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JAEA Reports

Installation manuals for "Utsusemi"

Inamura, Yasuhiro

JAEA-Testing 2023-002, 80 Pages, 2023/12

JAEA-Testing-2023-002.pdf:2.43MB

"Utsusemi" is a suite of software used to process data obtained from measurements of neutron scattering experiments at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF), J-PARC. To directly obtain the physical quantities which scientists want to get from the data produced by instruments at MLF, many processes are required, such as creating histogram format data, easily visualizing and converting units and correcting intensity adapting the instrument conditions. "Utsusemi" software consists of many software components, many functions for data processing, graphical interface software for executing Utsusemi functions, data visualization applications, and so on. "Utsusemi" has already played an important role in data processing and has been widely employed in MLF beamlines. This document describes how to install the "Utsusemi" software on each operating system to be of help of instrument staff and users who want to process data by themselves. Installation of "Utsusemi" on Windows and macOS requires only general knowledge of working with PC applications according to this document.

Journal Articles

Polarized neutrons observed nanometer-thick crystalline ice plates in frozen glucose solution

Kumada, Takayuki; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Miura, Daisuke; Sekine, Yurina; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Hiroi, Kosuke; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Oku, Takayuki; Oishi, Kazuki*; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; et al.

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 14(34), p.7638 - 7643, 2023/08

The structure of nano-ice crystals in rapidly frozen glucose solution was elucidated by using spin-contrast-variation small-angle neutron scattering, which distinguishes the nano-ice crystal signal from the frozen amorphous solution signal by the polarization-dependent neutron scattering. The analysis revealed that the nano-ice crystals form a planar structure with a diameter exceeding tens of nanometers and a thickness of 1 nm, which is close to the critical nucleation size. This result suggests that the glucose molecules are preferentially bound to a specific face of nano-ice crystals, and then block the crystal growth perpendicular to that face.

Journal Articles

New measurement system based on small-angle neutron scattering for structural analysis of light-responsive materials

Iwase, Hiroki*; Akamatsu, Masaaki*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi*; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; Kasai, Satoshi*; Ouchi, Keiichi*; Kobayashi, Kazuki*; Sakai, Hideki*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 56(1), p.110 - 115, 2023/02

With the increasing importance of light-responsive materials, it is vital to analyze the relationship between function and structural changes induced by light irradiation. Small-angle scattering (SAS) is effective for such structural analysis. However, quantitatively capturing local molecular structure formation and molecular reactions at a scale of less than 1 nm via SAS is difficult. In this study, to analyze the structure of non-equilibrium phenomena in light-responsive materials, a new sample environment has been developed for a time-of-flight small- and wide-angle neutron scattering instrument (TAIKAN), comprising a UV-Vis irradiation system, UV-Vis absorption measurement equipment and photodetector. Simultaneous measurement of small-angle neutron scattering and UV-Vis absorption was achieved. This system was used to demonstrate the in situ observation of UV-Vis irradiation-induced structural change of micelles formed by a light-responsive surfactant sample in an aqueous solution.

Journal Articles

Development of a pulse-width-discriminating $$^{3}$$He position-sensitive detector system

Sato, Setsuo*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro

Journal of Neutron Research, 24(3-4), p.427 - 434, 2023/01

Journal Articles

Magnon mode transition in real space

Iida, Kazuki*; Kodama, Katsuaki; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Chang, L.-J.*; Shamoto, Shinichi

Scientific Reports (Internet), 12, p.20663_1 - 20663_7, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Spin excitation of an ilmenite FeTiO$$_{3}$$ powder sample is measured by time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering. The dynamic magnetic pair-density function $$D_{M}(r,E)$$ is obtained from the dynamic magnetic structure factor $$S_{M}(Q,E)$$ by the Fourier transformation.

Journal Articles

Possible future upgrades of the direct-geometry chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Iida, Kazuki*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 272, p.02007_1 - 02007_8, 2022/11

Journal Articles

Optimization and inference of bin widths for histogramming inelastic neutron scattering spectra

Tatsumi, Kazuyoshi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kofu, Maiko; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Shimazaki, Hideaki*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 55(3), p.533 - 543, 2022/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

A data-driven bin-width optimization for the histograms of measured data sets based on inhomogeneous Poisson processes was developed in a neurophysiology study [Shimazaki & Shinomoto (2007). Neural Comput. 19, 1503-1527], and a successive study [Muto et al. (2019). J. Phys. Soc. Jpn, 88, 044002] proposed its application to inelastic neutron scattering (INS) data. In the present study, the results of the method on experimental INS time-of-flight data collected under different measurement conditions from a copper single crystal are validated. The extrapolation of the statistics on a given data set to other data sets with different total counts precisely infers the optimal bin widths on the latter. The histograms with the optimized bin widths statistically verify two fine-spectral feature examples in the energy and momentum transfer cross sections: (i) the existence of the phonon band gaps; and (ii) the number of plural phonon branches located close to each other. This indicates that the applied method helps in the efficient and rigorous observation of spectral structures important in physics and materials science like novel forms of magnetic excitation and phonon states correlated to lattice thermal conductivities.

