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Journal Articles

The Development status of Generation IV reactor systems, 7; Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFR)

Kamide, Hideki; Ito, Takaya*; Kotake, Shoji*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 60(9), p.562 - 566, 2018/09

Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors (SFRs) have significant characteristics on sustainability as follows, highly effective utilization of Uranium resource, burning of TRU long-life nuclide, e.g., Plutonium, reduction of volume and toxicity of high level radioactive waste of spent fuels. SFRs are one of promising concepts at a step of demonstration phase of development. BN-800 in Russia has already started commercial operation. This is a great step toward the commercialization of SFRs. Russia stated that SFR entered the step of commercial use and next step was demonstration of safety and economy of SFRS by means of operation of BN-1200. Construction of a demo reactor of 600 MWe started in China. In India, operation of PFBR is planned near future and also constructions of 6 units of commercial reactors are also planned. In this report such SFR development plans of oversea countries are summarized including development status and future direction in Japan,

Journal Articles

Development of prototype reactor maintenance, 1; Application to piping system of sodium-cooled reactor prototype

Kotake, Shoji*; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Takaya, Shigeru; Otaka, Masahiko; Kubo, Shigenobu; Arai, Masanobu; Kunogi, Kosuke; Ito, Takaya*; Yamaguchi, Akira*

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/04

A maintenance management required to prototype nuclear power reactors is proposed. Monitoring and control of sodium impurity and thermal transient are extremely important for sodium boundary maintenance for sodium-cooled fast reactors. At the fast stage of the prototype reactor Monju operation, degradation mechanism on the piping should be demonstrated based on operation experiences. Therefore inspection on a representative position for crack indication and pipe thickness is proposed. Due to less experience of SFR plants, early detection of boundary failure is considered. For a matured operation stage, when degradation mechanism is well demonstrated based on inspection data, inspection cycle could be extended. And for commercial reactors, maintenance without inspection will be established based on accumulated operation experiences including those of the prototype reactor Monju.

Journal Articles

Development of prototype reactor maintenance, 2; Application to piping support of sodium-cooled reactor prototype

Arai, Masanobu; Kunogi, Kosuke; Aizawa, Kosuke; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Takaya, Shigeru; Kubo, Shigenobu; Kotake, Shoji*; Ito, Takaya*; Yamaguchi, Akira*

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/04

Applications for maintenance program on piping support of prototype fast breeder reactor Monju are studied. Based on degradation mechanism, snubbers in Monju primary cooling system showed lifetime more than the plant lifetime of 30 years by experiments conservatively. For the first step during construction, visual inspection on accessible all supports could be available. In that visual inspection, mounting conditions and damages of all accessible supports could be monitored. One of major features of the Monju primary piping system is large thermal expansion due to large temperature difference between maintenance and operation conditions. Thanks to that large thermal expansion, integrity of the piping support could be monitored by measuring piping displacement. When technologies of piping displacement monitoring are matured in Monju, visual inspection on piping support could be shifted to piping displacement monitoring. At that stage, the visual inspection could be limited only on representative supports.

Journal Articles

$$^{61}$$Ni synchrotron radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy of nickel-based nanoparticles with hexagonal structure

Masuda, Ryo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Saito, Makina*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Mitsui, Takaya; Hosoi, Kohei*; Kobayashi, Hirokazu*; Kitagawa, Hiroshi*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.20861_1 - 20861_8, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:60.53(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

New injection bump power supply of the J-PARC RCS

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki; Tobita, Norimitsu; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Irie, Yoshiro*; Okabe, Kota; Tani, Norio; Naito, Shingo*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1169 - 1174, 2015/09

The new injection bump power supply for the shift bump magnet of the beam injection sub-systems at the J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex) 3-GeV RCS (Rapid Cycling Synchrotron) has been developed and manufactured. The power capacity of the new power supply was more than doubled with the injection beam energy upgrading of the LINAC (Linear Accelerator) from 181 MeV to 400 MeV. Furthermore, the low ripple noise on the output current was required to prevent the resonance of the RF shield loop at the ceramic duct with the excitation magnetic field. The power supply newly adopted a capacitor commutation method to form the trapezoid waveform pattern (bump waveform). This paper reports characteristic about the new power supply.

Journal Articles

Silicon avalanche photodiode linear-array detector with multichannel scaling system for pulsed synchrotron X-ray experiments

Kishimoto, Shunji*; Mitsui, Takaya; Haruki, Rie*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Taniguchi, Takashi*; Shimazaki, Shoichi*; Ikeno, Masahiro*; Saito, Masatoshi*; Tanaka, Masanobu*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 10(5), p.C05030_1 - C05030_6, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:64.17(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

JSFR design progress related to development of safety design criteria for generation IV sodium-cooled fast reactors, 1; Overview

Kamide, Hideki; Ando, Masato*; Ito, Takaya*

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2015/05

JAEA, JAPC and MFBR have been conducted design study for the Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR), which is a design concept aiming at future commercial use as sustainable electric power source. Since 2011, in order to contribute to the development of safety design criteria (SDC) and safety design guideline (SDG), which include the lesson learned from the TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plants accident, in the frame work of generation IV international forum (GIF), the design study is focusing on the design measures against sever external events such as earthquake and tsunami. At the same time, the design study is going into detail and paying much attention to the maintenance and repair to make surer its feasibility. This paper summarizes the design concept of the demonstration version of JSFR in which progress of design work was incorporated.

