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Journal Articles

Design for detecting recycling muon after muon-catalyzed fusion reaction in solid hydrogen isotope target

Okutsu, Kenichi*; Yamashita, Takuma*; Kino, Yasushi*; Nakashima, Ryota*; Miyashita, Konan*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Okada, Shinji*; Sato, Motoyasu*; Oka, Toshitaka; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 170, p.112712_1 - 112712_4, 2021/09

A muonic molecule which consists of two hydrogen isotope nuclei (deuteron (d) or tritium (t)) and a muon decays immediately via nuclear fusion and the muon will be released as a recycling muon, and start to find another hydrogen isotope nucleus. The reaction cycle continues until the muon ends up its lifetime of 2.2 $$mu$$s. Since the muon does not participate in the nuclear reaction, the reaction is so called a muon catalyzed fusion ($$mu$$CF). The recycling muon has a particular kinetic energy (KE) of the muon molecular orbital when the nuclear reaction occurs. Since the KE is based on the unified atom limit where distance between two nuclei is zero. A precise few-body calculation estimating KE distribution (KED) is also in progress, which could be compared with the experimental results. In the present work, we observed recycling muons after $$mu$$CF reaction.

Journal Articles

Time evolution calculation of muon catalysed fusion; Emission of recycling muons from a two-layer hydrogen film

Yamashita, Takuma*; Okutsu, Kenichi*; Kino, Yasushi*; Nakashima, Ryota*; Miyashita, Konan*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Okada, Shinji*; Sato, Motoyasu*; Oka, Toshitaka; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 169, p.112580_1 - 112580_5, 2021/08

A muon ($$mu$$) having 207 times larger mass of electron and the same charge as the electron has been known to catalyze a nuclear fusion between deuteron (d) and triton (t). These two nuclei are bound by $$mu$$ and form a muonic hydrogen molecular ion, dt$$mu$$. Due to the short inter-nuclear distance of dt$$mu$$, the nuclear fusion, d +t$$rightarrow alpha$$ + n + 17.6 MeV, occurs inside the molecule. This reaction is called muon catalyzed fusion ($$mu$$CF). Recently, the interest on $$mu$$CF is renewed from the viewpoint of applications, such as a source of high-resolution muon beam and mono-energetic neutron beam. In this work, we report a time evolution calculation of $$mu$$CF in a two-layered hydrogen isotope target.

Journal Articles

Development of negative muonium ion source for muon acceleration

Kitamura, Ryo; Bae, S.*; Choi, S.*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Kim, B.*; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Mibe, Tsutomu*; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 24(3), p.033403_1 - 033403_9, 2021/03

A negative muonium ion (Mu$$^{-}$$) source using an aluminum foil target was developed as a low-energy muon source. An experiment to produce Mu$$^{-}$$ ions was conducted to evaluate the performance of the Mu$$^{-}$$ ion source. The measured event rate of Mu$$^{-}$$ ions was $$(1.7 pm 0.3) times 10^{-3}$$ Mu$$^{-}$$/s when the event rate of the incident muon beam was $$1.3times10^{6}$$/s. The formation probability, defined as the ratio of the Mu$$^{-}$$ ions to the incident muons on the Al target, was $$(1.1 pm 0.2(textrm{stat.})^{-0.0}_{+0.1}(textrm{syst.})) times10^{-6}$$. This Mu$$^{-}$$ ion source boosted the development of the muon accelerator, and the practicality of this low-energy muon source obtained using a relatively simple apparatus was demonstrated.

