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Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:45.53(Physics, Nuclear)

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:28.48(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for $$^{107}$$Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

Past 25 years results for large amount of tritium handling technology in JAEA

Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Yamada, Masayuki; Suzuki, Takumi; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Iwai, Yasunori; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Inomiya, Hiroshi; Hayashi, Takumi

Fusion Science and Technology, 60(3), p.1083 - 1087, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:78.83(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Tritium Process Laboratory (TPL) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been established as the only test facilities to handle over 1 gram of in Japan. From March 1988, TPL has been operated with tritium, and no tritium release accident has been observed. The average tritium concentration in a stream from a stack of the TPL to environment was 71 Bq/m$$^{3}$$, and was 1/70 of the Japanese regulation value for HTO. The failure data have been analyzed for several main components of the safety systems such as pumps, valves, and monitors. The data on the tritium waste and accountancy has also been accumulated. As a study of the Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research, these data are analysed and are reported.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:145 Percentile:0.63(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:46.39(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Clarification of strain limits considering the ratcheting fatigue strength of 316FR steel

Isobe, Nobuhiro*; Sukekawa, Masayuki*; Nakayama, Yasunari*; Date, Shingo*; Otani, Tomomi*; Takahashi, Yukio*; Kasahara, Naoto; Shibamoto, Hiroshi*; Nagashima, Hideaki*; Inoue, Kazuhiko*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 238(2), p.347 - 352, 2008/02

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:18.12(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The effect of ratcheting on fatigue strength was investigated in order to rationalize the strain limit as a design criterion of commercialized fast reactor systems. Ratcheting fatigue tests were conducted at 550$$^{circ}$$C. Duration of the ratchet straining was set for a certain number of strain cycles taking the loading condition of fast reactors into account, and the number of cycles for strain accumulation was defined as the ratchet-expired cycle. Fatigue lives decrease as the accumulated strain by ratcheting increases. Fatigue life reduction was negligible when the maximum mean stress was less than 25 MPa, corresponding to an accumulated strain of 2.2 percent. Accumulated strain is limited to 2 percent in the present design guidelines and this strain limit is considered effective to avoid reducing fatigue life by ratcheting. Micro-crack growth behaviors were also investigated in these tests in order to discuss the life reduction mechanisms in ratcheting conditions.

Journal Articles

Association of europium(III), americium(III), and curium(III) with cellulose, chitin, and chitosan

Ozaki, Takuo; Kimura, Takaumi; Onuki, Toshihiko; Kirishima, Akira*; Yoshida, Takahiro*; Isobe, Hiroshi*; Francis, A. J.

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25(8), p.2051 - 2058, 2006/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:85.26(Environmental Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Rational identification of creep design area using negligible creep curve

Sukekawa, Masayuki*; Isobe, Nobuhiro*; Shibamoto, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Yoshihiko*; Kasahara, Naoto

Proceedings of 2006 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division Conference (PVP 2006)/International Council on Pressure Vessel Technology (ICPVT-11) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2006/00

For expansion of non-creep design area and simplification of design procedures, a rational identification method of creep design area by negligible creep (NC) curves was studied. NC curves of six kinds of stainless and ferrite steels for fast reactors were determined at 1.5Sm (Sm: design stress intensity). These NC curves are based on domestic material data. NC curves provide the relation between temperature and time that does not induce meaningful creep strain under the constant primary stress. As for 316FR steel, which is used for reactor vessel in Japanese fast reactor, non-creep design area is identified with comparing the highest temperature and 425C (constant upper limit for austenite stainless steal) by existing Japanese Guides. However, this temperature limit can be enhanced by NC curve concept when operating (thermal transient) time is long. NC curves under higher primary stress, and the curves under secondary stress were also studied. However, at the present stage, NC curves for stress level 1.5Sm were adopted to identify creep design area. The concept of NC curve was introduced into the interim FDS (fast reactor design standard for commercialized fast reactors in Japan) to simplify the creep design of fast reactor systems. Utilizing these curves, design becomes easier for components which are employed at comparatively lower temperature under normal condition and short holding time at high temperature.

Journal Articles

Field evidence for uranium nanocrystallization and its implications for uranium transport

Murakami, Takashi*; Sato, Tsutomu*; Onuki, Toshihiko; Isobe, Hiroshi*

Chemical Geology, 221(1-2), p.117 - 126, 2005/09

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:25.04(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

High-resolution transmission and scanning electron microscopies (HRTEM and SEM) both equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometers (EDS) have been used to determine the chemical form of U(VI) in rocks and to examine U uptake mechanisms at low U concentrations (10$$^{8}$$$$sim$$10$$^{7}$$ mol/L) in the downgradient of the Koongarra U ore deposit in Australia. We found that uranyl-phosphate nanocrystallization, though initiated by adsorption, is a dominating mechanism of the U uptake and controls long-term U transport at low U concentrations.

