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Journal Articles

Effect of porosity distribution on two-phase pressure drop in a packed bed

Kurisaki, Tatsuya*; Ito, Daisuke*; Ito, Kei*; Saito, Yasushi*; Imaizumi, Yuya; Matsuba, Kenichi; Kamiyama, Kenji

Proceedings of 11th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-11) (Internet), 3 Pages, 2018/11

In the evaluation of the in-place cooling which is for the residual core materials in the severe accident of sodium-cooled fast reactors, pressure loss of two-phase flow in debris bed is one of the important factors. Although Lipinski model is already proposed for the pressure loss evaluation, the accuracy would decrease when the porosity is not homogeneous. Thus, experiment to measure the pressure loss in a packed bed of non-homogeneous porosity distribution was conducted, and the Lipinski model was modified dividing the cross section to evaluate the pressure loss in it. As a result, it was confirmed that agreement of the experimental values with the values by modified Lipinski model was better than that with the original Lipinski model.

Journal Articles

Estimation of porosity and void fraction profiles in a packed bed of spheres using X-ray radiography

Ito, Daisuke*; Ito, Kei*; Saito, Yasushi*; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Matsuba, Kenichi; Kamiyama, Kenji

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 334, p.90 - 95, 2018/08

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Two-phase flow through porous media must be well understood to develop a severe accident analysis code not only for light water reactor but also sodium-cooled fast reactor. When a core disruptive accident occurs in sodium-cooled fast reactor, the fuel inside the core become melted and interacts with the coolant. As a result, gas-liquid two-phase flow will be formed in the debris bed, which may have porous nature depending on the cooling process. In such condition, the local porosity and its distribution are very important to characterize two-phase flow field in the porous media. In this study, X-ray radiography was applied to measure the local porosity in the packed bed of spheres. The radial profiles were estimated from the chordal profiles measured by the X-ray method and compared with the previous porosity model. In addition, the void fraction radial profiles were also obtained in air-water two-phase flow.

Journal Articles

Rapid separation of zirconium using microvolume anion-exchange cartridge for $$^{93}$$Zr determination with isotope dilution ICP-MS

Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Konda, Miki; Suzuki, Daisuke; Magara, Masaaki; Kimura, Takaumi; Ishihara, Ryo*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*

Talanta, 185, p.98 - 105, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:62.19(Chemistry, Analytical)

Estimating the risks associated with radiation from long-lived fission products (LLFP) in radioactive waste is essential to ensure the long-term safety of potential disposal sites. In this study, the amount of $$^{93}$$Zr, a LLFP, was determined by ICP-MS after separating Zr from a spent nuclear fuel solution using a microvolume anion-exchange cartridge (TEDA cartridge). The TEDA cartridge achieved highly selective separation of Zr regardless of its small bed volume of 0.08 cm$$^{3}$$. The time taken to complete the Zr separation was 1.2 min with a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min, which was 10 times faster than that for a conventional anion-exchange resin column. Almost all the other elements were removed, leading to accurate measurement of $$^{93}$$Zr. The result connects experimental value to theoretical prediction provided by ORIGEN2, which requires verification. With the measured value, we demonstrated that the theoretical value is reliable enough to estimate radiation risks.

Journal Articles

Characterization and thermodynamic study of humic acid in deep groundwater at Horonobe, Hokkaido, Japan

Kimuro, Shingo*; Kirishima, Akira*; Nagao, Seiya*; Saito, Takumi*; Amano, Yuki; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Sato, Nobuaki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(5), p.503 - 515, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:16.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Decontamination of radioactive concrete waste and reuse of aggregate using pulsed power technology

Sakamoto, Hiroyuki*; Akagi, Yosuke*; Yamada, Kazuo*; Tachi, Yukio; Fukuda, Daisuke*; Ishimatsu, Koichi*; Matsuda, Mikiya*; Saito, Nozomi*; Uemura, Jitsuya*; Namihira, Takao*; et al.