JAEA Reports

Final report on feasibility study of Pu monitoring and solution measurement of high active liquid waste containing fission product at Reprocessing Facility

Sekine, Megumi; Matsuki, Takuya; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Tsutagi, Koichi; Nishida, Naoki; Kitao, Takahiko; Tomikawa, Hirofumi; Nakamura, Hironobu; LaFleur, A.*; Browne, M.*

JAEA-Technology 2019-023, 160 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Technology-2019-023.pdf:9.43MB

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has proposed in its Research and Development plan (STR-385), the development of technology to enable real-time flow measurement of nuclear material as a part of an advanced approach to effective and efficient safeguards for reprocessing facilities. To address this, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been tackling development of a new detector to enable monitoring of Pu in solutions with numerous FPs as a joint research program with U.S. DOE to cover whole reprocessing process. In this study, High Active Liquid Waste (HALW) Storage Facility in Tokai Reprocessing Plant was used as the test field. At first, the design information of HALW storage tank and radiation (type and intensity) were investigated to develop a Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport Code (MCNP) model. And then, dose rate distribution outside/ inside of the concrete cell where the HALW tank is located was measured to design new detectors and check MCNP model applicability. Using the newly designed detectors, gamma rays and neutron were continuously measured at the outside/ inside of the concrete cell to assess the radiation characteristics and to optimize detector position. Finally, the applicability for Pu monitoring technology was evaluated based on the simulation results and gamma-ray/neutron measurement results. We have found that there is possibility to monitor the change of Pu amount in solution by combination both of gamma-ray and neutron measurement. The results of this study suggested the applicability and capability of the Pu motoring to enhance safeguards for entire reprocessing facility which handles Pu with FP as a feasibility study. This is final report of this project.

Journal Articles

Negative muonium ion production with a C12A7 electride film

Otani, Masashi*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Matoba, Shiro*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Yamazaki, Takayuki*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012067_1 - 012067_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

Negative muonium atom ($$mu^+$$e$$^-$$e$$^-$$, Mu$$^-$$) has unique features stimulating potential interesting for several scientific fields. Since its discovery in late 1980's in vacuum, it has been discussed that the production efficiency would be improved using a low-work function material. C12A7 was a well-known insulator as a constituent of alumina cement, but was recently confirmed to exhibit electric conductivity by electron doping. The C12A7 electride has relatively low-work function (2.9 eV). In this paper, the negative muonium production measurement with several materials including a C12A7 electride film will be presented. Measured production rate of the Mu$$^-$$ were 10$$^{-3}$$/s for all the Al, electride, and SUS target. Significant enhancement on electride target was not observed, thus it is presumed that the surface condition should be more carefully treated. There was no material dependence of the Mu$$^-$$ averaged energy: it was 0.2$$pm$$0.1keV.

Journal Articles

First muon acceleration using a radio-frequency accelerator

Bae, S.*; Choi, H.*; Choi, S.*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Iijima, Toru*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 21(5), p.050101_1 - 050101_6, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:81.67(Physics, Nuclear)

Muons have been accelerated by using a radio-frequency accelerator for the first time. Negative muonium atoms (Mu$$^{-}$$), which are bound states of positive muons and two electrons, are generated from through the electron capture process in an aluminum degrader. The generated Mu$$^{-}$$'s are initially electrostatically accelerated and injected into a radio-frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ). In the RFQ, the Mu$$^{-}$$'s are accelerated to 89 keV. The accelerated Mu$$^{-}$$'s are identified by momentum measurement and time of flight. This compact muon linac opens the door to various muon accelerator applications including particle physics measurements and the construction of a transmission muon microscope.

Journal Articles

Current preparation and prospects of the muon acceleration test with RFQ in J-PARC

Kitamura, Ryo*; Otani, Masashi*; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Bae, S.*; Choi, S.*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; et al.

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.100 - 103, 2017/12

Muon acceleration is an important technique in exploring the new frontier of physics. A new measurement of the muon dipole moments is planned in J-PARC using the muon linear accelerator. The low-energy (LE) muon source using the thin metal foil target and beam diagnostic system were developed for the world's first muon acceleration. Negative muonium ions from the thin metal foil target as the LE muon source was successfully observed. Also the beam profile of the LE positive muon was measured by the LE-dedicated beam profile monitor. The muon acceleration test using a Radio-Frequency Quadrupole linac (RFQ) is being prepared as the first step of the muon accelerator development. In this paper, the latest status of the first muon acceleration test is described.

