Norimatsu, Wataru*; Matsuda, Keita*; Terasawa, Tomoo; Takata, Nao*; Masumori, Atsushi*; Ito, Keita*; Oda, Koji*; Ito, Takahiro*; Endo, Akira*; Funahashi, Ryoji*; et al.
Nanotechnology, 31(14), p.145711_1 - 145711_7, 2020/04
We show that boron-doped epitaxial graphene can be successfully grown by thermal decomposition of a boron carbide thin film, which can also be epitaxially grown on a silicon carbide substrate. The interfaces of BC on SiC and graphene on BC had a fixed orientation relation, having a local stable structure with no dangling bonds. The first carbon layer on BC acts as a buffer layer, and the overlaying carbon layers are graphene. Graphene on BC was highly boron doped, and the hole concentration could be controlled over a wide range of 210 to 210 cm. Highly boron-doped graphene exhibited a spin-glass behavior, which suggests the presence of local antiferromagnetic ordering in the spin-frustration system. Thermal decomposition of carbides holds the promise of being a technique to obtain a new class of wafer-scale functional epitaxial graphene for various applications.
Ito, Keita*; Yasutomi, Yoko*; Zhu, S.*; Nurmamat, M.*; Tahara, Masaki*; Toko, Kaoru*; Akiyama, Ryota*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Oguchi, Tamio*; et al.
Physical Review B, 101(10), p.104401_1 - 104401_8, 2020/03
Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.
Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07
Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.
Sakamoto, Tetsuo*; Morita, Masato*; Kanenari, Keita*; Tomita, Hideki*; Sonnenschein, V.*; Saito, Kosuke*; Ohashi, Masaya*; Kato, Kotaro*; Iguchi, Tetsuo*; Kawai, Toshihide*; et al.
Analytical Sciences, 34(11), p.1265 - 1270, 2018/11
Takata, Fumiya*; Ito, Keita*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Takanashi, Koki*; Kimura, Akio*; Suemasu, Takashi*
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 2(2), p.024407_1 - 024407_5, 2018/02
Ito, Saya*; Kurita, Nubuyuki*; Tanaka, Hidekazu*; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakajima, Kenji; Ito, Shinichi*; Kuwahara, Keitaro*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa*
Nature Communications (Internet), 8, p.235_1 - 235_6, 2017/08
Yamamoto, Keita*; Shiomi, Yuki*; Segawa, Koji*; Ando, Yoichi*; Saito, Eiji
Physical Review B, 94(2), p.024404_1 - 024401_6, 2016/05
We have investigated spin-electricity conversion on surface states of bulk-insulating topological insulator (TI) materials using a spin-pumping technique. The sample structure is Ni-Fe/Cu/TI trilayers, in which magnetic proximity effects on the TI surfaces are negligibly small owing to the inserted Cu layer. Voltage signals produced by the spin-electricity conversion are clearly observed and are enhanced with decreasing temperature, in line with the dominant surface transport at lower temperatures. The efficiency of the spin-electricity conversion is greater for TI samples with a higher resistivity of bulk states and longer mean free path of surface states, consistent with the surface spin-electricity conversion.
Ito, Shinichi*; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Masuda, Takatsugu*; Yoshizawa, Hideki*; Soda, Minoru*; Ikeda, Yoichi*; Ibuka, Soshi*; Kawana, Daichi*; Sato, Taku*; Nambu, Yusuke*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.034001_1 - 034001_6, 2015/09
Ito, Keita*; Toko, Kaoru*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Oguchi, Tamio*; Suemasu, Takashi*; Kimura, Akio*
Journal of Applied Physics, 117(19), p.193906_1 - 193906_6, 2015/05
Ito, Keita*; Sanai, Tatsunori*; Yasutomi, Yoko*; Zhu, S.-Y.*; Toko, Kaoru*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Kimura, Akio*; Suemasu, Takashi*
Journal of Applied Physics, 115(17), p.17C712_1 - 17C712_3, 2014/05
Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Hikima, Ryoichi*; Tanno, Takeo*; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Onoe, Hironori; et al.
JAEA-Review 2013-050, 114 Pages, 2014/02
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in fiscal year 2012. This report presents the results of the investigations, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2012, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.
Wakai, Eiichi; Kim, B. J.; Nozawa, Takashi; Kikuchi, Takayuki; Hirano, Michiko*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Kasada, Ryuta*; Yokomine, Takehiko*; Yoshida, Takahide*; Nogami, Shuhei*; et al.
Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2013/03
Kunimaru, Takanori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Ueno, Takashi; Tokuyasu, Shingo; Daimaru, Shuji; Takeuchi, Ryuji; et al.
JAEA-Review 2012-020, 178 Pages, 2012/06
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II. And Phase III started in 2010 fiscal year. This report shows the results of the investigation, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2010, as a part of the Phase II based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2002.
Tanoi, Keitaro*; Hamada, Yosuke*; Seyama, Shohei*; Saito, Takayuki*; Iikura, Hiroshi; Nakanishi, Tomoko*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 605(1-2), p.179 - 184, 2009/06
Kinoshita, Hirohisa; Nohara, Tsuyoshi; Nakata, Takashi*; Ikeda, Yasutaka*; Ito, Kiyoshi*; Otsuki, Kenshiro*; Sagiya, Takeshi*; Takada, Keita*; Toda, Shinji*
Katsudanso Kenkyu, (25), p.27 - 37, 2005/06
Results of numerical analyses and field studies in the epicenter area of the 2000 Tottoriken-seibu earthquake suggest that several research techniques are effective for identifying subsurface active faults unaccompanied with remarkable surface earthquake faults. Field observation of the lineaments found in the area by detailed air-photo interpretation revealed that most of them are accompanied by faults and/or dikes, and some of them show minor slips at the time of the earthquake. Crustal deformation caused by the activity of the subsurface seismogenic faults is deduced by numerical analyses based on seismic and geodetic data. The vertical deformation assumed from the height changes of the terraces along the river across the epicenter area suggests that cumulative uplift and subsidence associated with left-lateral strike-slip has been continuing. Offsets rate of the streams and uplift rate of the river terraces surfaces show good agreement with the estimate from the parameter of the earthquake faults model. Identification of active faults without clear surface evidence before occurrence of earthquakes is a difficult issue, and the techniques adopted in this study will probably provide relevant information effective to locate subsurface active faults.