Journal Articles

Nuclear resonant scattering measurements on $$^{57}$$Fe by multichannel scaling with a 64 pixel silicon avalanche photodiode linear-array detector

Kishimoto, Shunji*; Mitsui, Takaya; Haruki, Rie*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Taniguchi, Takashi*; Shimazaki, Shoichi*; Ikeno, Masahiro*; Saito, Masatoshi*; Tanaka, Masanobu*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(11), p.113102_1 - 113102_5, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:61.31(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Present status of J-PARC linac

Oguri, Hidetomo; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ito, Takashi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Ao, Hiroyuki; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Kondo, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.389 - 393, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of $$^{125}$$Te synchrotron-radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy

Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Saito, Makina*; Masuda, Ryo*; Mitsui, Takaya; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Seto, Makoto*

Hyperfine Interactions, 226(1), p.687 - 691, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:34.48

Journal Articles

$$^{125}$$Te synchrotron-radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy of Fe$$_{1.1}$$Te and FeTe$$_{0.5}$$Se

Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Saito, Makina*; Masuda, Ryo*; Mitsui, Takaya; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Seto, Makoto*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(4), p.044708_1 - 044708_4, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:85.21(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Operation of electrostatic accelerators

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Nara, Takayuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 179, 2014/03

Three electrostatic accelerators at TIARA were operated on schedule in fiscal year 2012 except changing its schedule by cancellations of users. The yearly operation time of the 3 MV tandem accelerator, the 400 kV ion implanter and the 3MV single-ended accelerator were in the same levels as the ordinary one, whose operation time totaled to 2,073, 1,847 and 2,389 hours, respectively. The tandem accelerator had no trouble, whereas the ion implanter and the single-ended accelerator stopped by any troubles for one day and four days, respectively. The molecular ion beam of helium hydride was generated by the ion implanter, because the users required irradiation of several cluster ions in order to study the effect of irradiation. As a result, its intensity of beam was 50 nA at 200 kV. The ion beam of tungsten (W) at 15 MeV was accelerated by the tandem accelerator, whose intensity was 20 nA at charge state of 4+, because of the request from a researcher in the field of nuclear fusion.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectra of $$^{174}$$Yb measured with internal conversion electrons

Masuda, Ryo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Kitao, Shinji*; Kurokuzu, Masayuki*; Saito, Makina*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Mitsui, Takaya; Iga, Fumitoshi*; Seto, Makoto

Applied Physics Letters, 104(8), p.082411_1 - 082411_5, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:50.97(Physics, Applied)

A detection system for synchrotron-radiation (SR)-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy was developed to enhance the nuclear resonant scattering counting rate and thus increase the available nuclides. In the system, a windowless avalanche photodiode (APD) detector was combined with a vacuum cryostat to detect the internal conversion (IC) electrons and fluorescent X-rays accompanied by nuclear de-excitation. As a feasibility study, the SR-based M$"o$ssbauer spectrum using the 76.5 keV level of $$^{174}$$Yb was observed without $$^{174}$$Yb enrichment of the samples. The counting rate was five times higher than that of our previous system, and the spectrum was obtained within 10 h. This result shows that nuclear resonance events can be more efficiently detected by counting IC electrons for nuclides with high IC coefficients. Furthermore, the windowless detection system enables us to place the sample closer to the APD elements and is advantageous for nuclear resonant inelastic scattering measurements. Therefore, this detection system can not only increase the number of nuclides accessible in SR-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy but also allows the nuclear resonant inelastic scattering measurements of small single crystals or enzymes with dilute probe nuclides that are difficult to measure with the previous detection system.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of JSFR safety design and criteria for Gen.IV reactor

Aoto, Kazumi; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Okubo, Tsutomu; Okada, Keizo*; Ito, Takaya*

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles; Safe Technologies and Sustainable Scenarios (FR-13) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2013/03

Overview of Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) development status and reflection of lessons learned from the TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F) accident have been summarized. JSFR was recognized as a promising next generation nuclear reactor. Even though the JSFR safety design already took into account measures against severe accident situations and passive safety features such as passive shutdown system and natural convection decay heat removal systems in the 2010 design version, it is become aware of importance of design measures against severe accidents and extreme external events by the 1F accident. As recent activities, external hazard evaluations and design improvements reflecting lessons learned from 1F accident have been conducted. This paper also discusses importance of development of global safety design criteria and international Research and Development cooperation on safety design measures.