Journal Articles

New precise measurement of muonium hyperfine structure interval at J-PARC

Ueno, Yasuhiro*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 238(1), p.14_1 - 14_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:90.77

Journal Articles

First trial of the muon acceleration for J-PARC muon g-2/EDM experiment

Kitamura, Ryo*; Otani, Masashi*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Bae, S.*; et al.

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.2311 - 2313, 2017/06

Muon acceleration is an important technique in exploring the new frontier of physics. A new measurement of the muon dipole moments is planned in J-PARC using the muon linear accelerator. The low-energy (LE) muon source using the thin metal foil target and beam diagnostic system were developed for the world's first muon acceleration. Negative muonium ions from the thin metal foil target as the LE muon source was successfully observed. Also the beam profile of the LE positive muon was measured by the LE-dedicated beam profile monitor. The muon acceleration test using a Radio-Frequency Quadrupole linac (RFQ) is being prepared as the first step of the muon accelerator development. In this paper, the latest status of the first muon acceleration test is described.

Journal Articles

Muon acceleration using an RFQ

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Otani, Masashi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kitamura, Ryo*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; et al.

Proceedings of 28th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2016) (Internet), p.992 - 995, 2017/05

The muon linear accelerator for the muon g-2/EDM experiment in J-PARC is being developed. As the first step of the muon acceleration, the muon acceleration with J-PARC RFQ (Radio-Frequency Quadrupole)-II plans to be demonstrated at H-line of J-PARC MLF. The slow muon will be obtained by the deceleration using the thin metal foil target in the RFQ acceleration test. The intensity of the decelerated muon by the thin metal foil was measured. Based on this result, the beam intensity in the RFQ test at H-line is estimated to be a few /sec. The particle simulation of the RFQ and the following beam diagnostics system is conducted, and it is shown that the emittance measurement at the RFQ exit using the micro-channel plate based beam profile monitor is feasible.

Journal Articles

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:92.96

Journal Articles

Current status of the muon initial acceleration with RFQ for muon g-2/EDM experiment

Kitamura, Ryo*; Otani, Masashi*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; et al.

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.476 - 479, 2016/11

The muon linear accelerator for the muon g-2/EDM experiment in J-PARC is being developed. As the first step of the muon acceleration, the muon acceleration with J-PARC RFQ (Radio-Frequency Quadrupole)-II plans to be demonstrated at H-line of J-PARC MLF. The slow muon will be obtained by the deceleration using the thin metal foil target in the RFQ acceleration test. The intensity of the decelerated muon by the thin metal foil was measured. Based on this result, the beam intensity in the RFQ test at H-line is estimated to be a few /sec. The particle simulation of the RFQ and the following beam diagnostics system is conducted, and it is shown that the emittance measurement at the RFQ exit using the micro-channel plate based beam profile monitor is feasible.

Journal Articles

Feasibility study of technology for Pu solution monitoring including FP; Composition research of high active liquid waste and radiation measurement results on the surface of cell

Matsuki, Takuya; Masui, Kenji; Sekine, Megumi; Tanigawa, Masafumi; Yasuda, Takeshi; Tsutagi, Koichi; Ishiyama, Koichi; Nishida, Naoki; Horigome, Kazushi; Mukai, Yasunobu; et al.

