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Journal Articles

Heavy hadronic molecules coupled with multiquark states

Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro; Garc$'i$a-Tecocoatzi, H.*; Giachino, A.*; Hosaka, Atsushi; Santopinto, E.*; Takeuchi, Sachiko*; Takizawa, Makoto*

Few-Body Systems, 62(3), p.33_1 - 33_7, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We investigate the hidden-charm pentaquarks as hadronic molecules of $$Lambda_cbar{D}^{(ast)}$$ and $$Sigma_c^{(ast)}bar{D}^{(ast)}$$ coupled to a $$uudcbar{c}$$ compact core by employing an interaction satisfying the heavy quark and chiral symmetries. Our model can consistently explain the masses and decay widths of $$P_c^+(4312)$$, $$P_c^+(4440)$$ and $$P_c^+(4457)$$ with spin parity assignments $$J^P=1/2^-$$, $$3/2^-$$ and $$1/2^-$$, respectively. We find that the mass ordering is dominantly determined by the short-range interaction given by coupling to the compact core, while the decay widths by the tensor force of the one-pion exchange.

Journal Articles

$$P_c$$ pentaquarks with chiral tensor and quark dynamics

Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro; Garc$'i$a-Tecocoatzi, H.*; Giachino, A.*; Hosaka, Atsushi; Santopinto, E.*; Takeuchi, Sachiko*; Takizawa, Makoto*

Physical Review D, 101(9), p.091502_1 - 091502_7, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:96.13(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We investigate the hidden-charm pentaquarks as hadronic molecules of $$Lambda_cbar{D}^{(ast)}$$ and $$Sigma_c^{(ast)}bar{D}^{(ast)}$$ coupled to a $$uudcbar{c}$$ compact core by employing an interaction satisfying the heavy quark and chiral symmetries. Our model can consistently explain the masses and decay widths of $$P_c^+(4312)$$, $$P_c^+(4440)$$ and $$P_c^+(4457)$$ with spin parity assignments $$J^P=1/2^-$$, $$3/2^-$$ and $$1/2^-$$, respectively. We find that the mass ordering is dominantly determined by the short-range interaction given by coupling to the compact core, while the decay widths by the tensor force of the one-pion exchange.

Journal Articles

Identification of a 6.6$$mu$$s isomeric state in $$^{175}$$Ir

Gillespie, S. A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Al Monthery, M.*; Barton, C. J.*; Antalic, S.*; Auranen, K.*; Badran, H.*; Cox, D.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; O'Donnell, D.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(6), p.064310_1 - 064310_6, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:52.47(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Shape coexistence in $$^{178}$$Hg

M$"u$ller-Gatermann, C.*; Dewald, A.*; Fransen, C.*; Auranen, K.*; Badran, H.*; Beckers, M.*; Blazhev, A.*; Braunroth, T.*; Cullen, D. M.*; Fruet, G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054325_1 - 054325_7, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:69.53(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Model intercomparison of atmospheric $$^{137}$$Cs from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident; Simulations based on identical input data

Sato, Yosuke*; Takigawa, Masayuki*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kajino, Mizuo*; Terada, Hiroaki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Uchida, Junya*; Goto, Daisuke*; Qu$'e$lo, D.*; et al.

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 123(20), p.11748 - 11765, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:80.33(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

A model intercomparison of the atmospheric dispersion of $$^{137}$$Cs emitted following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident was conducted by 12 models to understand the behavior of $$^{137}$$Cs in the atmosphere. The same meteorological data, horizontal grid resolution, and an emission inventory were applied to all the models to focus on the model variability originating from the processes included in each model. The multi-model ensemble captured 40% of the observed $$^{137}$$Cs events, and the figure-of-merit in space for the total deposition of $$^{137}$$Cs exceeded 80. Our analyses indicated that the meteorological data were most critical for reproducing the $$^{137}$$Cs events. The results also revealed that the differences among the models were originated from the deposition and diffusion processes when the meteorological field was simulated well. However, the models with strong diffusion tended to overestimate the $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations.