Journal Articles

Charge-order pattern of the low-temperature phase from a monoclinic single domain of NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$ uniquely determined by resonant X-ray scattering

Owada, Kenji; Fujii, Yasuhiko; Katsuki, Yuya*; Muraoka, Jiro*; Nakao, Hironori*; Murakami, Yoichi; Sawa, Hiroshi*; Ninomiya, Emi*; Isobe, Masahiko*; Ueda, Yutaka*

Physical Review Letters, 94(10), p.106401_1 - 106401_4, 2005/03

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:26.27(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The present resonant X-ray scattering has been performed on a monoclinically-split single domain of NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$. The observation of a critically enhanced contrast between V$$^{4+}$$ and V$$^{5+}$$ ions has led us to the unequivocal conclusion of the charge-order pattern of low-temperature phase of NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$ below $$T_{rm c}$$ = 35 K. In spite of the possible four types of configuration of the zig-zag-type charge-order patterns in the $$ab$$-plane (A, A', B and B'), the stacking sequence along the $$c$$-axis is determined as the AAA'A' type by comparison with model calculations. By assigning the A and A' configurations to Ising spins, one can reasonably explain the previously discovered "devil's staircase"-type behavior with respect to the modulation of layer-stacking sequences at high pressures and low temperatures, which clearly resembles the global phase diagram theoretically predicted by the ANNNI model.

Journal Articles

Achievement of high fusion triple product, steady-state sustainment and real-time NTM stabilization in high-$$beta_p$$ ELMy H-mode discharges in JT-60U

Isayama, Akihiko; Kamada, Yutaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Suzuki, Takahiro; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Fujita, Takaaki; Fukuda, Takeshi; Ide, Shunsuke; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Ushigusa, Kenkichi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(10), p.1272 - 1278, 2003/10

 Times Cited Count:125 Percentile:3.47(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Chraracterization of iron hydroxides in a weathered rock surface by visible microspectroscopy

Nagano, Tetsushi; Isobe, Hiroshi*; Nakashima, Satoru*; Ashizaki, Midori*

Applied Spectroscopy, 56(5), p.651 - 657, 2002/05

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:53.22(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization of hot particles in surface soil around the Chernobyl NPP

Yanase, Nobuyuki; Isobe, Hiroshi*; Sato, Tsutomu*; Sanada, Yukihisa*; Matsunaga, Takeshi; Amano, Hikaru

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 252(2), p.233 - 239, 2002/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:69.14(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

SHRIMP measurements of U and Pb isotopes in the Koongarra secondary ore deposit, northern Australia

Nagano, Tetsushi; Sato, Tsutomu*; Williams, I. S.*; Zaw, M.*; Payne, T. E.*; Airey, P. L.*; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Isobe, Hiroshi*; Onuki, Toshihiko

Geochemical Journal, 34(5), p.349 - 358, 2000/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:85.52(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Analogue studies in the alligator rivers region; In-situ measurement of uranium series nuclides with SHRIMP

Nagano, Tetsushi; Sato, Tsutomu*; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Isobe, Hiroshi*; Onuki, Toshihiko; I.S.Williams*; M.Zaw*; T.E.Payne*; P.L.Airey*

JAERI-Research 99-024, 52 Pages, 1999/03


no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Highly radioactive hot particles as a source of contamination around the Chernobyl NPP

Yanase, Nobuyuki; Matsunaga, Takeshi; Amano, Hikaru; Isobe, Hiroshi; Sato, Tsutomu

Proc. of 7th Int. Conf. on Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental Remediation (ICEM'99)(CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Sorption behavior of europium during alteration of albite

Onuki, Toshihiko; Kozai, Naofumi; Isobe, Hiroshi; Murakami, Takashi*; Yamamoto, Shunya; Narumi, Kazumasa; Naramoto, Hiroshi

Radiochimica Acta, 86(3-4), p.161 - 165, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Uranium fixation by mineralization at the redox front

Isobe, Hiroshi

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu, 5(1), p.67 - 72, 1998/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Hydrothermal redistribution of rare earth elements in Toki granitic rock,central Japan

; Onuki, Toshihiko; Isobe, Hiroshi; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Sekine, Keiichi; *; *

Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 35, p.191 - 199, 1998/00

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:80.24(Environmental Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

SIMS analysis of lead isotopes in the primary ore body of the Koongarra deposit, Australia; Behavior of lead in the alteration of uranium minerals

Isobe, Hiroshi; Hidaka, Hiroshi*; Onuki, Toshihiko

Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 506, p.687 - 694, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

53 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)