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Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

Journal Articles

Splash plasma channels produced by picosecond laser pulses in argon gas for laser wakefield acceleration

Mizuta, Yoshio*; Hosokai, Tomonao*; Masuda, Shinichi*; Zhidkov, A.*; Makito, Keigo*; Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kajino, Shohei*; Nishida, Akinori*; Kando, Masaki; Mori, Michiaki; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 15(12), p.121301_1 - 121301_10, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:27.52(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

$$mu^+$$ diffusion in cubic $$f$$-electron compounds observed by high transverse field $$mu^+$$SR

Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki*; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Heffner, R. H.; Aoki, Yuji*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Onimaru, Takahiro*; Tanida, Hiroshi*; Takagi, Shigeru*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 225, p.012021_1 - 012021_6, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:45.64

The diffusion of positive muon $$mu^+$$ in condensed matter has been investigated for many years by using $$mu^+$$ spin rotation/relaxation ($$mu^+$$SR) technique. The $$mu^+$$SR studies have provided deep insight into quantum diffusion at low temperatures as well as hopping process at high temperatures, which are closely related to hydrogen dynamics in the dilute limit. We here report transverse field (TF) $$mu^+$$SR studies of the $$mu^+$$ diffusion in cubic $$f$$-electron compounds PrPb$$_3$$ and SmAg$$_2$$In. The $$mu^+$$ site splits into two magnetically labeled sites when high TF is applied to single-crystalline specimens along the [001] direction. The $$mu^+$$SR lines show drastic variation according to the $$mu^+$$ motion between the magnetically labeled sites. From detailed analysis of the $$mu^+$$SR lines, we deduced $$mu^+$$ hopping parameters for both compounds.

Journal Articles

J-PARC muon facility, MUSE

Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Strasser, P.*; Makimura, Shunsuke*; Koda, Akihiro*; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Nakahara, Kazutaka*; Takeshita, Soshi*; Kobayashi, Yasuo*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 225, p.012036_1 - 012036_7, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:8

Journal Articles

Dynamics of ion internal transport barrier in LHD heliotron and JT-60U tokamak plasmas

Ida, Katsumi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Yoshinuma, Mikiro*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Nagaoka, Kenichi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Oyama, Naoyuki; Osakabe, Masaki*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(9), p.095024_1 - 095024_9, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:25.52(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Dynamics of ion internal transport barrier (ITB) formation and impurity transport both in the Large Helical Device (LHD) heliotron and JT-60U tokamak are described. Significant differences between heliotron and tokamak plasmas are observed. The location of the ITB moves outward during the ITB formation regardless of the sign of magnetic shear in JT-60U and the ITB becomes more localized in the plasma with negative magnetic shear. In LHD, the low Te/Ti ratio ($$<$$ 1) of the target plasma for the high power heating is found to be necessary condition to achieve the ITB plasma and the ITB location tends to expand outward or inward depending on the condition of the target plasmas. Associated with the formation of ITB, the carbon density tends to be peaked due to inward convection in JT-60U, while the carbon density becomes hollow due to outward convection in LHD. The outward convection observed in LHD contradicts the prediction by neoclassical theory.

Journal Articles

Possible low-energy excitations of multipoles in SmRu$$_4$$P$$_{12}$$ probed by muon spin relaxation

Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki*; Heffner, R. H.; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Aoki, Yuji*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sato, Hideyuki*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(5-7), p.761 - 764, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:93.14(Physics, Condensed Matter)

We report on detailed longitudinal field (LF) $$mu$$SR studies in SmRu$$_4$$P$$_{12}$$ in order to characterize magnetic fluctuations in a magnetically ordered state below $$T_{rm MI}=16.5$$ K. A magnitude and fluctuation rate of the fluctuating field are derived as functions of temperature from LF dependence of the longitudinal relaxation rate. Possible low-energy excitations of magnetic multipoles are discussed.

Journal Articles

Novel features in filled skutterudites containing rare-earth elements with a plural number of 4f-electrons

Sato, Hideyuki*; Aoki, Yuji*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki; Ito, Takashi; Heffner, R. H.; Saha, S. R.*; Koda, Akihiro*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(5-7), p.749 - 753, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:76.39(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Wide varieties of strongly correlated electron phenomena are performed on the stage of a filled skutterudite structure. Especially when one of the players contains a plural number of 4f electrons, the orbital degrees of freedom play a major role as a new type of nonmagnetic and/or weak-magnetic phenomena. Several examples found in Pr- and Sm-based filled skutterudites are introduced in relation to muon spin relaxation experiments.