Journal Articles

Vaporlike phase of amorphous SiO$$_{2}$$ is not a prerequisite for the core/shell ion tracks or ion shaping

Amekura, Hiroshi*; Kluth, P.*; Mota-Santiago, P.*; Sahlberg, I.*; Jantunen, V.*; Leino, A. A.*; Vazquez, H.*; Nordlund, K.*; Djurabekova, F.*; Okubo, Nariaki; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 2(9), p.096001_1 - 096001_10, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:37.83(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

When a swift heavy ion (SHI) penetrates amorphous SiO$$_{2}$$, a core/shell (C/S) ion track is formed due to vaporization, where the ion track consists of a lower-density core and a higher-density shell. Here we reexamine this hypothesis. The MD simulations indicate that the vaporization is not induced under 50-MeV Si irradiation ($$Se$$ = 3 keV/nm), but the C/S tracks and the ion shaping of nanoparticles are nevertheless induced. Thus, the vaporization is not a prerequisite for the C/S tracks and the ion shaping.

Journal Articles

Determination of fusion barrier distributions from quasielastic scattering cross sections towards superheavy nuclei synthesis

Tanaka, Taiki*; Narikiyo, Yoshihiro*; Morita, Kosuke*; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_9, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:72.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Excitation functions of quasielastic scattering cross sections for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb, $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb, and $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm reactions were successfully measured by using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS. Fusion barrier distributions were extracted from these data, and compared with the coupled-channels calculations. It was found that the peak energies of the barrier distributions for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb and $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb systems coincide with those of the 2n evaporation channel cross sections for the systems, while that of the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm is located slightly below the 4n evaporation ones. This results provide us helpful information to predict the optimum beam energy to synthesize superheavy nuclei.

Journal Articles

Improvement of INVS measurement uncertainty for Pu and U-Pu nitrate solution

Swinhoe, M. T.*; Menlove, H. O.*; Marlow, J. B.*; Makino, Risa; Nakamura, Hironobu

LA-UR-17-23474, 28 Pages, 2017/04

The Inventory Verification Sample system (INVS) has been used for IAEA verification measurement at the Plutonium Conversion Development Facility for MOX powder and Pu solution samples (measurement uncertainty: about 3-5%). If the measurement uncertainty can be improved (to $$sim$$1%), it is expected that the range of usage can be extended and it could reduce the number of destructive analyses. In order to improve the measurement uncertainty for solution samples, we conducted three different types of calibration method that are passive calibration curve method, known-$$alpha$$ method and multiplicity method after optimization of detector parameter and sample position. In the range of concentration of typical solution samples, a good correlation was found between measured doubles and $$^{240}$$Pu effective mass in the three methods. Especially, the result of the conventional calibration curve method and known-$$alpha$$ method met our target uncertainty within 1% (22 hours measurement). Since it is thought that background singles change may affect measurement uncertainty, an additional shielding was installed around the INVS to reduce those effects. This shielding improved measurement uncertainty in known-$$alpha$$ method. The results with this shielding suggests passive calibration method and known-$$alpha$$ method could achieve the target uncertainty within 1% less than 1 hour measurement time.

Journal Articles

Towards saturation of the electron-capture delayed fission probability; The New isotopes $$^{240}$$Es and $$^{236}$$Bk

Konki, J.*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Uusitalo, J.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Auranen, K.*; Badran, H.*; Block, M.*; Briselet, R.*; Cox, D. M.*; Dasgupta, M.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 764, p.265 - 270, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:79.17(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Defect engineering in silicon carbide; Single photon sources, quantum sensors and RF emitters

Kraus, H.; Simin, D.*; Fuchs, F.*; Onoda, Shinobu; Makino, Takahiro; Dyakonov, V.*; Oshima, Takeshi

Proceedings of 11th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-11) (Internet), p.176 - 179, 2015/11

Journal Articles

Polarization of amplified spontaneous emission in a plasma active medium

Kim, C. M.*; Steil, H.*; Matou$v{s}$, B.*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Tran, K. A.*; Janulewicz, K. A.*

Physical Review A, 92(4), p.043807_1 - 043807_7, 2015/10

AA2015-0690.pdf:0.77MB

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:22.81(Optics)

We present polarization measurement of a Ni-like Ag X-ray laser working in the transient collisional excitation scheme. A calibrated membrane multilayer beam splitter was used to determine the energies of two mutually perpendicular polarization components (s and p components). As a result, we observed a high degree of polarization that fluctuated from shot to shot. The dominant polarization component switched from s to p when pumping was made stronger. The measurement results are discussed from the point of view of the general polarization theory and supported by a numerical simulation based on Maxwell-Bloch equations.

