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Journal Articles

Strong flux pinning by columnar defects with directionally dependent morphologies in GdBCO-coated conductors irradiated with 80 MeV Xe ions

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Furuki, Yuichi*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Ozaki, Toshinori*; Sakane, Hitoshi*; Kudo, Masaki*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Ishikawa, Norito

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(2), p.023001_1 - 023001_7, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:58.93(Physics, Applied)

We show that Xe ion irradiation with 80 MeV to GdBa$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$Oy-coated conductors creates different morphologies of columnar defects (CDs) depending on the irradiation angles relative to the c-axis: continuous CDs with a larger diameter are formed for oblique irradiation at $$theta_{rm i}$$ = 45$$^{circ}$$, whereas the same ion beam at a different angle ($$theta_{rm i}$$ = 0$$^{circ}$$) induces the formation of discontinuous CDs. The direction-dependent morphologies of CDs significantly affect the angular behavior of the critical current density $$J_{rm c}$$.

Journal Articles

FE-SEM observation of chains of nanohillocks in SrTiO$$_{3}$$ and Nb-doped SrTiO$$_{3}$$ surfaces irradiated with swift heavy ions

Kitamura, Akane; Ishikawa, Norito; Kondo, Keietsu; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Yamaki, Tetsuya*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 460, p.175 - 179, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:23.13(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Irradiation at grazing incidence formed chains of multiple hillocks on the surface of strontium titanate (SrTiO$$_{3}$$) and titanium oxide (TiO$$_{2}$$). They were observed with an atomic force microscope (AFM), however, the AFM measurement gives resolution errors in a nanometer order due to the curvature of the probe tip. To prevent these errors, a field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) would be a better option for observation. In this study, we performed SEM observations for the chains of the multiple hillocks. Single crystals of SrTiO$$_{3}$$ and TiO$$_{2}$$ were irradiated with 200 MeV $$^{136}$$Xe$$^{14+}$$ in the tandem accelerator at JAEA-Tokai. It was revealed that a lot of isolated hillocks were formed in a line on these surface. The diameter and the interval of those hillocks are discussed in comparison to AFM observation.

Journal Articles

FE-SEM observations of multiple nanohillocks on SrTiO$$_{3}$$ irradiated with swift heavy ions

Kitamura, Akane; Ishikawa, Norito; Kondo, Keietsu; Fujimura, Yuki; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Yamaki, Tetsuya*

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 44(3), p.85 - 88, 2019/06

Swift heavy ions can create nanosized hillocks on the surfaces of various ceramics. When these materials are irradiated with swift heavy ions at normal incidence, each ion impact results in the formation of a single hillock on the surfaces. In contrast, irradiation at grazing incidence forms chains of multiple hillocks on the surface, for example, for strontium titanate (SrTiO$$_{3}$$). So far, chains of multiple hillocks have been investigated using atomic force microscopy (AFM). It should be noted that AFM measurements involve systematic errors of several nanometers due to the finite size of the probe tip. Consequently, it is possible that the image of one hillock may merge with that of a neighboring hillock even if the two hillocks are well separated. In contrast to AFM, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) is a useful technique for obtaining higher-resolution images. In this study, we observed multiple nanohillocks on the surfaces of SrTiO$$_{3}$$ using FE-SEM. Crystals of SrTiO$$_{3}$$(100) and 0.05 wt% Nb-doped SrTiO$$_{3}$$(100) were irradiated with 350 MeV Xe ions, respectively, at grazing incidence, where the angle between the sample surface and the beam was less than 2$$^{circ}$$. On the SrTiO$$_{3}$$ surface, a chain of periodic nanohillocks is created along the ion path. In contrast, black lines accompanied by hillocks are observed on the Nb-doped SrTiO$$_{3}$$ surface.

Journal Articles

Revising the 4${it f}$ symmetry in CeCu$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$; Soft X-ray absorption and hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

Aratani, Hidekazu*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Kawada, Moeki*; Kanai, Yuina*; Yamagami, Kohei*; Fujioka, Shuhei*; Hamamoto, Satoru*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Kiss, Takayuki*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(12), p.121113_1 - 121113_6, 2018/09


 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.8(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

Journal Articles

Flux pinning properties in YBCO films with growth-controlled nano-dots and heavy-ion irradiation defects

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Uraguchi, Yusei*; Suenaga, Momotaro*; Makihara, Takahiro*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Ishikawa, Norito

Physica C, 530, p.72 - 75, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:32.3(Physics, Applied)

In order to clarify the influence of size and spatial distribution of three-dimensional pinning centers (3D-PCs) on hybrid flux pinning, columnar defects (CDs) were installed by using 200 MeV Xe ions along the $$c$$-axis direction into quasi-multilayered films consisting of YBa$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$Oy layers and pseudo layers of BaSnO$$_{3}$$. The positive effect of the BaSnO$$_{3}$$ doping on the hybrid flux pinning stands out for the critical current density $$J_{rm c}$$ around $$B parallel c$$ in high magnetic field and/or inclined magnetic field off the $$c$$-axis, whereas there is little difference in the $$J_{rm c}$$ at $$B parallel c$$ among the same growth temperature samples for low magnetic field. In the case of the in-plane distributed BaSnO$$_{3}$$ nano-dots, the Jc around $$B parallel ab$$ is remarkably enhanced, whereas there is a detrimental effect on the Jc around $$B parallel c$$. These imply that the tuning of 3D-PCs is one of the keys to improve the $$J_{rm c}$$ at all magnetic field orientations for the hybrid flux pinning.

