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Journal Articles

Design of accelerator-driven system consistent to partitioning technology

Sugawara, Takanori; Ban, Yasutoshi; Katano, Ryota; Tateno, Haruka; Nishihara, Kenji

Proceedings of International Conference on the Management of Spent Fuel from Nuclear Power Reactors 2019 (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/06

The JAEA has proposed the double-strata strategy which will introduce a dedicated minor actinide (MA) transmutation cycle using an accelerator-driven system (ADS). In the previous study, the ideal fuel condition was supposed in the neutronics design of the ADS. For example, impurities such as rare earth (RE) nuclides which would accompany with MA, were not assumed. However, these nuclides would accompany with the ADS fuel and the capture reaction of these nuclides deteriorates the neutron economy of the ADS core. This study investigates a new fuel composition based on the SELECT (Solvent Extraction from Liquid-waste using Extractants of CHON-type for Transmutation) process proposed by JAEA. By performing the neutronics calculation of the ADS with the new fuel composition, a feasibility of the new fuel composition will be investigated.

Journal Articles

Rapid separation of zirconium using microvolume anion-exchange cartridge for $$^{93}$$Zr determination with isotope dilution ICP-MS

Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Konda, Miki; Suzuki, Daisuke; Magara, Masaaki; Kimura, Takaumi; Ishihara, Ryo*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*

Talanta, 185, p.98 - 105, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:45.32(Chemistry, Analytical)

Estimating the risks associated with radiation from long-lived fission products (LLFP) in radioactive waste is essential to ensure the long-term safety of potential disposal sites. In this study, the amount of $$^{93}$$Zr, a LLFP, was determined by ICP-MS after separating Zr from a spent nuclear fuel solution using a microvolume anion-exchange cartridge (TEDA cartridge). The TEDA cartridge achieved highly selective separation of Zr regardless of its small bed volume of 0.08 cm$$^{3}$$. The time taken to complete the Zr separation was 1.2 min with a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min, which was 10 times faster than that for a conventional anion-exchange resin column. Almost all the other elements were removed, leading to accurate measurement of $$^{93}$$Zr. The result connects experimental value to theoretical prediction provided by ORIGEN2, which requires verification. With the measured value, we demonstrated that the theoretical value is reliable enough to estimate radiation risks.

Journal Articles

Preparation of microvolume anion-exchange cartridge for inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry-based determination of $$^{237}$$Np content in spent nuclear fuel

Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Konda, Miki; Suzuki, Daisuke; Magara, Masaaki; Kimura, Takaumi; Ishihara, Ryo*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*

Analytical Chemistry, 88(6), p.3149 - 3155, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:34.85(Chemistry, Analytical)

Neptunium-237 ($$^{237}$$Np) is one of the major long-lived radionuclides found in spent nuclear fuel. To evaluate the long-term safety of a HLW repository, the $$^{237}$$Np content in spent nuclear fuel must be determined. In this study, micro-volume anion-exchange porous polymer disk-packed cartridges were prepared for Am-Np separation, which is required prior to the measurement of $$^{237}$$ Np with ICP-MS. Disks with a volume of 0.08 cm$$^{3}$$ were cut out from porous sheets having triethylenediamine (TEDA)-containing polymer chains densely attached on the pore surface. The resulting TEDA-introduced disk cartridge was applied to a spent nuclear fuel sample. The chemical yield of Np was 90.4%, which is sufficiently high for ICP-MS measurement of $$^{237}$$Np. Compared with the conventional separation technique using commercially available anion-exchange resin columns, the time required to adsorb, wash and elute Np using the TEDA-introduced disk cartridge was reduced by 75%.

Journal Articles

Insights into the proton transfer mechanism of a bilin reductase PcyA following neutron crystallography