Journal Articles

Quantized hyperfine field at an implanted $$mu^+$$ site in PrPb$$_3$$; Interplay between localized $$f$$ electrons and an interstitial charged particle

Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki*; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Heffner, R. H.; Aoki, Yuji*; Amato, A.*; Onimaru, Takahiro*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*

Physical Review Letters, 102(9), p.096403_1 - 096403_4, 2009/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:37.57(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Hydrothermal-method-grown ZnO single crystal as fast EUV scintillator for future lithography

Nakazato, Tomoharu*; Furukawa, Yusuke*; Tanaka, Momoko; Tatsumi, Toshihiro*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi*; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kimura, Toyoaki*; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; et al.

Journal of Crystal Growth, 311(3), p.875 - 877, 2009/01

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:12.1(Crystallography)

The temperature dependence of scintillation properties of a hydrothermal-method-grown zinc oxide (ZnO) emission is investigated using a nickel-like silver laser emitting at 13.9 nm. A broad peak at 386 nm with a full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 15 nm at room temperature (298 K) is obtained. The peak position tends to be blue shifted while the FWHM becomes narrower when the crystal temperature is decreased to 25 K. Streak images fitted by a double exponential decay reveal that the measured emission decay at 105 K was $$tau$$$$_{1}$$ = 0.88 ns and $$tau$$$$_{2}$$ = 2.7 ns. This decay time of a few nanoseconds is suitable for lithographic applications and is sufficiently short for the characterization of laser plasma extreme ultraviolet (EUV) sources with nanosecond durations.

Journal Articles

The 2008 public release of the international multi-tokamak confinement profile database

Roach, C. M.*; Walters, M.*; Budny, R. V.*; Imbeaux, F.*; Fredian, T. W.*; Greenwald, M.*; Stillerman, J. A.*; Alexander, D. A.*; Carlsson, J.*; Cary, J. R.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 48(12), p.125001_1 - 125001_19, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:69.84(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This paper documents the public release PR08 of the International Tokamak Physics Activity profile database, which should be of particular interest to the magnetic confinement fusion community. Data from a wide variety of interesting discharges from many of the world's leading tokamak experiments are now made available in PR08, which also includes predictive simulations of an initial set of operating scenarios for ITER. In this paper we describe the discharges that have been included and the tools that are available to the reader who is interested in accessing and working with the data.

Journal Articles

ZnO as fast scintillators evaluated with Ni-like Ag laser

Furukawa, Yusuke*; Tanaka, Momoko; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; Sarukura, Nobuhiko*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Mima, Kunioki*; Kagamitani, Yuji*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 36(APLS), p.1028 - 1030, 2008/12

Optical technologies in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) region have been receiving strong interests for the next generation lithography. Here we report properties of ZnO as scintillators in the EUV region, and to demonstrate the feasibility of using a Ni-like Ag EUV laser operated at 13.9-nm to evaluate these properties. The ZnO sample was irradiated with EUV laser pulses and the fluorescence was measured using a streak camera fitted with a spectrograph. A clear, excitonic, fluorescence peak was observed at around 380 nm with a decay lifetime of 3 ns. The prominent peak fluorescence is ideal for EUV detection and further applications including imaging.

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:50 Percentile:24.32(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of fast EUV scintillator using 13.9 nm X-ray laser

Tanaka, Momoko; Furukawa, Hiroyuki*; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; Sarukura, Nobuhiko*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kagamitani, Yuji*; Ehrentraut, D.*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 112(4), p.042058_1 - 042058_4, 2008/00

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:40.74

Optical technologies in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) region have been receiving strong interest for the next generation lithography. Efficient and fast scintillators are one of the key devices functioning in the EUV region. In this paper, we report excellent properties of ZnO and GaN as scintillators in the EUV region, and to demonstrate the feasibility of using a Ni-like Ag EUV laser operated at 13.9-nm to evaluate these properties. The sample was irradiated with EUV laser pulses, and the fluorescence spectrum and the fluorescence lifetime were measured using a streak camera fitted with a spectrograph. In the case of ZnO, a clear, excitonic, fluorescence peak was observed at around 380 nm with a decay lifetime of 3 ns. For GaN, a fluorescence peak at 370 nm having slower 5-ns decay time was observed. In this respect, the EUV scintillation properties of ZnO is said to be more favorable than GaN.

Journal Articles

Hydrothermal method grown large-sized zinc oxide single crystal as fast scintillator for future extreme ultraviolet lithography

Tanaka, Momoko; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kimura, Toyoaki; Furukawa, Yusuke*; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; Sarukura, Nobuhiko*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 91(23), p.231117_1 - 231117_3, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:49 Percentile:14.02(Physics, Applied)

The scintillation properties of a hydrothermal method grown zinc oxide (ZnO) crystal are evaluated for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) laser excitation at 13.9 nm wavelength. The exciton emission lifetime at around 380 nm is determined to be 1.1 ns, almost identical to ultraviolet laser excitation cases. This fast response time is sufficiently short for characterizing EUV lithography light sources having a few nanoseconds duration. The availability of large size ZnO crystal up to 3-inch is quite attractive for future lithography and imaging applications.

