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Journal Articles

Validation of plant dynamics analysis code using shutdown heat removal test-17 performed at the EBR-II

Ohira, Hiroaki; Doda, Norihiro; Kamide, Hideki; Iwasaki, Takashi*; Minami, Masaki*

Proceedings of 2015 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2015) (CD-ROM), p.2585 - 2592, 2015/05

IAEA's Coordinated Research Project on Benchmark Analyses of Shutdown Heat Removal Test (SHRT) performed at the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II) has been carried out since 2012. The benchmark specifications were provided by the Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and the model development for thermal-hydraulics codes and/or plant dynamics codes has been conducted by participating organizations. The experimental data were also provided by the ANL after the calculations have been performed as the blind simulation. JAEA participated in this benchmark analyses, and the plant dynamics analysis code; Super-COPD was applied to the SHRT-17 simulation. The calculated inlet temperature of the high pressure plenum agreed well with the test data in all simulation time. Although the Z-pipe inlet temperature and the IHX intermediate outlet temperature had some discrepancy in the first 400 sec. caused by larger mass flow rate of the primary pump and the perfect mixing model of upper plenum, these temperatures and the flow rate agreed well with the measured data after 400 sec. Hence it was concluded the present analytical model could predict the natural circulation in good accuracy.

Journal Articles

Observation of the laser-induced surface dynamics using the single-shot soft X-ray laser probe

Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Kaihori, Takeshi; Morita, Toshimasa; Sasaki, Akira; Terakawa, Kota*; et al.

X-Ray Lasers 2012; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.147, p.117 - 120, 2014/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

We have developed the femto-second laser pump and soft X-ray laser probe system in order to observe the dynamical processes of the femto-second laser ablation. By using this system, we succeed to obtain the temporal evolution of the soft X-ray reflectivity from the laser induced Pt surface. The results lead that the rate of decrease in the reflectivity of the probe beam has a non-linear relation with the pump laser fluence.

Journal Articles

Development of multi-purpose MW gyrotrons for fusion devices

Minami, Ryutaro*; Kariya, Tsuyoshi*; Imai, Tsuyoshi*; Numakura, Tomoharu*; Endo, Yoichi*; Nakabayashi, Hidetaka*; Eguchi, Taku*; Shimozuma, Takashi*; Kubo, Shin*; Yoshimura, Yasuo*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 53(6), p.063003_1 - 063003_7, 2013/06

Journal Articles

Development of multi-purpose MW gyrotrons for fusion devices

Minami, Ryutaro*; Kariya, Tsuyoshi*; Imai, Tsuyoshi*; Numakura, Tomoharu*; Endo, Yoichi*; Nakabayashi, Hidetaka*; Eguchi, Taku*; Shimozuma, Takashi*; Kubo, Shin*; Yoshimura, Yasuo*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 53(6), p.063003_1 - 063003_7, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:43.68(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Structural investigation of magnetocapacitive SmMnO$$_3$$

Maeda, Hiroki*; Ishiguro, Yuki*; Honda, Takashi*; Jung, J.-S.*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Kimura, Tsuyoshi*; Wakabayashi, Yusuke*

Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, 121(3), p.265 - 267, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:82.27(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Structural deformation of a magnetocapacitive material SmMnO$$_3$$ was studied by X-ray diffraction measurement in a magnetic field. This antiferromagnetic material shows a jump in dielectric constant at 9 K only when a magnetic field of a few tesla is applied. In-field X-ray diffraction measurements clarified that there is no sudden change in structure that involves atomic displacement within the c-plane in Pbnm notation, while the antiferromagnetic phase transition at 60 K gives rise to a noticeable rotation of the MnO$$_6$$ octahedra. This rotation occurs to maximize the energy gain through the exchange interaction.