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 17(2), p.57 - 66, 2018/05

Concrete debris contaminated with radioactive cesium and other nuclides have been generated from the accident in the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant and there will be generated due to the decommissioning of nuclear power plants in the future. Although conventional decontamination techniques are effective for flat concrete surfaces such as floors and walls, it is not clear what techniques to apply for decontaminating radioactive concrete debris. In this study, focusing on a pulsed power discharge technique, fundamental experimental works were carried out. Decontamination of concrete by applying the aggregate recycling technique using the pulsed power discharge technique was evaluated by measuring radioactivity of aggregate and sludge separated from the contaminated concrete. The results suggest that the separation into aggregate and sludge of the contaminated concrete debris could achieve decontamination and volume reduction of the radioactive concrete debris.

Journal Articles

Ecological and genomic profiling of anaerobic methane-oxidizing archaea in a deep granitic environment

Ino, Kohei*; Hernsdorf, A. W.*; Konno, Yuta*; Kozuka, Mariko*; Yanagawa, Katsunori*; Kato, Shingo*; Sunamura, Michinari*; Hirota, Akinari*; Togo, Yoko*; Ito, Kazumasa*; et al.

ISME Journal, 12(1), p.31 - 47, 2018/01

In this study, we found the dominance ofanaerobic methane-oxidizing archaea in groundwater enriched in sulfate and methane from a 300-m deep underground borehole in granitic rock.

Journal Articles

Shell evolution beyond $$Z$$=28 and $$N$$=50; Spectroscopy of $$^{81,82,83,84}$$Zn

Shand, C. M.*; Podoly$'a$k, Zs.*; G$'o$rska, M.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Otsuka, T.*; Sieja, K.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Tsunoda, T.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 773, p.492 - 497, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:14.67(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Two-phase flow measurements in a simulated debris bed

Ito, Daisuke*; Rivera, M. N.*; Saito, Yasushi*; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Kamiyama, Kenji; Suzuki, Toru*

Proceedings of 17th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-17) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2017/09

Journal Articles

Measurements of two-phase pressure drop in a simulated debris bed

Nava, M.*; Ito, Daisuke*; Saito, Yasushi*; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Kamiyama, Kenji; Suzuki, Toru*

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2017/07

Journal Articles

Detection of induced paramagnetic moments in Pt on Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ via X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Kikkawa, Takashi*; Suzuki, Motohiro*; Okabayashi, Jun*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Qiu, Z.*; Saito, Eiji

Physical Review B, 95(21), p.214416_1 - 214416_7, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:81.49(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Characteristics of pressure drop and void fraction in a simulated debris bed

Ito, Daisuke*; Nava, M.*; Saito, Yasushi*; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Kamiyama, Kenji; Suzuki, Toru*

Proceedings of 2017 Japan-US Seminar on Two-Phase Flow Dynamics (JUS 2017), 4 Pages, 2017/06

Journal Articles

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:10.17

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional electronic structures and the metal-insulator transition in Ruddlesden-Popper iridates

Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Tachibana, Shoichi*; Iwasaki, Daisuke*; Higashino, Yuji*; Yoshimi, Chiaki*; Nakagawa, Koya*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Yamagami, Kohei*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; et al.

Physical Review B, 94(11), p.115103_1 - 115103_10, 2016/11


 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:24.6(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In this study, we systematically investigate three-dimensional(3D) momentum-resolved electronic structures of Ruddlesden-Popper-type iridium oxides Sr$$_{n+1}$$Ir$$_{n}$$O$$_{3n+1}$$ using soft-X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (SX-ARPES). Our results provide direct evidence of an insulator-to-metal transition that occurs upon increasing the dimensionality of the IrO$$_{2}$$-plane structure. This transition occurs when the spin-orbit-coupled $$j_{eff}$$ = 1/2 band changes its behavior in the dispersion relation and moves across the Fermi energy. By scanning the photon energy over 350 eV, we reveal the 3D Fermi surface in SrIrO$$_{3}$$ and $$k_{z}$$-dependent oscillations of photoelectron intensity in Sr$$_{3}$$Ir$$_{2}$$O$$_{7}$$. To corroborate the physics deduced using low-energy ARPES studies, we propose to utilize SX-ARPES as a powerful complementary technique, as this method surveys more than one whole Brillouin zone and provides a panoramic view of electronic structures.

Journal Articles

Deep microbial life in high-quality granitic groundwater from geochemically and geographically distinct underground boreholes

Ino, Kohei*; Konno, Yuta*; Kozuka, Mariko*; Hirota, Akinari*; Togo, Yoko*; Fukuda, Akari*; Komatsu, Daisuke*; Tsunogai, Urumu*; Tanabe, Akifumi*; Yamamoto, Satoshi*; et al.