Proceedings of INMM 57th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2016/07

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has proposed in its long-term research and development (R&D) plan, development of a real-time measurement technology to monitor and verify nuclear material movement continuously as part of an advanced approach to effectively and efficiently conduct safeguards for reprocessing facilities. Since the Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP) has solutions containing both Pu and fission products (FP), a new detector development project to monitor Pu with FP is being carried out from 2015 to 2017. This project is mainly conducted in the High Active Liquid Waste Storage (HALWS) in the TRP. For the first step of this project, as the confirmation of composition of high active liquid waste (HALW) to evaluate neutron/$$gamma$$-ray emitted from solution in the selected HALW tank which has the most amount of Pu in HALW tanks at the TRP, we took HALW sample and conducted $$gamma$$-ray spectrum measurement for HALW. As a study of detector setting location, to survey the available neutron/$$gamma$$-ray (i.e. intensity) at the outside surface of the cell where HALW tank is located, we implemented continuous measurement by neutron/$$gamma$$-ray detector. In this paper, we report three $$gamma$$-ray peaks related with $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{239}$$Pu measured in the composition research of HALW, which is needed to identify Pu amount by the new detector that we are developing and the result of radiation measurement on the surface of the cell.

Journal Articles

Flexible heat-flow sensing sheets based on the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect using one-dimensional spin-current conducting films

Kirihara, Akihiro*; Kondo, Koichi*; Ishida, Masahiko*; Ihara, Kazuki*; Iwasaki, Yuma*; Someya, Hiroko*; Matsuba, Asuka*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Saito, Eiji; Yamamoto, Naoharu*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.23114_1 - 23114_7, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:49 Percentile:91.65(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Heat-flow sensing is expected to be an important technological component of smart thermal management in the future. Conventionally, the thermoelectric (TE) conversion technique, which is based on the Seebeck effect, has been used to measure a heat flow by converting the flow into electric voltage. However, for ubiquitous heat-flow visualization, thin and flexible sensors with extremely low thermal resistance are highly desired. Recently, another type of TE effect, the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (LSSE), has aroused great interest because the LSSE potentially offers favourable features for TE applications such as simple thin-film device structures. Here we demonstrate an LSSE-based flexible TE sheet that is especially suitable for a heat-flow sensing application. This TE sheet contained a Ni$$_{0.2}$$Zn$$_{0.3}$$Fe$$_{2.5}$$O$$_4$$ film which was formed on a flexible plastic sheet using a spray-coating method known as ferrite plating. The experimental results suggest that the ferrite-plated film, which has a columnar crystal structure aligned perpendicular to the film plane, functions as a unique one-dimensional spin- current conductor suitable for bendable LSSE-based sensors. This newly developed thin TE sheet may be attached to differently shaped heat sources without obstructing an innate heat flux, paving the way to versatile heat-flow measurements and management.

JAEA Reports

Enhancement of the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment for preliminary investigation stage, 3; Progress report on NUMO-JAEA collaborative research in FY2013 (Joint research)

Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Kitamura, Akira; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Oda, Chie; Ishidera, Takamitsu; et al.

JAEA-Research 2014-030, 457 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Research-2014-030.pdf:199.23MB

JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, based on some examples of developing method of hydro-geological structure model, acquired knowledge are arranged using the tree diagram, and model uncertainty and its influence on the evaluation items were discussed. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the developed approach for "defining conditions" has been reevaluated and improved from practical viewpoints. In addition, the uncertainty evaluation for the effect of use of cementitious material, as well as glass dissolution model, was conducted with analytical evaluation. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, based on survey of precedent procedures, multiple-approach for distribution coefficient of rocks was established, and the adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to sedimentary rock and granitic rock. Besides, an approach for solubility setting was developed including the procedure of selection of solubility limiting solid phase. The adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to key radionuclides.

JAEA Reports

Measurement of corrosion products (CP) deposition in the experimental fast reactor Joyo; CP deposition distribution after MK-III modifications

Ito, Chikara; Ito, Hideaki; Ishida, Koichi; Aoyama, Takafumi

JAEA-Technology 2011-007, 56 Pages, 2011/06

JAEA-Technology-2011-007.pdf:9.2MB

In the experimental fast reactor Joyo, measurement for characterizing and predicting the deposition condition and the condition change of the corrosion product (CP) that is the major radiation source in equipments and piping of primary cooling system has been carried out regularly from early period of reactor operation. Cooling system modification work with the shift to the MK-III core was carried out after the last measurement that was carried out, and the main equipments such as intermediate heat exchangers were replaced. This measurement in this report was carried out at after the 2nd cycle operation of the MK-III core which started formal operation.