Journal Articles

Temporal behavior of unresolved transition array emission in water window soft X-ray spectral region from multiply charged ions

Dinh, T.-H.*; Suzuki, Yuhei*; Arai, Goki*; Li, B.*; Dunne, P.*; O'Sullivan, G.*; Fujioka, Shinsuke*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 107(12), p.121101_1 - 121101_5, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:22.79(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Output beam polarisation of X-ray lasers with transient inversion

Janulewicz, K. A.*; Kim, C. M.*; Steil, H.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru

X-Ray Lasers and Coherent X-Ray Sources; Development and Applications XI (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.9589), p.95890N_1 - 95890N_7, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0

We describe measurement results on the polarization state of amplified spontaneous emission signal from a collisionally pumped Ni-like Ag soft X-ray laser with a transient inversion. The result obtained with a calibrated membrane beam splitter as a polarization state (P-state) selector shows that dominance one of the mutually perpendicular electric field components (p- or s-) in the output signal depends on the hydrodynamic state of the plasma medium. Two different hydrodynamic states were referred as a low gain and high gain regimes and the allocated P-states had dominant s- and p-component, respectively. It was also shown that due to correlations between p- and s-components in the process of coherent amplification of noise, correct description of the polarization state requires applying the generalized theory of polarization and formulated there the generalized degree of polarization.

Journal Articles

EBR-II passive safety demonstration tests benchmark analyses; Phase 2

Briggs, L.*; Monti, S.*; Hu, W.*; Sui, D.*; Su, G. H.*; Maas, L.*; Vezzoni, B.*; Partha Sarathy, U.*; Del Nevo, A.*; Petruzzi, A.*; et al.

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.3030 - 3043, 2015/08

The International Atomic Energy Agency Coordinated Research Project, "Benchmark Analyses of an EBR-II Shutdown Heat Removal Test" is in the third year of its four-year term. Nineteen participants representing eleven countries have simulated two of the most severe transients performed during the Shutdown Heat Removal Tests program conducted at Argonne's Experimental Breeder Reactor II. Benchmark specifications were created for these two transients, enabling project participants to develop computer models of the core and primary heat transport system, and simulate both transients. In phase 1 of the project, blind simulations were performed and then evaluated against recorded data. During phase 2, participants have refined their models to address areas where the phase 1 simulations did not predict as well as desired the experimental data. This paper describes the progress that has been made to date in phase 2 in improving on the earlier simulations and presents the direction of planned work for the remainder of the project.

Journal Articles

$$beta$$-decay half-lives of 110 neutron-rich nuclei across the $$N$$=82 shell gap; Implications for the mechanism and universality of the astrophysical $$r$$ process

Lorusso, G.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; S$"o$derstr$"o$m, P.-A.*; Watanabe, H.*; Browne, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 114(19), p.192501_1 - 192501_7, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:118 Percentile:97.94(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Improvement of INVS measurement uncertainty for Pu nitrate solution

Makino, Risa; Swinhoe, M. T.*; Suzuki, Hisanori; Ikeda, Atsushi*; Menlove, H. O.*; Shimizu, Yasuyuki; Nakamura, Hironobu

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nihon Shibu Dai-35-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/01

The Inventory Verification Sample system (INVS) is a non-destructive assay system for samples to quantify the Pu amount in Pu nitrate solutions and MOX with 31.3% of counting efficiency. It has been used for IAEA verification measurement for many years at the Plutonium Conversion Development Facility for the samples taken at the timing of PIV etc. as a partial defects verification system (uncertainty: about 3-5%). If the measurement uncertainty can be improved (to $$sim$$1%), it is expected that the usage can be extended to the operator's own measurements in MC&A to reduce the number of destructive analyses. In order to improve the measurement uncertainty for solution samples, after optimization of detector parameter and sample position, we conducted 3 different types of calibration method that is passive calibration curve, known-$$alpha$$ and multiplicity method to achieve the target uncertainty. To perform calibration and control the measurement quality, MOX fuel pellets with known Pu amount are fabricated and used. In the range of concentration of typical solution samples, we could confirm good correlations between measured doubles and $$^{240}$$Pu effective mass in the three methods. Especially, it was confirmed that the conventional calibration curve method could meet our target uncertainty ($$sim$$1%).