Journal Articles

Determination of site occupancy of boron in 6H-SiC by multiple-wavelength neutron holography

Hayashi, Koichi*; Lederer, M.*; Fukumoto, Yohei*; Goto, Masashi*; Yamamoto, Yuta*; Happo, Naohisa*; Harada, Masahide; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Oikawa, Kenichi; Oyama, Kenji*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 120(13), p.132101_1 - 132101_6, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Chemical-pressure-induced point defects enable low thermal conductivity for Mg$$_{2}$$Sn and Mg$$_{2}$$Si single crystals

Saito, Wataru*; Hayashi, Kei*; Huang, Z.*; Sugimoto, Kazuya*; Oyama, Kenji*; Happo, Naohisa*; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Hayashi, Koichi*; et al.

ACS Applied Energy Materials (Internet), 4(5), p.5123 - 5131, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:66.28(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Polarization analysis for small-angle neutron scattering with a $$^{3}$$He spin filter at a pulsed neutron source

Okudaira, Takuya; Ueda, Yuki; Hiroi, Kosuke; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takata, Shinichi; Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi*; Takahashi, Shingo*; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.548 - 556, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:34.11(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Neutron polarization analysis (NPA) for small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments using a pulsed neutron source was successfully achieved by applying a $$^{3}$$He spin filter as a spin analyzer for the scattered neutrons. The $$^{3}$$He spin filter covers a sufficient solid angle for performing SANS experiments, and the relaxation time of the $$^{3}$$He polarization is sufficient for continuous use over a few days, thus reaching the typical duration required for a complete set of SANS experiments. Although accurate evaluation of the incoherent neutron scattering, which is predominantly attributable to hydrogen atoms in samples, is practically difficult using calculations based on the sample elemental composition, the developed NPA approach with consideration of the influence of multiple neutron scattering enabled reliable decomposition of the SANS intensity distribution into the coherent and incoherent scattering components. To date, NPA has not been well established as a standard technique for SANS experiments at pulsed neutron sources. This work is anticipated to greatly contribute to the accurate determination of the coherent neutron scattering component for scatterers in various types of organic sample systems in SANS experiments at J-PARC.

Journal Articles

Mode distribution analysis for superionic melt of CuI by coherent quasielastic neutron scattering

Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Tahara, Shuta*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Maruyama, Kenji*; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakajima, Kenji

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011071_1 - 011071_6, 2021/03

BB2019-1144.pdf:0.7MB

CuI is a well-known superionic conductor in a high temperature solid phase where the mobile cations migrate between interstitial sites in the f.c.c. sublattice formed by iodine ions. Even in the molten state, it shows several features suggesting collective or cooperative ionic motion. MD results show that Cu diffuses much faster than I. The Cu-Cu partial structure factor have a FSDP which indicates a medium-range ordering of Cu ions. Moreover the Cu-Cu partial pair distribution deeply penetrates into the nearest neighboring Cu-I shell. To reveal origin such anomalous behaviors of molten CuI, we performed quaiselastic neutron scattering (QENS) by the disk-chopper spectrometer AMATERAS at MLF, J-PARC. To interpret the total dynamic structure factor obtained from coherent QENS, the mode distribution analysis was applied. It is found that the motion of iodine is a kind of fluctuating within an almost local area while Cu ions diffuse much faster than iodine ions.

Journal Articles

Recent update of AMATERAS; A Cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kofu, Maiko; Murai, Naoki; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Wakai, Daisuke*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011089_1 - 011089_7, 2021/03

The recent update of AMATERAS, a cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer at Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reported. AMATERAS has been operating for a decade. Since 2017, some updates have been done or are underway, which include installing new detectors, replacing the vacuum system of the scattering chamber, and other works. We are also working on the re-investigation of the resolution function. Demonstration measurements were carried out at 1MW test operations done in 2018 and 2019. Plans of upgrading the spectrometer are currently being considered.

Journal Articles

Sequence-dependent hydration water dynamics of dodecameric DNA

Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Yonetani, Yoshiteru*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Kataoka, Mikio*; Kono, Hidetoshi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011101_1 - 011101_6, 2021/03

Hydration water dynamics were measured by quasi-elastic neutron scattering with Hn$$_{2}$$O/D$$_{2}$$O contrast for two DNA dodecamers, 5'CGCG$$underline{rm AATT}$$CGCG'3 and 5'CGCG$$underline{rm TTAA}$$CGCG'3, which have been computationally shown to be structurally rigid and flexible, respectively. The dynamical transitions of the hydration water as well as DNA were observed for both sequences at approximately 240 K. Above the transition temperature, the mean square displacements of the hydration water for the rigid sequence were smaller than those for the flexible one. Furthermore, the relaxation time of the hydration water was longer in the rigid DNA than in the flexible DNA. We suggest that hydration water dynamics on the picosecond timescale are associated with sequence-dependent deformability of DNA.

