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Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross-sections of copper and iron for proton with kinetic energies in the range 0.4 - 3 GeV

Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(10), p.1141 - 1151, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:21.8(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To estimate the structural damages of materials in accelerator facilities, displacement per atom (dpa) is widely employed as a damage index, calculated based on the displacement cross-section obtained using a calculation model. Although dpa is applied as standard, the experimental data of the displacement cross-section for a proton in the energy region above 20 MeV are scarce. Among the calculation models, difference of about factor 8 exist, so that the experimental data of the cross-section are crucial to validate the model. To obtain the displacement cross-section, we conducted experiments at J-PARC. The displacement cross-section of copper and iron was successfully obtained for a proton projectile with the kinetic energies, 0.4 - 3 GeV. The results were compared with those obtained using the widely utilized Norgertt-Robinson-Torrens (NRT) model and the athermal-recombination-corrected (arc) model based on molecular dynamics. It was found that the NRT model overestimates the present displacement cross-section by 3.5 times. The calculation results obtained using with the arc model based on the Nordlund parameter show remarkable agreement with the experimental data. It can be concluded that the arc model must be employed for the dpa calculation for the damage estimation of copper and iron.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross section of structural materials utilized in the proton accelerator facilities with the kinematic energy above 400 MeV

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.06006_1 - 06006_4, 2020/09

R&D of the beam window is crucial in the ADS, which serves as a partition between the accelerator and the target region. Although the displacement per atom (DPA) is used to evaluate the damage on the window, experimental data on the displacement cross section is scarce in the energy region above 20 MeV. We started to measure the displacement cross section for the protons in the energy region between 0.4 to 3 GeV. The displacement cross section can be derived by resistivity change divided by the proton flux and the resistivity change per Frankel pair on cryo-cooled sample to maintain damage. Experiments were conducted at the 3 GeV proton synchrotron at the J-PARC Center, and copper was used as samples. As a result of comparison between the present experiment and the calculation of the NRT model, which is widely used for calculation of the displacement cross section, it was found that the calculation of the NRT model overestimated the experiment by about 3 times.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross section of structural materials utilized in the proton accelerator facilities with the kinematic energy above 400 MeV

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.061004_1 - 061004_6, 2020/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross-section for structural materials in High-Power Proton Accelerator Facility

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Yoshida, Makoto*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*

Proceedings of 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '18) (Internet), p.499 - 501, 2018/06

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Study on engineering technologies in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (FY 2015); Development of recovery and mitigation technology on excavation damage (Contract research)

Fukaya, Masaaki*; Takeda, Nobufumi*; Miura, Norihiko*; Ishida, Tomoko*; Hata, Koji*; Uyama, Masao*; Sato, Shin*; Okuma, Fumiko*; Hayagane, Sayaka*; Matsui, Hiroya; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2016-035, 153 Pages, 2017/02

JAEA-Technology-2016-035.pdf:37.6MB

The researches on engineering technology in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project in FY2016, detailed investigations of the ( mechanical )behaviors of the plug and the rock mass around the reflood tunnel through ongoing reflood test were performed as part of (5) development of technologies for restoration and/or reduction of the excavation damage. As the result, particularly for the temperature change of the plug, its analytical results agree fairly well agree with the measurement ones. This means cracks induced by temperature stress can be prevented by the cooling countermeasure works reviewed in designing stage. In addition, for the behaviors of the plug and the bedrock boundary after reflooding the reflood tunnel, comparison between the results obtained by coupled hydro-mechanical analysis (stress-fluid coupled analysis ) with the ones by several measurements, concluded that the model established based on the analysis results is generally appropriated.

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using manned helicopter around the nuclear power station in the fiscal year 2015 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Munakata, Masahiro; Mori, Airi; Ishizaki, Azusa; Shimada, Kazumasa; Hirouchi, Jun; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi; Nakanishi, Chika*; Yamada, Tsutomu*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2016-016, 131 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Research-2016-016.pdf:20.59MB

By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the East Japan earthquake and the following tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive materials was released from the NPS. After the nuclear disaster, airborne radiation monitoring using manned helicopter was conducted around FDNPS. In addition, background dose rate monitoring was conducted around Sendai Nuclear Power Station. These results of the aerial radiation monitoring using the manned helicopter in the fiscal 2015 were summarized in the report.