Journal Articles

3D visualization of XFEL beam focusing properties using LiF crystal X-ray detector

Pikuz, T.*; Faenov, A.*; Matsuoka, Takeshi*; Matsuyama, Satoshi*; Yamauchi, Kazuto*; Ozaki, Narimasa*; Albertazzi, B.*; Inubushi, Yuichi*; Yabashi, Makina*; Tono, Kensuke*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 5, p.17713_1 - 17713_10, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:84.61(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Influence of discontinuous columnar defects on flux pinning properties in GdBCO coated conductors

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Furuki, Yuichi*; Uraguchi, Yusei*; Kai, Takashi*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Shimada, Yusuke*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Ishikawa, Norito

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.6603004_1 - 6603004_4, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:44.18(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

To investigate the effect of discontinuity of 1-D pinning centers on the flux pinning in a wide range of magnetic field directions, discontinuous columnar defects (CDs) and continuous CDs were formed in GdBCO coated conductors using Xe-ion irradiations with 80 and 270 MeV, respectively. An overall shift upward in Jc, for the 80-MeV-irradiated sample compared to the 270-MeV-irradiated one, can be observed in every direction of magnetic field, which is more remarkable as temperature decreases. This implies a synergetic effect of the pinning interaction between the linearity and the discontinuity for the discontinuous CDs.

Journal Articles

Stabilization of a high-order harmonic generation seeded extreme ultraviolet free electron laser by time-synchronization control with electro-optic sampling

Tomizawa, Hiromitsu*; Sato, Takahiro*; Ogawa, Kanade*; Togawa, Kazuaki*; Tanaka, Takatsugu*; Hara, Toru*; Yabashi, Makina*; Tanaka, Hitoshi*; Ishikawa, Tetsuya*; Togashi, Tadashi*; et al.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 3, p.e14_1 - e14_10, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:29.28(Optics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Probing strongly correlated 4$$f$$-orbital symmetry of the ground state in Yb compounds by linear dichroism in core-level photoemission

Mori, Takeo*; Kitayama, Satoshi*; Kanai, Yuina*; Naimen, Sho*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Higashiya, Atsushi*; Tamasaku, Kenji*; Tanaka, Arata*; Terashima, Kensei*; Imada, Shin*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(12), p.123702_1 - 123702_5, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:71.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We show that the strongly correlated 4$$f$$-orbital symmetry of the ground state is revealed by linear dichroism in core-level photoemission spectra, as we have discovered for YbRh$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$ and YbCu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$. Theoretical analysis shows us that the linear dichroism reflects the anisotropic charge distributions resulting from a crystalline electric field. We have successfully determined the ground-state 4$$f$$ symmetry for both compounds from the polarization-dependent angle resolved core-level spectra at a temperature well below the first excitation energy. The excited-state symmetry is also probed by temperature dependence of the linear dichroism where the high measurement temperatures are on the order of the crystal-field-splitting energies.

Journal Articles

Angular dependence of critical current density and $$n$$-values in BaZrO$$_{3}$$/YBa$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$O$$_{y}$$ quasi-multilayered films with columnar defects

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Mitsugi, Fumiaki*; Ikegami, Tomoaki*; Ishikawa, Norito

Physica C, 494, p.153 - 157, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:28.48(Physics, Applied)

BaZrO$$_{3}$$/YBa$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$Oy quasi-multilayered films, in which the size and the spatial distribution of BaZrO$$_{3}$$ nano-particles were controlled, were irradiated using 200 MeV Xe ions along the c-axis direction. Whenthe BaZrO$$_{3}$$ nano-particles were larger in size, the flux lines not captured by CDs, such as interstitial fluxlines between CDs and double kinks of flux lines, can be pinned more effectively by the BaZrO$$_{3}$$ nano-particles, so that the Jc enhances for high magnetic fields and high temperature. In addition, the inverse correlation between Jc and n-value appears at high temperature in increasing magnetic field for the film with correlated rows of the nano-particles which might be curved off the c-axis. These suggest that the hybrid flux pinning depends not only on the combination of one-dimensional (1D) and three-dimensional pinning centers (3D-PCs) but also on the size and the spatial distribution of the 3D-PCs.

Journal Articles

Compact XFEL and AMO sciences; SACLA and SCSS

Yabashi, Makina*; Tanaka, Hitoshi*; Tanaka, Takashi*; Tomizawa, Hiromitsu*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Nagasono, Mitsuru*; Ishikawa, Tetsuya*; Harries, J.; Hikosaka, Yasumasa*; Hishikawa, Akiyoshi*; et al.

