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Journal Articles

Development of fission product chemistry database ECUME for the LWR severe accident

Miwa, Shuhei; Miyahara, Naoya; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Nishioka, Shunichiro; Suzuki, Eriko; Horiguchi, Naoki; Liu, J.; Miradji, F.; Imoto, Jumpei; Mohamad, B. A.; et al.

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05

We constructed the first version of fission product (FP) chemistry database named ECUME for LWR severe accident. The first version of ECUME is equipped with dataset of the chemical reactions and their kinetics constants for the reactions of cesium(Cs)-iodine(I)-boron(B)-molybdenum(Mo)-oxygen(O)-hydrogen(H) system in gas phase, the elemental model for the high temperature chemical reaction of Cs with stainless steel, and thermodynamic data for CsBO$$_{2}$$ vapor species and solids of Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$ and CsFeSiO$$_{4}$$. The ECUME will provide more accurate estimation of Cs distribution due to the evaluation of effects of interaction with BWR control material B and stainless steel on Cs behavior in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station.

Journal Articles

Experimental investigation on boron oxidative vaporization processes from zirconium-boron and iron-boron alloys in a high temperature steam atmosphere

Imoto, Jumpei; Miwa, Shuhei; Osaka, Masahiko

Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2019/05

Boron (B) oxidative vaporization processes from the representative alloys of Fe-B and Zr-B formed in the mixed melt of BWR control material boron carbide, stainless steel and Zircaloy were experimentally investigated toward the construction of B release model under severe accident. The results show that B oxidative vaporization from ZrB$$_{2}$$ would proceed in the formation of ZrO$$_{2}$$ and B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ due to the oxidation of ZrB$$_{2}$$, followed by the formation of volatile H-B-O vapor species by the reaction of B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ with steam. On the other hand, for Fe$$_{2}$$B and FeB, the B oxidative vaporization processes would proceed in the same manner. Complex Fe-B-O compounds formation in addition to amorphous B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ were observed by the oxidation of Fe$$_{2}$$B and FeB. Then the B vaporization would occur by the formation of volatile H-B-O compound by the reaction of B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$, which were derived from both oxidation of Fe$$_{2}$$B and decomposition of Fe-B-O compounds.

Journal Articles

Determination of fusion barrier distributions from quasielastic scattering cross sections towards superheavy nuclei synthesis

Tanaka, Taiki*; Narikiyo, Yoshihiro*; Morita, Kosuke*; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_9, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:29.91(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Excitation functions of quasielastic scattering cross sections for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb, $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb, and $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm reactions were successfully measured by using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS. Fusion barrier distributions were extracted from these data, and compared with the coupled-channels calculations. It was found that the peak energies of the barrier distributions for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb and $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb systems coincide with those of the 2n evaporation channel cross sections for the systems, while that of the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm is located slightly below the 4n evaporation ones. This results provide us helpful information to predict the optimum beam energy to synthesize superheavy nuclei.

Journal Articles

Complex chemistry with complex compounds

Eichler, R.*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Chiera, N. M.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Dressler, R.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Even, J.*; Fangli, F.*; Goetz, M.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 131, p.07005_1 - 07005_7, 2016/12

 Percentile:100

In recent years gas-phase chemical studies assisted by physical pre-separation allowed for the productions and investigations of fragile single molecular species of superheavy elements. The latest highlight is the formation of very volatile hexacarbonyl compound of element 106, Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$. Following this success, second-generation experiments were performed to measure the first bond dissociation energy between the central metal atom and the surrounding ligand. The method using a tubular decomposition reactor was developed and successfully applied to short-lived Mo(CO)$$_{6}$$, W(CO)$$_{6}$$, and Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$.

Journal Articles

Radioactive Cs in the estuary sediments near Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Yamasaki, Shinya*; Imoto, Jumpei*; Furuki, Genki*; Ochiai, Asumi*; Onuki, Toshihiko; Sueki, Keisuke*; Namba, Kenji*; Ewing, R. C.*; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*

Science of the Total Environment, 551-552, p.155 - 162, 2016/05

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:17(Environmental Sciences)

Cesium-137 ($$^{137}$$Cs) of estuary sediment impacted by the FDNPP was measured. Increasing radioactivity was observed from surface to bottom. 90% of the $$^{137}$$Cs was strongly bound to clay minerals in the estuary sediments. These results suggest that $$^{137}$$Cs is being transported from contaminated paddy fields to the estuary.

Journal Articles

Decomposition studies of group 6 hexacarbonyl complexes, 1; Production and decomposition of Mo(CO)$$_6$$ and W(CO)$$_6$$

Usoltsev, I.*; Eichler, R.*; Wang, Y.*; Even, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 104(3), p.141 - 151, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:10.94(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Conditions of the production and decomposition of hexacarbonyl complexes of short-lived Mo and W isotopes were investigated to study thermal stability of the heaviest group 6 hexacarbonyl complex Sg(CO)$$_6$$. A tubular flow reactor was tested to decompose the hexacarbonyl complexes and to extract the first bond dissociation energies. A silver was found to be the most appropriate reaction surface to study the decomposition of the group 6 hexacarbonyl. It was found that the surface temperature at which the decomposition occurred was correlated to the first bond dissociation energy of Mo(CO)$$_6$$ and W(CO)$$_6$$, indicating that the first bond dissociation energy of Sg(CO)$$_6$$ could be determined with this technique.

