2015, the differential pressure rise became more significant, leading to degrade the refrigerating performance in cooling liquid hydrogen. In order to investigate the cause of the abnormal differential pressure rise between the heat exchangers and the ADS, we carried out visual inspection inside the heat exchangers and analyzed the impurities contained in the helium gas. Unfortunately, we could not identify the impurities causing the performance degradation, but observed a trace of oil in the inlet piping of the heat exchanger. Based on investigations of the abnormal events occurred in the refrigerators with similar refrigerating capacity at other facilities, we took measures that cleaning the heat exchangers with Freon and replacing the ADS with new one. As a result, the differential pressure rise phenomenon was removed to recover the performance. We have detected oil from the Freon used for cleaning the heat exchangers and at a felt supporting charcoal packed in the ADS. In particular, oil was accumulated in membranous form onto the felt at the entrance side in the ADS. The amount of oil contained in the helium gas was about 10 ppb or so, less than the design value, in the helium refrigerator. However, the oil accumulated onto the felt in the ADS through long operating period may cause abnormal differential pressure rise, leading to the performance degradation of the helium refrigerator. Further study is needed to specify the cause more clearly.

Journal Articles

First neutron production utilizing J-PARC pulsed spallation neutron source JSNS and neutronic performance demonstrated

Maekawa, Fujio; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Meigo, Shinichiro; Oi, Motoki; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Takada, Hiroshi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 620(2-3), p.159 - 165, 2010/08

 Times Cited Count:71 Percentile:97.68(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The J-PARC 1-MW pulsed spallation neutron source JSNS was successfully launched on 30th of May 2008. To demonstrate the unique features of the moderator design and the neutronic performance of JSNS the neutron spectral intensity, absolute neutron flux, and time structure of the neutron pulse shapes etc have been measured using several neutron instruments since then. The measured energy spectra clearly revealed the feature of the para-hydrogen, as expected when designing the moderator. The measured neutron flux below 0.4 eV agreed with the corresponding design value within $$pm$$20%, thus suggesting that the JSNS design calculations to have been reliable. World-class high-resolution diffraction data could be recorded due to the suitability of design of the moderators and the instruments. Another world-class high-intensity neutron flux was also capable of being demonstrated due to the unique design of the large cylindrical coupled moderator.

Journal Articles

NOBORU; J-PARC BL10 for facility diagnostics and its possible extension to innovative instruments

Maekawa, Fujio; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Kai, Tetsuya; Meigo, Shinichiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Oi, Motoki; Sakai, Kenji; Teshigawara, Makoto; Hasegawa, Shoichi; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 600(1), p.335 - 337, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:93.1(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A neutron beam line (BL10) of JSNS, NOBORU, has been constructed in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC. A primal mission of NOBORU is to study neutronic performance of JSNS. We will measure the memorable first neutron pulse of JSNS at the Day-one by using NOBORU, and then measure neutron pulse shape, spectrum, intensity distribution, etc. for facility diagnostics. Since NOBORU also has an aspect as a test port, it welcomes trial uses to develop innovative instruments. Trial experiments to demonstrate several innovative instruments at NOBORU are under planning.

Journal Articles

Settlement of materials and life science experimental facility at J-PARC

Harada, Masahide; Meigo, Shinichiro; Ito, Manabu; Dantsuji, Eiji; Takagiwa, Katsunori; Takada, Hiroshi; Maekawa, Fujio; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 600(1), p.87 - 90, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:28.65(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In MLF of J-PARC, since weights of a building and shields are considerably heavy as 130,000 tons and 80,000 tons, respectively, large settlement of the MLF building is expected. The 3NBT line with 300 m in length is similar. To achieve a precise alignment under the large settlement, we conducted periodical survey measurements at the MLF building and 3NBT. At the completion of construction of the MLF building in December 2005, the settlement was about 40 mm. By extrapolating this result with weights to be added in the future for neutron beam line shields, we predicted that the MLF building settled in about 68mm at the completion of all neutron instrument construction. We decided that the muon target should be installed 5 mm higher than the neutron target with expecting future uneven settlement of the MLF building. The validation in the end of 2007 indicated that the measured level difference came up to the expected value.

Journal Articles

J-PARC status update

Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 600(1), p.1 - 4, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:42 Percentile:93.5(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Engineering design of JSNS shutter system

Oikawa, Kenichi; Takada, Hiroshi; Maekawa, Fujio; Harada, Masahide; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 600, p.84 - 86, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Neutron beam shutter system of JSNS at J-PARC has been designed under a particular precondition that every shutter should be controlled and maintained independently. This is very important from viewpoints of usability and interlock system of JSNS. The biggest challenge we faced was that to meet a single shutter design on asymmetric and narrow angular intervals of JSNS beam-lines; 6.7$$^circ$$ in minimum and 12.7$$^circ$$ in maximum. To realize this precondition, a compact ball screw jack system sustaining a shutter gate with two shafts was designed. Rotating motion during open/close stroke is absorbed by a couple of oilless bearings (OILES corp.) fitted in every shaft guide. The assembly is driven by an electric servomotor.

Journal Articles

Quantum beams open up the future, 3

Oyama, Yukio; Ikeda, Yujiro; Arai, Masatoshi; Morii, Yukio

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 51(1), p.14 - 19, 2009/01

The beam commissioning of the J-PARC facilities of which the construction was started in 2001 is now progressed toward completion at the end of JFY2008. Of the J-PARC facilities, especially the pulsed neutron source with the world highest performance is able to open a new era of neutron application research. In this article, the outline of J-PARC, the pulsed neutron source which will start the user operation on December 2008, and their neutron instruments which is under construction are introduced. The neutron research is one of the important applications of quantum beam technology and expected to expand to broad research area such as bio-science, materials science, industrial use, etc. by start of J-PARC utilization. The latest achievement of neutron research mostly conducted at the JRR-3 research reactor in operation and future prospect are overviewed.

Journal Articles

Mitigation technologies for damage induced by pressure waves in high-power mercury spallation neutron sources, 2; Bubbling effect to reduce pressure wave

Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Naoe, Takashi; Ida, Masato; Haga, Katsuhiro; Wakui, Takashi; Tanaka, Nobuatsu*; Matsumoto, Yoichiro*; Ikeda, Yujiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 45(10), p.1041 - 1048, 2008/10

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:87.2(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The life time of mercury target will be reduced by the cavitation damage induced by pressure waves. Micro-bubble injection into mercury is one of prospective technologies to mitigate the pressure waves. We have carried out damage tests using mercury loop with an impact generator to evaluate the bubbling effect on the pressure response and cavitation damage. The impulsive pressure was hardly changed but the damage was reduced remarkably by the micro-bubble injection. Numerical simulation was performed to investigate the bubbling effects. It was understandable that micro bubbles suppressed cavitation inception.

Journal Articles

Cavitation damage prediction for spallation target vessels by assessment of acoustic vibration

Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Ikeda, Yujiro; Riemer, B.*; Wendel, M.*; Haines, J.*; Bauer, G.*; Naoe, Takashi; Okita, Kohei*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 377(1), p.182 - 188, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:85.76(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

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