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Journal Articles

Dynamics of radiocaesium within forests in Fukushima; Results and analysis of a model inter-comparison

Hashimoto, Shoji*; Tanaka, Taku*; Komatsu, Masabumi*; Gonze, M.-A.*; Sakashita, Wataru*; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Nishina, Kazuya*; Ota, Masakazu; Ohashi, Shinta*; Calmon, P.*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 238-239, p.106721_1 - 106721_10, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Environmental Sciences)

This study was aimed at analysing performance of models for radiocesium migration mainly in evergreen coniferous forest in Fukushima, by inter-comparison between models of several research teams. The exercise included two scenarios of countermeasures against the contamination, namely removal of soil surface litter and forest renewal, and a specific konara oak forest scenario in addition to the evergreen forest scenario. All the models reproduced trend of time evolution of radiocesium inventories and concentrations in each of the components in forest such as leaf and organic soil layer. However, the variations between models enlarged in long-term predictions over 50 years after the fallout, meaning continuous field monitoring and model verification/validation is necessary.

JAEA Reports

Report of summer holiday practical training 2020; Feasibility study on nuclear battery using HTTR core; Feasibility study for nuclear design, 3

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Mitsui, Wataru*; Yamamoto, Yudai*; Nakagawa, Kyoichi*; Ho, H. Q.; Ishii, Toshiaki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Nagasumi, Satoru; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Kenzhina, I.*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2021-016, 16 Pages, 2021/09


As a summer holiday practical training 2020, the feasibility study for nuclear design of a nuclear battery using HTTR core was carried out, and the downsizing of reactor core were studied by the MVP-BURN. As a result, it is clear that a 1.6 m radius reactor core, containing 54 (18$$times$$3 layers) fuel blocks with 20% enrichment of $$^{235}$$U, and BeO neutron reflector, could operate continuously for 30 years with thermal power of 5 MW. Number of fuel blocks of this compact core is 36% of the HTTR core. As a next step, the further downsizing of core by changing materials of the fuel block will be studied.

Journal Articles

Chemical-pressure-induced point defects enable low thermal conductivity for Mg$$_{2}$$Sn and Mg$$_{2}$$Si single crystals

Saito, Wataru*; Hayashi, Kei*; Huang, Z.*; Sugimoto, Kazuya*; Oyama, Kenji*; Happo, Naohisa*; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Hayashi, Koichi*; et al.

ACS Applied Energy Materials (Internet), 4(5), p.5123 - 5131, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Preparation, thermoelectric properties, and crystal structure of boron-doped Mg$$_{2}$$Si single crystals

Hayashi, Kei*; Saito, Wataru*; Sugimoto, Kazuya*; Oyama, Kenji*; Hayashi, Koichi*; Happo, Naohisa*; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Miyazaki, Yuzuru*

AIP Advances (Internet), 10(3), p.035115_1 - 035115_7, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:68.88(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

Study on use of superconducting magnet and first inelastic neutron scattering experiment under magnetic field at 4SEASONS spectrometer

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Kaneko, Koji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iida, Kazuki*; Murai, Naoki; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 556, p.26 - 30, 2019/03


 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:22.21(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Performances of oscillating radial collimator for the Fermi chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC

Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kambara, Wataru*; Iida, Kazuki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.480 - 483, 2018/12


 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:8.26(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Recently there has been an increasing need for inelastic neutron scattering experiments under some special environments such as magnetic fields, pressure and high temperatures. In order to obtain high quality data, the unnecessary scattering caused by sample environmental apparatus should be suppressed as much as possible. We have developed an oscillating radial collimator with a view to satisfying users' needs, which is specialized for the Fermi chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC.4SEASONS provides relatively high incident energies, and thus we chose hydrogen free metal sheets as the collimator blades. The control system of this oscillating radial collimator enables us to flexibly tune the oscillating pattern, such as the oscillating speed and oscillating angle. In this presentation, we report the performances and remaining issues of the newly developed oscillating radial collimator for 4SEASONS.