Journal Articles

Magnetic properties of SmRu$$_{4}$$P$$_{12}$$ probed by $$mu$$SR

Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Aoki, Yuji*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sato, Hideyuki*

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 68(11), p.2072 - 2075, 2007/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:91.86(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Vulnerability of feline T-lymphocytes to charged particles

Kakizaki, Takehiko; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Wada, Seiichi*; Hara, Takamitsu*; Funayama, Tomoo; Hodatsu, Tsutomu*; Natsuhori, Masahiro*; Sano, Tadashi*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; et al.

Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 69(6), p.605 - 609, 2007/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:84.43(Veterinary Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Holocene faulting on the Yugamine fault of the Atera fault zone, central Japan

Hirouchi, Daisuke*; Yasue, Kenichi; Uchida, Chikara*; Hiramatsu, Takahiro*; Taniguchi, Kaoru*; Sugito, Nobuhiko*; Kaneda, Heitaro*

Katsudanso Kenkyu, (27), p.201 - 209, 2007/06

The Yugamine fault, 10 km in length, is in the north-central part of the Atera fault zone. We studied Holocene activity of the Yugamine fault through a trenching survey. Some humic layers and fluvial gravels are exposed on the trench walls. The Yugamine fault has cut through these layers to form a linear depression on its NE side. From the structural evidence along the fault plane and angular unconformity, we recognize at least four faulting events in this trench.

Journal Articles

Evolution of local magnetic state in SmRu$$_4$$P$$_{12}$$ probed by muon spin relaxation

Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki; Fujimoto, Tatsuya*; Heffner, R. H.; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Aoki, Yuji*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 76(5), p.053707_1 - 053707_4, 2007/05

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:23.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A filled skutterudite compound SmRu$$_4$$P$$_{12}$$ shows metal-insulatortransition at $$T_{rm MI}$$=16.5K with magnetic anomaly. A possibility of magnetic octupole ordering has been discussed on the basis of multipole degrees of freedom belonging to thecrystalline-electric-field ground state. We investigated local magnetic states in the ordered state by using the muon spin relaxation method. An increase of muon spin relaxation rate was detected in zeroapplied field just below $$T_{rm MI}$$, indicating time-reversal-symmetry breaking in the ordered state. This result suggests that the order parameter includes magnetic octupole and/ordipole. Magnitude of the internal field at the muon site monotonically increases with decreasing temperature, growing steeply below $$T^{prime}$$=3K. The longitudinal relaxation rate has a maximum at around $$T^{prime}$$, suggesting suppression of magnetic fluctuations. We discussed these experimental facts on the basis of the multipoledegrees of freedom.

Journal Articles

Muon knight shift measurements on PrPb$$_3$$ in paraquadrupolar state

Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Aoki, Yuji*; Onimaru, Takahiro*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 310(2, Part1), p.743 - 745, 2007/03

PrPb$$_3$$ exhibits antiferroquadrupole ordering at T$$_Q$$ = 0.4 K. In the ordering phase, incommensurate structure of quadruple was found from recent experimental study and much attention is paid to this compound. We performed muon spin rotation and relaxation measurements on a single crystalline sample of PrPb$$_3$$. A quite anisotropic contact-coupling constant was extracted from the muon Knight shift, possibly concerned with nonspherical distribution of 4$$f$$-electron at low temperature. The contact and dipole coupling constants are of comparable magnitudes, suggesting significance of strong hybridization between the $$4f$$ electrons of Pr and the conduction electrons for incommensurate structure.

Journal Articles

Study on current drive capability of lower hybrid waves and neutral beam in an ITER steady state scenario

Oikawa, Toshihiro; Shimada, Michiya; Polevoi, A. R.*; Naito, Osamu; Bonoli, P. T.*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Kessel, C. E.*; Ozeki, Takahisa

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2007/03

The current drive capability of lower hybrid waves is assessed for an ITER steady state scenario using a relativistic, one-dimensional Fokker-Planck code and a toroidal ray tracing code. The present LH launcher design provides a current drive efficiency of 1.8$$times$$10$$^{19}$$AW$$^{-1}$$m$$^{-2}$$ and an off-axis profile of the driven current that is fovarable for a reversed magnetic shear configuration. Possible optimizations in the LH power spectrum are investigated. Neutral beam current drive (NBCD) is investigated with theoretical codes employing different approaches. An NBCD code employing the bounce-averaged Fokker-Planck equation to include orbit effects in a toroidal system shows a good agreement with an orbit following Monte-Carlo code.

64 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)