Oshima, Takayuki; Naito, Osamu; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Iba, Katsuyuki; Sato, Minoru; Sakata, Shinya; Tsugita, Tomonori; Matsuda, Toshiaki; Iwasaki, Keita*; Karube, Yukihiro*; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 71(1-4), p.239 - 244, 2004/06
In the JT-60 tokamak at JAERI, environment for remote participation is planned to be developed by concentrating experts of nuclear fusion research of another research organizations and universities distributed all over the country. We are constructing a hierarchical remote research system, which consists of remote experiment, remote analysis, and remote diagnostic. In a remote collaboration, it is important to maintain the security of the system, as well as to share the information, atmosphere and presence between the participants. For the latter purpose, we developed a video conferencing system, and a video streaming system that can deliver the images of the JT-60 control room. Furthermore, a development of the remote analysis system called "VizAnalysis" has been started. And to assist the remote analysis, we developed a web based software system called "VizSquare". In the JT-60 tokamak at JAERI, security and authentication methods on a computer network and a new communication tool are developed, and probably they will be applied to the remote participation of ITER.
Oyama, Kenji*; Ito, Shinichi*; Otomo, Toshiya*; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Suzuki, Junichi; Matsuda, Masaaki; Kuwahara, Keitaro*; Arai, Masatoshi*
Applied Physics A, 74(Suppl.1), p.S1598 - S1600, 2002/12
no abstracts in English
Furukawa, Jun*; Yokota, Harumi*; Tanoi, Keitaro*; Ueoka, Shiori*; Matsuhashi, Shimpei; Ishioka, Noriko; Watanabe, Satoshi; Uchida, Hiroshi*; Tsuji, Atsunori*; Ito, Takehito*; et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 249(2), p.495 - 498, 2001/08
We present real time Vanadate (V) uptake imaging in a cowpea plant by Positron Emitting Tracer Imaging System (PETIS). Vanadium-48 was produced by bombarding a Sc foil target with 50 MeV -particles at Takasaki Ion accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA) AVF cyclotron. Then V was added to the culture solution to investigate the V distribution in a cowpea plant. The real time uptake of the V was monitored by PETIS. We measured the distribution of V in a whole plant after 3, 6 and 20 hours of V treatment by Bio-imaging Analyzer System (BAS). After the 20 hour treatment, vanadate was detected at the up-ground part of the plant. To know the effect of V uptake on plant activity, F-labeled water uptake was analyzed by PETIS. When a cowpea plant was treated with V for 20 hours before F-labeled water uptake experiment, the total amount of F-labeled water absorption was drastically desreased. Results suggest the inhibition of water uptake was mainly caused by the vanadate already moved to the up-ground part of the plant.
Nakanishi, Tomoko*; Tanoi, Keitaro*; Yokota, Harumi*; Kang, D.-J.*; Ishii, Ryuichi*; Ishioka, Noriko; Watanabe, Satoshi; Osa, Akihiko; Sekine, Toshiaki; Matsuhashi, Shimpei; et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 249(2), p.503 - 507, 2001/08
We present the water uptake ability of cowpea () which has been regarded as one of the most drought resistant species among the pulse crops. It has been suggested that in the lower part of the stem, parenchymatous tissue for storing water had been developed for the function of deought resistance. We confirmed that in this tissue, water amount was high compared to the other stems by neutron radiography. Then the water uptake manner was measured by positron emitting tracer imaging system (PETIS) using F labeled water produced by a cyclotron. Comparing the water uptake manner of cowpea plant with that of common bean, cowpea plant was found to maintain high water uptake activity after drying treatment, suggesting the high drought resistant character.
Nakanishi, Tomoko*; Yokota, Harumi*; Tanoi, Keitaro*; Ikeue, Natsuko*; Okuni, Yoko*; Furukawa, Jun*; Ishioka, Noriko; Watanabe, Satoshi; Osa, Akihiko; Sekine, Toshiaki; et al.
Radioisotopes, 50(6), p.265 - 269, 2001/06
O-Labeled and F-Labeled water uptake manner in a soybean plant was compared by PETIS (Positron Emitting Tracer Imaging System). O-Labeled water (half-life: 2 min) and F-Labeled water (half-life: 110 min) were produced by a cyclotron by N(d,n)O and O(,pn)F reactions, respectively. A root of a soybean plant was cut off and each labeled water was supplied from the basal part of the plant. The gamma-rays emitted from the sample was measured by a BGO counter with a detection area of 5 cm15 cm. The radioactivity from each stem was accumlated every 15 s till 20 min. It was found that F-labeled water was taken up much faster than O-labeled water, suggesting that in F-labeled water, fluorine was moved in the form of F-ion. When BAS image of O-labeled water in a plant after 5 min and 10 min of water supply was taken, it was found that the labeled water was observed only in the lowest internode, between a root and the first leaves.