Journal Articles

Status report of the chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iida, Kazuki*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Murai, Naoki; Kira, Hiroshi*; Nakatani, Takeshi; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1021(1), p.012030_1 - 012030_6, 2018/06


 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:95.16

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 3; Neutron devices and computational and sample environments

Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09

Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.

Journal Articles

MAGIC chopper; Basic concept and experimental evaluation

Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kambara, Wataru; Krist, T.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Arai, Masatoshi; Iida, Kazuki*; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2015-002, p.339 - 348, 2016/02

We have developed a new Fermi chopper referred to as Magic chopper to realize the full optimization of the experimental condition for Multi-Ei method in a chopper spectrometer. In this study, the theoretical aspects of MAGIC chopper concept will be initially presented, and the performances of MAGIC chopper will be evaluated by both Monte Carlo simulation and neutron transmission experiment.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iida, Kazuki*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakatani, Takeshi; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2015-002, p.319 - 329, 2016/02

Journal Articles

Oscillating radial collimators for the chopper spectrometers at MLF in J-PARC

Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kambara, Wataru; Aoyama, Kazuhiro; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Inamura, Yasuhiro; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036011_1 - 036011_6, 2015/09

The needs for inelastic neutron scattering experiments under the special sample environment such as strong magnetic field and high temperature are recently increasing. However, the unwanted scatterings originating from these devices affect the detection of weak inelastic signals. In order to overcome this problem we have developed an oscillating radial collimator specialized for the chopper spectrometer at Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) in J-PARC. In this study, we will report the performances of newly-developed oscillating radial collimators both for 4SEASONS and AMATERAS.

Journal Articles

Perturbation on hyperfine-enhanced $$^{141}$$Pr nuclear spin dynamics associated with antiferroquadrupolar order in PrV$$_2$$Al$$_{20}$$

Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Sakai, Akito*; Nakatsuji, Satoru*; Tsujimoto, Masaki*

Physical Review B, 92(12), p.125151_1 - 125151_5, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:17.86(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Precise determination of $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C level structure by $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy

Hosomi, Kenji; Ma, Y.*; Ajimura, Shuhei*; Aoki, Kanae*; Dairaku, Seishi*; Fu, Y.*; Fujioka, Hiroyuki*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Imoto, Wataru*; Kakiguchi, Yutaka*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2015(8), p.081D01_1 - 081D01_8, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:70.14(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Level structure of the $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C hypernucleus was precisely determined by means of $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. We identified four $$gamma$$-ray transitions via the $$^{12}$$C$$(pi^{+},K^{+}gamma)$$ reaction using a germanium detector array, Hyperball2. The spacing of the ground-state doublet $$(2^{-}, 1^{-}_{1})$$ was measured to be $$161.5pm0.3$$(stat)$$pm0.3$$ (syst)keV from the direct $$M1$$ transition. Excitation energies of the $$1^{-}_{2}$$ and $$1^{-}_{3}$$ states were measured to be $$2832pm3pm4$$, keV and $$6050pm8pm7$$, keV, respectively. The obtained level energies provide definitive references for the reaction spectroscopy of $$Lambda$$ hypernuclei.

Journal Articles

Feasibility demonstration of a new Fermi chopper with supermirror-coated slit package

Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kambara, Wataru; Krist, T.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Arai, Masatoshi; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakajima, Kenji; Tanaka, Hiromichi; Suzuki, Junichi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 737, p.142 - 147, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:30.04(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The efficiency of inelastic neutron scattering measurements using a chopper spectrometer can be markedly improved by utilizing multiple incident energies (Multi-Ei method). However, in conventional chopper systems, optimization of the experimental condition for all incident energies is absolutely impossible. We developed a new Fermi chopper with a supermirror-coated slit package in order to overcome the problem and experimentally demonstrated that the full optimization of the experimental condition for multiple incident energies is nearly achieved.