Journal of Physics B; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 46(16), p.164001_1 - 164001_19, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:68 Percentile:96.33(Optics)

Journal Articles

Full-coherent free electron laser seeded by 13th- and 15th-order harmonics of near-infrared femtosecond laser pulses

Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Togashi, Tadashi*; Fukami, Kenji*; et al.

Journal of Physics B; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 46(16), p.164006_1 - 164006_6, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:21.46(Optics)

By introducing 13th- (61.7 nm) and 15th-order harmonics (53.4 nm) of femtosecond laser pulses at 800 nm into an undulator of SCSS (SPring-8 Compact SASE Source) test accelerator at RIKEN, these harmonic pulses were amplified by a factor of more than 10$$^{2}$$ with a high contrast ratio through the interaction between accelerated electron bunches and the harmonic pulses. From numerical simulations of the amplification processes of high-order harmonic pulses in the undulator, optimum conditions of the electron bunch duration interacting with the high-order harmonic pulses were investigated for generating full-coherent and intense pulses in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength region.

Journal Articles

Full-coherent HHG-seeded EUV-FEL locked by EOS timing feedback

Ogawa, Kanade*; Sato, Takahiro*; Matsubara, Shinichi*; Okayasu, Yuichi*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Watanabe, Takahiro*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; et al.

Proceedings of 10th Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim and 18th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and Photonics in Switching 2013 (CLEO-PR & OECC/PS 2013) (USB Flash Drive), 2 Pages, 2013/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Sagittal focusing of synchrotron radiation X-rays using a winged crystal

Nisawa, Atsushi*; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Ueno, Go*; Murakami, Hironori*; Okajima, Yuka*; Yamamoto, Kenichiro*; Semba, Yasunori*; Uesugi, Kentaro*; Tanaka, Yoshihito*; Yamamoto, Masaki*; et al.

Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 20(2), p.219 - 225, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:56.62(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A Si(111) winged crystal has been designed to minimize anticlastic bending and improve sagittal focusing efficiency. The crystal was thin with wide stiffening wings. The length-to-width ratio of the crystal was optimized by finite element analysis, and the optimal value was larger than the "golden value". The analysis showed that the slope error owing to anticlastic bending is less than the Darwin width. The X-rays were focused two-dimensionally using the crystal and a tangentially bent mirror. The observed profiles of the focal spot agreed well with the results of a ray-tracing calculation in the energy range from 8 to 17.5 keV. X-ray diffraction measurements with a high signal-to-noise ratio using this focusing system were demonstrated for a small protein crystal.

Journal Articles

High intense full-coherent radiation of free electron laser seeded by high-order harmonics in extreme-ultraviolet region

Togashi, Tadashi*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Hara, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics IX (CD-ROM), 2 Pages, 2013/03

We have demonstrated free-electron laser radiation seeded by high-order harmonics in the extreme-ultraviolet region. Strong enhancement of the radiation intensity by a factor of 104 was observed with timing control of an electro-optical sampling technique.

Journal Articles

Formation mechanism of extension fractures induced by excavation of a gallery in soft sedimentary rock, Horonobe area, Northern Japan

Tokiwa, Tetsuya; Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Matsubara, Makoto*; Ishikawa, Taiki*; Ogawa, Daisuke*

Geoscience Frontiers, 4(1), p.105 - 111, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:25.87(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

This paper focuses on the formation mechanism of fractures induced by excavation of a gallery in soft sedimentary rocks in the Horonobe area of Japan. Detailed fracture mapping of the gallery indicates that the fractures consist of both pre-existing fractures (shear fractures) and EDZ fractures (extension fractures). EDZ fractures correspond to bedding planes or potential joints inferred by paleo-stress field, and the EDZ fractures terminate against pre-existing fractures. Therefore, even for excavations in soft sedimentary rocks, formation of the EDZ fractures are controlled by pre-existing fractures and weakness planes associated with bedding planes and potential joints.

Journal Articles

Photoionization of atoms and molecules by intense EUV-FEL pulses and FEL seeded by high-order harmonic of ultrashort laser pulses

Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Sato, Takahiro*; Owada, Shigeki*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Kannari, Fumihiko*; Yagishita, Akira*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 40(9), p.687 - 690, 2012/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Synchronization of FEL and high-order harmonics of ultrashort-pulsed laser for generating intense full-coherent EUV light pulses

Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Sato, Takahiro*; Owada, Shigeki*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Matsubara, Shinichi*; Okayasu, Yuichi*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena 2012 (UP 2012) (Internet), 3 Pages, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Extreme ultraviolet free electron laser seeded by high-order harmonic

Togashi, Tadashi*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Hara, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th International School and Symposium on Synchrotron Radiation in Natural Science (ISSRNS 2012), p.1 - 21, 2012/05

The 13th harmonic of a Ti:sapphire laser has been significantly amplified with the SCSS test accelerator. The temporal and spatial overlap of the electron beam and the high harmonic radiation were precisely tuned for achieving the seeded free electron laser operation. With numerical simulation the present HH-seeded FEL scheme could readily be applied to the wavelength region down to 10 nm.

74 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)