Unno, Masayoshi*; Ishikawa, Kumiko*; Kusaka, Katsuhiro*; Tamada, Taro; Hagiwara, Yoshinori*; Sugishima, Masakazu*; Wada, Kei*; Yamada, Taro*; Tomoyori, Katsuaki; Hosoya, Takaaki*; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137(16), p.5452 - 5460, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:65.97(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Phycocyanobilin, a light-harvesting and photoreceptor pigment in higher plants, algae, and cyanobacteria, is synthesized from biliverdin IX$$alpha$$ (BV) by phycocyanobilin:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PcyA) via two steps of two-proton-coupled two-electron reduction. We determined the neutron structure of PcyA from cyanobacteria complexed with BV, revealing the exact location of the hydrogen atoms involved in catalysis. Notably, approximately half of the BV bound to PcyA was BVH$$^{+}$$, a state in which all four pyrrole nitrogen atoms were protonated. The protonation states of BV complemented the protonation of adjacent Asp105. The "axial "water molecule that interacts with the neutral pyrrole nitrogen of the A-ring was identified. His88 N$$delta$$ was protonated to form a hydrogen bond with the lactam O atom of the BV A-ring. His88 and His74 were linked by hydrogen bonds via H$$_{3}$$O$$^{+}$$. These results imply that Asp105, His88, and the axial water molecule contribute to proton transfer during PcyA catalysis.

JAEA Reports

Effect of experiments using Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility on the reduction of uncertainties in reactor physics parameters of an accelerator-driven system

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Katano, Ryota*; Fukushima, Masahiro; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

JAEA-Research 2014-033, 82 Pages, 2015/03


The effect of experiments using Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P) is analysed from the viewpoint of the reduction of uncertainties in reactor physics parameters (criticality and coolant void reactivity) of an accelerator-driven system (ADS). The analysis is conducted by the nuclear-data adjustment method using JENDL-4.0 on the assumption that ve types of reactor physics experiments (a total of 44 experiments) are performed in TEF-P: (1) criticality experiment, (2) lead void reactivity experiment, (3) reaction rate ratio experiment, (4) sample reactivity experiment, and (5) fuel replacement reactivity experiment. As the result, 1.0% of uncertainty in criticality is found to be reduced to approximately 0.4%, and effective experiments for the reduction of uncertainty in criticality and coolant void reactivity are shown to be fuel replacement reactivity experiments and lead void reactivity experiments, respectively. Although these effects depend largely on the composition and amount of minor-actinide (MA) fuels, it is found that a combination of different types of experiments and database of existing experiments is effective in reducing the uncertainties.

Journal Articles

Simple method for high-density impregnation of Aliquat 336 onto porous sheet and binding performance of resulting sheet for palladium ions

Tanaka, Ryota*; Ishihara, Ryo*; Miyoshi, Kazuyoshi*; Umeno, Daisuke*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Asai, Shiho; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*

Separation Science and Technology, 49(1), p.154 - 159, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:19.55(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Determination of mole percentages of brush and root of polymer chain grafted onto porous sheet

Uchiyama, Shoichiro*; Ishihara, Ryo*; Umeno, Daisuke*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*; Asai, Shiho

Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 46(6), p.414 - 419, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:30.41(Engineering, Chemical)

Journal Articles

Crosslinked-chelating porous sheet with high dynamic binding capacity of metal ions

Wada, Go*; Ishihara, Ryo*; Miyoshi, Kazuyoshi*; Umeno, Daisuke*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Asai, Shiho; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*

Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 31(2), p.210 - 220, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:13.98(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

A crosslinked chelating porous sheet was prepared by cografting ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) with glycidyl methacrylate onto an electron-beam-irradiated porous polyethylene sheet, followed by the introduction of an iminodiacetate group. At a molar percentage of EGDMA of 1.0 mol%, the sheet exhibited a maximum dynamic binding capacity for copper ions of 0.93 mmol/g, while the equilibrium binding capacity remained the same (1.2 mmol/g) as that of a non-crosslinked chelating porous sheet. The crosslinking of the grafted chain causes copper ions to lower their diffusion rate along the sheet thickness driven by the gradient of the amount of copper ions adsorbed.

Journal Articles

Dependence of lanthanide-ion binding performance on HDEHP concentration in HDEHP impregnation to porous sheet

Ishihara, Ryo*; Asai, Shiho; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*; Miyoshi, Kazuyoshi*; Umeno, Daisuke*; Saito, Kyoichi*

Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 30(2), p.171 - 180, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:28.68(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Removal of cesium using cobalt-ferrocyanide-impregnated polymer-chain-grafted fibers

Ishihara, Ryo*; Fujiwara, Kunio*; Harayama, Takato*; Okamura, Yusuke*; Uchiyama, Shoichiro*; Sugiyama, Mai*; Someya, Takaaki*; Amakai, Wataru*; Umino, Satoshi*; Ono, Tsubasa*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 48(10), p.1281 - 1284, 2011/10