Journal Articles

Draft genome sequence of ${it Bacillus alcalophilus}$ AV1934, a classic alkaliphile isolated from human feces in 1934

Attie, O.*; Jayaprakash, A.*; Shah, H.*; Paulsen, I. T.*; Morino, Masato*; Takahashi, Yuka*; Narumi, Issey*; Sachidanandam, R.*; Sato, Katsuya; Ito, Masahiro*; et al.

Genome Announcements (Internet), 2(6), p.e01175-14_1 - e01175-14_2, 2014/11

Journal Articles

Improvement of INVS measurement uncertainty for Pu and U-Pu nitrate solution

Makino, Risa; Swinhoe, M. T.*; Suzuki, Yoshimasa; Mukai, Yasunobu; Menlove, H. O.*; Marlow, J. B.*; Nakamura, Hironobu

Proceedings of INMM 55th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2014/07

The Inventory Verification Sample systems (INVS) is a non-destructive assay (NDA) system for small inventory samples to quantify the Pu amount in Pu and U-Pu nitrate solutions and MOX powder with 31.3% counting efficiency (for Cf). It has been used for IAEA safeguards measurement for many years at the Plutonium Conversion Development Facility (PCDF) for the samples taken at the time of Random Interim Inspection (RII) and Physical Inventory Verification (PIV), and is currently used as partial defects verification equipment with uncertainty about 3$$sim$$5% accuracy for solution samples. The INVS is a inline detector therefore it is very convenient to use since it can be used for a sample inside the glove box without bag-out. If the measurement uncertainty can be improved (to $$sim$$1%), it is expected that the usage can be extended to the operator's own measurements in MC&A to reduce effort and the number of destructive analyses (DA). In order to improve the measurement uncertainty, we have performed multiplicity measurements using a variety of solution samples (concentration, acidity and volume) to determine the Pu amount and uncertainty, although the multiplicity analysis is challenging. To control the measurement quality, a few MOX ceramic fuel pellets with known Pu amount are used. The results are evaluated by three kinds of methods (calibration curve, known-$$alpha$$ and multiplicity) to determine the best measurement method. In the range of concentration of typical samples, we could confirm good correlations between measured doubles and $$^{240}$$Pu effective mass in the three methods. Especially, the conventional calibration curve method showed a good performance with short measurement time and small uncertainty when the calibration standards were a good match to the unknown samples. In this paper, we present the INVS system design and measurement results with uncertainty using solution samples and comparison results among the three calibration methods.

Journal Articles

Current-induced spin polarization on a Pt surface; A New approach using spin-polarized positron annihilation spectroscopy

Kawasuso, Atsuo; Fukaya, Yuki; Maekawa, Masaki; Zhang, H.; Seki, Takeshi*; Yoshino, Tatsuro*; Saito, Eiji*; Takanashi, Koki*

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 342, p.139 - 143, 2013/09

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:67.23(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Transversely spin-polarized positrons were injected near Pt and Au surfaces under an applied electric current. The three-photon annihilation of spin-triplet positronium, which was emitted from the surfaces into vacuum, was observed. When the positron spin polarization was perpendicular to the current direction, the maximum asymmetry of the three-photon annihilation intensity was observed upon current reversal for the Pt surfaces, whereas it was significantly reduced for the Au surface. The experimental results suggest that electrons near the Pt surfaces were in-plane and transversely spin-polarized with respect to the direction of the electric current. The maximum electron spin polarization was estimated to be more than 0.01 (1%).

Journal Articles

First prompt in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of a superheavy element; The $$^{256}$$Rf

Rubert, J.*; Dorvaux, O.*; Gall, B. J. P.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Asfari, Z.*; Piot, J.*; Andersson, L. L.*; Asai, Masato; Cox, D. M.*; Dechery, F.*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 420, p.012010_1 - 012010_10, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.04

The first prompt in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of a superheavy element, $$^{256}$$Rf, has been performed successfully. A development of an intense isotopically enriched $$^{50}$$Ti beam using the MIVOC method enabled us to perform this experiment. A rotational band up to a spin of 20 $$hbar$$ has been discovered in $$^{256}$$Rf, and its moment of inertia has been extracted. These data suggest that there is no evidence of a significant deformed shell gap at $$Z$$ = 104.

94 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)