Journal Articles

Thermoelectric generation based on spin Seebeck effects

Uchida, Kenichi*; Adachi, Hiroto; Kikkawa, Takashi*; Kirihara, Akihiro*; Ishida, Masahiko*; Yorozu, Shinichi*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji*

Proceedings of the IEEE, 104(10), p.1946 - 1973, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:117 Percentile:0.7(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Journal Articles

Radioactivity decontamination in and around school facilities in Fukushima

Saegusa, Jun; Tagawa, Akihiro; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Iijima, Kazuki; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Tokizawa, Takayuki; Nakayama, Shinichi; Ishida, Junichiro

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 3(3), p.15-00609_1 - 15-00609_7, 2016/06

After the Fukushima nuclear accident, JAEA lead off demonstration tests to find out effective decontamination methods for various school facilities in Fukushima. It included (1) dose reduction measures at schoolyards, (2) purification of swimming pool water and (3) removal of surface contamination of playground equipments. Through these tests, they established practical methods suitable for each situation; (1) At school yards, dose rates were drastically reduced by removing topsoil which was then placed in trenches of 1 m deep; (2) For the purification of pool water, the flocculation-coagulation treatment was found to be effective for collecting radiocesium dissolved in the water; (3) Demonstration tests for playground equipments, such as horizontal bars and a sandbox wood frame, suggested that effectiveness of decontamination considerably varied depending on the material, paint or coating condition. This paper reviews these demonstrations.

JAEA Reports

Study on engineering technologies in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (FY 2014); Development of recovery and mitigation technology on excavation damage (Contract research)

Fukaya, Masaaki*; Hata, Koji*; Akiyoshi, Kenji*; Sato, Shin*; Takeda, Nobufumi*; Miura, Norihiko*; Uyama, Masao*; Kaneda, Tsutomu*; Ueda, Tadashi*; Hara, Akira*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2016-002, 195 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2016-002.pdf:46.3MB
JAEA-Technology-2016-002-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:16.11MB

The researches on examination of the plug applied to the future reflood test was conducted as a part of (5) development of technologies for restoration and/on reduction of the excavation damage relating to the engineering technology in the MIU (2014), specifically focused on (1) plug examination (e.g. functions, structure and material) and the quality control methods and (2) analytical evaluation of rock mass behavior around the plug through the reflood test. As the result, specifications of the plug were determined. These specifications should be able to meet requirements for the safety structure and surrounding rock mass against predicted maximum water pressure, temperature stress and seismic force, and for controlling the groundwater inflow, ensuring the access into the reflood gallery and the penetration performance of measurement cable. Also preliminary knowledge regarding the rock mass behavior around the plug after flooding the reflood gallery by installed plug was obtained.

Journal Articles

Design of plug installation at GL.-500m tunnel in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Sato, Toshinori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Miura, Norihiko*; Ishida, Tomoko*

Tonneru To Chika, 46(12), p.901 - 911, 2015/12

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency conducts studies and research associated with the excavation of underground research facility at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory in Mizunami City, Gifu Prefecture. The research laboratory is an underground facility consisting of two shafts and some drifts and excavation has currently extended to a depth of 500 m. One of in-situ experiments, groundwater recovery experiment to understand groundwater pressure and geochemical properties change due to groundwater flooded has been performed in the GL.-500m drift. This report contains the results of design work of concrete plug for groundwater recovery experiment. Structural analysis and thermal stress analysis were performed to check resistant ability to over 5 MPa. Measurement plan was also discussed in this report.

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using manned helicopter around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in the fiscal year 2014 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Mori, Airi; Ishizaki, Azusa; Munakata, Masahiro; Nakayama, Shinichi; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi; Nakanishi, Chika; Yamada, Tsutomu; Ishida, Mutsushi; et al.

JAEA-Research 2015-006, 81 Pages, 2015/07

JAEA-Research-2015-006.pdf:22.96MB

By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the East Japan earthquake and the following tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive materials was released from the NPP. These results of the aerial radiation monitoring using the manned helicopter in the fiscal 2014 were summarized in the report.

Journal Articles

Radioactivity decontamination in and around school facilities in Fukushima

Saegusa, Jun; Tagawa, Akihiro; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Iijima, Kazuki; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Tokizawa, Takayuki; Nakayama, Shinichi; Ishida, Junichiro

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2015/05

After the Fukushima nuclear accident, JAEA lead off demonstration tests to find out effective decontamination methods for various school facilities in Fukushima. It included (1) dose reduction measures at schoolyards, (2) purification of swimming pool water and (3) removal of surface contamination of playground equipments. Through these tests, they established practical methods suitable for each situation; (1) At school yards, dose rates were drastically reduced by removing topsoil which was then placed in trenches of 1 m deep; (2) For the purification of pool water, the flocculation-coagulation treatment was found to be effective for collecting radiocesium dissolved in the water; (3) Demonstration tests for playground equipments, such as horizontal bars and a sandbox wood frame, suggested that effectiveness of decontamination considerably varied depending on the material, paint or coating condition. This paper reviews these demonstrations.