Journal Articles

Radioactive Cs in the severely contaminated soils near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Kaneko, Makoto*; Iwata, Hajime; Shiotsu, Hiroyuki; Masaki, Shota*; Kawamoto, Yuji*; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Nakamatsu, Yuki*; Imoto, Jumpei*; Furuki, Genki*; Ochiai, Asumi*; et al.

Frontiers in Energy Research (Internet), 3, p.37_1 - 37_10, 2015/09

The mobility of the aggregates of submicron-sized sheet aluminosilicate in the surface environment is a key factor controlling the current Cs migration in Fukushima.

Journal Articles

Performance of new gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS-II for asymmetric fusion reaction

Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Huang, M.*; Murakami, Masashi*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030107_1 - 030107_4, 2015/06

Performance of the new gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS-II was investigated using asymmetric $$^{22}$$Ne-induced fusion reactions. The use of He-H$$_{2}$$ mixture gas for the gas-filled magnet significantly reduced background scattered particles detected at the focal-plane Si detector, and increased a transmission of the asymmetric reaction products. A target-identification system was newly installed for efficient measurements of excitation functions without changing beam energy nor target.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta for chemical studies of element 105, Db, using the GARIS gas-jet system

Huang, M.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Murakami, Masashi*; Asai, Masato; Kaji, Daiya*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Kikutani, Yuki*; Komori, Yukiko*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 304(2), p.845 - 849, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:66.76(Chemistry, Analytical)

A technique to utilize radioisotopes of Nb and Ta was developed for chemical studies of element 105, Db, by coupling a gas-jet transport system to the RIKEN gas-filled recoil ion separator (GARIS). The short-lived $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta were produced with nuclear reactions using a $$^{19}$$F beam whose energy was the same as that to produce $$^{262}$$Db. Then, they were separated with GARIS and extracted to a chemistry laboratory with the gas-jet transport system. By changing only magnetic field of GARIS and inserting an energy degrader and a shutter for recoil ions, we could deliver the $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta to a chemistry device for $$^{262}$$Db without changing other experimental conditions.

Journal Articles

In situ synthesis of volatile carbonyl complexes with short-lived nuclides

Even, J.*; Ackermann, D.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(3), p.2457 - 2466, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:28.02(Chemistry, Analytical)

Rapid In situ synthesis of metal carbonyl complexes has been demonstrated using short-lived isotopes produced in nuclear fission and fusion reactions. The short-lived isotopes with high recoil energy directly react with carbon-monoxides and form carbonyl complexes. Only highly volatile complexes were fast transported in a gas stream to counting and chemistry devices. Short-lived Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, W, Re, Os, and Ir were found to form volatile carbonyl complexes, while no volataile complex of Hf and Ta were detected. This technique has been applied to a chemical investigation of the superheavy element Sg (atomic number 106), and will be applicable to various fields of nuclear science with short-lived transition metal isotopes.

Journal Articles

Synthesis and detection of a Seaborgium carbonyl complex

Even, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F. L.*; et al.

Science, 345(6203), p.1491 - 1493, 2014/09

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:17.05(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

A new superheavy element complex, a seaborgium carbonyl, has been successfully synthesized, and its adsorption property has been studied using a cryo-thermochromatography and $$alpha$$-detection apparatus COMPACT. Nuclear reaction products of short-lived $$^{265}$$Sg preseparated with a gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS at RIKEN were directly injected into a gas cell filled with He/CO mixture gas, and chemical reaction products of volatile carbonyl complexes were trasported to COMPACT. The Sg carbonyl complex detected with COMPACT was found to be very volatile with adsorption enthalpy of $$-$$50 kJ/mol, from which we have concluded that this complex should be a Sg hexacarbonyl Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$. This is the first synthesis of organometallic compounds of transactinide elements for which only simple inorganic comounds have been synthesized so far.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{262}$$Db in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F,5$$n$$)$$^{262}$$Db reaction and decay properties of $$^{262}$$Db and $$^{258}$$Lr

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Huang, M.*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Murakami, Masashi*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Sakai, Ryutaro*; et al.

Physical Review C, 89(2), p.024618_1 - 024618_11, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:17.81(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Beam injection tuning of the J-PARC main ring

Wei, G.; Koseki, Tadashi*; Igarashi, Susumu*; Tomizawa, Masahito*; Takano, Jumpei*; Ishii, Koji*; Shirakata, Masashi*; Fan, K.*; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Uota, Masahiko*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.3915 - 3917, 2010/05

Journal Articles

Performance of the main ring BPM during the beam commissioning at J-PARC

Toyama, Takeshi*; Arakawa, Dai*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Igarashi, Susumu*; Lee, S.*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Odagiri, Junichi*; Tejima, Masaki*; Tobiyama, Makoto*; Hashimoto, Yoshinori*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.981 - 983, 2010/05

Experiences of operating BPM's during beam commissioning at the J-PARC MR are reported. The subjects are: (1) bug report, statistics and especially the effect of a beam duct step, (2) position resolution estimation ($$<$$30 micrometers with 1 sec averaging), (3) beam based alignment.