Journal Articles

Visualization of focused proton beam dose distribution by atomic force microscopy using blended polymer films based on polyacrylic acid

Omichi, Masaaki*; Takano, Katsuyoshi*; Sato, Takahiro; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Okubo, Takeru; Koka, Masashi; Kada, Wataru; Sugimoto, Masaki; Nishikawa, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 12, p.7401 - 7404, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:12.81(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Fabrication of poly(9,9'-dioctylfluorene)-based nano- and microstructures by proton beam writing

Maeyoshi, Yuta*; Takano, Katsuyoshi*; Asano, Atsushi*; Marui, Hiromi*; Omichi, Masaaki*; Sato, Takahiro; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Okubo, Takeru; Koka, Masashi; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 51(4R), p.045201_1 - 045201_4, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:5.05(Physics, Applied)

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of multipurpose compact research reactor; Annual report FY2010 (Joint research)

Imaizumi, Tomomi; Miyauchi, Masaru; Ito, Masayasu; Watahiki, Shunsuke; Nagata, Hiroshi; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Naka, Michihiro; Kawamata, Kazuo; Yamaura, Takayuki; Ide, Hiroshi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2011-031, 123 Pages, 2012/01


The number of research reactors in the world is decreasing because of their aging. However, the planning to introduce the nuclear power plants is increasing in Asian countries. In these Asian countries, the key issue is the human resource development for operation and management of nuclear power plants after constructed them, and also the necessity of research reactor, which is used for lifetime extension of LWRs, progress of the science and technology, expansion of industry use, human resources training and so on, is increasing. From above backgrounds, the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center began to discuss basic concept of a multipurpose low-power research reactor for education and training, etc. This design study is expected to contribute not only to design tool improvement and human resources development in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center but also to maintain and upgrade the technology on research reactors in nuclear power-related companies. This report treats the activities of the working group from July 2010 to June 2011 on the multipurpose low-power research reactor in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center and nuclear power-related companies.

Journal Articles

3D micro-fabrication utilized superimposing technique with focused MeV ion beams

Takano, Katsuyoshi*; Sato, Takahiro; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Okubo, Takeru; Koka, Masashi; Kada, Wataru; Sugimoto, Masaki; Seki, Shuhei*; Nishikawa, Hiroyuki*

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 162, 2012/01

Journal Articles

AMATERAS; A Cold-neutron disk chopper spectrometer

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Aizawa, Kazuya; Suzuya, Kentaro; Shibata, Kaoru; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.B), p.SB028_1 - SB028_6, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:90 Percentile:94.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

AMATERAS is a cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer in MLF, J-PARC. The construction of main part of the spectrometer has been completed in spring of 2009. Soon after that, we have started the commissioning work on AMATERAS. The performance of AMATERAS has been examined by test experiments in the course of commissioning. In parallel to these works, we have started the user program on AMATERAS from December 2009 and we are getting scientific results from our spectrometer. In this presentation, we will report the current status of AMATERAS including the results of performance tests and some of examples of scientific outputs.

Journal Articles

Adsorption of Db and its homologues Nb and Ta, and the pseudo-homologue Pa on anion-exchange resin in HF solution

Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Akiyama, Kazuhiko*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Miyamoto, Yutaka; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 97(2), p.83 - 89, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:80.79(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Anion-exchange chromatography of element 105, dubnium (Db), produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F, 5n)$$^{262}$$Db reaction is investigated together with the homologues Nb and Ta, and the pseudo-homologue Pa in 13.9 M hydrofluoric acid (HF) solution. The distribution coefficient (K$$_{d}$$) of Db on an anion-exchange resin is successfully determined by running cycles of the 1702 chromatographic column separations. The result clearly indicates that the adsorption of Db on the resin is significantly different from that of the homologues and that the adsorption of anionic fluoro complexes of these elements decreases in the sequence of Ta $$approx$$ Nb $$>$$ Db $$geq$$ Pa.

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