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Journal Articles

Improving the safety of the high temperature gas-cooled reactor "HTTR" based on Japan's new regulatory requirements

Hamamoto, Shimpei; Shimizu, Atsushi; Inoi, Hiroyuki; Tochio, Daisuke; Homma, Fumitaka; Sawahata, Hiroaki; Sekita, Kenji; Watanabe, Shuji; Furusawa, Takayuki; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; et al.

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 388, p.111642_1 - 111642_11, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:0

Following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in 2011, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency adapted High-Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) to meet the new regulatory requirements that began in December 2013. The safety and seismic classifications of the existing structures, systems, and components were discussed to reflect insights regarding High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs) that were acquired through various HTTR safety tests. Structures, systems, and components that are subject to protection have been defined, and countermeasures to manage internal and external hazards that affect safety functions have been strengthened. Additionally, measures are in place to control accidents that may cause large amounts of radioactive material to be released, as a beyond design based accident. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission rigorously and appropriately reviewed this approach for compliance with the new regulatory requirements. After nine amendments, the application to modify the HTTR's installation license that was submitted in November 2014 was approved in June 2020. This response shows that facilities can reasonably be designed to meet the enhanced regulatory requirements, if they reflect the characteristics of HTGRs. We believe that we have established a reference for future development of HTGR.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2020

Nakada, Akira; Nakano, Masanao; Kanai, Katsuta; Seya, Natsumi; Nishimura, Shusaku; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Futagawa, Kazuo; Yamada, Ryohei; Uchiyama, Rei; et al.

JAEA-Review 2021-062, 163 Pages, 2022/02

JAEA-Review-2021-062.pdf:2.87MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2020 to March 2021. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. (the trade name was changed to Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. on April 1, 2016) in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

Journal Articles

First isolation and analysis of caesium-bearing microparticles from marine samples in the Pacific coastal area near Fukushima Prefecture

Miura, Hikaru*; Ishimaru, Takashi*; Ito, Yukari*; Kuribara, Yuichi; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Misumi, Kazuhiro*; Tsumune, Daisuke*; Kubo, Atsushi*; Higaki, Shogo*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11, p.5664_1 - 5664_11, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:72.65(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

For the first time, we isolated and investigated seven CsMPs (radioactive caesium-bearing microparticles) from marine particulate matter and sediment. From the elemental composition, the $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs activity ratio, and the $$^{137}$$Cs activity per unit volume results, we inferred that the five CsMPs collected from particulate matter were emitted from Unit 2 of the FDNPP, whereas the two CsMPs collected from marine sediment were possibly emitted from Unit 3. The presence of CsMPs can cause overestimation of the solid-water distribution coefficient of Cs in marine sediments and particulate matter and a high apparent radiocaesium concentration factor for marine biota. CsMPs emitted from Unit 2, which were collected from the estuary of a river that flowed through a highly contaminated area, may have been deposited on land and then transported by the river. By contrast, CsMPs emitted from Unit 3 were possibly transported eastward by the wind and deposited directly onto the ocean surface.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2019

Nakano, Masanao; Fujii, Tomoko; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Seya, Natsumi; Nishimura, Shusaku; Hosomi, Kenji; Nagaoka, Mika; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Matsubara, Natsumi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2020-069, 163 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Review-2020-069.pdf:4.78MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2019 to March 2020. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. (the trade name was changed to Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. on April 1, 2016) in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

Journal Articles

Unveiling spin-dependent unoccupied electronic states of Co$$_{2}$$MnGe (Ga) film via Ge (Ga) $$L_{2,3}$$ absorption spectroscopy

Yoshikawa, Tomoki*; Antonov, V. N.*; Kono, Takashi*; Kakoki, Masaaki*; Sumida, Kazuki; Miyamoto, Koji*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Goto, Kazuki*; Sakuraba, Yuya*; et al.