Journal Articles

Operation of electrostatic accelerators

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Nara, Takayuki; Kitano, Toshihiko*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 173, 2013/01

The three electrostatic accelerators at the TIARA had no mechanical damage when the Tohoku earthquake happened on March 11, 2011. But, they could not be operated during April, due to the influence of planned power outage by TEPCO. These accelerators additionally operated on Saturday for ten days in order to compensate for the lost experiment time. As a result, the yearly operation time had kept the same level as the ordinary one. The ion beam of erbium (Er) with 11.7MeV was accelerated newly by the tandem accelerator, whose intensity was 20nA at charge state of 3+. The sequential generation/irradiation of two different kinds of fullerene ions was achieved at the ion implanter by a mixed powder method without exchange of the Freeman type ion source by the user's request.

Journal Articles

Operation of electrostatic accelerators at TIARA

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Nara, Takayuki; Kitano, Toshihiko*; et al.

Dai-7-Kai Takasaki Oyo Kenkyu Shimpojiumu Yoshishu, P. 119, 2012/10

The three electrostatic accelerators at TIARA had no damage when the Tohoku earthquake happened on March 11, 2011. But, they could not be operated until end of April, due to the influence of planned power outage and keep out into the controlled area for radiation. These accelerators additionally operated on Saturday for twelve days in order to compensate for the lost experiment time. Therefore, the yearly operation time had kept the same level as the ordinary one. The tandem accelerator has stopped leakage of the SF$$_{6}$$ gas from the base flange on the tank by the Viton gasket of rectangular cross section at the new type.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of JSFR key technologies

Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Aoto, Kazumi; Hayafune, Hiroki; Kotake, Shoji; Ono, Yushi; Ito, Takaya*; Toda, Mikio*

Nuclear Technology, 179(3), p.360 - 373, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:33.55(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Key technologies for Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) have been evaluated. The ten technologies: high burn-up fuel, safety enhancement, compact reactor vessel, two-loop cooling system using high chromium steel, integrated intermediate heat exchanger/pump component, reliable steam generator, natural circulation decay heat removal system, simplified fuel handling system, containment vessel made of steel plate reinforced concrete and advanced seismic isolation system have been confirmed to be feasible to be installed a conceptual design of demonstration JSFR to be ready for large scale demonstration experiments.

Journal Articles

In-vessel tritium

Ueda, Yoshio*; Oya, Kaoru*; Ashikawa, Naoko*; Ito, Atsushi*; Ono, Tadayoshi*; Kato, Daiji*; Kawashima, Hisato; Kawamura, Gakushi*; Kenmotsu, Takahiro*; Saito, Seiki*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 88(9), p.484 - 502, 2012/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Current status of electrostatic accelerators at TIARA

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Kitano, Toshihiko*; Takayama, Terumitsu*; Orimo, Takao*; Kanai, Shinji*; Aoki, Yuki*; Yamada, Naoto*; et al.

Dai-25-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.64 - 66, 2012/07

The three electrostatic accelerators at the TIARA had no damage when the Tohoku earthquake happened on March 11, 2011. But, they could not be operated until end of April, due to the influence of planned power outage and keep out into the controlled area for radiation. These accelerators additionally operated on Saturday for twelve days in order to compensate for the lost experiment time. Therefore, the yearly operation time had kept the same level as the ordinary one. The tandem accelerator has stopped leakage of the SF$$_{6}$$ gas from the base flange on the tank by the Viton gasket of rectangular cross section at the new type. The ion implanter could generate two kinds of fullerene ions by a mixed material of ions and a controlled temperature of the oven without exchange of ion source.

Journal Articles

An in situ M$"{o}$ssbauer study using synchrotron radiation

Masuda, Ryo; Mitsui, Takaya; Ito, Keiji*; Sakaki, Koji*; Enoki, Hirotoshi*; Nakamura, Yumiko*; Seto, Makoto

Hyperfine Interactions, 204(1-3), p.139 - 142, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:19.64

We have been developing a system for in situ M$"{o}$ssbauer studies using synchrotron radiation (SR) to elucidate the mechanism of hydrogenation processes. In the system, samples reacts in an atmosphere chamber and SR-based M$"{o}$ssbauer spectra using variable-frequency nuclear monochromator and energy spectra of inelastic nuclear resonant scattering (NRS) of SR are measured. As a feasibility study, the temperature dependence of the M$"{o}$ssbauer and inelastic NRS spectra of $$^{57}$$Fe in $$c$$-GdFe$$_2$$H$$_3$$ under vacuum were measured. In both spectra, clear differences were observed between 373 K and 573 K. These differences can be interpreted by the change of microscopic environment around Fe at the dehydrogenation. Thus, it is confirmed that this system works well enough to perform the in-situ M$"{o}$ssbauer study on the dehydrogenation of $$c$$-GdFe$$_2$$H$$_3$$.

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