Journal Articles

Picosecond soft-X-ray laser interferometer for probing nanometer surface structure

Ochi, Yoshihiro; Terakawa, Kota*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Yamamoto, Minoru*; Tomita, Takuro*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Minami, Yasuo*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Imazono, Takashi; Ishino, Masahiko; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 51(1), p.016601_1 - 016601_3, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:54.19(Physics, Applied)

We have developed a soft X-ray laser interferometer based on the double Lloyd's mirror and obtained a single shot interferogram by a 7-ps pulse at the wavelength of 13.9 nm. Micrometer grooves with 5-nm depth were successfully reconstructed from the interferogram. The lateral and depth resolutions were estimated to be 1.5 $$mu$$m and better than 1 nm, respectively. This interferometer will be an attractive diagnostic device for observing transiently changing nano-scale deviations on solid surfaces.

Journal Articles

Observation of the laser-induced surface dynamics by the single-shot X-ray laser interferometer

Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Kaihori, Takeshi; Sasaki, Akira; Terakawa, Kota*; Minami, Yasuo*; et al.

Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.8140, p.81400G_1 - 81400G_8, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:14.72

We have developed a soft X-ray laser (SXRL) interferometer capable of the single-shot imaging of nano-scaled structure dynamics. The interferometer consisted of the reflection optics including double Lloyd's mirrors and focusing optics, and the interference fringes are produced on the detector surface. By using this interferometer, the initial stage ($$sim$$50 ps) of the ablation process of the Pt surface pumped by a 70 fs Ti:Sapphire laser pulse was observed. The expansion speed of the surface estimated from the result (34 nm/50 ps) indicated that the nano-bubble structures were formed in the initial stage of the ablation. In order to observe the detailed dynamics, the temporal synchronization between the pump and probe pulses was improved to be 3 ps by adopting a portion of the SXRL and pump beams as the time fiducials, to which the pump and probe timing was adjusted by using the X-ray streak camera.

Journal Articles

Observation of femtosecond laser ablation process by using the soft X-ray laser interferometer

Yamamoto, Minoru; Hasegawa, Noboru; Terakawa, Kota*; Umeda, Yoshifumi*; Tomita, Takuro*; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Kaihori, Takeshi; et al.

Proceedings of 12th International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication (LPM 2011) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2011/06

Femtosecond lasers have been used for material processing. However, the physical processes responsible for femtosecond laser ablation have not been understood completely. These processes involve melting, vaporization, re-solidification or ablation, which occur in a very short time from pico- to nano-seconds. To understand the physical processes, it is essential to reveal the dynamics of ultrafast surface morphological change after laser irradiation. At JAEA, the laser-driven plasma soft X-ray laser (SXRL) that has extremely high spatial and spectral purity was constructed. It delivers soft X-ray photons at 89.2 eV (13.9 nm) with a photon number of exceeding $$10^{10}$$, which is sufficient to obtain a single shot interferogram. By using this system, the soft X-ray laser interferometer with the lateral resolution of 1.8 $$mu$$m and a depth resolution of 1 nm was developed. We report on demonstration of time-resolved measurement of femtosecond-laser ablation dynamics by using the soft X-ray laser interferometer.

Journal Articles

Development of 28 GHz and 77 GHz 1 MW gyrotron for ECRH of magnetically confined plasma

Kariya, Tsuyoshi*; Minami, Ryutaro*; Imai, Tsuyoshi*; Sakamoto, Keishi; Kubo, Shin*; Shimozuma, Takashi*; Takahashi, Hiromi*; Ito, Satoshi*; Muto, Takashi*; Mitsunaka, Yoshika*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 55(2T), p.91 - 94, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:35.96(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Direct observation of field-induced variant transformation in Fe$$_3$$Pt using pulsed magnetic field X-ray diffraction

Ouyang, Z. W.*; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Nojiri, Hiroyuki*; Inami, Toshiya; Owada, Kenji; Tsubota, Masami*; Sakon, Takuo*; Fukuda, Takashi*; Kakeshita, Tomoyuki*

Journal of Applied Physics, 102(11), p.113917_1 - 113917_6, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:94.2(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Chemical state analysis of vacancy-impurity complexes by positron annihilation spectroscopy

Fujinami, Masanori*; Oguma, Koichi*; Akahane, Takashi*; Kawasuso, Atsuo; Maekawa, Masaki

JAEA-Review 2006-042, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2005, P. 151, 2007/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Studies of fast-ion transport induced by energetic particle modes using fast-particle diagnostics with high time resolution in CHS