Journal Articles

J-PARC decay muon channel construction status

Strasser, P.*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Koda, Akihiro*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Makimura, Shunsuke*; Kobayashi, Yasuo*; Nakahara, Kazutaka*; Kato, Mineo*; Takeshita, Soshi*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 225, p.012050_1 - 012050_8, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:95.51

JAEA Reports

Fast reactor physics and plant dynamics experiments using the experimental fast reactor Joyo simulator

Okawachi, Yasushi; Maeda, Shigetaka; Ito, Chikara; Kawahara, Hirotaka; Aoyama, Takafumi; Ishida, Koichi

JAEA-Technology 2009-047, 130 Pages, 2009/09

JAEA-Technology-2009-047-1.pdf:44.46MB
JAEA-Technology-2009-047-2.pdf:38.7MB
JAEA-Technology-2009-047-3.pdf:33.16MB

This report summarizes the contents about "Reactor physics and plant dynamics experiments using the Joyo simulator" which is one of the training themes. Training is performed using the full scope nuclear reactor simulator for Joyo operation training. While pushing from starting of a nuclear reactor in each experiment of criticality, a control rod proofreading examination, measurement of the temperature of a nuclear reactor, or the reactivity coefficient accompanying output change, feedback reactivity measurement of a fast reactor, etc. and understanding self-regulating characteristics peculiar to a nuclear reactor, the operation of a nuclear reactor can be experienced.

Journal Articles

Birth of an intense pulsed muon source, J-PARC MUSE

Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Strasser, P.*; Makimura, Shunsuke*; Koda, Akihiro*; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Nakahara, Kazutaka*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Kato, Mineo*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(5-7), p.957 - 961, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:47.73(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The muon science facility (MUSE) is one of the experimental areas of the J-PARC. The MUSE facility is located in the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF), which is a building integrated to include both neutron and muon science programs. Construction of the MLF building was started at the beginning of 2004, and was recently completed at the end of the 2006 fiscal year. We have been working on the installation of the beamline components, expecting the first muon beam in the autumn of 2008.

JAEA Reports

Investigation and design of the dismantling process of irradiation capsules containing tritium, 2; Detailed design and trial fabrication of capsule dismantling apparatus and investigation of glove box facility

Hayashi, Kimio; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; Onose, Shoji; Ishida, Takuya; Nakamichi, Masaru; Katsuyama, Kozo; Iwamatsu, Shigemi; Hasegawa, Teiji; Kodaka, Hideo; Takatsu, Hideyuki; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-007, 168 Pages, 2009/03

JAEA-Technology-2009-007.pdf:31.88MB

In-pile functional tests of breeding blankets have been planned by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), using a test blanket module (TBM) which will be loaded in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). In preparation for the in-pile functional tests, JAEA has been being performed irradiation experiments of lithium titanate (Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$), which is the first candidate of solid breeder materials for the blanket of the demonstration reactor (DEMO) under designing in Japan. The present report describes (1) results of a detailed design and trial fabrication tests of a dismantling apparatus for irradiation capsules which were used in irradiation experiments by the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) of JAEA, and (2) results of a preliminary investigation of a glove box facility for post-irradiation examinations (PIEs). In the detailed design of the dismantling apparatus, datailed specifications and the installation methods were examined, based on results of a conceptual design and basic design. In the trial fabrication, cutting tests were curried out by making a mockup of a cutting component. Furthermore, a preliminary investigation of a glove box facility was carried out in order to secure a facility for PIE work after the capsule dismantling, which revealed a technical feasibility.

65 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)