Environmental Microbiology Reports (Internet), 8(2), p.285 - 294, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:36.5(Environmental Sciences)

To understand the subsurface biosphere, borehole investigation was conducted for 300-m deep granitic rocks at the Mizunami underground research laboratory, Japan. The initial biomass was the highest with the flourish of aerobic H$$_{2}$$-oxidizing Hydrogenophaga spp., whereas an uncultivated lineage of the phylum Nitrospirae became predominant after three years with decreasing biomass. The common occurrence of many species of Nitrospirae and Chlorobi phyla at the geographically distinct sites and the exclusive detection of their phylogenetically related environmental sequences from deep groundwaters and terrestrial hot springs, suggest that these bacteria are indigenous and potentially adapted to the deep terrestrial subsurface.

Journal Articles

Preparation of microvolume anion-exchange cartridge for inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry-based determination of $$^{237}$$Np content in spent nuclear fuel

Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Konda, Miki; Suzuki, Daisuke; Magara, Masaaki; Kimura, Takaumi; Ishihara, Ryo*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*

Analytical Chemistry, 88(6), p.3149 - 3155, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:55.33(Chemistry, Analytical)

Neptunium-237 ($$^{237}$$Np) is one of the major long-lived radionuclides found in spent nuclear fuel. To evaluate the long-term safety of a HLW repository, the $$^{237}$$Np content in spent nuclear fuel must be determined. In this study, micro-volume anion-exchange porous polymer disk-packed cartridges were prepared for Am-Np separation, which is required prior to the measurement of $$^{237}$$ Np with ICP-MS. Disks with a volume of 0.08 cm$$^{3}$$ were cut out from porous sheets having triethylenediamine (TEDA)-containing polymer chains densely attached on the pore surface. The resulting TEDA-introduced disk cartridge was applied to a spent nuclear fuel sample. The chemical yield of Np was 90.4%, which is sufficiently high for ICP-MS measurement of $$^{237}$$Np. Compared with the conventional separation technique using commercially available anion-exchange resin columns, the time required to adsorb, wash and elute Np using the TEDA-introduced disk cartridge was reduced by 75%.

Journal Articles

Synthesis, direct formation under high pressure, structure, and electronic properties of LiNbO$$_{3}$$-type oxide PbZnO$$_{3}$$

Mori, Daisuke*; Tanaka, Kie*; Saito, Hiroyuki; Kikegawa, Takumi*; Inaguma, Yoshiyuki*

Inorganic Chemistry, 54(23), p.11405 - 11410, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:33.96(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Thickness-dependent magnetic properties and strain-induced orbital magnetic moment in SrRuO$$_{3}$$ thin films

Ishigami, Keisuke*; Yoshimatsu, Kohei*; Toyota, Daisuke*; Takizawa, Masaru*; Yoshida, Teppei*; Shibata, Goro*; Harano, Takayuki*; Takahashi, Yukio*; Kadono, Toshiharu*; Verma, V. K.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 92(6), p.064402_1 - 064402_5, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:30.78(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Superdeformation in $$^{35}$$S

Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Takaki, Motonobu*; Miya, Hiroyuki*; Ota, Shinsuke*; Michimasa, Shinichiro*; Shimoura, Susumu*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030005_1 - 030005_4, 2015/06

Journal Articles

Magnetic and electronic properties of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ revealed by comparison with nonmagnetic references ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and LaRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Emi, Naoya*; Hamabata, Ryosuke*; Nakayama, Daisuke*; Miki, Toshihiro*; Koyama, Takehide*; Ueda, Koichi*; Mito, Takeshi*; Kohori, Yo*; Matsumoto, Yuji*; Haga, Yoshinori; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(6), p.063702_1 - 063702_4, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:31.29(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Enhancement of spin-Seebeck effect by inserting ultra-thin Fe$$_{70}$$Cu$$_{30}$$ interlayer

Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Ishida, Masahiko*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Qiu, Z.*; Murakami, T.*; Saito, Eiji

Applied Physics Letters, 106(8), p.082401_1 - 082401_4, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:40.32(Physics, Applied)

157 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)