Isobe, Mitsutaka*; Toi, Kazuo*; Matsushita, Hiroyuki*; Goto, Kazuyuki*; Suzuki, Chihiro*; Nagaoka, Kenichi*; Nakajima, Noriyoshi*; Yamamoto, Satoshi*; Murakami, Sadayoshi*; Shimizu, Akihiro*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(10), p.S918 - S925, 2006/10

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:32.42(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Simultaneous measurements of ion and electron currents using a novel compact electrostatic end-loss-current detector

Hirata, Mafumi*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Chujo, T.*; Kohagura, Junko*; Numakura, Tomoharu*; Shimizu, Kiyoaki*; Ito, Marie*; Kiminami, Serina*; Morimoto, Naomichi*; Hirai, Katsuaki*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 77(10), p.10E719_1 - 10E719_3, 2006/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Swift heavy ion irradiation effects in nanocrystalline gold

Chimi, Yasuhiro; Iwase, Akihiro*; Ishikawa, Norito; Kobiyama, Mamoru*; Inami, Takashi*; Kambara, Tadashi*; Okuda, Shigeo*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 245(1), p.171 - 175, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:30.44(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have studied effects of irradiation with energetic particles on defect accumulation in nanocrystalline gold (nano-Au). The specimens of nano-Au foil (3-5 $$mu$$m thickness) with various grain sizes (23-156 nm) are prepared by the gas deposition method and subsequent thermal annealings. Irradiations of the specimens with 60-MeV $$^{12}$$C ions, 3.54-GeV $$^{136}$$Xe ions or 2.0-MeV electrons are performed at low temperature. The defect accumulation behavior is observed by measuring the electrical resistivity change during irradiation. Through an analysis of defect accumulation behavior, cross-sections for defect production, $$sigma$$$$_{d}$$, and annihilation, $$sigma$$$$_{r}$$, in nano-Au increase monotonically as the grain size decreases. These results are considered to be caused by the existence of a large volume fraction of the regions near grain boundaries in nano-Au where the threshold energy for atomic displacements, E$$_{d}$$, becomes lower than in polycrystalline gold. The possibility of electronic excitation effects in nano-Au is also discussed.

Journal Articles

Positron annihilation spectroscopy to getter sites for Cu in Si

Fujinami, Masanori*; Miyagoe, Tatsuzo*; Akahane, Takashi*; Kawasuso, Atsuo; Maekawa, Masaki; Chen, Z. Q.*

JAEA-Review 2005-001, TIARA Annual Report 2004, p.235 - 237, 2006/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Sputtering of nano-crystalline gold by high energy heavy ions

Matsunami, Noriaki*; Sataka, Masao; Iwase, Akihiro; Inami, Takashi*; Kobiyama, Mamoru*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 302(2-3), p.206 - 210, 2002/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:49.66(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Accumulation and recovery of defects in ion-irradiated nanocrystalline gold

Chimi, Yasuhiro; Iwase, Akihiro; Ishikawa, Norito; Kobiyama, Mamoru*; Inami, Takashi*; Okuda, S.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 297(3), p.355 - 357, 2001/09

 Times Cited Count:182 Percentile:2.33(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of Grain Size of AgNO$$_{3}$$ Loaded in Porous Material on Adsorption of CH$$_{3}$$I

Takeshita, Kenji*; Takashima, Yoichi*; Matsumoto, Shiro*; Inami, Shinichi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 32(9), p.941 - 943, 1995/00

None

Oral presentation

Positron annihilation in vacancy-Cu complexes in Si

Fujinami, Masanori*; Watanabe, Kazuya*; Oguma, Koichi*; Akahane, Takashi*; Kawasuso, Atsuo; Maekawa, Masaki; Matsukawa, Kazuto*; Harada, Hirofumi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Positron annihilation study of impurity gettering in Si

Akahane, Takashi*; Fujinami, Masanori*; Watanabe, Kazuya*; Oguma, Koichi*; Matsukawa, Kazuto*; Harada, Hirofumi*; Maekawa, Masaki; Kawasuso, Atsuo

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

32 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)