Journal Articles

Energy resolution and neutron flux of the 4SEASONS spectrometer revisited

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Iida, Kazuki*; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ishikado, Motoyuki*

Journal of Neutron Research, 22(2-3), p.99 - 107, 2020/10

Journal Articles

Behavior of Sm in the boron cage of Sm-doped $$R$$B$$_{6}$$ ($$R$$ =Yb, La) observed by multiple-wavelength neutron holography

Uechi, Shoichi*; Oyama, Kenji*; Fukumoto, Yohei*; Kanazawa, Yuki*; Happo, Naohisa*; Harada, Masahide; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Oikawa, Kenichi; Matsuhra, Wataru*; Iga, Fumitoshi*; et al.

Physical Review B, 102(5), p.054104_1 - 054104_10, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:45.15(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

$$q$$=0 long-range magnetic order in centennialite CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O; A Spin-$$frac{1}{2}$$ perfect kagome antiferromagnet with $$J_{1}$$-$$J_{2}$$-$$J_{d}$$

Iida, Kazuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki*; Nakao, Akiko*; Jeschke, H. O.*; Iqbal, Y.*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Munakata, Koji*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Murai, Naoki; et al.

Physical Review B, 101(22), p.220408_1 - 220408_6, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:81(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Crystal and magnetic structures of the mineral centennialite CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O are investigated by means of synchrotron X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction measurements complemented by density functional theory (DFT) and pseudofermion functional renormalization group (PFFRG) calculations. In CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O, Cu$$^{2+}$$ ions form a geometrically perfect kagome network with antiferromagnetic $$J_{1}$$. No intersite disorder between Cu$$^{2+}$$ and Ca$$^{2+}$$ ions is detected. CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O enters a magnetic long-range ordered state below $$T_{rm N}$$ = 7.2 K, and the $$q$$=0 magnetic structure with negative vector spin chirality is obtained. The ordered moment at 0.3 K is suppressed to 0.58(2)$$mu$$B. Our DFT calculations indicate the presence of antiferromagnetic $$J_{2}$$ and ferromagnetic $$J_{d}$$ superexchange couplings of a strength which places the system at the crossroads of three magnetic orders (at the classical level) and a spin-$$frac{1}{2}$$ PFFRG analysis shows a dominance of $$q$$=0 type magnetic correlations, consistent with and indicating proximity to the observed $$q$$=0 spin structure. The results suggest that this material is located close to a quantum critical point and is a good realization of a $$J_{1}$$-$$J_{2}$$-$$J_{d}$$ kagome antiferromagnet.

Journal Articles

Horizontal line nodes in Sr$$_2$$RuO$$_4$$ proved by spin resonance

Iida, Kazuki*; Kofu, Maiko; Suzuki, Katsuhiro*; Murai, Naoki; Kawamura, Seiko; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Hasegawa, Shunsuke*; Masuda, Takatsugu*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(5), p.053702_1 - 053702_5, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:81.64(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Emergent spin-1 Haldane gap and ferroelectricity in a frustrated spin-$$frac{1}{2}$$ ladder

Ueda, Hiroshi*; Onoda, Shigeki*; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro*; Kimura, Tsuyoshi*; Yoshizawa, Daichi*; Morioka, Toshiaki*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Hagihara, Masato*; Soda, Minoru*; Masuda, Takatsugu*; et al.

Physical Review B, 101(14), p.140408_1 - 140408_6, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:27.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Preparation, thermoelectric properties, and crystal structure of boron-doped Mg$$_{2}$$Si single crystals

Hayashi, Kei*; Saito, Wataru*; Sugimoto, Kazuya*; Oyama, Kenji*; Hayashi, Koichi*; Happo, Naohisa*; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Miyazaki, Yuzuru*

AIP Advances (Internet), 10(3), p.035115_1 - 035115_7, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:73.8(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

The $$f$$-electron state of the heavy fermion superconductor NpPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$ and the isostructural family

Metoki, Naoto; Aczel, A. A.*; Aoki, Dai*; Chi, S.*; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*; Griveau, J.-C.*; Hagihara, Masato*; Hong, T.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011123_1 - 011123_6, 2020/03

Rare earths (4$$f$$) and actinides (5$$f$$) provide variety of interesting states realized with competing interactions between the increasing number of $$f$$ electrons. Since crystal field splitting of many-body $$f$$ electron system is smaller than the bandwidth, (1) high resolution experiments are needed, (2) essentially no clear spectrum with well defined peaks is expected in itinerant Ce and U compounds, and (3) Np and Pu is strictly regulated. Therefore, systematic research on magnetic excitations by neutron scattering experiments of localized compounds and rare earth iso-structural reference is useful. We describe the $$f$$ electron states of heavy electron compounds NpPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$ and actinide and rare earth based iso-structural family.

360 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)