Miao, P.*; Tan, Z.*; Lee, S. H.*; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa*; Torii, Shuki*; Yonemura, Masao*; Koda, Akihiro*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Machida, Shinichi*; Sano, Asami; et al.
Physical Review B, 103(9), p.094302_1 - 094302_18, 2021/03
The layered perovskite PrBaCoO demonstrates a strong negative thermal expansion (NTE) which holds potential for being fabricated into composites with zero thermal expansion. The NTE was found to be intimately associated with the spontaneous magnetic ordering, known as magneto-volume effect (MVE). Here we report with compelling evidences that the continuous-like MVE in PrBaCoO is intrinsically of discontinuous character, originating from an magnetoelectric transition from an antiferromagnetic insulating large-volume (AFILV) phase to a ferromagnetic less-insulating small-volume (FLISV) phase. Furthermore, the magnetoelectric effect (ME) shows high sensitivity to multiple external stimuli such as temperature, carrier doping, hydrostatic pressure, magnetic field etc. In contrast to the well-known ME such as colossal magnetoresistance and multi-ferroic effect which involve symmetry breaking of crystal structure, the ME in the cobaltite is purely isostructural. Our discovery provides a new path way to realizing the ME as well as the NTE, which may find applications in new techniques.
Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Furuki, Yuichi*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Ozaki, Toshinori*; Sakane, Hitoshi*; Kudo, Masaki*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Ishikawa, Norito
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(2), p.023001_1 - 023001_7, 2020/02
We show that Xe ion irradiation with 80 MeV to GdBaCuOy-coated conductors creates different morphologies of columnar defects (CDs) depending on the irradiation angles relative to the c-axis: continuous CDs with a larger diameter are formed for oblique irradiation at = 45, whereas the same ion beam at a different angle ( = 0) induces the formation of discontinuous CDs. The direction-dependent morphologies of CDs significantly affect the angular behavior of the critical current density .
Otsuka, Yasunori*; Ishikawa, Takanori*; Tajima, Katsuhiro*; Wada, Tetsu*; Aydan, mer*; Tokashiki, Naohiko*; Sato, Toshinori; Aoyagi, Kazuhei
Journal of Nepal Geological Society, 55(Special Issue), p.1 - 6, 2018/00
Ultrasonic wave reflection intensity of the wall of borehole drilled from bottom of the East Access Shaft in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory, Hokkaido, Japan, was obtained using an ultrasonic scanner (USS). In this paper, we compared results of USS observation with core logging data including core observation, optical digital scanner (ODS) observation, and result of Needle Penetration Index (NPI) tests. The results indicated that ultrasonic wave reflection intensity had a good correlation with other observation results. USS observation and NPI tests are useful techniques for determination of detailed rock mass classification.
Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.
Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Uraguchi, Yusei*; Suenaga, Momotaro*; Makihara, Takahiro*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Ishikawa, Norito
Physica C, 530, p.72 - 75, 2016/11
In order to clarify the influence of size and spatial distribution of three-dimensional pinning centers (3D-PCs) on hybrid flux pinning, columnar defects (CDs) were installed by using 200 MeV Xe ions along the -axis direction into quasi-multilayered films consisting of YBaCuOy layers and pseudo layers of BaSnO. The positive effect of the BaSnO doping on the hybrid flux pinning stands out for the critical current density around in high magnetic field and/or inclined magnetic field off the -axis, whereas there is little difference in the at among the same growth temperature samples for low magnetic field. In the case of the in-plane distributed BaSnO nano-dots, the Jc around is remarkably enhanced, whereas there is a detrimental effect on the Jc around . These imply that the tuning of 3D-PCs is one of the keys to improve the at all magnetic field orientations for the hybrid flux pinning.
Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Nishimura, Takahiro*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Mitsugi, Fumiaki*; Ikegami, Tomoaki*; Ishikawa, Norito
Superconductor Science and Technology, 29(10), p.105006_1 - 105006_7, 2016/10
A systematic investigation of flux pinning by widely direction-dispersed columnar defects (CDs) in YBaCuOy thin films was carried out by using heavy-ion irradiation: a parallel configuration of CDs aligned along the -axis, and two trimodal splay configurations composed of crossing CDs; relative to the -axis, where the splay plane defined by the three irradiation angles is perpendicular (trimodal-A) or parallel (trimodal-B) to the transport current direction. The trimodal configurations show high pinning efficiency over a wide range of magnetic field orientations compared to the parallel one at low magnetic field. In particular, trimodal-B shows the higher critical current density of the two trimodal configurations.
Furuki, Yuichi*; Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kai, Takashi*; Iwanaga, Yasuya*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Ishikawa, Norito
Physica C, 518, p.58 - 62, 2015/11
In order to reveal the influence of crossing angle of one-dimensional pinning centers on angular dependence of critical current density Jc, heavy-ion irradiation was performed to introduce columnar defects (CDs) crossing relative to the c-axis into GdBCO coated conductors, where the splay plane consisting of the two directions of CDs is parallel to the current flow direction. For the sample containing CDs with 15, a single and sharp peak was observed around Bc in the angular dependence of Jc. When the crossing angle was extended to 45, the single Jc-peak became broader, which was a gently-sloping mountain-like shape centered at Bc. For 75, on the other hand, a quite different behaviour of Jc from the other irradiated samples was observed, which was analogous to the angular dependence of Jc typical of three dimensional pinning centers.
Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Furuki, Yuichi*; Uraguchi, Yusei*; Kai, Takashi*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Shimada, Yusuke*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Ishikawa, Norito
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.6603004_1 - 6603004_4, 2015/06
To investigate the effect of discontinuity of 1-D pinning centers on the flux pinning in a wide range of magnetic field directions, discontinuous columnar defects (CDs) and continuous CDs were formed in GdBCO coated conductors using Xe-ion irradiations with 80 and 270 MeV, respectively. An overall shift upward in Jc, for the 80-MeV-irradiated sample compared to the 270-MeV-irradiated one, can be observed in every direction of magnetic field, which is more remarkable as temperature decreases. This implies a synergetic effect of the pinning interaction between the linearity and the discontinuity for the discontinuous CDs.
Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Mitsugi, Fumiaki*; Ikegami, Tomoaki*; Ishikawa, Norito
Physica C, 494, p.153 - 157, 2013/11
BaZrO/YBaCuOy quasi-multilayered films, in which the size and the spatial distribution of BaZrO nano-particles were controlled, were irradiated using 200 MeV Xe ions along the c-axis direction. Whenthe BaZrO nano-particles were larger in size, the flux lines not captured by CDs, such as interstitial fluxlines between CDs and double kinks of flux lines, can be pinned more effectively by the BaZrO nano-particles, so that the Jc enhances for high magnetic fields and high temperature. In addition, the inverse correlation between Jc and n-value appears at high temperature in increasing magnetic field for the film with correlated rows of the nano-particles which might be curved off the c-axis. These suggest that the hybrid flux pinning depends not only on the combination of one-dimensional (1D) and three-dimensional pinning centers (3D-PCs) but also on the size and the spatial distribution of the 3D-PCs.
Yanagizawa, Koichi; Hayashi, Toshio*; Oinuma, Masaru*; Takemori, Makoto*; Ishikawa, Takanori*; Okaya, Tomoichi*; Nishigaki, Makoto*
Shadan Hojin Butsuri Tansa Gakkai Dai-129-Kai (Heisei-25-Nendo Shuki) Gakujutsu Koenkai Koen Rombunshu, p.287 - 288, 2013/10
The development of instrument aimed at the measurement of radiation dose in the sediment of lakes, rivers and sea bed been carried out. The radiation level contained in the sediment at the bottom of lake and so on is anticipated to indicate the existence of locally high radiation spots where the diffused radioactive substance is accumulated in ponds, rivers and lakes by rainwater. The radiation dose measurement system this time is to measure -ray by dragging the detector, which is called probe, at the bottom of lakes to understand the radiation dose over wide areas. Furthermore, the measurement of resistivity value at the bottom of lakes is simultaneously dose to presume the condition of sediment.
Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Furuki, Yuichi*; Tanaka, Eiki*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Mitsugi, Fumiaki*; Ikegami, Tomoaki*; Ishikawa, Norito
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 23(3), p.8002404_1 - 8002404_4, 2013/06
To investigate whether one dimensional pinning centers (1D PCs) can attain the isotropic critical current density () properties, columnar defects (CDs) crossing at widespread angles were installed by heavy-ion irradiations into YBCO thin films. For the sample containing the CDs crossing relative to the -axis, the plateau-like behavior of is realized over a wide range of magnetic field orientations, except for around B -plane where a dip structure is accompanied by a rapid decline of the . For the bimodal splay configuration consisting of CDs crossing relative to the -axis, a single peak around the -axis is observed in the angular dependence of , suggesting the splay effect at B -axis by the crossed CDs. Two parallel families of CDs crossing relative to the -plane, on the other hand, bring about not a peak but a dip around B -plane on the angular dependence of .
Ishikawa, Koki; Takamatsu, Misao; Kawahara, Hirotaka; Mihara, Takatsugu; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Terano, Toshihiro; Murakami, Takanori; Noritsugi, Akihiro; Iseki, Atsushi; Saito, Takakazu; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2009-004, 140 Pages, 2009/05
Probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) has been applied to nuclear plants as a method to achieve effective safety regulation and safety management. In order to establish the PSA standard for fast breeder reactor (FBR), the FBR-PSA for internal events in rated power operation is studied by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The level1 PSA on the experimental fast reactor Joyo was conducted to investigate core damage probability for internal events with taking human factors effect and dependent failures into account. The result of this study shows that the core damage probability of Joyo is 5.010 per reactor year (/ry) and that the core damage probability is smaller than the safety goal for existed plants (10 ry) and future plants (10/ry) in the IAEA INSAG-12 (International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group) basic safety principle.
Kinjo, Tomohiro*; Nishikawa, Masabumi*; Yanashita, Naoya*; Koyama, Takanori*; Tanifuji, Takaaki*; Enoeda, Mikio
Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(15-24), p.2147 - 2151, 2007/10
no abstracts in English
Jeong, S.-C.*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Kawakami, Hirokane*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Miyatake, Hiroari; Sataka, Masao; Okayasu, Satoru; et al.
Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion, 26(5), p.472 - 476, 2005/09
Authors developed a radiotracer method for diffusion studies in solids. The experimental test was performed by the measurement of the diffusion coefficients of Li in a sample of the compound LiAl using an -emitting radiotracer of Li(T = 0.84 s). It was found that the time-dependent yields of the alpha particles from the diffusing 8Li that was initially implanted in the sample could be used as a measure of the diffusivity of the tracer in a nondestructive way. The method was applied to measure the self-diffusion coefficients of Li in LiGa, and for investigating how the Li diffusion in the Li ionic conductors is affected by the concentration of atomic defects.
Jeong, S.-C.*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Kawakami, Hirokane*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Sataka, Masao; Okayasu, Satoru; Sugai, Hiroyuki; Ichikawa, Shinichi; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 230(1-4), p.596 - 600, 2005/04
no abstracts in English
Ishikawa, Norito; Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Iwase, Akihiro; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Miyahara, K.*; Kisu, T.*
Physica C, 357-360(Part.1), p.505 - 508, 2001/09
no abstracts in English
Seki, Yohji; Hirose, Takanori; Yoshikawa, Akira; Enoeda, Mikio; Fukada, Satoshi*; Nishikawa, Masabumi*; Kinjo, Tomohiro*
no journal, ,
no abstracts in English
Kishino, Takanori*; Shimizu, Hirotaka*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Iwase, Akihiro*; Ishikawa, Norito; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Saito, Yuichi
no journal, ,
In the present experiment, to obtain the fundamental knowledge of radiation effects on CeO, CeO pellets and films were irradiated with various energetic ions. To evaluate the effect of high energy ion irradiation on CeO, we have used a con-ventional X-ray diffraction (XRD), Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), and SQUID magne-tometer. In this symposium, we discuss the effects of ion irradiation on CeO.