Physical Review B, 102(6), p.064428_1 - 064428_7, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.46(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Experimental validation of tensile properties measured with thick samples taken from MEGAPIE target

Saito, Shigeru; Suzuki, Kazuhiro; Hatakeyama, Yuichi; Suzuki, Miho; Dai, Y.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 534, p.152146_1 - 152146_16, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:23.17(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A post-irradiation examination (PIE) was performed on the tensile specimens prepared from the MEGAPIE (MEGAwatt Pilot Experiment) target which were irradiated in flowing lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE). Thicknesses of the specimens were over two times larger than that of the standard specimen. The PIE revealed that the T91 specimens showed a 1.5-2.0 times larger total elongation (TE) compared to the literature values for a specimen with standard t/w (ratio of thickness to width). It could be suggested that the t/w and TE were strongly correlated. Then, we tried to investigate the effects of the t/w on the TE by comparing unirradiated specimens. We found that there was no t/w dependence on the strength and uniform elongation. On the other hand, the TE increases with increasing t/w. Based on the experimental data, we correlated the TE with various specimens t/w to estimate appropriate TE values, including that for the standard specimen.

Journal Articles

Element-specific density of states of Co$$_{2}$$MnGe revealed by resonant photoelectron spectroscopy

Kono, Takashi*; Kakoki, Masaaki*; Yoshikawa, Tomoki*; Wang, X.*; Sumida, Kazuki*; Miyamoto, Koji*; Muro, Takayuki*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Goto, Kazuki*; et al.

Physical Review B, 100(16), p.165120_1 - 165120_6, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.8(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Safety evaluation of self actuated shutdown system for Gen-IV SFR

Saito, Hiroyuki*; Yamada, Yumi*; Oyama, Kazuhiro*; Matsunaga, Shoko*; Yamano, Hidemasa; Kubo, Shigenobu

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/04

A self-actuated shutdown system (SASS) is a passive device, which can detach a control rod for reactor shutdown in response to excessive increase in coolant temperature. Since a detachment temperature, which triggers release of a control rod, and a response time are identified as important parameters for validity analyses, this study focused on investigation of the response time and the detachment temperature, and safety analysis to see feasibility of the SASS in low power. For this purpose, design modifications were made to shorten the response time and three-dimensional thermal-hydraulic analysis in a low power operation was carried out in order to confirm the response time. The resulting detachment temperature level is lower than previous studies, leading to improved safety parameters. Based on improved parameters, a safety analysis to see feasibility of the SASS in low power was carried out. From this safety evaluation, it was confirmed that core damage can be prevented by the SASS with flow collector in the case of LOF type ATWS event.

Journal Articles

Development of inspection and repair techniques in reactor vessel of experimental fast reactor "Joyo"; Retrieval of the bent test subassembly

Ashida, Takashi; Ito, Hideaki; Miyamoto, Kazuyuki*; Nakamura, Toshiyuki; Koga, Kazuhiro*; Ohara, Norikazu*; Ino, Hiroichi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 15(4), p.210 - 222, 2016/12

In the experimental fast reactor Joyo, it was confirmed that the top of the irradiation test sub-assembly of material testing rig named "MARICO-2" had been broken and bent onto the in-vessel storage rack as an obstacle and had damaged the upper core structure (UCS). As the result, for Joyo restart, it was necessary to replace the damaged UCS and to retrieve the bent sub-assembly. This paper describes in-vessel repair techniques performed in the retrieval work of the obstacle inside of the reactor vessel. The devices which were prepared for this work demonstrated expected performance under the environmental conditions of an SFR such as high temperature and radiation dose, and the work was completed in 2014. The successful operation of this retrieval work of the damaged component inside of a reactor vessel will contribute to the development of in-service inspections and repair technics in an SFR.

Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

Journal Articles

Experimental fast reactor "JOYO" retrieval for the bent MARICO-2 test subassembly using remote control devices

Koga, Kazuhiro*; Ohara, Norikazu*; Ino, Hiroichi*; Kondo, Katsumi*; Ito, Hideaki; Ashida, Takashi; Nakamura, Toshiyuki

FAPIG, (190), p.3 - 8, 2015/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Behavior of tritium in the vacuum vessel of JT-60U

Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Torikai, Yuji*; Saito, Makiko; Alimov, V. Kh.*; Miya, Naoyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka

Fusion Science and Technology, 67(2), p.428 - 431, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Disassembly of the JT-60U torus was started in 2010 after 18 years deuterium operations. In the disassembly of the JT-60U torus, tritium retention in the vacuum vessel of the JT-60U is one of the most important safety issues for the fusion reactor. It was very important to study the tritium behavior in Inconel 625 from viewpoint of the clearance procedure in the future plan. After the tritium release for about 1 year at 298 K, the residual tritium in the specimen was released by heating up to 1073 K, and then the residual tritium in the specimen was measured by chemical etching method. Most of the chemical form of the released tritium was HTO. The contaminated specimen by tritium was released continuously the diffusible tritium under the ambient condition. In the tritium release experiment, most of tritium in the specimen was released during 1 year.

Journal Articles

Past, present, and future of Monju

Mukai, Kazuo; Arai, Masanobu; Ito, Kazuhiro; Okawachi, Yasushi

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 56(9), p.554 - 560, 2014/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development and test of JT-60SA central solenoid model coil

Murakami, Haruyuki; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Obana, Tetsuhiro*; Takahata, Kazuya*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Chikaraishi, Hirotaka*; Natsume, Kyohei*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 24(3), p.4200205_1 - 4200205_5, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:74.83(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Central Solenoid (CS) of JT-60SA are designed with the Nb$$_{3}$$Sn cable in conduit conductor. CS model coil (CSMC) was manufactured by using the real manufacturing jigs and procedure to validate the CS manufacturing processes before starting mass production. The dimensions of the CSMC are the same as real quad-pancake. The cold test of the CSMC was performed and the test results satisfied the design requirements. These results indicate that the manufacturing processes of the JT-60SA CS has been established. In this paper, the development and the validation of the CS manufacturing processes are described.

Journal Articles

Development of radionuclide distribution database and map system on the Fukushima nuclear accident

Seki, Akiyuki; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Saito, Kimiaki; Tanaka, Kei*; Takahashi, Yutaka*; Takemura, Kazuhiro*; Tsuzawa, Masaharu*

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.47 - 50, 2014/04

The radionuclide distribution database and map system, which provide basic information for evaluations and countermeasures of the Fukushima nuclear accident, are explained. Due to massive earthquake and tsunami, Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant has been damaged and had spread out radioactive materials around the Fukushima site. It is necessary to collect, analyze, and provide the information of radioactivity correctly and immediately. We developed two providing systems to identify the current distribution of released radionuclides and support decontamination activities.

Journal Articles

Influence of fragmentation on jet breakup behaviour

Iwasawa, Yuzuru*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Kuroda, Taihei*; Matsuo, Eiji*; Ebihara, Kenichi; Sakaba, Hiroshi*; Koyama, Kazuya*; Ito, Kazuhiro*; Nariai, Hideki*

Proceedings of 15th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-15) (USB Flash Drive), 12 Pages, 2013/05

In the safety design of a Fast Breeder Reactor(FBR), when it is supposed that a Core Disruptive Accident(CDA) occurs, it is strongly required that molten core materials are completely solidified and are cooled down by sodium coolant in a reactor vessel. In this study, we injected molten alloy and transparent fluid, which are a simulant of the molten core material, into water, which is a simulant of the coolant. In this study, we injected molten alloy and transparent fluid, which simulate the molten core material, into water, which simulates the coolant. In the experiment, we observed the jet breakup behavior of them using a high speed video camera, and compared the observe images with the previous theories. In addition, we simulated numerically the qualitative behavior of the liquid jet using a two-phase fluid model of the lattice Boltzmann method.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen concentration behavior in the IHTS of Monju

Ito, Kazuhiro; Tanabe, Hiromi; Kaneko, Yoshihisa; Kagota, Eiichi; Takahashi, Yasuo

Proceedings of 2013 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2013) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2013/04

The Monju is equipped with two types of hydrogen-meters to detect water leakage in steam generators. Since they are so highly-sensitive as to detect minor water leak from a steam generator tube, they sometimes detect hydrogen concentration increases at plant operational condition changes such as start-up without any water leak. No water leak was experienced during one year operation of the Startup Test up to 40% in 1995, although hydrogen concentration sometimes increased at plant operational condition changes. The H behavior of Monju IHTS during the previous Startup Test was examined and the following knowledge was obtained: The in-sodium H behaves in parallel with the IHTS sodium temperature. In-cover-gas H behavior is more complicated and sensitive to plant operational condition changes such as plant load changes than the in-sodium one. Both types of H-meters underwent a certain degree of zero level drift during one year operation.

