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Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

Journal Articles

Shell structure of the neutron-rich isotopes $$^{69,71,73}$$Co

Lokotko, T.*; Leblond, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Poves, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Authelet, G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034314_1 - 034314_7, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The structures of the neutron-rich $$^{69,71,73}$$Co isotopes were investigated via ($$p,2p$$) knockout reactions at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory, RIKEN. Level schemes were reconstructed using the $$gamma-gamma$$ coincidence technique, with tentative spin-parity assignments based on the measured inclusive and exclusive cross sections. Comparison with shell-model calculations suggests coexistence of spherical and deformed shapes at low excitation energies in the $$^{69,71,73}$$Co isotopes.

Journal Articles

Shell evolution of $$N$$ = 40 isotones towards $$^{60}$$Ca; First spectroscopy of $$^{62}$$Ti

Cort$'e$s, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Lenzi, S. M.*; Men$'e$ndez, J.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Poves, A.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135071_1 - 135071_7, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:13.44(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Excited states in the $$N$$ = 40 isotone $$^{62}$$Ti were populated via the $$^{63}$$V($$p$$,$$2p$$)$$^{62}$$Ti reaction at $$sim$$200 MeV/nucleon at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory and studied using $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. The energies of the $$2_1^+ rightarrow 0_{rm gs}^+$$ and $$4_1^+ rightarrow 2_1^+$$ transitions, observed here for the first time, indicate a deformed Ti ground state. These energies are increased compared to the neighboring $$^{64}$$Cr and $$^{66}$$Fe isotones, suggesting a small decrease of quadrupole collectivity. The present measurement is well reproduced by large-scale shell-model calculations based on effective interactions, while ab initio and beyond mean-field calculations do not yet reproduce our findings.

Journal Articles

Quasifree neutron knockout from $$^{54}$$Ca corroborates arising $$N=34$$ neutron magic number

Chen, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Navr$'a$til, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Raimondi, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 123(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_7, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:16.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:25.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for $$^{107}$$Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:142 Percentile:0.63(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:49.68(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Recent results of R&D activities on tritium technologies for ITER and fusion reactors at TPL of JAEA

Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Hayashi, Takumi; Shu, Wataru; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Iwai, Yasunori; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Arita, Tadaaki; Hoshi, Shuichi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(10-12), p.1359 - 1363, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:67.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

At TPL (Tritium Process Laboratory) of JAEA, ITER relevant tritium technologies have been studied. The design studies of Air Detritiation System have been carried out in JAEA as a contribution of Japan to ITER. For the tritium processing technologies, our efforts have been focused on the research of the tritium recovery system of ITER test blanket system. A ceramic proton conductor has been studied as an advanced blanket system. A series of fundamental studies on tritium safety technologies not only for ITER but also for fusion DEMO plants has also been carried out at TPL of JAEA. The main research activities in this field are the tritium behavior in a confinement and its barrier materials; monitoring; accountancy; detritiation and decontamination etc. In this paper, the results of above recent activities at TPL of JAEA are summarized from viewpoint of ITER relevant and future fusion DEMO reactors.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of pumping performance of electrochemical hydrogen pump by modified electrode

Kawamura, Yoshinori; Arita, Tadaaki; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Shu, Wataru; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(4), p.625 - 633, 2008/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:55.23(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Electrochemical hydrogen pump with ceramic proton conductor membrane has been proposed to apply for a blanket tritium recovery system (BTR) of a fusion reactor. SrCe$$_{0.95}$$Yb$$_{0.05}$$O$$_{3-alpha}$$ (SCO) is one of the candidates of membrane. Modification of electrode is one of the methods to enhance the hydrogen transportation capability. In this work, the electrodes of platinum (Pt) and palladium (Pd) were attached to the SCO sample by the sputtering method (sputtering electrode), and its electric conductivity and proton conductivity were measured. Then, they were compared with that of the usual Pt paste electrode. Hydrogen transportation capability was enhanced when the sputtering electrode was applied. Especially, in case of the Pd sputtering electrode, the current density which was about 4 or 5times larger than the usual Pt paste electrode was observed at 0.1% of H$$_{2}$$ concentration.

Journal Articles

Recent activities on tritium technologies for ITER and fusion reactors at JAEA

Hayashi, Takumi; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Iwai, Yasunori; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Shu, Wataru; Arita, Tadaaki; Hoshi, Shuichi; Suzuki, Takumi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 52(3), p.651 - 658, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:79.6(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The design studies of Air Detirtiation System have been carried out in JAEA as a contribution of Japan to ITER. For the tritium processing technologies, our efforts have been focused on the R&D of the tritium recovery system of ITER test blanket, using mainly molecular sieve and/or electro-chemical pumping system. A series of fundamental studies on tritium safety technologies, such as tritium behavior in a confinement and its barrier materials, monitoring, accountancy, detritiation and decontamination etc., has been carried out as a major activity in JAEA for ITER and fusion demo reactors. In this paper, the above recent activities on tritium technologies at Tritium Process Lab. in JAEA are summarized for ITER and future fusion reactor.

Oral presentation

Influence of electrode on ionic hydrogen transportation in the high temperature electrochemical hydrogen pump, 2

Kawamura, Yoshinori; Arita, Tadaaki; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

no journal, , 

The electrochemical hydrogen pump using the ceramic proton conductor membrane is one of the candidate system that is applied to the blanket tritium recovery system of the fusion reactor. To enhance the hydrogen transportation ability, the electrode material having small particle size is being tried. The author has applied the sputtering as the method of making the electrode having small particle size, and the amount of hydrogen transported via the proton conductor membrane with the sputtering electrode was observed. The amount of hydrogen transported via the membrane with the platinum sputtering electrode became larger than that with the platinum paste electrode, and the advantage of the sputtering electrode was demonstrated.

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