Journal Articles

Present status and future prospects of the JT-60SA project

Ishida, Shinichi; Barabaschi, P.*; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60SA Team

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 65(8), p.1221 - 1226, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Investigation into corrosion cause of the reprocessing facilities analysis waste fluid plumbing

Tanaka, Naoki; Suwa, Toshio; Nishida, Naoki; Kuno, Takehiko; Inami, Shinichi

Nippon Hozen Gakkai Dai-11-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.127 - 131, 2014/07

Corroded pore was found at stainless pipe for liquid waste solution from the analytical laboratory. In order to find out the cause of corrosion, analytical samples were prepared cutting from the pipe. Reagents contained chloride, which had been used analytical laboratory more than ten years before the date, were found to be the trigger of the localized corrosion. We checked up all the pipes, which have been wasted including chloride solutions, by phased array instrument. We report the investigation of cause of corrosion and results of non-destructive testing.

Journal Articles

Progress of the JT-60SA project

Kamada, Yutaka; Barabaschi, P.*; Ishida, Shinichi; JT-60SA Team; JT-60SA Research Plan Contributors

Nuclear Fusion, 53(10), p.104010_1 - 104010_17, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:57 Percentile:2.9(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Splash plasma channels produced by picosecond laser pulses in argon gas for laser wakefield acceleration

Mizuta, Yoshio*; Hosokai, Tomonao*; Masuda, Shinichi*; Zhidkov, A.*; Makito, Keigo*; Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kajino, Shohei*; Nishida, Akinori*; Kando, Masaki; Mori, Michiaki; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 15(12), p.121301_1 - 121301_10, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:27.28(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Spin-current-driven thermoelectric coating

Kirihara, Akihiro*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Kajiwara, Yosuke*; Ishida, Masahiko*; Nakamura, Yasunobu*; Manako, Takashi*; Saito, Eiji; Yorozu, Shinichi*

Nature Materials, 11(8), p.686 - 689, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:184 Percentile:1.36(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Simplified risk assessment based on accident categories at Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Nagaoka, Shinichi; Ishida, Michihiko; Kanamori, Sadamu; Hayashi, Shinichiro

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2011/12

The feasibility of applying PSA to nuclear fuel cycle facilities such as reprocessing plants has been also studied. We conducted a simplified risk assessment of each of the selected individual accident events and compared the assessment results for four accident categories (fire, explosion, criticality, and other accident events in which large amounts of radioactive materials are released).

Journal Articles

Dependence of fracture geometry and spatial variation in pressure on hydraulic conductivity in rock fractures

Kishida, Kiyoshi*; Hosoda, Takashi*; Sawada, Atsushi; Sato, Hisashi; Nakashima, Shinichiro*; Yasuhara, Hideaki*

Harmonising Rock Engineering and the Environment, p.1327 - 1330, 2011/10

Although it is generally known that a natural rock fracture indicates a complex aperture distribution, the fracture is an ideal representation of the parallel plate model. The cubic law is applied to evaluate the hydraulic properties of fractured rock. From several previous research works, it is known that the cubic law can be applied when the Reynolds number is less than 1.0 and that the advection term can basically be ignored in such fracture flows. In this research work, two-dimensional seepage flow analyses, using the authors' proposed 2D model which is considered with the advection term, are carried out for single fracture hydro-conductivity experiments under conditions which allow for the application of the cubic law. From the numerical results, the validity of the 2D model is discussed along with the local Reynolds number and the application of the cubic law.

Journal Articles

Overview of the JT-60SA project

Ishida, Shinichi; Barabaschi, P.*; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60SA Team

Nuclear Fusion, 51(9), p.094018_1 - 094018_12, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:6.94(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This paper overviews the achievements and plans of the JT-60SA project which has been implemented jointly by Europe and Japan since 2007, covering the objectives, performance, schedule, design and procurement activities and on-site preparations. Re-baselining of the project was completed in late 2008. All of the scientific missions are preserved with the newly designed machine to meet the cost objectives. The construction of the JT-60SA has begun with procurement activities for components of the toroidal field magnet, poloidal field magnet, vacuum vessel, in-vessel components, cryostat, power supplies in parallel with dismantling the JT-60 facilities, at the end of which the first plasma is foreseen in 2016. For exploitation, development of the JT-60SA research plan has been started jointly between Japan and Europe.

206 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)