Journal Articles

High-resolution Compton cameras based on Si/CdTe double-sided strip detectors

Odaka, Hirokazu*; Ichinohe, Yuto*; Takeda, Shinichiro*; Fukuyama, Taro*; Hagino, Koichi*; Saito, Shinya*; Sato, Tamotsu*; Sato, Goro*; Watanabe, Shin*; Kokubun, Motohide*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 695, p.179 - 183, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:83.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have developed a new Si/CdTe semiconductor double-sided strip detector (DSD) Compton camera. The camera consists of a 500-$$mu$$m-thick Si-DSD and four layers of 750-$$mu$$m-thick CdTe-DSDs all of which have common electrode configuration segmented into 128 strips on each side with pitches of 250$$mu$$m. In order to realize high angular resolution and to reduce size of the detector system, a stack of DSDs with short stack pitches of 4 mm is utilized to make the camera. Taking advantage of the excellent energy and position resolutions of the semiconductor devices, the camera achieves high angular resolutions of 4.5 degrees at 356 keV and 3.5 degrees at 662 keV. To obtain such high resolutions together with an acceptable detection efficiency, we demonstrate data reduction methods including energy calibration using Compton scattering continuum and depth sensing in the CdTe-DSD. We also discuss imaging capability of the camera and show simultaneous multi-energy imaging.

Journal Articles

Applications and imaging techniques of a Si/CdTe Compton $$gamma$$-ray camera

Takeda, Shinichiro*; Ichinohe, Yuto*; Hagino, Koichi*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Fukuyama, Taro*; Saito, Shinya*; Sato, Tamotsu*; Sato, Goro*; et al.

Physics Procedia, 37, p.859 - 866, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:98.35

By using new Compton camera consisting of silicon double-sided strip detector (Si-DSD) and CdTe-DSD developed for the ASTRO-H mission, an experiment was conducted to study its feasibility for advanced hotspot monitoring. In addition to hotspot imaging already provided by commercial imaging systems, the identification of the variety of radioisotopes is realized thanks to the good energy resolution given by the semiconductor detectors. Three radioisotopes of $$^{133}$$Ba (356 keV), $$^{22}$$Na (511 keV) and $$^{137}$$Cs (662 keV) were individually imaged by applying event selection in the energy window and the $$gamma$$-ray images was correctly overlapped by an optical picture. The detection efficiency of 1.68$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$ (effective area: 1.7$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$ cm$$^2$$) and angular resolution of 3.8$$^{circ}$$ were obtained by stacking five detector modules for 662 keV $$gamma$$-ray. The higher detection efficiency required in a specific use can be achieved by stacking more detector modules.

JAEA Reports

Experimental study on dilution coefficients measurement of capsule dilution tube for fuel transient tests

Inoue, Shuichi; Omuro, Tadao; Nabeya, Hideaki; Matsui, Yoshinori; Iida, Kazuhiro; Ito, Kazuyuki; Kimura, Akihiro; Kanno, Masaru

JAEA-Technology 2010-010, 27 Pages, 2012/05

JAEA-Technology-2010-010.pdf:1.99MB

In fuel irradiation transient tests using a boiling water capsule, a dilution tube has been installed in the boiling water capsule in order to detect fission products (FP) from an irradiated fuel, in case of the fuel failure during the transient, by a radiation monitor located outside the reactor. When the fuel failure occurs, the released FP flows out from the capsule through the dilution tube. The dilution tube is designed to minimize the released FP that can be detected by the radiation monitor located outside the reactor. This report summarized the measurement results of the dilution tube installed in the boiling water capsule.

133 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)