 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:95.7(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:156 Percentile:99.42(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.71(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Effect of chelating group density of crosslinked graft chain on dynamic binding capacity for metal ions

Wada, Go*; Ishihara, Ryo*; Miyoshi, Kazuyoshi*; Umeno, Daisuke*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Asai, Shiho; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*

Nihon Ion Kokan Gakkai-Shi, 22(2), p.47 - 52, 2011/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Modification of a hydrophobic-ligand-containing porous sheet using tri-$$n$$-octylphosphine oxide, and its adsorption/elution of bismuth ions

Tanaka, Ryota*; Ishihara, Ryo*; Miyoshi, Kazuyoshi*; Umeno, Daisuke*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Asai, Shiho; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*

Reactive and Functional Polymers, 70(12), p.986 - 990, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:31.92(Chemistry, Applied)

Journal Articles

Preparation of extractant-impregnated porous sheets for high-speed separation of radionuclides

Ishihara, Ryo*; Umeno, Daisuke*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Asai, Shiho; Sakurai, Satoshi; Shinohara, Nobuo; Sugo, Takanobu*

Nihon Ion Kokan Gakkai-Shi, 18(4), p.480 - 485, 2007/10

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of the HTTR-IS hydrogen production system

Sakaba, Nariaki; Sato, Hiroyuki; Hara, Teruo; Kato, Ryoma; Ohashi, Kazutaka; Nishihara, Tetsuo; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko

JAEA-Research 2007-058, 31 Pages, 2007/08


Since hydrogen produced by nuclear should be competitiveness economically compared by other method in a hydrogen society, it is important to built hydrogen production system to be coupled with the reactor as a conventional chemical plant. Japan Atomic Energy Agency started the safety study to establish a new safety philosophy with safety requirements and with considering non-nuclear grade hydrogen production system for the nuclear coupling system. Also, structural concepts with integrating functions for the Bunsen reactor and sulphuric acid decomposer were proposed to reduce construction cost of the IS process hydrogen production system. In addition, HI decomposer which enabled the process condition to be eased and could adopt conventional materials and technologies was studied. Moreover, basic approval of the HTTR-IS system in which the hydrogen production rate of 1,000 Nm$$^{3}$$/h by using the supplied heat of 10 MW from the intermediate heat exchanger of the HTTR was confirmed. This paper describes the conceptual design of the HTTR-IS hydrogen production system.

Journal Articles

Design of the intermediate heat exchanger for the high temperature gas-cooled reactor hydrogen cogeneration system, 1

Kato, Ryoma; Nishihara, Tetsuo; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 6(2), p.141 - 148, 2007/06

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been carrying out design studies of the Gas Turbine High Temperature Reactor 300 for Cogeneration (GTHTR300C). One of the key components in the GTHTR300C is an intermediate heat exchanger (IHX). The IHX for the GTHTR300C is rated 170 MWt and designed on the basis of the shell & tube type IHX adopted by the High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR). As a conceptual design, we selected the heat exchanger tube size which is based on heat transfer calculation, designed conceptual structure, and evaluated the primary stress in design condition. By the results of this study, the technical feasibility of the large size shell & tube type IHX for the GTHTR300C was verified.

Journal Articles

Si substrate suitable for radiation-resistant space solar cells

Matsuura, Hideharu*; Iwata, Hiroshi*; Kagamihara, So*; Ishihara, Ryohei*; Yoneda, Masahiko*; Imai, Hideaki*; Kikuta, Masanori*; Inoue, Yuki*; Hisamatsu, Tadashi*; Kawakita, Shiro*; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 45(4A), p.2648 - 2655, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:51.29(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Structural design of pressure vessel of High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor

Kurihara, Ryoichi; Tachibana, Yukio; Nishihara, Tetsuo; Maruyama, So; Shiozawa, Shusaku; *

Atsuryoku Gijutsu, 32(3), p.154 - 165, 1994/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Preparation of extractant-impregnated porous sheet for high-speed separation of metal ion

Ishihara, Ryo*; Asai, Shiho; Yamashiro, Kohei*; Umeno, Daisuke*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Sugo, Takanobu*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

31 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)