Journal Articles

Acceleration of high current fully stripped carbon ion beam by direct injection scheme

Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Fukuda, Mitsuhiro; Okamura, Masahiro*; Jameson, R. A.*; Hattori, Toshiyuki*; Hayashizaki, Noriyosu*; Sakakibara, Kazuhiko*; Takano, Jumpei*; Yamamoto, Kazuo*; Iwata, Yoshiyuki*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 77(3), p.03B305_1 - 03B305_4, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:43.43(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Acceleration of a 17mA 100keV/u C$$^{6+}$$ ion beam has been successfully achieved with an RFQ linac by means of "Direct injection scheme". The Direct injection scheme is a new scheme for injecting an ion beam from a laser ion source to the RFQ linac without a low energy beam transport line to avoid a beam loss due to the space charge effect. The high current C$$^{6+}$$ beam is required for single turn injection to a synchrotron to reduce the size of synchrotron magnets. The high current C$$^{6+}$$ beam produced by an ion source with a Nd-YAG laser was injected to the RFQ linac by the Direct injection scheme. It has been proved experimentally that the fully-stripped carbon ion beam with a current more than 10mA can be accelerated by the RFQ linac.

Journal Articles

Acceleration of high current and highly charged carbon beam using direct injection scheme

Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Okamura, Masahiro*; Jameson, R. A.*; Hattori, Toshiyuki*; Hayashizaki, Noriyosu*; Sakakibara, Kazuhiko*; Takano, Jumpei*; Yamamoto, Kazuo*; Iwata, Yoshiyuki*; Fujimoto, Tetsuya*

Proceedings of 2nd Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 30th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.182 - 184, 2005/07

The carbon beam from a Nd-YAG laser ion source was accelerated successfully by an RFQ linac using Direct injection scheme. The "Direct injection scheme" is the way to inject an ion beam to the RFQ linac without a low energy beam transport line to avoid space charge effect due to a high intensity beam from the laser ion source. About 30mA of a carbon beam was detected by a faraday cup just behind the RFQ linac.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of Workshop on New Material Development, Nano-technology and hydrogen energy society; November 19, 2004, JAERI, Takasaki

Yoshida, Masaru; Asano, Masaharu; Oshima, Takeshi; Sugimoto, Masaki; Ogaki, Jumpei

JAERI-Conf 2005-002, 79 Pages, 2005/03

JAERI-Conf-2005-002.pdf:16.64MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Results and progress of fundamental research on FP chemistry

Osaka, Masahiko; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Miwa, Shuhei; Miyahara, Naoya; Suzuki, Eriko; Suzuki, Chikashi; Horiguchi, Naoki; Imoto, Jumpei; Liu, J.; Nishioka, Shunichiro; et al.

no journal, , 

Fundamental research on fission product (FP) chemistry is underway at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The purpose is to establish a FP chemistry database in each region of a LWR under severe accident conditions. Improvement of FP chemical models based on this database is also an important task of the research. Research outputs are reflected to the research and development of decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F) and the enhancement of LWR safety. Four research items have thus been established considering the specific issues of 1F and the priority in the source term research area, as follows: - Effects of boron (B) release kinetics and thermal-hydraulic conditions on FP behavior, - Cesium (Cs) chemisorption and reactions with structural materials, - Establishment of a thermodynamic and thermophysical properties database for FP compounds, - Development of experimental and analytical techniques for the reproduction of FP behavior. In this paper, results and progress of the research are presented.

Oral presentation

The Progress of evaluation of Boron release behavior from Iron-Boron compounds formed by the BWR control blade melting

Imoto, Jumpei; Miwa, Shuhei; Osaka, Masahiko

no journal, , 

The release behavior of Boron from Fe-B compounds formed by B$$_{4}$$C control rod melting in severe accident were experimentally investigated. The B release from Fe-B compounds was different according to the chemical composition of Fe and B, which was attributed to the formation of different oxide on surface of Fe-B compounds. B release was suppressed by the formation of stable Fe-B-O compounds in the Fe$$_{2}$$B compound.

Oral presentation

Fundamental research on fission product chemistry, 4; Evaluation of Boron chemical behavior during transport in reactor coolant system

Miwa, Shuhei; Miyahara, Naoya; Horiguchi, Naoki; Imoto, Jumpei; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Osaka, Masahiko

no journal, , 

The chemical behavior of boron compounds such as chemical reaction and condensation during their transport in a reactor coolant system under severe accident conditions was estimated considering effects of Boron release kinetics from control blade melts and atmosphere for evaluation of boron effects on the cesium and iodine chemistry. The most of boron is transported as boric acid to the lower temperature region of a reactor coolant system in steam atmosphere. On the other hand, the release of boron from control blade is suppressed in steam-starvation atmosphere due to the formation of stable iron borate, and the chemical forms of boron during transport becomes boron oxide and cesium borate, which lead to a suppression of transport to the lower temperature region due to their condensation at higher temperature.

34 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)